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0answers
13 views

Were any works completely destroyed during the Nazi book burnings?

When the Nazis rose to power, they began a campaign of burning books deemed incompatible with the Nazi ideology. During these book burnings, were there any works that were completely destroyed? By "...
2
votes
4answers
116 views

“Sexual causes” for the French Revolution?

In the Wikipedia article on the causes for the causes of the French Revolution, among the causes listed in the earlier revision (I've changed it for now) was: Sexual: Amongst the lesser known ...
17
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5answers
6k views

How did Greece avoid the Soviet sphere of influence?

It seems to me that east of Italy / Germany all of Europe was in the Soviet sphere of influence, with the blatant exception of Greece. I'm sure that the long coast made access to Western influence ...
1
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2answers
124 views

Was the assassination of Kirov really that significant in consolidating Stalin's power?

I understand that the assassination of Kirov was what triggered the launch of the Great Purge and therefore, what allowed for Stalin to consolidate his power, but would there be something more ...
30
votes
18answers
8k views

Which battle was the most lopsided result in terms of casualties?

I have recently read about two ancient battles that were won by a much smaller army and/or lead to very different casualties: Defeat of Boudica - according to Roman accounts only 400 Romans died as ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

What are some good sources on the everyday life of Soviet troops during WWII?

Imagine I wanted to get a basic understanding what the everyday life of a Soviet soldier (especially infantry, tank units, air force) during WWII was like. What books and other resources in English, ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Where on a modern map are these areas of Ptolemy's map?

This is a 15th century representation of Ptolemy's map depicting the 'known world' back then based on his work 'Geography'. I would like to know where the area I enclosed in red is bounded by as per ...
23
votes
2answers
5k views

Did germophobia exist in classical antiquity?

I know nothing of the cleaning habits of the Greeks, but about Rome Mary Beard (2015) says that doctors knew that going to the public baths with an open wound would likely result in gangrene, so it ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What restrictions were placed on embedded journalists during the Persian Gulf War?

I am currently researching the effect of the 24-hour news cycle on U.S. Foreign policy during the Gulf War and am looking for primary sources from the U.S. and/or British military pertaining to ...
2
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0answers
90 views

What language is this artists signature written in and what does it say?

This signature is on a print from the 1960s. There are symbols in the art such as a fish (see ring and vest clasp)and a hamsa (possibly) in the outer border.
15
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1answer
584 views

What would the Arch of Titus have looked like painted?

The Arch of Titus is a famous attraction in Rome, built by the Roman Emperor Domitian in 82 CE, in honor of the great military conquest of his older brother, Titus. Perhaps the most famous part of ...
-1
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3answers
696 views

Why did Japan never “apologize” enough for World War 2?

Although Japan kept "apologizing" for atrocities committed during World War 2 for more than 70 years, the apologies were deemed "not sincere enough" by the victims. This stands in huge contrast with ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Book (and/or podcast) recommendations for providing a historical & cultural context for Sichuan?

A couple friends and I plan on taking a tour in the southwestern region of China, specifically Sichuan & Yunan, around spring of next year. I find that it always makes the trip more engaging and ...
3
votes
0answers
221 views

Is The King (2019) historically realistic?

The King (2019) by Netflix is about king Henry V. A few aspects of the movie struck me as either unbelievable, or contradicting what little even I know about history. In no particular order: The ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

How would you address a merchant in the High Middle Ages?

If you were to address a powerful and affluent noble with a wide monopoly over trade in the 11th-13th centuries, what would you call them? (Assuming you are of lesser rank to them) Would it be Sir, ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Why were North American Native Americans underdeveloped?

During the Pre-Columbian period of the New World the Incas, Aztecs, Mayans, and many more civilizations roamed the land of south North America and all of South America. They were far more advanced and ...
0
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0answers
35 views

How did the Bible affect education in the New England Colonies?

How did the Bible affect education in the New England Colonies? I need to write a paragraph about how the Bible affected education for children in the New England colonies.
6
votes
1answer
534 views

Why do some painted portraits show the subject pointing?

I've just been to the Royal Castle in Warsaw, Poland and I noticed that many of the portraits show the subject pointing at something, often out of the frame, for example this one. Why is this?
-5
votes
3answers
120 views

Was there any country/form of goverment that sustained itself with diverse population? [on hold]

Was there any form of government that was stable (in terms of separatist revolts and cultural disputes) enough to maintain a fair lifespan, even though it had a diverse population [see footnote 1]? ...
0
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0answers
42 views

How did the Aztec religion affect their civilization's advancement?

Almost every civilization has a religion, including the Aztecs. But how does religion play a role in a civilization's development?
4
votes
2answers
843 views

Was the use of imperial nicknames in ancient Rome meant as an insult?

A few Roman emperors are commonly known by nicknames. I'm thinking specifically of the Emperors Gaius (Caligula) and Antoninus (Caracalla.) These nicknames were never in official use, at least while ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

What was meant by the protest sign “Bundestag nach Berlin”?

The recent article "The Fall of the Berlin Wall in Photos: An Accident of History That Changed The World" included this image: captioned, "A mass demonstration against construction of the Berlin Wall ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What is the origin of heraldic buffalo horns?

Büffelhörner or Buffalo Horns are quite common in Scandinavian and German heraldry (called Vesselhorns in Danish), "although virtually unknown in other heraldic traditions", where they usually only ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

Was Caligula popular with the general Roman population?

Was Caligula, the Roman Emperor, popular with the general Roman population after his illness a few months into his reign?
11
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2answers
549 views

What is the origin of this pre-industrial naval depiction

I'm neither a history buff not an artist, so I apologise in advance for my poor descriptions. I have recently come into possession of a painting depicting some naval ships, perhaps 19th century, ...
1
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0answers
100 views

What is the meaning of the hand gesture performed by King James II in the portrait by Peter Lely?

This portrait by Peter Lely is one of the most well-known images of James II of England (aka James VII of Scotland). It is used to illustrate his Wikipedia article. Is there some meaning behind the ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

When and why did round coins become a practical standard?

In the world today many countries (probably most if not all, but I don't have a reference) use round coins. It's clear that some coins of ancient times were not round, as can be seen here. At which ...
-1
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0answers
48 views

Why didn't the civilizations of the West develop nearly as fast as the East? [duplicate]

Why didn't the civilizations of the West develop nearly as fast as the East? Oh, and by West I mean the Americas, and by East I mean Europe, Africa, and Asia. And by civilizations, I mean the native ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How effective was medieval horse armor?

Medieval longbows seem now to have been only marginally effective against armoured knights of early fifteenth century although Henry Fifth was wounded in the face at Shrewsbury in 1403 with a limited ...
20
votes
3answers
965 views

In the early 1900s, how did US politicians treat black dignitaries from other countries?

Are there any historical records of US politicians (especially southern politicians) treating black dignitaries (especially royalty) with great pomp and ceremony, while simultaneously and ...
0
votes
1answer
289 views

Why was Carpathia overloaded?

If Carpathia was not full when she rescued Titanic survivors, why was she so overloaded? There should have been plenty of room and spare cabins.
0
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0answers
101 views

Why do people in the US drive on the right side of the road? [on hold]

Britain has its cars drive on the left side of the road. Many countries previously influenced by Britain such as Japan, South Africa, India, and Australia also drive on the left side of the road. Is ...
8
votes
2answers
827 views

What is this stick that William III of England/Orange is holding in this portrait?

While looking at a bit of Dutch history, I saw William holding a stick in this portrait. I looked for a description of the portrait on another site and it only says: This autograph portrait is a ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

How much (area) territory did Chinese dynasties control?

I am looking for the area of the territories controlled by the different Chinese dynasties since Zhou all the way to the Qing. There are maps available of the different territories but I haven't found ...
3
votes
2answers
219 views

Why did Germany request compensation after the Agadir (2nd Moroccan) crisis?

The way I learned it, France sent troops to Morocco to suppress revolts there on the request of the Sultan. Germany saw it as France trying to take over Morocco and sent a gunboat to Agadir. Their ...
2
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0answers
98 views

Is there a real quote to the effect of “The development of man resembles the development of society . . . ”?

There is a saying, I heard from my father a long time ago, that the development of man resembles the development of society: the infant resembles the Renaissance, the young person corresponds to the ...
0
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2answers
163 views

What are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History

I am new to Egyptology, what are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History, Hieroglyphs, mythology, etc... that are not biased and written by experts in the field? By non biased, I ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

In the painting “Ariadne”, by Arthur Streeton, why are the sails of the ship white?

In the painting Ariadne, by Arthur Streeton, seen here: Ariadne is seen crying, with a ship with white sails in the distance. Presumably, this is depicting a heartbroken Ariadne watching Theseus ...
22
votes
6answers
8k views

Was it ever possible to join the US military instead of going to prison for a crime?

It is pretty clear that today the US military is an all volunteer force and it is not allowed to take people who are joining to avoid going to prison. Was there ever a time when a judge could sentence ...
2
votes
2answers
268 views

Why did Charles the Bold have long fingernails?

After his death in battle at Nancy, Charles the Bold was found in a stream. He had been stripped of his armor, cloths, and jewels, and partially eaten by animals. His face was horribly mutilated and ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Is it true that first surgeons were barbers?

Talking with a friend, he told me that the first surgeons were the barbers. In part it made sense as they are used to cut and cure people as they shave them. Even the striped bar red white and blue ...
9
votes
2answers
607 views

Why did Stephen II of Blois (father of King Stephen of England) abandon the First Crusade in 1098 knowing how much he would lose by doing so?

Having taken the crusader’s vow and raised an army of thousands, why did Stephen II of Blois forsake the enormous prestige associated with crusading and risk shame and accusations of cowardice by ...
6
votes
0answers
218 views

When did podium girls first appear?

This is a question related to competitive cycling, as well as to competitive car racing. I am interested in the political and social aspects, but I would gently ask to leave them out from the specific ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Who is this particular inventor from XIX century?

I came acros with the following description about a certain inventor from XIX century: An illustrious 19th-century European character who amassed an immense fortune thanks to his more than three ...
0
votes
3answers
533 views

Have there been government conspiracies that were successful for over 25 years?

I admit it, I'm highly skeptical of conspiracies like the 9/11 Truthers, Flat Earthers, etc... The way I see it? "these things always come out in the end, see for example the Gulf of Tonkin ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Was there ever support for any persons outside of the empire to be elected Holy Roman Emperor?

In Europa Universalis IV, it is possible for electors in the Holy Roman Empire to support the election of someone outside of the Holy Roman Empire as the emperor. I recognize that this is a game with ...
-1
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0answers
161 views

What are some good history works which explain the outbreak of the second world war? [closed]

What are some good history works which explain the outbreak of the second world war? I understand that this in recent years has become ideologically laden, so it is of interest to consider works from ...
78
votes
5answers
13k views

Did medieval stores have names?

Re-posting this question of mine from the Worldbuilding Stack Exchange: I know it's common for shops and stores to be named in D&D and other fantasy settings, but how common was that practice in ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

Has any previously popular Internet meme subsequently made a comeback? [on hold]

This question is motivated by the XKCD comic 286 All Your Base (see also Explain XKCD): In the comic, a character is preparing for a comeback by a meme that was previously highly popular. I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

How many RAF and USAAF/USAF airfields were built in the UK between the mid-1930s and 1960?

Whenever I fly over southern or eastern England I see a lot of runways, many of them disused. The majority were built during WW2 for the RAF and USAAF, others date back to the early cold war years. ...

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