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21
votes
0answers
5k views

Was Haile Selassie the world's only involuntary messiah?

History is full of supposed Messiahs and Saviors who founded religious movements and/or identified themselves as saviors (e.g. Joseph Smith and Raël). (By contrast, some messiahs were only venerated ...
-4
votes
1answer
89 views

Why didn't the Byzantines develop anti-cavalary tactics?

I noticed that Rome has always fought against equestrian nations and they weren't always successful. Gauls, Parthians, Huns and Turks had many battles with the Romans. I heard that the Romans before ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did the US, Britain, France, Denmark and Sweden vote against the UN resolution that condemned Nazism and SS glorification?

Why the US vote against UN resolution 61/147 that condemned Nazism and SS glorification? (most European countries abstained)
2
votes
1answer
193 views

What ancient Roman(s) wished houses were made of transparent walls?

What ancient Roman(s) wished houses were made of transparent walls? source:St. Joseph Cafasso's The Priest: The Man of God: His Dignity and Duties p. 50: a Roman of ancient times wished his house ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

How was the Luftwaffe able to destroy nearly 4000 Soviet aircraft in 3 days of operation Barbarossa?

According to Wikipedia: a Soviet archival document recorded the loss of 3,922 Soviet aircraft in the first three days against an estimated loss of 78 German aircraft. How were German combat ...
7
votes
1answer
278 views

What is the meaning of the hand gesture performed by King James II in the portrait by Peter Lely?

This portrait by Peter Lely is one of the most well-known images of James II of England (aka James VII of Scotland). It is used to illustrate his Wikipedia article. Is there some meaning behind the ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Are there any good histories of industrial production during WW1?

I have been reading recently about US industrial production during World War 2, and keep finding passing references to legacies of the war production effort in World War 1. I would like to get a more ...
-6
votes
0answers
35 views

The Question about Nothern Ireland [on hold]

Northern Ireland. List what you think Unionist and Republican leaders have each most feared in trying to negotiate a compromise. What do you think the feared most from their own side?
6
votes
1answer
571 views

Can you identify this possibly Austro-Hungarian military uniform from either WW1 or before?

My Great Grandfather died in 1929 at age 50, putting his possible year of birth at 1879. He was born and died in Istria, now modern-day Croatia. During his lifetime, however, this part of the world ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

What was the Soviet plan to respond to a nuclear first strike post WW 2?

I'm interested in the period between the war ending and the Soviets making their own bomb. Did they have a plan? Were they expecting a first strike?
24
votes
9answers
15k views

Why weren't aircraft carriers utilized during D-day?

Why were aircraft carriers not used during and following D-Day? They could have added a great deal of range to the air support operations.
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Have any spies ever managed to keep their identity secret from their handlers?

Having just started reading up on spies throughout history, I've just realized a new risk I hadn't thought of before, namely that once you've started spying you're at risk of being blackmailed into ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

Could someone help me identify this button from a WW2 prison camp field?

I'm struggling to identify a button found in a field in Italy, where WW2's prison camps were built. Searching online I found a lot of American's Civil War buttons that could be related to it, based on ...
113
votes
13answers
30k views
+50

Why, in ancient battles, did being encircled mean defeat?

Why, in ancient battles, did being encircled mean defeat? The classic example of that is the Battle of Cannae, where 80,000 Roman infantry were surrounded by 40,000 Carthaginian infantry. Every ...
24
votes
4answers
9k views

Was it possible for a message from Paris to reach London within 48 hours in 1782?

I used to have a paperback copy of Diplomacy of the American Revolution by Samuel Flagg Bemis, but now I can't find it. I seem to recall that American diplomats in Paris in 1782 (Franklin, Adams, Jay) ...
5
votes
0answers
286 views

What is the proper/conventional way to translate “Wales” in other languages? Is the Romanian name Ţara Galilor in some way aberrant? [migrated]

I have noticed that in Romanian the name of Wales is Ţara Galilor, which literally means Country of the Gauls or "Gauls-land". I consider this not just unusual, something that is not present in other ...
-2
votes
1answer
74 views

What was the “concession territory” the IPC lost to Qasim's 1961 Public Law 80?

In 1961, the Iraq Petroleum Company, larger owned by foreign corporations, had a monopoly over Iraq's oil fields. Then in 1961, Qasim, Iraq's prime minister, instituted Public Law (PL) 80 to ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Did Russia support both Georgian nationalists and the Georgian government during Georgian civil war?

I am trying to understand the history of Georgia after the independence from Russia reading the French Wikipedia article about it. Yet I don't understand the position of Russia during the Civil War. ...
11
votes
3answers
379 views

Which 'evidence' is there for a claim that 'Chinese discovered America in 636'?

The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics is a branch of the Ministry of Planning, Budget, and Management. On its own website it has a history timeline with a few curious dates: catálogo ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Has anyone written a history centered on predictions/expectations about the future?

I think the way men represent to themselves the future ( I mean here what is about to arrive within a period of say, half a century) is part of their present. The anticipations ( positive or negative) ...
-1
votes
0answers
36 views

What are the various points of view under which a historical period is standardly studied? Looking for a historical “ analysis grid” [on hold]

This is a very broad question. Let me try to make it a bit more precise. The context of my question is reflection on the methods used by historians. It does not deal properly with the methods ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Is the “Katyusha” scene from Deer Hunter historically accurate?

In the movie Deer Hunter we can see Russian-Americans sing the song "Katyusha" during a wedding. One can clearly see that this song fits well into the movie's themes (the groom on this wedding is ...
0
votes
3answers
179 views

How did an English person get entry to East Germany during the Cold War?

I need to know how an English person was able to get authority to visit East Germany and what the most common crossing used was. Additionally, any information on how visitors were treated by Stasi ...
21
votes
7answers
5k views

Why did Lincoln's election prompt the Southern states to secede?

I've just finished Doris Kearns Goodwin's Team of Rivals. The presentation of the book suggested that the Southern states seceded as a response to Lincoln's election. I am confused by that timing: ...
11
votes
1answer
297 views

What was the early understanding of static electricity shocks?

What was the common understanding of electric shocks caused by static electricity in the ancient world and middle ages? I'm talking about the shock when you touch something on a dry day for example. ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

How effective were arrow-firing guns?

In the Europe, briefly after the appearance of firearm, gun-fired arrows made their appearance, but very soon after, the ball projectiles became standard ammunition used in both cannons and handgonnes ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Are the war plans published in “Dropshot: The American Plan for World War III against Russia in 1957” genuine?

In 1979 Anthony Cave Brown published a book (Operation, World War III: The Secret American Plan 'Dropshot' for War with the Soviet Union, 1957, Arms and Armour Press, 1979; Google Books, Amazon) which ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Was the Iron curtain actually present at the time of the Fulton speech?

On March 5th, 1946, Winston Churchill said in his Sinews of Peace speech that From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. At the end ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

1980s Annual from the UK with Bears [on hold]

I'm looking for a 1980's annual book (like Beano, Beezer, Bimbo and all the rest) which has as it's one of it's main cast a family of bears. The annual was a mix (at least in my mind) of random ...
4
votes
0answers
515 views

What evidence is there for the severity of Roman scourging before crucifixion?

Something I'm curious about is the severity of scourging ancient Romans inflicted on their victims before crucifixion. Numerous religious/Christian websites suggest that it was quite severe, and ...
52
votes
7answers
15k views

Was race really unimportant in the 1660's?

There's this quote by Lerone Bennett Jr. where he said: Back there [in the 1660s], before Jim Crow, before the invention of the Negro or the white man or the words and concepts to describe them, ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

Why does Wikiart have a limited collection of paintings by Indian painters? [on hold]

The website has only 322 paintings by Indian painters. The latest painter showcased on the site: Charuvi Agrawal, was born in 1983. I was wondering why there are no paintings of modern painters ...
10
votes
4answers
13k views

Did Napoleon ever say «On s'engage et puis… on voit»?

Lenin in his "About our revolution" cites Napoleon as saying «On s'engage et puis… on voit». Loosely translated that is, "One jumps into the fray, then figures out what to do next", or "You commit ...
-6
votes
3answers
151 views

Who founded the Argentine mate herb enterprise Cruz de Malta?

Who founded the Argentinian herb mate enterprise Cruz de Malta? This company sold herb mate for more than a century. Nowadays, the brand belongs to Molinos.
3
votes
1answer
99 views

To whom does Napoleon refer in this letter to Josephine?

I was going through some of the letters written by Napoleon to Josephine, and found these lines on napoleonguide.com/lovejos6.htm, "I send a kiss to your children, whom you do not mention. By God! If ...
12
votes
2answers
736 views

In what language was the first Zionist congress in basel in 1897 held?

In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel held? Was it Yiddish, Hebrew, German, English? Where there translators?
1
vote
3answers
303 views

Did some Nazi death camp guards use Lee Enfield rifles?

I was watching the Netflix series The Devil Next Door and there was was video footage of a Nazi death camp. What was strange was that one of the guards appeared to be wielding a Lee Enfield No4 rifle ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Which early Imperial Roman writer said this about grains?

I definitively although vaguely recall a quote by a (first century AD?) Roman that asserts more or less that civilised Romans use wheat in baking, whereas Germans/Celts (I forget which) would use rye (...
-4
votes
0answers
84 views

What is the scientific explanation for “unsual” objects and situations painted or told by the primitive population, like flying objects? [on hold]

I've recently met someone believing the theory of ancient astronauts. I think this theory and the people supporting it ignore or misunderstand quite a lot about ancient history but at the same time I ...
4
votes
0answers
120 views

What are some primary sources for Chinese restaurants?

I am currently working on a research paper on the history and development of Americanized Chinese food and restaurants, but finding primary sources has been a challenge. I currently have a few ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

What language is this artists signature written in and what does it say?

This signature is on a print from the 1960s. There are symbols in the art such as a fish (see ring and vest clasp)and a hamsa (possibly) in the outer border.
3
votes
2answers
218 views

How could someone avoid US military service in the early 1950's?

I have been trying to find information on what could be legitimate deferments for military service during the 50's in the US that don't involve draft dodging. I am a writer and working on a project ...
0
votes
5answers
908 views

Were there any monarchs of England or the United Kingdom who were not technically first in the line of succession? [closed]

Pretty self-explanatory. Who (if anyone) became an English/UK monarch without being the actual heir to the previous monarch (due to wars, coups, etc.)? Bonus points for circumstances.
56
votes
7answers
12k views

Why didn't battleship Bismarck have more support?

The primary objective of battleship Bismarck was to sink transporters coming from the U.S. and sailing to Europe transporting goods (oil, food). It encountered HMS Hood and sank it. German cruiser ...
-2
votes
0answers
60 views

What was Constantinople's role in finding a new trading route? [closed]

I have this report coming up and need answers. I've been getting mixed answers and am really confused on what really is true.
11
votes
1answer
479 views

When was King John of England given the name 'Dollheart', and who first used it?

As if being called 'Lackland' (by his father, Henry II) and 'Softsword' (by "some English chroniclers") was not bad enough, King John also acquired the very unflattering-sounding nickname of Dollheart....
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Allies secure southern flank during “Race to the Rhine”?

As I read about western front during the WW2 there is usually big topic about the "D-Day", then clearing Normandy (capturing Cherbourg), then liberating Paris and then authors quickly move to "Race to ...
3
votes
2answers
427 views

Why is Jackson's valley campaign considered a Confederate victory?

Wikipedia article on the campaign I'm curious why Jackson's valley campaign is considered a victorious Confederate campaign. Yes, Jackson won almost all the battles that were fought, but as I ...
28
votes
3answers
7k views

Did the Persian Immortals instill fear in their Greek adversaries?

The Persian Immortals were an elite combat unit during the First Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire. They were known for being at ten thousand strong at all times for which they ...
0
votes
4answers
478 views

What are the “sexual causes” for the French Revolution cited in Wikipedia?

In the Wikipedia article on the causes for the causes of the French Revolution, among the causes listed in the earlier revision (I've changed it for now) was: Sexual: Amongst the lesser known ...

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