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3
votes
1answer
168 views

What is this illustration portraying?

While doing my presentation I have come across this illustration titles "Downfall of the Soviet Union". I am, however, unable to determine, who are the people on this illustration and what is it ...
-3
votes
1answer
161 views

How far did the Roman Empire ever try to extend its reach (but fail)? [closed]

What was the farthest the Roman Empire ever ventured? I have seen maps of the farthest extent of the Roman Empire, but I cannot say I have ever seen a map of the farthest known extent to which the ...
7
votes
1answer
162 views

What causes the stark vertical divide in population maps of the United States? [closed]

Every time I look at a map of the United States coloured by something proportional to population density, I see a stark vertical line going from northeast North Dakota, through SD, NE, KS, OK, and ...
8
votes
2answers
311 views

What were the global economic consequences of the 1918 flu pandemic?

What were the global economic (and societal) consequences, assuming there were any, of the 1918 flu pandemic? I'm just not finding a lot of information out there talking about this particular ...
4
votes
0answers
200 views

Are there contemporary records of why flappers used cosmetics to create thin, upturned eyebrows?

What were flappers trying to express when they applied cosmetics in this style? The cartoon character Betty Boop has a similar look, which could convey any number of things: hesitation, girlishness, ...
3
votes
2answers
342 views

Which EU countries insisted on unanimous voting for trade deals?

Question prompted by this tweet by Jo Maugham in reaction to a HuffPost article: Humiliating, really, but if we leave the EU we'll have to brown-nose every single one of the Member States: ...
6
votes
1answer
394 views

Why was galena used as a black pigment, when soot is more black and also more abundant?

Throughout centuries, starting in antiquity at least, galena (PbS) is reported as a black pigment. This is for painting but also (in Egypt and Rome) as a cosmetic. Soot is a more effective pigment ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How did Muhammed of Ghouri die?

Indians believe that Prithviraj Chauhan killed The Muhammed of Ghouri, but according to history Muhammed of Ghouri died after the death of Prithviraj Chauhan. Prithviraj's tomb is disrespected in ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

What were English 'rules restricting marriage'?

I am reading the book by Steven LeBlanc and Katherine Register, Constant battles, (2003). It is about history of warfare, but on p. 165 I found the mysterious sentence: For example, rules can be ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

How long would it take to sail from New Orleans to Belize in late Summer 1867?

I’m writing a story where the characters need to travel by sea from New Orleans to Belize. The event takes place in late Summer 1867. I need to figure out the following: What route they would take ...
9
votes
1answer
190 views

How was Christian intermarriage with the Muslim Turks viewed by the Byzantines?

While learning about the Battle of Manzikert (1071) I was surprised to hear that the emperor Romanos IV agreed in the aftermath to a political marriage by giving his daughter to be married to Sultan ...
15
votes
1answer
994 views

Based on his service record, where was this soldier deployed in WW2?

I am trying to work out where my grandmother's cousin, Henry Adler, saw action during WW2. Henry was born June 14th 1917 in Glasgow. I have his Soldier's Service and Pay Book as well as his Soldier's ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How did people acquire things in the pre-Roman Celtic world?

Today, when you want to acquire something that you don't make yourself, you buy it with money. How did people acquire things in the pre-Roman Celtic world? Let's say you wanted to acquire something ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Is Carolyn Seymour (the actress) related to Alexander von Benckendorff (the Russian statesman)?

Browsing Wikipedia (I know) the other day, I came across the page for the British actress Carolyn Seymour. The page in question states that she was born Carolyn von Benckendorf (note that this is only ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

What were the most popular destinations for British and American tourists on the Continent in the period 1880-1900?

How common was English and American travel to the Continent of Europe between 1880-1900? By businessmen, families, debutantes, honeymooners, politicians etc.
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Who are the 20th century painters on this t-shirt?

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
12
votes
2answers
481 views

When and where was the first time moveable bridge?

Transportation of goods on rivers have been important throughout history, all the way back to the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia, the Indus valley, Egypt, China and more (this might not be the ...
10
votes
2answers
312 views

What is the ruined tower in the background of this 1649 drawing of the Igeler Säule by Joan Blaeu?

The Igeler Säule is a Roman sandstone column dating back to 200-215 CE (h/t to @justCal) and together with the Drususstein (made in honour of Nero Claudius Drusus) according to Wikipedia the only ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

How were the borders of small European principalities maintained or secured?

With shifting boundaries, enclaves, exclaves, and alliances, how were the territorial extents of small principalities or duchies maintained, for example in the Holy Roman Empire or German ...
14
votes
7answers
5k views

Why didn't horse-mounted archers dominate the world until Genghis Khan?

Genghis Khan's military dominance was due largely to the horse and the Mongolian composite bow. So I was surprised to learn that Inner Asian horsemen were using composite bows more than 1,500 years ...
7
votes
2answers
505 views

Why did animation become so huge in Japan compared to other countries?

I'd like a general explanation of the historical/cultural reasons that have made anime in Japan so big. There's clearly disproportion between the Japanese population (I doubt that at any moment since ...
27
votes
1answer
6k views

Why do the Japanese sing Ode to Joy during the Japanese New Year?

During the New Years days, the Japanese have a curious custom where they perform Beethoven's 9th symphony. This has produced some stunning sights on youtube But there's nothing particularly festive ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Were Christians prohibited to pass Golden Horde - Rus border immediately before Black Death?

Note: this question is similar to earlier Were there any travel restrictions during the Black Death pandemic?, but asks about travel restrictions existing before the epidemic. Wikipedia article on ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Did Muslim women in colonial India before 1939 have to become Christian to divorce?

Muslim Law in India in 1939 did not accept a women's right to divorce. Before the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939 was enacted, Prior to the enactment of this Act, 1939 (DMMA), conversion ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

When was fire breathing banned from Paris Métro?

I see on youtube that fire breathing was allowed or tolerated in Paris Métro in 1982. However, I have never seen any fire breather between 2000 and now. When was fire breathing banned from Paris ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

Why were the British so reluctant to allow Jewish migration to Palestine?

Not sure if this is the correct forum to ask this, but I'm currently reading 'Exodus' by Leon Uris, and I'm curious as to why the British were so reluctant in letting Jewish people in Palestine. ...
40
votes
2answers
5k views

Why are many African-Americans in Mississippi concentrated in the northwestern area?

I was looking at a 2016 election map of Mississippi. I saw a that most of it was red, but the western part looked very blue. I looked up one of those counties, and not surprisingly for an American ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

What was the average price of Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991?

I am looking for the average price of a Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991 (1992 would be appreciated as well) I cannot find this information online anywhere. I have found price of this car and ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Where can I learn about mortality rates for 19th century American sailors?

I would especially like to know the difference in survival rate for whalers versus merchant sailors in New England. It seems to me that Melville discussed this in Moby Dick (which of course need ...
-1
votes
0answers
93 views

How did cities really look in ancient Egypt? [closed]

We often hear and read about the ancient civilizations. As far as I know, we only have ruins of ancient cities and our imagination. Are there any historical books that describe how the cites of ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Did NATO promise Gorbachev not to accept membership applications from former Warsaw Pact nations?

There have been several claims that there was an agreement between NATO and USSR at the end of the Cold War. This agreement supposedly required NATO to reject any membership applications from the ...
8
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the source for John Adams Sr. writing about Hamilton taking blame for Washington?

I know I read a while ago one of John Adams' writings about how people were generally discontented with Washington during the latter years of his administration, but expressed anger towards Hamilton ...
7
votes
0answers
138 views

What were the political beliefs of Sir Robert Hotung regarding socialism and communism?

Sir Robert Hotung Bosman, KBE JP (1862 – 1956) was a Hong Kong businessman and philanthropist in British Hong Kong known as "the grand old man of Hong Kong". He has a colorful history, being the ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

If the heir to a Kingdom is called Crown Prince, what is the heir to a Duchy called?

Just like the title said. What a heir to a hereditary Duchy is called? (as opposed to someone appointed by a King). I mean a Duchy where the Duke inherited his title to his son/daughter. Since the ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Are there representation of wheat in the Gobekli Tepe temple?

While reading "Homo Sapiens" by Harari, I have been fascinated by the link made between wheat emergence and this prehistoric stone temple. A colleague told me about pseudo history in this book, so I ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

When did the allied “Desert Air Force” in North Africa smash Axis armour?

In the answers to this question, it is mentioned that allied air power "smashed" Axis armour in North Africa. Is there a major battle at which it occurred? Or did it happen during a longer ...
0
votes
2answers
880 views

What was the most effective instrument used to disenfranchise the black population in Louisiana?

According to the Wikipedia page on Jim Crow Laws: In Louisiana, by 1900, black voters were reduced to just 5,320 on the rolls, although they comprised the majority of the states population. By 1910,...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

Did Martin Luther King's political outlook change during the civil rights movement?

From the Montgomery bus boycott to his death in 1968, Martin Luther King always used nonviolence as a strategy. Did his political outlook change (and why) throughout the civil right movement until ...
9
votes
2answers
555 views

Why would selling watermelons in bulk be mocking?

The following passage mentions African-American abolitionist Frederick Douglass, but the bold's figurative, possibly racist meaning eludes me. Source: The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth ...
8
votes
1answer
368 views

How popular was the name Imhotep?

How popular was the name Imhotep in Ancient Egypt, and what other great personages bore this name? His name is said to mean "the one who comes in peace", and there are similar names like Amenhotep, ...
12
votes
8answers
2k views

Who is the man in the red jacket in this painting?

This is a painting from near 1850 that depicts a (famous) French man, possibly noble, in a park, maybe Paris. Is he a Minister? King? Military? Whoever he might be, I consider he is important, since ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

What was Palestine before, if not a country?

What was Palestine before, if not a country? Could you give me some history on this? Also, the recent recognition of Palestine as a country in the UN could have far reaching implications. Are there ...
5
votes
3answers
339 views

How obvious was lend-lease equipment to the average Soviet soldier?

As the question says, was the average USSR soldier aware that the equipment isssued to them had come from the United States? Jeeps and aircraft are well known to have been sent to the USSR - would the ...
-4
votes
3answers
423 views

Who is responsible for the partition of Palestine?

Who is responsible for the partition of Palestine? What governmental bodies or individual governmental actors were the driving force behind the action? If there were non-governmental actors that ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What was the effective sight radius of World War II naval reconnaissance aircraft?

At the battle of Midway, the Japanese launched eight reconnaissance aircraft, which failed to find the American fleet in time to take effective action. I'm not sure what altitude they were operating ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Whatever happened to Turing's friend Arnold Murray?

Whatever happened to Arnold Murray, Alan Turing's friend who was convicted for theft. I could not find any later information on Murray or any recorded interview of his reminiscence of Turing. Thanks.
19
votes
1answer
4k views

When did Warren Harding say “I am not fit to be president.” Why?

I have looked for the context of this quote, but have only found it in articles where it is used to support the author's point that Harding was just generally a terrible president. When did Harding ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

What was the role of the mountain ranges surrounding India in developing India's civilization?

I am reading 'The Wonder That Was India' by A.L.Basham. In chapter 1, Introduction the author says, India's isolation has never been complete, and the effect of the mountain wall in developing her ...
28
votes
11answers
14k views

Was the American Civil War the “bloodiest civil war in history”?

I heard something like that once on some TV documentary, but I'm second guessing that there must have been a caveat for just the Americas, or otherwise qualified it as, "in modern history", or as a ...
30
votes
4answers
8k views

Were there any travel restrictions during the Black Death pandemic?

From the Wikipedia article Black Death: The Black Death, also known as the Pestilence, Great Bubonic Plague, the Great Plague or the Plague, or less commonly the Great Mortality or the Black Plague,...

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