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12
votes
1answer
619 views

What was the earliest professional recording of “Happy Birthday to You”?

Since its creation, there has been confusion over the copyright status of the familiar song "Happy Birthday to You". As it became widely popular, the original copyright holders lost control of when it ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

What sort of combination did the weavers use?

I'm interested in fraternal societies which I define as societies which use or have used coded regalia, secret signs and passwords and a philosophy of mutual aid. I'm not wanting to argue definitions ...
-8
votes
0answers
101 views

Has the City of Atlantis Been Discovered in the Eye of the Sahara? [closed]

Has the City of Atlantis Been Discovered in the Eye of the Sahara? Given the proximity of this natural structure to ancient Egypt, could it have been the cornerstone of an ancient city. i. e., ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Having had his policy judged unlawful, which Home Secretary asked to meet Lord Bingham to discuss?

I quote p 27, in the Winter 2018 Issue 13 of the Hong Kong Student Law Gazette. The tension between executive and judiciary exists in many jurisdictions practising separation of powers, and the UK ...
65
votes
3answers
12k views

Why exactly did telegraphs have to use “STOP” instead of a period and “QUOTE” instead of a quotation mark? (Or special codes.)

I've seen/read numerous old telegraph messages. They contain a lot of spelled-out punctuation. Why didn't they simply have the most basic few characters as part of the code, or at least turn a "STOP" ...
2
votes
2answers
589 views

Why didn't the Japanese disbelieve (1) an unencrypted emergency and (2) a report in a captured code?

The Wikipedia page on Joseph Rochefort states: One of the Station HYPO staff, Jasper Holmes, had the idea of faking a failure of the water supply on Midway Island. He suggested using an ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Are the Sabean people of Cushitic or Ethiopian origin?

The Sabeans are widely acknowledged to be of Semitic or south Arabian origin. Historical sources like Josephus Flavius and sections of the Bible seem to create conflicts about their origin. There is ...
-2
votes
1answer
110 views

How do we know the tonnages U-boats sank?

In the videogame series, Silent Hunter, which simulates being a submarine captain in WW2, after a patrol you are told how much tonnage you sank. I always thought that was just a reward mechanism to ...
12
votes
2answers
578 views

What was the primary method the Jews used to make a fire at the time of Jesus?

In 0BC or AD depending on your approach to history I suppose, what was the primary method of ignition to start a fire, used by the Jewish People. I am sure flint and steel were available at that time ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Could besieged medieval cities develop a micro-economy during wars to endure the siege for long time? [closed]

During the medieval age, one of the main reasons that pushed besieged cities to capitulate was the exhaustion of provisions (foods,water,drugs...) that maintain the every-day life of the city ...
-2
votes
0answers
105 views

Why did the Ming dynasty stop expanding? [closed]

I am just wondering if there is any historical reason why the Ming dynasty did not expand in territory to the size of the Tang, Yuan or Qing dynasties.
4
votes
0answers
647 views

Did Henri III of France sleep with men? Did he not sleep with women? [closed]

Henry III of France was the last of the Valois line. He became king illegally (according to some sources). He produced no children. He had "Les Mignons" a group of very close friends he pampered and ...
2
votes
4answers
455 views

Did Google simply beat Microsoft to market?

If I recall correctly Android/droid got an exclusive contract with Verizon carrier. This would have made it near impossible for Windows to enter the US market. I understand Google's search engine ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Was Rudolph Hess a moderating influence on Hitler?

Looking at the War Diary of General Franz Halder, on page 114 of Volume VI., concerning General Halder's activities on 13th May 1941, it states:- Radke: a) Rudolf Hess affair. Political blow of ...
-4
votes
2answers
177 views

How long did it take for Japanese high command to believe 1 bomb could destroy a city? [closed]

In 1776, had a man walked into the Continental Congress and told the Founding Fathers that the city of Boston seemed to be "gone". A few days prior, as he approached Boston, in the distance he'd seen ...
-4
votes
3answers
133 views

Why did people “back in the day” seemingly have no concept of safety in regards to heavy machinery? [closed]

I'm fascinated by old, large machines. Fascinated, but I'm not sure I really "like" them. That is, I can very much appreciate and admire the sheer fact that they exist in all their massiveness, which ...
-1
votes
0answers
81 views

Have there really been disputes settled by combat of two chosen champions? [duplicate]

It seems to me that the losing side might still fight on unless part of the idea was to give both sides a way to judge what the likely outcome of a full-scale war would be. I know that if they simply ...
-1
votes
0answers
46 views

Bloodshed of Roman army was largest under which emperor? [closed]

Is it known, or can it be estimated under which Roman emperor did the Roman army kill the largest number of its enemies?
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Did any historical leaders prepare their own food to avoid poisoning? [closed]

Throughout history, leaders have been worried, often justifiably, about the possibility of poisoning, which probably accounts for the prevalance of food tasters. Some of them have taken this ...
28
votes
10answers
14k views

When was the last time a reigning monarch personally participated in battle?

A similar question was asked about only British monarchs. The conditions in this question are the same, but for monarchs world-wide. For the sake of this question, tribal chiefs are not considered ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Can anyone help identify the country, rank, and unit this WWI uniform is from?

I am looking to ID country, rank, and unit of this picture. I have already tried googling the collar insignia with no luck
2
votes
1answer
196 views

How important was the Suez Canal to the Allies during WWII?

The Suez Canal allows one to travel from the Mediterranean or North Atlantic to the Indian Ocean without having to circumvent the continent of Africa. A ship traveling from the UK to India could ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Were there any successful attempts by the Allies to “turn” groups of Axis soldiers?

Toward the end of World War II, Germany had to utilize non-German soldiers, some of them from occupied countries like Poland and the Ukraine. At places like Omaha Beach, Normandy, individual Poles ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How effective were the Mongol siege equipment?

From what I understand, the mongols had engineers from China and Persia to handle the siege machinery. I'm mostly curious as if the machinery made by the Chinese engineers was unique and/or superior ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

How to find out if this sword is real or just a souvenir?

I received an old looking sword as a gift. The giving party has no information on the piece whatsoever, as it was bought online, on our local version of craigslist. The blade is very blunt. So blunt ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Is this photo of Gavrilo Princip or Nedeljko Čabrinović?

It seems most websites say this is Gavrilo Princip who shot Franz Ferdinand, but some say it is Nedeljko Čabrinović who threw the bomb at him. I was wondering if anyone knew for sure?
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Why did Mark Antony not report Trebonius’ plot to kill Julius Caesar?

Trebonius approached Mark Antony at Narbo and asked him to join a plot to kill Caesar, I don’t understand why one of Caesar’s most loyal men, Antony, wouldn’t report the plot. Considering Trebonius ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Were there farms in the early 19th century in England, which only focused on agriculture?

I think back in the day most farms consisted of both agriculture and livestock, but I think, there must have been exceptions. I'm also especially interested in small-scale family-based farms. The ...
-2
votes
0answers
87 views

What Was The Economy Like in Ancient Rome for the Working-Class? [closed]

As a current member of the working-class living in the United States, I am wondering what was the economy like during Ancient Rome, particularly during the time of Jesus Christ. As you probably know, ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Why did the cobra breeders set the snakes free after the “cobra bounty” was removed in the UK? [closed]

A perverse incentive is an incentive that has an unintended and undesirable result which is contrary to the intentions of its designers. Perverse incentives are a type of negative unintended ...
2
votes
3answers
206 views

Are there any examples of recurring payments in ancient times?

I'm interested in the history of recurring payments. The farthest I could get to is the feudal system, where peasants paid rent to knights once every so often. Obviously the banking system in the late ...
-5
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the odds Fascism could ever make a comeback in the West? [closed]

TRUE Fascism, not "Trumpism." Using Wikipedia definition: Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? [closed]

I’m studying the history of emigration and immigration in the 19th century. My question is: How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? Thank you!
-1
votes
1answer
255 views

What is this smoke or steam coming from the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero Plane (WW2)? [closed]

What is this smoke/steam think behind the Japanese fighter planes like the Zero?
1
vote
0answers
140 views

What is the most severe punishment a priest could have in history for violating his vows of celibacy?

I am doing a research about this topic, because I wanted to know if at some point in the history of Chirstian Church (specially the Catholic Chuch) would have a punishment for priests violating their ...
5
votes
1answer
672 views

What, exactly, was the role of Bertrand du Guesclin in the Hundred Years' War?

I know that Bertrand du Guesclin was the constable of France from 1369-1380, whose role in the "roll back" of English domination of France was second only to that of Joan of Arc. Although he won a ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

What's a good primary source produced by a European immigrant to the United States in the nineteenth century? [closed]

I’m looking for a good primary source produced by a European immigrant to the United States in the nineteenth century. I’m seeking a source that will provide insight into the author’s hybrid identity ...
1
vote
0answers
217 views

What language did Nazi German occupying forces speak in France?

I am watching the TV series "Das Boot", playing in La Rochelle in occupied France during the second world war. Partially, the German occupying forces are speaking English when working together with ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Is this “Westinghouse All Electric House” video, called a “promo from the mid 1950s”, a hoax?

This video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyrTgtPTz3M It barely has any description, the comments are turned off, and the Wikipedia article on "Westinghouse Electric Company" does not help to clear ...
10
votes
1answer
484 views

Was Yahweh a god in a possible Edomite Pantheon?

I understand from the Bible, from the Wikipedia articles Yahweh and Yahwism and from lectures of various scholars that polytheism was practiced by at least some religious leaders, priests, kings and ...
31
votes
2answers
3k views

Did Muslim states hire Western European knights as mercenaries before the Crusades?

In the book Hattin by John France the following claim is made: The fighting qualities of western knights were widely recognized in the Mediterranean lands, and they were often employed even by ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What is the rank and date of this Italian Army uniform?

This a photo of my uncle from Cosenza, Italy. I believe it was taken around 1910. I would like to confirm a more accurate date range, as well as his rank. Thanks!
3
votes
0answers
92 views
+50

Was there some deliberate significance to the number of divisions in the proposed post-WW2 joint communist-nationalist Chinese army being 108?

https://www.britannica.com/event/Chinese-Civil-War (Search "108".) It's a sacred number in the Dharmic religions, was the number of outlaws in The Water Margin, and (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
-1
votes
0answers
122 views

Were the Ottomans more than willing to industrialize? [closed]

I am writing an SAQ for my AP world history class and i was wondering if the Ottoman Empire was "forced" by the Europeans (just like the Japanese) to industrialize.
5
votes
1answer
349 views

What was the relationship between Angles, Saxons, and Jutes; and the Vikings? [closed]

I'm reading Seamus Heaney's translation of Beowulf and I cannot get my head around how Angles, Saxons, and Jutes relate to the Geats, Danes, and/or the Vikings and/or the Scandinavians generally. ...
6
votes
0answers
210 views

What were the primary sources for interrogation of US soldiers in 1943 Tunisia?

Edwin Palmer Hoyt's Hitler's War contains this passage: In January General von Arnim's army in Tunisia had enjoyed considerable success in limited actions against the Americans. The Germans had ...
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

How was the Metric System affected by the age of Enlightenment? [closed]

The metric system was first proposed in 1791. It was adopted by the French revolutionary assembly in 1795 how do you think the Metric System was affected by the age of Enlightenment?
0
votes
1answer
176 views

What was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?

My question is simple, "what was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?" It is my impression that a thousand talents would have been a vast amount of wealth for that time. ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Did the Jesuit missions in New Spain coerce native labor?

Several Catholic orders operated missions in colonial Mexico; Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits (before their expulsion) all had their own strategies. Alejandro Murguía in The Medicine of Memory ...
32
votes
2answers
40k views

When did Canada become truly independent?

I see that Canada became independent in 1867. But someone told me it wasn't truly independent until the 1980s. Is that true? In what sense is it true? I don't see anything about it in that article or ...

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