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110 views

Why didn't Louis XVI print money prior to the French revolution?

I'm currently reading "Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution" by Simon Schama. It is an ok book. There is a lot of divergence into the culture leading up to the revolution, which ...
-2
votes
1answer
196 views

Why didn't the Soviets keep their encircled forces supplied by airlifting supplies? [closed]

I was watching a video on World War 2 and learned that the Nazis kept their encircled troops supplied by air for weeks, till the pocket was liberated. I also know that earlier in the war, Soviet ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

What is the historical origin of the Jewish Sabbath?

The Jewish Sabbath is presented in the Old Testament: 8 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Were there any local or regional elections in Nazi Germany?

There were Reichstag elections in 1933 (twice), 1936 and 1938. There was an election for Berlin's city parliament in March 1933 (as seems to have been the case everywhere in Prussia), but apparently ...
5
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0answers
106 views

What is the name of the Egyptian temple which had a secret / fake voice projection chamber?

I've been touring Egypt a few years ago, and visited many temples. In one of them, I was shown a chamber, and a little passage which apparently went behind the chamber and allowed the priest to ...
18
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4answers
9k views

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

I found that the Third International sponsored a worldwide transformation of former “socialist” parties (that was concretely related to the rejection of so-called “reformism”, to be somewhat upgraded ...
0
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0answers
79 views

If Aristotle said “Birds of a feather flock together,” why is it attributed to Plato?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is found: Not a few things about friendship are matters of debate. Some define it as a kind of likeness and say like people are friends, whence come the sayings '...
0
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1answer
140 views

What date format was used at Pompeii around the Mt Vesuvius eruption

I saw a recent television commercial with a modern person at the Mt Vesuvius eruption asking a Pompeii resident the year. The resident answers with 79 AD. But I thought the zero point for the BC/AD ...
1
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1answer
163 views

Was there regular contact by the general population between the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic during the second half of the 17th Century?

Was there commercial or social interactions between the general populations of the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands after the Eighty Years War? Would a person living in Aardenburg, ...
0
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1answer
191 views

Were Russians less racist than I thought? [closed]

I recently found out that Alexander Pushkin's great grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal, came from Africa and was black. Apparently he was abducted as a slave and given to Peter the great as a gift, ...
-2
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1answer
126 views

Are the Carolingian and Frankish Empire the same? [closed]

I'm a bit confused about Charlemagne's rule in Europe. So I saw two names that were frequent in his biography in Wikipedia: Carolingian and Frankish. And I saw that the area of those empires were very ...
1
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1answer
266 views

Why are some cultures historically more modest than others? [closed]

Ancient Greeks, for example, were obviously very comfortable with nudity, as reflected in a lot of their art. On the other hand, Islamic cultures value modesty much more. And of course there are ...
2
votes
2answers
308 views

Had the Chinese leadership considered the famine in Soviet Union in 1930s before starting the Great Leap Forward?

It was strange that the collectivization in the Soviet Union led to the Soviet famine of 1932-33 and the history repeated itself in 1959-61 in China. So far as I know the Soviet Union helped the ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Did the Duke of Cambridge wear rouge?

I'm looking for evidence that the Prince George, Duke of Cambridge - Queen Victoria's cousin and the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army - enhanced his complexion by the judicious and semi-discreet ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

How pervasive was the idea that we had reached “the end of history” in America during the ninties? [closed]

Sorry if this is ill-defined. I've heard that in the nineties, there was a pervasive idea in American society that were on the cusp of a liberal utopia, in which there would be no war between nations ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Did military politically participate and intervene in the Second Spanish Republic? [closed]

I'm currently studying Spanish Civil War. It seems that it was a tradition, that the military had power to intervene politics in Spain, at least before the establishment of Second Spanish Republic. ...
3
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2answers
295 views

Why is Nazi Germany called a “fascist” regime?

Fascism is an Italian political system, but it has become a catch-all term for any oppressive government. If Nazi Germany is the most infamous example of a "fascist regime," why are they not ...
10
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2answers
396 views

How old is the practice of removing wisdom teeth?

According to this brief history of wisdom teeth removal, wisdom teeth may have been helpful in prehistoric times, but are now removed due to their general incompatibility with the human jaw. However, ...
32
votes
2answers
3k views

How long was a sea journey from England to East Africa 1868-1877?

I'm trying to find out how long the sea journey took from England to East Africa in the period 1868-1877. One source I've found suggests something like 3 months earlier in the 1860s. It mentions a ...
-1
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0answers
54 views

What are English royal privileges that remain in place since 1500? [duplicate]

There are certain traditions surrounding royalty, but my search results on the topic were glutted by Harry and Megan fluffiness. Among the traditions surrounding royalty, I am aware of: The royal we, ...
1
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0answers
99 views

In which way are the industrial revolution and the famine during the first years of Soviet rule comparable? [closed]

The other day, I was having a conversation about corruption in Russia under Putin rule, and his use of 'altered' historical narratives according to what would more beneficial to his rule as Russia's ...
8
votes
1answer
880 views

Why was the ship “Palmyra” so named?

On November 7, 1802, the american trading ship Palmyra, under Captain Cornelius Sawle, was shipwrecked on the reef, which took the vessel's name and now is known as Palmyra Atoll. Does anybody know ...
6
votes
1answer
330 views

Is the use of flamethrower style naval weapons depicted in this game accurate?

In the popular strategy game Age of Empires 2, one key naval unit is the so-called Fire Ship. Fire ships in the game use a siphon to launch a continuous stream of fire projectiles on the enemy. ...
-1
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0answers
67 views

What year/country of origin is this shell?

I have a 75mm shell with no identification markings. I scoured the Internet but I can’t find anything that would give me an idea of the year or the country of origin
0
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0answers
135 views

Did soldiers ever use wooden pillows to hear attacks?

I remember reading somewhere that since sound travels way faster through the ground as compared to air, soldiers back in the day used wooden pillows that were hard. So if the enemy started marching in ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Who was the last/is the current count of Orsay?

Alfred d'Orsay (1801-1852), comte d'Orsay, had no children so I believed that the title passed to his sister Ida d'Orsay (who is mentioned to be countess of Orsay on various websites) and then to her ...
-1
votes
1answer
148 views

What wars or other serious crises have been caused by translation?

I'm researching the costs of translation, economic and of other nature. What large crises, such as the New Zealand Wars (due to the inaccurate translation of the Treaty of Waitangi) have been caused ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Which 4 states were not present to ratify the treaty of Paris on January 14th, 1784?

Which 4 states were not present to ratify the treaty of Paris on January 14th, 1784
0
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0answers
78 views

To what extent was Niccolo Machiavelli's views representative of the views in Italy's renaissance?

In The Prince (c. 1513), Niccolo Machiavelli states: Thus it is well to seem merciful, faithful, humane, sincere, religious, and also to be so; but you must have the mind so disposed that when it is ...
12
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1answer
265 views

Did ancient Chinese and/or Japanese scholars speculate about what lay across the Pacific?

Before the age of exploration, a good number European scholars speculated about the Atlantic beyond the Iberian peninsula, whether it was the location of Atlantis, or whether or not Japan could be ...
-2
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1answer
184 views

What ancient American Indians used this triangle shape burial ground?

The historians in my area say that's the ancient American Indian burial ground. Which ancient American Indians used triangular-shaped burial grounds? The area is located in Washington Township, ...
4
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0answers
65 views

What were the components of a good classical education in 18th Century British Empire?

Reading the Federalist Papers, I’m really impressed by the command that the American Founders had not only of the language but also models of philosophy, history, and politics. What would a good ...
2
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3answers
237 views

During the WWII, did the German Luftwaffe ever have mixed units of Bf-109s and Me-262s, and if so, which units and/or which airfields?

I have much information regarding the contemporary piston-engined Bf-109 units, as wells as the more advanced Me-262 units. However, I am wondering if any of these planes served together in the same ...
0
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1answer
246 views

Why were so many female members of Hapsburg family named Maria something?

Recently, I have noticed that Empress Maria Theresa’s daughters’ names all begin with Maria. Archduchess Maria Elisabeth Archduchess Maria Anna Archduchess Maria Carolina Maria Christina, Duchess of ...
3
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0answers
103 views

When did US federal government's revenue exceed combined state and local revenue?

Approximately when did the US federal government's revenue become larger than state and local revenue? Even after the Constitution in 1787 the federal government's revenue was still much smaller than ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the Thalassic Age?

What is the Thalassic Age? What exactly happened during that time? This came from reading that Greeks during Hellenistic period conquered some areas in Phoenicia, Mesopotamia and Egypt and developed a ...
6
votes
1answer
200 views

How far did Malcolm X get with taking the United States to the United Nations?

In Malcolm X's original The Ballot or the Bullet speech, delivered in Ohio on 3 Apr 1964, just after he left the Nation of Islam, he outlines his case for taking the civil rights movement to the ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Is there audio of Malcolm X's original The Ballot or the Bullet speech?

Malcolm X's famous Ballot or the Bullet speech - his first after leaving the Nation of Islam and "ranked 7th in the top 100 American speeches of the 20th century by 137 leading scholars of ...
0
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2answers
196 views

Is there a British equivalent in architectural history to American cabins?

I've been watching a lot of American horror movies, and a big trope is the characters staying in old, abandoned cabins in the woods. Or if not cabins then lodges, or in Westerns or haberdasheries etc. ...
1
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1answer
113 views

How did the countries devolved from USSR turn from communism to democracy or other ideology peacefully after the collapse?

After the Soviet Union dissolution, the countries independent from the Union, or the countries in the East Europe that were puppets of the Soviet Union turned to the current government without a civil ...
27
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6answers
4k views

What is the earliest mention of space travel?

What was the earliest mention in recorded history of travel through space? Admittedly, I am not really a history buff, but I am writing a scientific paper related to space travel, so I wanted to give ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Franco ever refer to his regime as Fascist?

Italy certainly started out using the term, which is derived from Senatorial regalia. Hitler's Germany can also pretty safely be classified as such, that's the regime most people have in mind when ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

How much did Didius Julianus pay to become emperor of Rome?

According to Wikipedia, Didius Julianus was proclaimed Roman Emperor in AD 193 by the Praetorian Guard after offering them 25,000 sesterces per soldier (outbidding Sulpicianus's offer of 20,000 ...
5
votes
0answers
254 views

Can anyone identify this uniform? Is it from Sweden or USA?

I have 2 photos of my husband's grandfather Edwin Albin (1884-1962) that were taken in Minnesota in 1906. I’m hoping to find out more about the uniform Albin is wearing. Albin's father Claus August ...
-1
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0answers
21 views

Is there a “unified command” over all the defense forces in Washington D.C.? [migrated]

A Unified Combatant Command is a task organized command structure used to coordinate forces around one objective. Examples include CENTCOM (https://www.centcom.mil/), which coordinates the armed ...
0
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2answers
183 views

In a medieval city how large a market was needed relative to population? [closed]

In a large medieval city fed by the agricultural product of the area, plus imports such as grains, spices, fish, etc. and also serving as a regional hub for the exchange of trade goods, what ...
10
votes
1answer
155 views

Did James I link the divine right of kings to apostolic succession in his writings? If so, where?

According to a Wikipedia article, King James VI of Scotland (later King James I of England) justified the theory of the divine right of kings in his famous essay The True Law of Free Monarchies by ...
0
votes
2answers
184 views

What time period is this uniform?

I know this person was a family member. I have family on this side who served in the Civil War as well as WWI and WWII. I identified the hat pin as Infantry, 8th Regiment, Company B. Also, I think ...
1
vote
3answers
281 views

Was the US dollar, the Soviet reserve currency too?

Was the Soviet rouble also backed by the US dollar, which was the global reserve currency at the time? I remember reading something about Soviets taking aid from the US, in the 1970s, after Soviet ...
23
votes
4answers
7k views

How confusing was British currency compared to decimal currency circa 1850?

This question quotes Terry Pratchett's claim: The British resisted decimalized currency for a long time because they thought it was too complicated. Is this a fair comparison with its inference that ...

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