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11
votes
2answers
556 views

What is the origin of this pre-industrial naval depiction

I'm neither a history buff not an artist, so I apologise in advance for my poor descriptions. I have recently come into possession of a painting depicting some naval ships, perhaps 19th century, ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

What is the meaning of the hand gesture performed by King James II in the portrait by Peter Lely?

This portrait by Peter Lely is one of the most well-known images of James II of England (aka James VII of Scotland). It is used to illustrate his Wikipedia article. Is there some meaning behind the ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

When and why did round coins become a practical standard?

In the world today many countries (probably most if not all, but I don't have a reference) use round coins. It's clear that some coins of ancient times were not round, as can be seen here. At which ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

Why didn't the civilizations of the West develop nearly as fast as the East? [duplicate]

Why didn't the civilizations of the West develop nearly as fast as the East? Oh, and by West I mean the Americas, and by East I mean Europe, Africa, and Asia. And by civilizations, I mean the native ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

How effective was medieval horse armor?

Medieval longbows seem now to have been only marginally effective against armoured knights of early fifteenth century although Henry Fifth was wounded in the face at Shrewsbury in 1403 with a limited ...
20
votes
3answers
970 views

In the early 1900s, how did US politicians treat black dignitaries from other countries?

Are there any historical records of US politicians (especially southern politicians) treating black dignitaries (especially royalty) with great pomp and ceremony, while simultaneously and ...
0
votes
1answer
294 views

Why was Carpathia overloaded?

If Carpathia was not full when she rescued Titanic survivors, why was she so overloaded? There should have been plenty of room and spare cabins.
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Why do people in the US drive on the right side of the road? [closed]

Britain has its cars drive on the left side of the road. Many countries previously influenced by Britain such as Japan, South Africa, India, and Australia also drive on the left side of the road. Is ...
8
votes
2answers
831 views

What is this stick that William III of England/Orange is holding in this portrait?

While looking at a bit of Dutch history, I saw William holding a stick in this portrait. I looked for a description of the portrait on another site and it only says: This autograph portrait is a ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

How much (area) territory did Chinese dynasties control?

I am looking for the area of the territories controlled by the different Chinese dynasties since Zhou all the way to the Qing. There are maps available of the different territories but I haven't found ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

Why did Germany request compensation after the Agadir (2nd Moroccan) crisis?

The way I learned it, France sent troops to Morocco to suppress revolts there on the request of the Sultan. Germany saw it as France trying to take over Morocco and sent a gunboat to Agadir. Their ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Is there a real quote to the effect of “The development of man resembles the development of society . . . ”?

There is a saying, I heard from my father a long time ago, that the development of man resembles the development of society: the infant resembles the Renaissance, the young person corresponds to the ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

What are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History

I am new to Egyptology, what are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History, Hieroglyphs, mythology, etc... that are not biased and written by experts in the field? By non biased, I ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

In the painting “Ariadne”, by Arthur Streeton, why are the sails of the ship white?

In the painting Ariadne, by Arthur Streeton, seen here: Ariadne is seen crying, with a ship with white sails in the distance. Presumably, this is depicting a heartbroken Ariadne watching Theseus ...
22
votes
6answers
8k views

Was it ever possible to join the US military instead of going to prison for a crime?

It is pretty clear that today the US military is an all volunteer force and it is not allowed to take people who are joining to avoid going to prison. Was there ever a time when a judge could sentence ...
2
votes
2answers
270 views

Why did Charles the Bold have long fingernails?

After his death in battle at Nancy, Charles the Bold was found in a stream. He had been stripped of his armor, cloths, and jewels, and partially eaten by animals. His face was horribly mutilated and ...
1
vote
1answer
290 views

Is it true that first surgeons were barbers?

Talking with a friend, he told me that the first surgeons were the barbers. In part it made sense as they are used to cut and cure people as they shave them. Even the striped bar red white and blue ...
9
votes
2answers
610 views

Why did Stephen II of Blois (father of King Stephen of England) abandon the First Crusade in 1098 knowing how much he would lose by doing so?

Having taken the crusader’s vow and raised an army of thousands, why did Stephen II of Blois forsake the enormous prestige associated with crusading and risk shame and accusations of cowardice by ...
6
votes
0answers
225 views

When did podium girls first appear?

This is a question related to competitive cycling, as well as to competitive car racing. I am interested in the political and social aspects, but I would gently ask to leave them out from the specific ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Who is this particular inventor from XIX century?

I came acros with the following description about a certain inventor from XIX century: An illustrious 19th-century European character who amassed an immense fortune thanks to his more than three ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Was there ever support for any persons outside of the empire to be elected Holy Roman Emperor?

In Europa Universalis IV, it is possible for electors in the Holy Roman Empire to support the election of someone outside of the Holy Roman Empire as the emperor. I recognize that this is a game with ...
-1
votes
0answers
163 views

What are some good history works which explain the outbreak of the second world war? [closed]

What are some good history works which explain the outbreak of the second world war? I understand that this in recent years has become ideologically laden, so it is of interest to consider works from ...
78
votes
5answers
13k views

Did medieval stores have names?

Re-posting this question of mine from the Worldbuilding Stack Exchange: I know it's common for shops and stores to be named in D&D and other fantasy settings, but how common was that practice in ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Has any previously popular Internet meme subsequently made a comeback? [on hold]

This question is motivated by the XKCD comic 286 All Your Base (see also Explain XKCD): In the comic, a character is preparing for a comeback by a meme that was previously highly popular. I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How many RAF and USAAF/USAF airfields were built in the UK between the mid-1930s and 1960?

Whenever I fly over southern or eastern England I see a lot of runways, many of them disused. The majority were built during WW2 for the RAF and USAAF, others date back to the early cold war years. ...
7
votes
1answer
283 views

Where was Haile Selassie's palace in the Ogaden Desert?

According to Kapuściński's informant W.A.-N., in the former's book about Haile Selassie, The Emperor: It is true that some excesses were committed. For instance, a great Palace was constructed in ...
4
votes
1answer
529 views

Was Senegal involved in the 1918 Russian Revolution? [closed]

In the 1923 novel "The White Guard" by Mikhail Bulgakov there is a scene where Russian officers are lamenting that the Senegalese have yet to arrive on the battle front to help them (p. 44). They ...
10
votes
1answer
397 views

Was there a Spanish plan to retake Malta, had the siege of 1565 been succesful?

H. J. A. Sire speculates in The Knights of Malta (p71) that the Spanish fleet would quickly move and retake the island, had the siege been successful. The same claim is made - in passing - in Tim ...
-7
votes
1answer
127 views

Did senior US officials advocate a 'a final solution' for the 'red race' circa 1905?

In her book, Blood Will Tell, and subtitled Native Americans and Assimilation Policy, Katherine Ellinghaus writes: In one such instance, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Francis E. Leupp, '...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Why did the U.S. place an arms embargo on all belligerents in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war?

Why did the U.S. place an arms embargo on all belligerents in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war? My understanding is that it hindered Israel more and forced them to buy weapons from Czechoslovakia. Most ...
1
vote
2answers
608 views

Were the ancient Greeks very poor compared to the ancient Persians?

Today, one way modern scholars determine civilization is by it's material prosperity and consumption levels. To be prosperous is for the man of today a good thing and we consider poverty in a nation ...
6
votes
2answers
362 views

Did Western “New Imperialism” actually free slaves in Muslim lands?

Slavery is fair game in mainstream/traditional Islam. I have heard various commentaries that abolishing of slavery in various Muslim-dominated countries actually coincided with the 2nd wave of Western ...
11
votes
1answer
698 views

Why was Pah-Ute County transferred to Nevada?

In 1866, the US Congress transferred the majority of Pah-Ute county from the Arizona Territory to the state of Nevada. This was done against the wishes of the territorial legislature of Arizona. Why ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

How many people were fighting in the North Korean Army in peak strength in the Korean War?

According to wikipedia, there were 266,600 people at peak strength in the Korean Army, they source this from Shrader, Charles R. (1995). Communist Logistics in the Korean War NKPA strength peaked ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What collar badge did the 36th Battery of the Canadian Field Artillery in WW1 wear?

My Great-Grandfather fought with the 36th Battery CFA of the 9th Brigade during at least a portion of WW1. He was in three other units as well, I'm trying to collect the collar badges for each unit he ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Catherine the Great really call for the abolition of serfdom?

... like Catherine the Great S01E01 (2019) shows? This would be almost a century before serfdom was actually abolished, and makes one wonder why the Czars didn't just do it, if they were in favor of ...
3
votes
4answers
298 views

Were there any Native American tribes that had more than a strategic alliance with the Confederates?

Background I have been trying to read more on Native American history in the United States. While it seems to be a lot more multidimensional that I initially thought, the general trend of "the ...
-2
votes
0answers
69 views

Is it possible to look at Churchill's speeches and get to know the British culture?

Basically, is it possible to look at Churchill's speeches and get to know the British culture just by looking at his speeches?
36
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between the Ancient Greek religion and the Ancient Roman religion?

What is the difference between the Ancient Greek religion and the Ancient Roman religion? My question is about, not cultural differences, but conceptual differences." Wikipedia doesn't compare them. ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Why was Wouter Basson never charged with crimes against humanity for Project Coast? [migrated]

Project Coast was a biological weapons program that the South African government developed in the 1970's and 1980's. The leading scientist and administrator of Project Coast was a cardiologist called ...
3
votes
2answers
589 views

Are there examples in ancient history of honor killing?

Honor killing, most often, the murder of a woman or girl by male family members. The killers justify their actions by claiming that the victim has brought dishonor upon the family name or prestige. ...
13
votes
0answers
260 views

What is the spiral-looking device shown in this wall painting?

A colleague found this wall painting. We are sure about the elements related to mining and the divining rods. But we've got no clue for the spiral element that seems to be operated/carried by two ...
36
votes
9answers
14k views

Has there ever been a battle with only a single survivor?

Do we have record of any large scale battle (for example more than 1000 combatants) where only one person survived? I just thought of it randomly and wondered whether it may have ever happened.
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What machine technology did the Egyptians have to build the great pyramids?

Reading the "Account of Egypt" by Herodotus, it says of the great pyramid of "Cheops" (Macauley translation): This pyramid was made after the manner of steps which some called "rows" and others "...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How would one refer to/address a Shogun?

In the Bakumatsu era, how would one refer to a shogun (when talking about him with someone else) or address him directly if talking to him? Is it just name + -sama suffix? I am interest in the answer ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

Was Switzerland pressured either by Allies or Axis to take part in World War 2 at any time?

In the second world war, Switzerland mostly maintained it's neutrality and served as protecting power and mediated communications between the Axis and Allied powers. A Wikipedia article Switzerland ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

How did medieval serfs obtain their iron goods?

Serfs were farmers who paid taxes in agricultural produce and subsisted on the remainder. As I understand it, they (unlike freeholders) did not sell their produce or manufactured goods for personal ...
8
votes
4answers
905 views

How accurate/realistic is the conception of 'the kindly slave owner'?

I'm reading an historical fiction novel New York by Edward Rutherfurd at the moment. One of the early chapters, set in New Amsterdam (New York City) in the mid 17th century, is told from the ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

What is the longest name chain?

I’m talking about when a family names a son after their father, and that son names a son after himself, and so on. For example, the King Louis’ (although they weren’t always a son, but they were ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

I found a youtube lecture by Stephen Kotkin. He is a professor of history, wrote 2 books on Stalin with a 3rd on the way, and has access to certain Russian archives. That's all I know about him, ...

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