All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
23
votes
5answers
7k views

Why is late Russian Empire associated with Byzantium while having little in common with it?

I have started reading the book A people's tragedy by Orlando Figes about the Russian revolution. I am no historian, however having read a few pages I have a few questions about the repeated ...
6
votes
2answers
248 views
+50

What sort of maps did the ancient Greeks make and distribute?

Context: I am going to be starting a D&D campaign in a world based on ancient Greece, rather than your classic Western European medieval fantasy land. This will probably not be the only question ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Did Luxemburg have a constitution in 1890?

When Luxembourg separated from the Netherlands in 1890, did it have a constitution or was its ruler still an absolute monarch? In particular, had its new,(and German) Grand Duke wished to join the ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Concentration camp incident leaked via resistance press [closed]

I remember reading about an incident where Nazis pressed as many women as they could together in a tiny room in a concentration camp (labour camp, not extermination camp), I believe the camp was ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

Is rye bread Turkish?

Scandinavian airline SAS released a controversial advertising video titled What is truly Scandinavian? It claims that many things considered traditional in Scandinavian countries are actually ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Was Nicholas II Romanov the last king of Poland?

Nicholas II Romanov, the last Emperor of All-Russia, used also (among many others) titles: Grand Prince of Lithuania, and King of Poland. The Wikipedia states he was "a titular" King of Poland. In ...
3
votes
5answers
397 views

What military power would ever pre-announce an attack to give the enemy time to work up a defense?

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of ...
44
votes
4answers
17k views

Why did the Germans use the Enigma machine rather than the far superior “Lorenz” cipher machine?

Basically, the only good thing about the "Enigma" cipher machine was its name. Other than that, it was grossly inferior to the "Lorenz" one, apparently only used by some of the main, top-ranking ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

Were there trains to anonymous concentration camps?

At the start of this year, my family visited Terezin Ghetto and camp - the middle daughter was writing a school report about children in WWII. There were many dreadful and surprising pieces of ...
5
votes
1answer
419 views

How many people died in the nazi concentration camps and death trains and marches?

My 11-y. daughter is making a year-schoolwork about children in WWII. And she wanted to know how many people were destroyed by the nazi camp system. At first I thought she is searching incorrectly and ...
40
votes
3answers
5k views

How were concentration and extermination camp guards recruited?

I'm interested in knowing how the Nazi regime went about hiring the guards and other camp personnel who did the dirty work. Were they screened for sadism, callousness, obedience, or some other trait ...
23
votes
3answers
11k views

Did Stalin kill all Soviet officers involved in the Winter War?

Did Stalin kill all of the Soviet officers involved in the Winter War, when it ended? A documentary called "Warlords: Hitler vs Stalin" made this claim, but Wikipedia doesn't seem to mention this. ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What's your preferred source for translations of ancient stories? [closed]

I'm pretty into myths, cultural epics, formative philosophical works. Beowulf, the Eddas, the Tao Te Ching, The Illiad and Odyssey, etc; poetic, prose, and otherwise literary works that form the ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Was the decrypting of communications in WW2 a one-sided effort, or did Germany also do it? [closed]

Lately, I've read a lot about how the "Allies" in WW2 (I always found that term strange since the others were also "allies", just not with the USA!) kept breaking all the German ciphers from both the ...
-2
votes
0answers
40 views

Trivia Time! Please help me name all of these famous people for black history month [closed]

Please help me identify all of the people in this image! Any help with any person is appreciated!
-4
votes
2answers
242 views

Were WW1 trenches always in a devastated landscape?

I’ve wondered was the Western front always just mud and devastation or were a lot of green fields and woods still intact most of the time?
40
votes
6answers
10k views

How did Genghis Khan's army feed so many horses?

The average horse eats 10-20 pounds per day, according to this pet website. Considering the fact that the horses may have to eat even more because of the hard traveling they had to endure, it's likely ...
-6
votes
0answers
66 views

What was the first recorded cases of slavery before the Atlantic slave trade? [closed]

What were some of the first recorded or assumed cases of slavery before the Atlantic slave trade? and what word was slavery derived from?
0
votes
0answers
164 views
+50

Is there a reconstruction for whom and when were the peoples of the ancient Levant just before Israel, Judea and Edom?

Primarily from viewing lectures and interviews about the ancient history of the Levant, I understand that before Israel, Judea and perhaps also Edom states were created, their area included groups ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Was the last Japanese surrender after WWII in the 1970s?

Wikipedia in its article on the Surrender of Japan, claims: Some Japanese holdouts, especially on small Pacific Islands, refused to surrender at all (believing the declaration to be propaganda or ...
22
votes
7answers
4k views

Who was the last European king to actively engage in combat?

Specifically, I would like to know who the most recent European monarch (or monarchs, if they lived roughly at the same time) is that actively engaged in combat whilst reigning: that is, used a sword, ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

What can I learn about family crest number 11? [duplicate]

Hello I am trying to find out some information on this family crest: Is this crest related to this mon? I have a full samurai suit of armor with this mark.
2
votes
2answers
215 views

How can there be a “final edition” of a morning paper, in the morning?

A US television episode from 1957 has the following scene, set in a hotel restaurant in what is clearly the morning, as he is eating breakfast and it looks brightly lit: Person: "The morning paper, ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Was Frederick II of Hohenstaufen really a medieval Dr. Mengele?

According to legend, the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, who was intelligent (spoke six languages) and influential, also purportedly used cold-blooded methods to further his "scientific" inquiries. ...
12
votes
2answers
514 views

Why did countries declare exclusive economic zones of up to 200 nautical miles?

Today coastal countries own the surrounding marine waters stretching 200 nautical miles from their shoreline in terms of exclusive rights of exploiting its resources (their exclusive economic zone (...
2
votes
2answers
305 views

If the Allies had invaded Japan in 1945, would they have been fighting the “weakest” Japanese troops?

Sources such as Basil Collier's "The Second World War: A Military History" list the Japanese forces during the war as being 6 million. My understanding is that the background of these troops is ...
23
votes
2answers
3k views

What evidence is there of the vision aids people used before the invention of eyeglasses in about 1286?

The Wikipedia article on glasses says ‘scattered evidence exists for use of vision aid devices in Greek and Roman times’ but only cites the example of Nero’s emerald. This article on Magnifying ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

What made Stalingrad a turning point in the second world war?

Operation "Barbarossa" the German plan to invade the Soviet Union was a colossal success until Stalingrad. Capturing one third of the European Soviet Union and having the Luftwaffe taking monopoly of ...
1
vote
2answers
766 views

Could Battle of Stalingrad be won by Germany if they haven't lost so many aircraft in Battle of Britain? [closed]

So I come up with a question, maybe an irrational or a dumb one, but what effect would the Luftwaffe have had on the Battle of Stalingrad if they had had the ~ 2000 aircraft (lost in Battle of Britain)...
0
votes
1answer
553 views

How low on ammunition were the Germans at Stalingrad when they surrendered?

Hitler ordered his forces in Stalingrad to fight to the “last man and last round.” A century and half earlier, a more respected German commander, Marshal Blücher claimed upon his surrender to the ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the battle of Stalingrad “unique” in the annals of history?

I'm referring to the fact that BOTH sides ordered their troops to fight for the city "to the last man and last round." (Hitler). The Soviet Union's General Vasili Chuikov echoed this by saying "We ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Did The Soviet Union need both prongs to succeed at the Battle of Stalingrad?

In November, 1942, three months after the battle of Stalingrad began, the Soviet Union, launched Operation Uranus, a counterencirclement of the German forces in and around the city, in two prongs. ...
16
votes
7answers
32k views

Are the “bone fields” of the Stalingrad encircled battlefields real?

In this podcast by Dan Carlin's Hardcore history show, Dan mentions that there are areas inside of the Stalingrad pocket where human remains are openly visible above ground, exposed to the weather. ...
20
votes
7answers
8k views

Why did the Germans not encircle and besiege Stalingrad?

The Germans spent a large amount of manpower in adverse territory for this city, even after long exhausting continuous combat. After the war, Kliest wrote: The capture of Stalingrad was ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Did the Torch operation help doom the Germans at Stalingrad?

Amid calls for a "second front," the Anglo-Americans landed in North Africa Operation Torch, in early November, 1942. Some say that it was a "sideshow," others say that it was a "cross-ruffing" ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What was the German perspective on Stalingrad?

I'm quite interested in Stalingrad and have started reading a bit regarding the battle itself and have seen that weather had played quite a significant factor in halting the German advance. (Reading ...
4
votes
0answers
296 views
+100

Have historians attempted to reconstruct the polytheistic Semitic pantheon, dividing it into sub pantheons?

Historians reconstruct pantheons to better understand their role in society (see below for examples of reconstruction as a historical method). Has there been any attempt to apply this historical ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Which works by Kang Youwei attack Empress Dowager Cixi?

Background It is widely reported that Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao bear the principal responsibility for the negative image of Dowager Cixi as the reactionary who halted the 1898 reform. As far as ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Who was the sovereign of the lowest title? [closed]

It is known that there existed sovereign counts (Armagnac, count at God will). But had you read about sovereign viscounts or barons? Or some boyar/boyarin (~= baron) in Eastern Europe? The same about ...
6
votes
1answer
317 views

What happened to the cross on the dome of Hagia Sophia?

There are some images that show the cross on the dome of Hagia Sophia. For example; Miniature 38 from the Constantine Manasses Chronicle, 14th century: Construction of Hagia Sophia during the reign ...
6
votes
2answers
626 views

Is there a database of ancient/current names of cities?

I am working on map of Ancient Etruscan civilization and I can't identify the exact location of Spica city. Based on minimap from Wikipedia page about Etruscan civilization, the city should lie about ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Are there still sundown towns as portrayed in the film The Green Book? [closed]

I assume there are -- sort of an extension of a general dislike of strangers that I myself have encountered a few decades ago -- out-of-state plates attracted attention. EDIT: This link to the film ...
-1
votes
0answers
70 views

German Army + IJN in the Middle East? [closed]

I read this article about how Germany and Japan might have won the war: It occurred to me that Japan probably outclassed the Royal Navy at the time and I saw this post about Hitler Taking Middle East ...
2
votes
3answers
237 views

Were Israeli-Arab conflicts in the Cold war testing grounds for NATO and Warsaw Pact equipment?

During the Cold War, Israel and it's Arab neighbors often came into conflict with each other and fought a number of wars during which Israel often used weaponry from the West (USA, UK and France) ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How did Mongol nomads acquire metal weapons?

Metal-working requires a furnace, heavy tools and of-course metal ore and yet nomadic Mongols were able to obtain metal weapons, so either they worked metal or traded it. But if they worked metal how ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

What were the procedures when the lead group bombardier missed the target? [closed]

When the lead group bombardier missed the target for any reason what were the procedures for a 2nd bomb run on the target? What factors were considered prior to the attempted 2nd run? I'm talking ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Similar names in ancient Rome

Praenomens in ancient Rome seemed to have been rather limited, especially by the time of the empire. There must've been cases where close friends or cousins and the like would've had the same ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Was “Death Traps” by Belton Y. Cooper historically accurate?

Was the WW2 memoir "Death Traps" by Belton Cooper historically accurate?
0
votes
1answer
158 views

When and how was the cairn structure in the “Sea of Galilee” covered in water?

In 2013 Israeli researchers from Tel Aviv university discovered a large cairn, buried under the water of the freshwater lake "Sea of Galilee" in northern part of state of Israel: Researchers find ...
9
votes
1answer
617 views

What other courts were similar to Louis XIV of France's court in Versailles?

After reading about feudalism in the Middle Ages it became apparent that lords lived on their lands far away from the king and provided military services themselves in exchange for said lands. However,...

15 30 50 per page
1 2 3 4 5 227