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3
votes
1answer
156 views

Why did the USSR support the PRC entry into the UN?

In 1971, the USSR (and satellites) voted in favor of UN Resolution 2758, which recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) as "the only legitimate representative of China to the United ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Is Josephus' account for the length of the Jewish War generally accepted as correct?

In Josephus' famous work on the subject, the First Jewish-Roman War is depicted as lasting a full number of years,1 inasmuch as it is presented as starting in the month of Artemisius (II Wars 14:4), ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Was the name 'Valerie' used during the Regency Era (1811-1836)?

I am working on a novel that takes place in England during the Regency Era (1811-1836, the era right before the Victorian Era). I was wondering if you know if the name 'Valerie' or 'Valeria' existed ...
11
votes
2answers
289 views

Why was the wording on war in Japan's postwar constitution so much stronger than in Germany's or Italy's?

From Hathway and Shapiro (2017): The Allies supervised the drafting of new constitutions for each of the Axis powers and enshrined the prohibition on war into each state’s own governing documents. ...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

Were there actually slaves in Georgia while slavery was banned there?

Wikipedia reports that "The Georgia Experiment [from 1735 to 1751] was the colonial-era policy prohibiting the ownership of slaves in the Georgia Colony," and that this was done in order to &...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Did a fallen-out red signal lens ever cause a railway accident?

The Straight Dope (Cecil Adams, 1986) writes: When the first primitive railroad signaling devices were developed in the 1830s and 1840s, red meant “stop,” green meant “caution,” and clear (i.e., ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

When was the term Multics (operating system) coined and by whom? [migrated]

From the history of Multics, I found that Project MAC was established on July 1, 1963 by MIT for the development of the Multics operating system and later GE (General Electric) and AT&T's Bell ...
-1
votes
0answers
77 views

How did Russia become such a large country? [closed]

I've seen that Russia is a very large country in area and has two fronts from the Western part to the Asian countries. The only thing bothering me is how this country became so large from the ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Which other primary sources describe rainstorms in 1345–46 Italy?

Bryson's European tour comments on a rainstorm of very long duration in 1345. The best evidence for this I found in Villani's chronicle which described a rainstorm of three months' duration. Which ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Is there any historical basis for King Suro being illustrated with a branching crown?

King Suro of Gaya is often depicted with a multi branching crown, but I can find no factual, historical reason for this. The crown his Queen Heo is depicted with is historically accurate, but the ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Where from, and in what way, did the first detailed account of the use of self-propelled torpedoes reach the RN and USN?

Three possible candidates seem to exist for the first verified (non-participant) observation of a torpedo boat assault. The options are the Russo-Turkish War, at Caldera Bay, or at Weihaiwei, all of ...
5
votes
1answer
318 views

Did German spies operate in Austrian territory up to 1914?

Germany in the years up to and during World War I, had an extensive intelligence network; in the US in particular, even prior to that country's formal entry into the war, they engaged in not only ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

What “silly places” (according to Muggeridge) did Nikita Khrushchev go to during his visit in the United Kingdom?

According to this article, more than half of places visited by Nikita Khrushchev in the UK were "silly": When Nikita Khrushchev visited Britain, Muggeridge made up a list of the silliest ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Are stories passed down from generation to generation considered primary sources? [closed]

I much prepare a lesson differentiating primary/secondary sources, and their functions, and usually this is clear cut, but I ran into a case that challenges me, and also is relevant to the course ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

Who was blamed for shell failures on the Western Front?

According to the website for the Imperial War Museum, shell failure at the Somme was a significant issue: To make matters worse, it has been been estimated that as many as 30% of the shells failed to ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

How did *encasillado* work?

El Turno Pacifico alternated Conservative and Liberal rule of Spain during the Bourbon restoration. There were elections, but the practice of encasillado ensured "the outcome of elections was ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Are there other examples of naval bases being deliberately situated in shallow-water harbours post-1801?

The generic tendency in naval history has been that deeper ports are better as they allow larger ships to dock at the port. The importance of deeper water ports increased rapidly in the 19th century ...
11
votes
1answer
254 views

How did militaries dispose of their rubbish in WWII?

Just wondering about this recently - An army must create a lot of rubbish. Disposable food packaging, ammunition packaging and shell cases, etc. How did militaries dispose of rubbish during WWII? ...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

What group is identified by the term “Egyptians” in the Flushing Remonstrance?

I am reading about the Flushing Remonstrance and its significance in the history of freedom of religion in the United States. An article by the Social Science Research Council indicates it was ...
1
vote
4answers
284 views

Can we meaningfully compare the poverty levels in the USSR to those in the USA at the same time and to those in the USA today? [closed]

I was told (by people who had lived there) that the USSR had homeless people but I would guess that the levels of homelessness were much lower and in general there were far fewer desperate people due ...
6
votes
0answers
156 views

What happens to the women left behind by polyandry? [closed]

I'm asking specifically about the practice of polyandry in Himalayan civilisations, such as Bhutan. But I'd welcome insights from other polyandrous societies too. It's often been said that, however ...
25
votes
4answers
8k views

Why did really old paintings use such bizarre, unnatural perspective/proportions?

I say "really old" because at least in the 17th century, they are all photo-realistic. (I still don't understand how anyone can paint that beautifully and realistically.) However, let's say ...
8
votes
2answers
344 views

Help on finding out about a sword

After my mother passed away, I found this sword. I'm trying to get any information on it. It's one-piece, and appears to be brass under all the erosion but I could be wrong about the metal. I think it'...
-2
votes
2answers
107 views

Why did the USA suspend military aid to Pakistan in 1965?

Look at the following image (Image Source): There is an instant slump of military aid of the USA to Pakistan from 1966 onward. It seems like the USA suspended aid to Pakistan just after the 1965 Indo-...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Where does Edmund Burke explain aristocratic eccentricity as a reaction to the influx of non-titled country gentlemen?

I am looking for the source of a notion of Edmund Burke’s that the English aristocracy turned to eccentric behavior in order to distinguish themselves from the “new men” who were acquiring estates in ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Is there any evidence of naval ramming in the 9th and 10th century North Sea?

In Bernard Cornwell's 'Sword of the Kings', his main character uses the tactic of ramming to sink an enemy ship before engaging in hand-to-hand combat with surviving ships which get leashed together. ...
12
votes
1answer
359 views

How did pagination come to be used?

I've been gathering some information around the history of printing and noticed that the Gutenberg Bible did not feature page numbering. It makes sense pagination was not used then, even if it might ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

What is the Diet when referring to Post-War Japan? [closed]

I'm currently doing a study on America's influence on Post-War Japan and it mentions a lot about a group called 'The Diet' and I can't find any information on who they actually are. Can anyone help ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How was the 1849 “Proclamation to the People of California” announcing the formation of a Constitution communicated to the people?

The images below appear to be an official copy of the 1849 Proclamation to the People of California announcing the formation of a Constitution. It is signed by Secretary of State Captain H.W. Halleck (...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Was “Street” more common than the abbreviated “St.” in pre-1910 American newspapers?

As a hobby I like to research buildings and other structures around where I live, and part of that entails searching old newspaper archives. Generally this is in California. Since I am not looking at ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Why is the storming of the Bastille considered the start of revolution, and not the storming of the Hôtel des Invalides?

People only stormed the Bastille to steal the gunpowder for the Weapons they stole from Hôtel des Invalides. Why is the former decided by most historians to be the start? Also, some historians ...
67
votes
3answers
9k views

How and when did the word “nuclear” replace the word “atomic”?

In the early "Atomic Age", nuclear technology was generally termed "atomic" in English. There was "A-bomb", "atomic reactor" and "Atomic Energy Commission&...
5
votes
3answers
241 views

What was the main purpose in Japan trying to capture the Dutch East Indies oil fields intact?

The Dutch East Indies campaign saw Japan try to capture the Dutch East Indies oilfields intact, i.e. before the local troops destroyed them: After these main objectives in Borneo were completed, the ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Was it possible for an 11-year old boy to travel from the north of Scotland to Paris in 1777? [closed]

I'm researching a musical scholar called John Gunn, born 1766 near Golspie, north of Inverness in the far north of Scotland. He describes a musical performance in Paris that he witnessed in 1777 (and ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What is the origin of white mourning clothes in African-American culture?

I've noticed that in pictures from the funerals of George Floyd and Rayshard Brooks, a large number of attendees are wearing white. I've found a few resources online that suggest this is a ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Why was there a fierce resistance to Axis occupation in Yugoslavia during World War II? [closed]

First of all the resistance against Germans and Italians erupts straight after the conquering of the country, whereas per example at nearby Greece the guerrilla groups become numerous only at 1943. ...
12
votes
1answer
190 views

How do we know that Louvre version of Mona Lisa painting is the original one painted by Leonardo Da Vinci?

Please excuse me if this question seems trivial to art and painting experts but recently I became aware that besides the Louvre version of Mona Lisa, there is another version called Mona Lisa Prado. I ...
-1
votes
1answer
177 views

If West Virginia could legally secede from Virginia, why couldn't Southern states secede from the USA? [duplicate]

There is a huge and interesting argument on whether it was legal for the States which became the Confederacy to leave the Union. I can see interesting points in both sides of this argument. I come ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

What is the oldest “commercial logo” known? [closed]

I'm writing a paper on logos, iconography and different forms of identifications for trade activities. The paper starts with history of logos, which is pretty easy and known. However, I'm wondering: ...
23
votes
3answers
5k views

Did Northern troops attempt to re-enslave African Americans in Southern plantations during the Civil War?

In Black Reconstruction in America, W.E.B. Du Bois argues that during the war, Northern troops - in this case under the command of Nathaniel P. Banks - sometimes tried to get enslaved people back to ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

What was the fate of the planters and their plantations following the American Civil War?

I had a question about the fate of the Southern planter class following the American civil war. The question was sparked by W.E.B. Du Bois's Black Reconstruction in America. Du Bois argues that they ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Did Spain have a strategic plan for its navy in the Spanish–American War?

Admiral Cervera y Topete is cited in many places as having thought that the Spanish couldn't defeat the Americans in war due to the dilapidated state of the Spanish Navy. The position of the Spanish ...
20
votes
3answers
660 views

Was the alphabet invented only once?

It's a widely repeated claim that the alphabet was invented only once: Britannica: The invention of the alphabet is a major achievement of Western culture. It is also unique; the alphabet was ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Why is there a cutoff in population density running through the middle of the US? [duplicate]

There is this interesting line cutting across the US in terms of population density. It cuts through Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska. East is higher population density excluding some small ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

What was life like for Australian convicts in the last few decades of transportation?

What was life like for Australian convicts in the last few decades of transportation? The last convict transportation arrived in 1868, what happened to convicts during this latter period? Were they ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

What ancient manuscripts were lost when the Huguenots destroyed the Cluny Abbey library?

I've heard that the destruction of the great Cluny Abbey library (in the Burgundy region of France) both by the Huguenots (1562) and later during the French Revolution meant that a massive number of ...
-2
votes
1answer
183 views

Why did the USA ever test nukes on their own soil? [closed]

I've recently read about these atom bomb tests that frequently occurred semi-near Las Vegas, which people flocked to. Even if they didn't understand the risks at the time, isn't it a serious problem ...
6
votes
0answers
82 views

What were the contemporary European reactions of de Vlamingh's sightings of black swans?

Willem de Vlamingh is reportedly the first European to have seen black swans near modern-day Perth, Western Australia in 1697. The 'black swan' had existed in Europe as a metaphor for about fifteen ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why was Poland subject to much harsher Russification than Finland was?

A Wikipedia page describes Russification of Poland: Russification in Congress Poland intensified after the November Uprising of 1831, and in particular after the January Uprising of 1863. In 1864 the ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

When did commercial entertainment begin? [closed]

Courty (2003): Historians typically argue that commercial entertainment started in sixteenth-century England with the introduction of for-profit theatres. Is the above claim correct? If not, when ...

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