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9
votes
3answers
131 views

What is the logic for the map maker classifying the map this way, specifically in Canada?

I recently came across the map displayed above. It is a map showing the spread of totalitarian and authoritarian governments right before WWII. The countries that are black are totalitarian ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Why did Oliver Cromwell ban Christmas in 1644?

I am aware of the religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants during and after the reign of King Henry VIII, but can't imagine why Cromwell would ban Christmas. I read this in an article ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

Who would have used this c1890s canvas bag?

I have an OLD canvas bag measuring 14 x 11", opens to two pouches. It has a leather strap on the back that makes it look like it was possibly used as a backpack. Printed on the front is "2 SEP.CO. ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Help needed to identify detail from Soviet military uniform

My family on my great-grandfather's side came from Romania and I have a picture of one of his brothers in a soviet military uniform. I know nothing of his involvement in the military and was hoping ...
1
vote
2answers
360 views

What would a 9th-century German count do if he wanted to spend some time with his wife? [closed]

Are there any records of leisure activities by married noble couples in approximately 821? What sort of things can they both do? Did women go on hunts with men? Could there have been a theater, or a ...
6
votes
1answer
125 views

Were surname upgrades a well known practice in the Spanish Empire?

People everywhere have names, and some seek to change their name. Spanish speaking people in particular generally have two surnames, paternal and maternal, in that order. Whether the maternal one ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Would an Illegitimate child of a monarch have been recognized at the Russian court?

For purposes of a novel I am writing I would like to know if an illegitimate son or daughter of a 19th century Russian tsar would have been recognized by the court. Would it matter if the birth was ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

Despite strict 'hujum' (assault in English) policies against veiling as part of liberation of women in Muslim populated less-developed areas of the Soviet Union during early years of the revolution, ...
-2
votes
0answers
41 views

How did the allied powers and central powers differ [closed]

In both the triple entente and triple alliance. How did the allied powers and central powers differ from the two pre-war alliances?
2
votes
3answers
961 views

How does history as a scholarly discipline or disciplinary practice justify its existence as a social practice?

The discipline of history as emergent in the 19th century in its scholarly practice or intellectual discipline exists as a social phenomena in many contemporary societies. Contemporary societies ...
-5
votes
2answers
103 views

How to you reply to Henry Ford and Otto von Bismarck? [closed]

All history is bunk -- Ford All history is fairy tales rewritten by the winner of the last war -- Bismarck There is a LOT of truth to what they say. And with PhD thesis like the courtmartial of ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Who was the Scottish philosopher that came up with the idea of a Scottish militia?

I read a book on the Scottish Enlightenment a couple of weeks ago and am trying to remember the name of the Scottish Philosopher that feared the ideas of a polite society would weaken the British ...
2
votes
0answers
227 views

What did Moshe Dayan say about fighting Arabs?

I am looking for the details of a quote that goes something along the lines of "It is easy to look like a great general when you fight Arabs" by Moshe Dayan (or maybe Golda Meier). I believe the ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Identify the cover model from an issue of Life Magazine

Could someone identify the cover model for the Life Magazine issue dated August 22, 1969: https://twitter.com/historylvrsclub/status/1050574006632570880/photo/1 The issue itself is silent on this ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Why didn't the Chinese attack Hungnam during the evacuation?

The Hungnam evacuation was a notable event during the early years of the Korean War. Retreating to the port of Hungnam from the recent defeat at Chosin Reservoir, UN forces managed to evacuate about ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Did Empress Cixi divert funds for the Beiyang Fleet to build the Summer Palace?

There is a popular story that Empress Dowager Cixi diverted funds originally intended for the Beiyang Fleet in order to upgrade the Summer Palace. This is significant because the amount - approx. 22 ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

How widely accepted are Tolstoy's views on history within the academic community?

Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace is a historic fiction and part essay in which Tolstoy regularly expresses his views on how events happen. More specifically, Tolstoy says that the actions of great men such ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

“Gang signs” in the Dutch Republic [duplicate]

While reading about William III of England I came across paintings of two of his tutors, Grand Pensionaries Johan de Witt and Gaspar Fagel, and noticed that both are holding their left hand in a ...
0
votes
2answers
220 views

Independent development of ocean navigation

I am wondering about who can reasonably claim to independently have developed navigating oceans. It is quite clear that the Iberians had the technology around 1500; and that the proto-Polynesians had ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

At what point after the war did Confederate money begin to attain value again?

At the start of the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate States of America began to print their own money. Almost immediately it began to lose value due to inflation (except in 1864). By the end of the ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Did Robert Devereux's monopoly on sweet wine encroach upon Sir Christopher Hatton's monopoly on wine?

I know that Robert Devereux was given a monopoly on sweet wine following the death of Robert Dudley, his step-father and the previous holder of this monopoly, but I recently read that Sir Christopher ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How long to travel from Ireland or England in 1680 to Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

I'm writing a historical fiction romance novel and I'm trying to gain a perspective of the travel times. The story is set in 1692, but the hero and his family arrived around 1680 from Ireland.
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Are there factors which caused the printing revolution to begin in Europe in 1450 and not some other place some other time?

The printing press was a big deal. It brought a communication revolution and led to the development of larger collective consciousnesses. What I am refering to the printing revolution is the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Who were the social elites of the European middle ages?

I have recently been reading into the European Middle Ages, where one of the challenges is the limited sources available. I have often seen seen this described as a source bias towards the elite ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

What made Missouri the “Show Me” State?

This nickname was apparently based on a quote by a Congressman who said, "I come from a land that raises corn and cotton and cockleburs...I am from Missouri. You have got to show me." That is to say ...
2
votes
0answers
180 views

Why did the Mafia respect Jimmy Hoffa so much? [closed]

The information that I have about Jimmy Hoffa has come (the impetus,I must say honestly, came from Scorsese's The Irishman) from here. Jimmy Hoffa was a man with wealth and political connections ...
-3
votes
0answers
92 views

What caused the U.S. to decide to annex Texas? [closed]

Was the balance of slave states and free states maintained when Texas was annexed into the United States as was stated in the Missouri Compromise? What caused the U.S. to decide to annex Texas?
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Were any tactical missiles used during the 1971 Indo Pakistan war?

During the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971, some Sidewinder and Atoll missiles were used in the air. The SA 2 guidline was used by the Indian side as SAM, and on sea the Indian navy struck Pakistani bases ...
-3
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the origin of the word “Allah” and in which context was it originally used? [closed]

On a discussion I am dealing with someone who believes that (1) "Allah" was not a generic name for God before the birth of Muhammad (2) "Allah" was derived from a deity in pre-Islamic Kaabah Which ...
-4
votes
1answer
74 views

Could an amphibious attack succeed during the Gulf War? [closed]

During the Gulf War (1991), the US Navy and the US Marine Corps had assembled consequent naval and amphibious forces. Some of them (including the battleship Iowa) were attacked by Iraqi antiship ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Why did Shi'ite Islam split in the 9th century?

I'm asking about the reasons for the division of Shi'ism that brought about the Fatamid-Qarmation rivalry in the 10th and early 11th centuries. I'm interested in traditional accounts of the different ...
-1
votes
1answer
168 views

Was there ever a losing army that threatened to kill his enemy's POWs and use them as hostages to get their demands? [closed]

They could have gotten a ceasefire agreement out of it instead of surrounding without conditions. If there wasn't, why not? Specifically I'm referring to the Axis in WW2. This is the info about POW: ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

What flags are on display in “Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States”?

In Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, there are four flags on display to the right of George Washington. One of these flags is the 13 star United States flag, but what are ...
-3
votes
0answers
74 views

What advantages did Sam Houston perceive in the field of San Jacinto? [closed]

Sam Houston specifically picked the field of San Jacinto to fight what he believed would be the final battle in the Texas war for independence. Describe what advantages and disadvantages this location ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

What was the aftermath of a battle in the middle ages? How did wounded soldiers proceed?

The Red Cross was founded by 1859 over these circumstances: Until the middle of the 19th century, there were no organized and/or well-established army nursing systems for casualties and no safe and ...
9
votes
1answer
234 views

What exactly were the dealings of Ea-Nasir (“The Worst Businessman Of The 18th Century BC”)?

I recently came across an article in Forbes by Kristina Killgrove titled Meet The Worst Businessman Of The 18th Century BC. I know that cuneiform does not probably translate fluidly to English, and ...
-1
votes
1answer
198 views

Are there pictures of a chancellor behind a lattice? [closed]

Are 1 and 2 are referring to the same type of chancellor? Anyways, are there pictures fictional or non-fictional for each? chancellor | Origin and meaning of chancellor by Online Etymology Dictionary ...
-5
votes
3answers
170 views

Was there ever a series of leaders who passed their positions to the most capable candidate?

There're been many kings and emperors in history that passed their thrones to their children. Often this doesn't work well because although the king can be very capable, the child may not be. I'm ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Were schools for disabled tolerated by Nazi Germany?

I am trying to find out if schools for disabled children were permitted to exist in Nazi Germany. In particular I am looking for a source of anecdotal testimony by survivors of the t4 programme of ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

What was the exact nature, extent and use of Near Eastern clay tokens? [closed]

My current knowledge of Near Eastern clay tokens is: They were developed and used in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia from 8000 BC They were an accounting system with a one to one correspondence ...
3
votes
1answer
616 views

What does “two ells within the selvages” mean in the Magna Carta?

Clause 35 of the Magna Carta defines some standard weights and measures to be used throughout the realm. The first part is straightforward: the standard weight/mass used for wine, ale and corn is the ...
8
votes
2answers
238 views

Why did the coins of England minted under Richard I and John bear the name of Henry?

From the middle Anglo-Saxon period until the reign of Edward I, England's coinage mainly comprised silver pennies bearing the monarch's portrait and name on the obverse side. These were frequently ...
8
votes
1answer
176 views

How was the ceremonial mace presented to unruly members of the US House of Representatives?

In an answer to a recent question, it was said: The Sergeant at Arms, upon instructions from the speaker "presents" the mace to the unruly party.. to restore order. Which agrees with the Wikipedia ...
5
votes
5answers
473 views

Were the war reparations imposed on Germany after WW1 unduly harsh? [closed]

At school, we were taught that the war reparations that the Allied Powers imposed on Germany at the end of the first world war were incredibly punishing, overly egregious, and practically impossible ...
6
votes
1answer
859 views

How did East Asia circa 1500 produce cosmetics?

For a work of fiction, I need to know how one would produce cosmetics from the available products at those times (circa 1500). I imagine I would need - beeswax, which was probably widely available - ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does the US House of Representatives have a ceremonial mace, but the Senate does not?

The US House of Representatives has its own ceremonial mace, which was apparently one of the first things that they authorized once they met for the first time. However, the Senate does not seem to ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Are paintings in history generally darker? Are they related to the pigment verdigris?

I've long had a feeling that the scenes in the paintings created at least 150 years ago are generally darker than those created more recently. I just read the article "Why Renaissance Paintings Aren’t ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Which is the first, non-Western, (written) description of the female orgasm?

Which is the first, non-Western, (written) description of the female orgasm? Hildegard von Bingen wrote about around 1100, which is, AFAIK, the first known mention of it, but she was part of the ...
9
votes
1answer
370 views

Are there any exemplars of the 'trope of the exiled poet' prior to CE 8?

For a class of mine I'm writing a paper on Ovid's Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto, where I argue that underneath Ovid's lamentation of his exile and praise for Augustus, he immortalizes himself as the ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Were Jews cut off from the Babylonian Geonim?

This is the view that I'm familiar with about the decline of the Geonim: The Mesopotamian Gaon reached the height of its prestige in the 10th century- with Saadia Gaon (d. 945), but the ...

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