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3
votes
1answer
128 views

Can you help identify this European military uniform?

This picture was found in the possessions of a great-aunt who immigrated from Volhynia, Russia to Canada around 1908. My family is ethnically German, and many of the Volhynian Germans originally came ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

Has historical revisionism ever led to problems in history?

Just came across a post from a Jesuit claiming Historical revisionism is one of the worst, and dangerous, mistakes one can make. It appears to be with regards to the latest news of Jesuits in US ...
-2
votes
1answer
218 views

Did the Prussian army commit atrocities?

We know the German armed forces, all of it, during WW2 committed atrocities. Same for the German army during WW1. I also found some references the Prussian army committed atrocities during the Franco-...
-4
votes
4answers
323 views

Are rural residents more likely to survive large scale war (> 1 million deaths) than urban residents? (Data based answers only)

On the surface, it seems logical that the probability of survival, during times of war, would be higher in rural areas. More reliable access to food. Lower probability of being targeted. (e.g. air ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

When did “killing” become wrong in society? [closed]

It occurred to me that in many medieval settings, people getting killed is just a part of life. If you angered a feudal lord or noble, they could cut off your hands or kill you and no one bats an eye. ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

What's a major 19th Century history of the American Revolution from a British perspective?

I recently read McCaulay's History of England, which he initially projected to cover in detail events up to the reign of Queen Victoria. I was excited to see his take on the American revolution, ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Where can I find the complete texts of Churchill's essays on extraterrestrial life?

Perhaps I'm just very bad at googling; though I can find numerous articles describing the discovery of Churchill's writings on the possibility of extraterrestrial life, I can't find the original ...
-1
votes
3answers
271 views

Why didn't colonial empires exchange their colonies with others empire to make their territories whole?

The colonial age created some weird territories that separated one country’s territory into terrible shapes, such as Senegal (colonized by France) and Gambia (colonized by Britain). Why didn't France ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Were titles in the British Peerage ever connected to land grants, and if so, when did they stop being connected to land?

I have been trying to understand the peerage systems of Britain as of late, and I have a number of questions. Let's assume we're in the middle ages. A baron-in-chief, Thomas Smith, holds a number of ...
6
votes
5answers
553 views

Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

I came across a 14-year-old duke having a child in the 15th century with his wife, (formerly) Queen Isabella. The duke would end up with a son who became Louis XII, but that is just the back-story to ...
20
votes
4answers
3k views

What was the policy on academic research being published beyond the iron curtain?

If a little background to my curiosity were to help: when I was studying logic as a philosophy student, we covered the topic of defining probability, where we looked at Kolmogorov's axioms of ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

What constitutes a country's military being called a “Defence Force”? [closed]

I've been looking at countries around the world, particularly Commonwealth countries. I've noticed Australia and New Zealand call their military a defence force. Is there a legal reason for this? This ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Was Ireland really England's first colony? [closed]

I have a vaguely decent knowledge of Irish history, but I know relatively little of the history of England. I've often heard Ireland spoken of as England's first colony, but surely that 'title' would ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

Why did East Germany fail? And why did DDR need hard currency 1986-1989?

Sometime back I saw Deutschland 83 then Deutschland 86 and finally Deutschland 89. The sad part is even though you see the series, you don't really understand why did East Germany fail? Why exactly ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Why did Italian immigration to the US decrease from 1900s to 1920s?

Excluding the start of WWI and the later Immigration Act of 1924, what is the reason for this decrease especially from the Italian side. See ncdemography.org
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Have any palimpsests been found in medieval Icelandic (saga) literature?

Old Norse mythology and history are mostly known through Icelandic medieval parchements. Have those been found to include palimpsests, like medieval parchement in Europe has?
5
votes
2answers
291 views

Did Hitler actually say “Millionen stehen hinter mir.”?

There is a fairly famous poster made by John Heartfield in 1932 depicting Adolf Hitler with the quote "Millionen stehen hinter mir.", which is a pun that might be roughly translated as "...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Are there any specific examples of NLF efforts to manipulate American media?

I often see mentions of National Liberation Front (NLF) efforts to manipulate US media during the Vietnam War, but I can't seem to find any specific examples of this happening. Did I misinterpret its ...
24
votes
5answers
6k views

Have any kings ever been serving admirals?

As the title says, has any person who has held or has gone on to hold the title of King (or some other similar monarchical title) ever been a serving admiral, who has exercised actual command of a ...
1
vote
2answers
218 views

How is the term “medieval” used to describe non-European civilizations and cultures?

I have done a quick Bing search, and the term refers to the Middle Ages, a time period in Western European history. It has the alternative meaning of "very old-fashioned or primitive". Yet, ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Is there any transcript or recordings of Yasser Arafat's speech to Arab foreign ministers in 1996 (Stockholm)?

I am interested in a full transcript or original recording of a speech that Yasser Arafat delivered to 'Arab diplomats in Stockholm's [Grand Hotel in] January 1996'. The speech is referenced and is ...
3
votes
0answers
167 views

How do art historians study the transactions of art merchants?

My question is the following: I would like to ask how to frame a research paper about transactions of art merchants and their transcription from the accounting book to a research paper. I would like ...
6
votes
2answers
285 views

Are there primary sources about Jinnah's vision for Pakistan?

Pakistan fell, a few years after independence, into military rule. I remember reading a few years ago that this was because of the deaths of its founding father and first prime minister (which is ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

What is the context of the use of injustice/unrightousness (不義/fugi) in WW2 era Japanese propaganda?

The Imperial Japanese military song Nihon Rikugun (日本陸軍) begins with the line "天に代わりて不義を討つ" ("defeat injustice in place of righteousness"). What exactly did they consider 不義/fugi ...
8
votes
2answers
831 views

Has a head of state ever actually killed another in battle? [duplicate]

In "historical" or fantasy movies you often see the two enemy leaders fighting directly in the middle of the battle, mainly to allow for dialogue. I know that leaders have had their enemies ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

When during their construction did Bible-era Jewish temples become “holy”?

As is well documented in the Bible and elsewhere, in Bible times, the innermost area of a temple (often referred to as the Holy of Holies) was only permitted to be occupied by the head priest, and ...
7
votes
1answer
258 views

Were there any Jewish members of the Roman Senate?

A Jewish presence in Ancient Rome has been attested to from even before the Roman conquest of Judea. It was possible for prominent individuals to acquire Roman citizenship and at least under the ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

How did the European public school system originate?

Are there any good sources for learning about the history of education in Europe? I am particularly interested in learning about the origins of the public schooling system, as it seems they should ...
24
votes
3answers
4k views

Did the Vikings use horses in battle?

We are currently working on a project which purpose is to depict the Vikings through a digital card video game and we are in the process of researching which cards to put into the game. We have some ...
-4
votes
2answers
200 views

Why did mass production have to wait until the Industrial Revolution?

We're generally told that mass production and the Industrial Revolution go hand in hand, that the Industrial Revolution gave us the miracle of complex tools made of identical, interchangeable parts ...
7
votes
1answer
478 views

Who originally said, “The most segregated hour . . .”

There is a video on YouTube where MLK says '... at 11 o'clock in Sunday morning is one of the most segregated hours, if not the most segregated hours, in Christian America.' in 1960 but in the ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

How were improvised masks used to defend gas attacks in World War One?

During the battle for Ypres in April 1915 the attacking Germans used chlorine gas to great effect, nearly annihilating the 1,100 defending French. The French had moved closer to the gas cloud, ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

What was the best way to travel across Anatolia in 1914?

What was the best way to travel across Anatolia in 1914? Specifically, I'm writing a story in which a character needs to travel from Constantinople to Van (a city which would later see protracted ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Do historians have a method to synthesize evidence and conclusions from multiple fields?

Modern historians when trying to understand some specific aspect of the past often have to draw on multiple types of evidence, such as historical documents, literature, epigraphy, numismatics, ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

Is there evidence for the Khazars as a naval nation?

From various reading through the years I understand that up to this day, the Caspian sea is often named "the Khazar sea" in some languages and maps: Persian, Azerbiajani, Turkmen and Turkish....
9
votes
3answers
543 views

Why did Britain, not the Netherlands, create the greatest overseas empire?

The usual answer is that control of the sea trade was wrestled by Britain in a sequence of fierce Anglo-Dutch wars 1652-84. However, one can easily make the case that the Dutch won in this conflict. ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

Why wasn't Mao purged after the failure of the Great Leap Forward?

In 1958, Mao Zedong launched the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to forcibly collectivise Chinese agriculture and industrialise the country within just a few years. This involved the use of ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Why do biscuits depict ships?

I have noticed that several brands of biscuits have ships on them and have wondered why that is. A friend suggested that this is for historical reasons but I couldn't find any evidence of that. Where ...
2
votes
0answers
151 views

Do we know how much the Aurelian Wall would have cost to build?

I've been reading about the Aurelian Wall and it's very fascinating, though I wonder how much, in denarii, sestercii, or other, it would have cost the Romans. Is there any way we could possibly ...
37
votes
4answers
14k views

Why would silk underwear disqualify you from the United States military draft?

I recently encountered a post by Kerry Callan where he provided a pictorial image from the September 1966 issue of Esquire magazine of conditions that will exempt you from the draft. (click to ...
0
votes
0answers
141 views

Is there validity to the claim of a scavenger hunting barter economy in the history of money?

I've read in economics textbooks, and seen in videos like this, saying that before money, there was a barter economy was based on a coincidence of wants, and people would have to go on basically a ...
5
votes
0answers
185 views

Has a reenactment of the firing of a carcass projectile ever been filmed?

From a Scientific American blog, on a "carcass" round: an explosive mortar shell (developed by the French) wrapped with incendiary material, this round was fully engulfed in flame after ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

How did the generation who elected Rutherford B. Hayes and Benjamin Harrison feel about the electoral college?

In 1824, John Quincy Adams became the first president to win the presidential election, but lose the popular vote. It would not be until 52 years later in 1876 with Rutherford B. Hayes when this would ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Why was the “first Monday in December” originally chosen as the default meeting date for Congress?

The original Constitution of the United States did not explicitly specify many dates, but one was the default date for which Congress was required to meet: The Congress shall assemble at least once ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

How did changes in the balance of land versus naval balance of power prevent England from being successfully invaded by foreign powers after 1066?

The last successful invasion of England was that by the Normans in 1066. Prior to that, England had been successfully invaded by waves of Angles, Saxons, and Jutes from the Continent, and before that, ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

What is the story of this kamon?

I see that you have a lot of knowledge and I have been looking for information for several years. Do you know the story of this kamon? It is worn by my wife's family. It's Maruni ken Hanabishi; it is ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Can anyone help identify this statuette?

The statuette has been in my family for 3 generations now. It is presumed to be from Morocco and was brought to us before the second world war. It is damaged and it had an ivory rosary that was stolen ...
-5
votes
1answer
145 views

Are the Windsors English? [closed]

I have had some confusion about this. In the express. Co. UK Article about the name change of the British Royal Family it said: "For example, Queen Elizabeth I had no heirs and the crown passed ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Where was the Turkish Navy based in July 1914?

I'm trying to figure out whether, if not for the July crisis, Russia could have tried an amphibious invasion of Turkey in 1914, and what the outcome would have been if so. It seems to me the answer ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

Why does the amount of days in an year on average of the Gregorian calendar only have 4 decimal places (365.2425)?

Alfonsine tables available at the time of the Gregorian reform provided enough information (however inaccurate) for the calendar to have been designed such that it expressed more precision regarding ...

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