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1
vote
1answer
161 views

What kind of rifle used this shell case?

Please, anyone able to tell me what kind of shell is it and what mean this symbol on the bottom ? Is it from 1917?
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Did any Chinese revolutionaries being helped by the Japanese get suspicious of Japan's intentions?

From the way things went, it seems to me that Japan played Chinese nationalists into breaking up the Qing empire, in order to expand Japanese power in the region. Were any Chinese revolutionaries ...
98
votes
7answers
173k views

Why was Poland spared from the Black Death?

The featured image of the Wikipedia page for the Black Death is a gif showing the spread of the bubonic plague throughout Europe. There are a few places where the plague never spread to, including the ...
3
votes
2answers
492 views

Who was the first retailer in Monterey, California?

There were no businesses in the Spanish presidio at Monterey. Trade goods from the missions and passing ships came through, but there wasn't much to buy. Outside the fort, what was the first fixed-...
10
votes
1answer
292 views

Did George Orwell go by his alias in private life?

This is an extremely specific question, but I can find no resource that suggests that he went by Eric Blair except in his family life. I am curious if he introduced himself as Orwell at gatherings, ...
0
votes
1answer
299 views

Why was Roman painting so inferior to the sculpture and architecture of the same period?

Compared to sculpture, surviving examples of Roman painting are relatively few. Most of them are in the form of frescoes or mosaics. Still, what gives? While Roman sculptures and reliefs are highly ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Was Baron Steyn related to Chief Justice Lucas Cornelius Steyn?

Johan Steyn, SA advocate who became a law lord in UK Steyn was born into Afrikaner aristocracy in Stellenbosch on August 14 1932. His father was a founding member of the Stellenbosch University law ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Did the Philadelphia convention of 1787 consider and reject votes of no confidence?

While defending Donald Trump from removal from office by the Senate after Trump's impeachment, Prof. Alan Dershowitz said the framers of the Constitution explicitly rejected the system used in England,...
8
votes
1answer
283 views

When did Russia learn about the Philippines and the Japanese and Spanish presences there?

The Japanese and Spanish did business in the Philippines from the 12th and 16th centuries respectively. In Russia, Vasili III became aware that the Spanish had reached America after his envoys ...
35
votes
3answers
3k views

Who believed the earth was flat?

Christians are sometimes mocked for having once believed the earth was flat. However, the only references I can find are Lactantius in the beginning of the 4th century, and Copernicus, who says ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

What two direct orders did FDR issue to his commanders in all of WWII?

Operation Torch Anglo-American invasion of north-western Africa President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a direct order that Torch was to have precedence over other operations and was to take place at ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

How much did Spanish California officials earn?

It is my understanding that in Alta California, priests and natives in Missions earned no cash salary, but Spanish army officials would have. From the governor down to a junior soldier, what did they ...
128
votes
19answers
26k views

Did the ancients or other pre-industrial civilisations engage in unsustainable practices?

A popular rhetoric we hear regarding sustainability is that modern life after industrialization and arrival of plastics and hydrocarbon fuels have led to environmental degradation on Earth and our ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

What is the source for “The right to murder family members ended in the first century BC”

The right to murder family members ended in the first century BC, although, even then, they kept a few exceptions. Now, the law said, fathers could only murder their sons if they’ve been convicted ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Are there any Ancient Greek texts showing concern for the fate of their slaves?

The Roman story about Vedius Pollio's cruelty toward his slave who was punished by Augustus is quite famous. Do we know such stories showing concern for the slave in ancient Greece? (I read, and ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the western Allies and Russia try to cooperate in World War I as they did in World War II?

America's General Eisenhower referred to it as "cross-ruffing." Coincidentally or otherwise, the timing of Operation Torch came close to the Russian counterattack at Stalingrad, and Operation Husky ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

What uniform is this man wearing (probably Austro-Hungarian circa 1900)?

Trying to identify time period, soldier rank and war for this ancestor who live 1876-1918. Probably served in Austria Hungarian war. He was a Croat. It appears that the uniform is dark navy?
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Who was the British liaison officer shunned by French colleagues in 1918 France?

I seem to recall reading that during the German offensive of March 1918, the British retreat led to many Frenchmen suspecting that Britain was about to abandon them. Most particularly, I'm sure I ...
29
votes
2answers
4k views

Was a passport needed to travel between UK and France in 1972?

In Hitchcock's 1972 film Frenzy (at about the time 00:54:55) a character says: We can get a day trip to France. You don't need a passport. (He is a commoner, no diplomatic status etc, in fact a ...
-2
votes
1answer
412 views

To what extent is the Catholic church responsible for historical Antisemitism in Europe? [closed]

Jews faced a great deal of Antisemitism, as defined by radically different treatment compared to their Christian counterparts, with particular attention to violence, throughout their history. ...
-2
votes
3answers
280 views

Why did workers in the Industrial Revolution accept submission? [closed]

I've read that during the Industrial Revolution many workers abandoned their jobs as farmers or artisans to sell their labor to the new industrialists. The factory jobs were exhausting and the quality ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Who would have a good or fair command of Latin in medieval Western Europe?

This answer to this question states Latin was the language of diplomacy in medieval Western Europe, but this does not imply that royalty or nobility themselves knew Latin: it would suffice that a few ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Did the British screw Lee Kuan Yew over by withdrawing their naval presence earlier than intended?

This Reddit comment alleges Singapore, remember, gained its independence from Malaysia, not Britain outright, and the British even screwed Lee Kuan-yew over by pulling out their naval presence ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Why did the US have a plan for the event of war against Britain in the 1920s?

By pure chance, I found out there was a Plan red for the event of war between the states and Britain. The plan was conceived in the late 20s and early 30s of the previous century. It seems the article ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How many slaves did the British Empire free between 1700 and 1900?

Parliament's 1833 Slavery Abolition Act bought, over a six-year time period, the freedom of all slaves in the British Empire the Territories in the Possession of the East India Company, or to the ...
6
votes
1answer
437 views

Do Columbus' letters reveal that he was a Marrano? [closed]

In this popular CNN article, the author raises many arguments to prove that Columbus was a Marrano (hidden Jew), I found none to be very compelling besides for the following one: At the top left-...
6
votes
2answers
247 views

Was the Russian Black Sea fleet strong enough to help with land operations on the southern shore in World War I?

The Russian Black Sea Fleet was stronger than the Turkish Black Sea fleet for most of the 19th century. But the successful flight of two German ships to the Black Sea greatly strengthened the Turkish ...
33
votes
8answers
39k views

Did Native Americans ever fight the indigenous people living in Mexico before Europeans arrived?

From elementary school, my history teacher used to talk about the fighting between native American tribes. Then, later in the semester, we would briefly discuss the rise of Aztecs, Olmecs, Mayans, etc....
5
votes
4answers
951 views

Are there any examples of overpopulation?

Malthus was one of the first one who raised the concern about overpopulation and it is today seen as a potential threat to humanity. Are there any historical examples where overpopulation led to ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

I found a youtube lecture by Stephen Kotkin. He is a professor of history, wrote 2 books on Stalin with a 3rd on the way, and has access to certain Russian archives. That's all I know about him, ...
20
votes
3answers
8k views

Why did the Native American city of Cahokia die out?

From AD 600-1400, the Mississippian native Americans had a massive city near the present site of St. Louis, MO. It was one of the world's largest cities at the time, and was the largest pre-Columbian ...
6
votes
0answers
100 views

How close did a Manila galleon ever come to Hawaii?

Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, Manila galleons sailed regularly between Mexico and the Philippines. Consistent ocean currents informed their clockwise route. After the Spanish had ...
4
votes
5answers
589 views

Was there car insurance in the USSR?

I can't imagine how it works in a planned economy. Does the government replace your car if you crash it? Was there no sort of insurance?
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Where can I find information on American born WWII soldier locked up until they could prove they had an American birth certificate?

My American born father, who has German ancestry was in World War II. He was one of many men held until their birth certificates could be checked out. People with German heritage like him, along ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

Did King Arthur exist? [duplicate]

I suppose he didn't found the order of knights nor that he took sword out of the stone nor that he was left on island of Avalon nor that his sister was a sorceress. However, can we say Arthur ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

What was Africa's political system like before European imperialism? [closed]

During the Scramble of Africa (1881 - 1914), Europeans basically controlled the entire content. They also implemented their own form of government and culture in many of these places. However, what ...
6
votes
0answers
329 views

What was Pope Innocent VIII's reaction to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews in 1492?

What was the reaction of the Pope of the Catholic Church to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews of Spain on March 31, 1492? Did Pope Innocent VIII (d. July 25, 1492) condemn publicly Spain's decree? ...
24
votes
11answers
65k views

How far could an English war bow shoot?

The range of the medieval weapon is not accurately known, with estimates from 165 to 228 m (180 to 249 yds) So says Wikipedia. I did read, however, in a semi-fictional, semi-historical work of ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there documentary evidence that Stalin intended/prepared to fight Germany after the Nazi-Soviet pact?

It's often said the peace was only both sides buying time. There's ample evidence Hitler always intended to break the pact. Did Stalin? Suvorov's thesis that Stalin was preparing for an offensive ...
16
votes
1answer
779 views

Did the USA have a plan to defeat Germany without Britain?

If Britain had surrendered during World War II (eg. during the May 1940 crisis), what was the American plan for defeating Germany? Without the British Islands as a staging area, an amphibious assault ...
2
votes
5answers
782 views

Were Allied high commanders that bad at the end of WW2?

I have heard by some friends, speaking of military history, that Allied commanders were well known for being, at best, mediocre in their performance of fight. They were not able to give precise ...
16
votes
3answers
5k views

Can anyone identify the regiment and rank from this WWI photograph?

I am trying to identify the person in this WWI era photograph. I believe it may be my great great uncle John Hunt Marshall born Dec 29 1893 in Motherwell, Scotland. He graduated with a BSc from the ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

Do any of the commercially produced Hinton cubes still exist?

In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, British mathematician Charles Howard Hinton developed a system for visualizing the fourth dimension in his books “A New Era of Thought” and “The Fourth Dimension”. ...
10
votes
1answer
615 views

Who was the oldest woman to give birth in the Medieval Europe that we know of?

In 1166, Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Henry II of England, gave birth to the future King John when she was at least 42 years old (it is more likely she was 43 or 44). Eleanor of Castile, wife of ...
10
votes
5answers
293 views

What was the timetable for Germany's Invasion of the Low Countries (Fall Gelb) in WW2?

I was watching the 1969 classic movie 'Battle of Britain' the other day and noted numerous scenes where the British were very concerned about a German invasion; "what are they waiting for?" was a ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

How did Chinese triads with the slogan “oppose the Qing, restore the Ming” adapt ideologically to the fall of the Qing and the rise of republicanism?

Clearly triads didn't disappear, but how did they react to this part of their raison raison d'être slipping away? Edit: I went through the first five links searching this on google and couldn't find ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How close did Germany come to interdicting Soviet oil shipments from the Caucasus in 1942?

In 1942, the Germans captured a relatively small oil complex at Maikop in the North Caucasus, and got within 25 miles of a larger one at Grozny. But the biggest prize was at Baku, on the "far" (...
-2
votes
1answer
74 views

Why is “Jonathan Wild” spelt “Ionathan Wild” in this ticket to his 1725 hanging?

The ticket: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Wild#/media/File:Ticket_to_the_hanging_of_Jonathan_Wild.jpg I was thinking it might be to indicate the etymology of the word from some language, but ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Why where individual servings replaced with shared dishes during the Song dynasty?

In part six, "Song," of section thirty-six, "Food & Drink," of Endymion Wilkinson's Chinese History: A New Manual, Fifth Edition (2018) there is the following excerpt: Sitting on chairs to eat ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the German people actually know Joseph Goebbels as the “Minister of Propaganda”?

I've been trying to understand this for some time now. It seems to me that propaganda should only work if the audience doesn't know that it's propaganda. So if the Nazis' goal was to control its ...

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