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3
votes
2answers
142 views

Where did the following reference originally arise from?

In his 1725 work Principi Di Una Scienza Nuova (known in English as The New Science; link to the CUP modern edition), Giambattista Vico wrote that: For Hebrew began and remained the language of a ...
5
votes
2answers
276 views

What is the original German version of Bismarck's phrase about intentions and capabilities?

UPDATE: It turns out that even Russia's president Vladimir Putin himself quoted Bismarck as saying that phrase! (Source1, Source2). It thus seems unlikely to be a made-up quotation, because it is ...
5
votes
0answers
184 views

Did purging occur during the American revolution?

Every nation that has revolutionized in the last 150 years has undergone major turmoil including the jailing and execution of dissidents. France and Russian revolutions were both famously violent ...
34
votes
8answers
12k views

Why did the United States not resort to nuclear weapons in Vietnam?

Before getting into this note that I am NOT saying this would have been a good idea, nor am I advocating this as being a correct approach, not at all, it would surely have been horrific and very hard ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What are these hats and the function of those wearing them (worn by the Russian imperial army at Borodino)?

After the battle of Borodoni Franz Roubaud worked on a great panorama painting of 115 meters long. looking at the big panorama painting by Franz Roubaud I noticed that some of the Russian imperial ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Why did Al-Andalus become cosmopolitan?

I have been watching some BBC documentaries on the history of Spain recently. 'Blood and Gold: The Making of Spain with Simon Sebag Montefiore', and 'The Art of Spain' (Episode 1: The Moorish South). ...
6
votes
1answer
493 views

What is the full text of the song about the failed battle of Kiska?

I came across a mention of the song about the failed battle of Kiska in the audiobook "The Rising Sun". I started googling, but found only two mentions, both on Google Books. Is there the full text of ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

When was the idea of a unified India conceived?

At multiple times, during multiple periods, India (as in, the Indian Subcontinent) was fractured with multiple kingdoms, principalities etc. It usually came after the fall (or withdrawal) of empires(...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

Can anyone help identify this uniform?

I found this in my great-aunt's pictures after she passed, but no one in my family knows who it might be. We're not even sure it's an American uniform as her side of the family came over from Germany ...
4
votes
0answers
101 views

Confusion on the Tabulation of Casualties on the Eastern Front of WW2, Particularly at the Battle of Kursk

I've been reading a good bit on the Soviet-Axis war of World War 2 as of late. Something that continually strikes me is the large variation in casualties for any given operation or battle that ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

What happened to Johannes Heinrich Louis Munt after his trial in 1945?

I was curious what happend to Johannes Heinrich Louis Munt. He was a SS-Hauptsturmführer and Kriminalkommissar during World war 2 in the Netherlands. He ordered the execution of more than 50 people ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Who said “one can be a powerful king with a very small sceptre”?

Anne McElvoy, senior editor at the Economist, wrote the following in a recent column: As a mistress of Louis XIV waspishly remarked, one can be a powerful king with a very small sceptre. The quote ...
6
votes
1answer
495 views

Why did sailing ships so often employ Chinese cooks?

During the age of sail, it was common for Western ships to employ Chinese cooks. I don't have any numbers except that there are pages and pages of relevant results from search queries including "...
30
votes
2answers
8k views

Did Vladimir Lenin have a cat?

According to Wikipedia: He [Lenin] was... fond of pets, in particular cats. So did Lenin, at some point, have a cat? I have seen some pictures of him holding cats, but I guess they could just be ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Why doesn’t Cuba's flag have any communist symbolism?

The wikipedia page on the flag of Cuba says:- It is one of the two flags of a currently socialist country (the other being Laos) that does not use any Communist Symbolism. The symbolism is (from ...
23
votes
2answers
5k views

Why didn’t Christianity spread southwards from Ethiopia in the Middle Ages?

Christianity, having begun in 1st Century Roman Palestine, in the next few centuries spread rapidly across the Roman Empire and beyond, including beyond the southern boundary of Roman Egypt, via the ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

What is the actual Polish street name of the street in Martinau, now Rokitnica, of Strasse der SA?

My mother who was born in Beuthen/Bytom, but must have lived at least for a while in Martinau, "Strasse der SA 19". I want to go there and find the street. Martinau was Rokittnitz (part of the ...
6
votes
1answer
323 views

Did Anza find evidence of a Japanese wreck?

Through the age of sail Japanese sea drifters involuntarily crossed the Pacific. The sengokubune ship which tended to lose its rudder in storms and drift nearly endlessly. Several made it to North ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Question on names in ancient Rome

I'm writing a novel set in 268 AD and the character is called Marcus Piavonius Victorinus, one of the many upstart military emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century. I've heard that by this ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Were priests in politics in New Spain?

In the the Spanish Empire generally, the royal state and the state church were tightly coupled. One hierarchy supposedly answered to the Viceroy and then the King; the other to the Archbishop and the ...
17
votes
1answer
4k views

Did the Americans trade destroyers in the “destroyer deal” that they would later need themselves?

In the fall of 1940, the U.S. and Great Britain made the so-called "destroyer deal," of 50 old American destroyers in exchange for the use of British bases ranging from Newfoundland to the Caribbean. ...
23
votes
5answers
9k views

How did the Axis intend to hold the Caucasus?

We all know how the Axis offensive in 1942 led to the "turning point" battle of Stalingrad and the eventual defeat of the Third Reich, and that this offensive had been launched in order to capture and ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

What were the international space arrangements and scientific purposes Eisenhower spoke of in October 1957?

Background: Explorer 1 was successfully launched into orbit by the US 1958-02-01 about four months after Sputnik 1 was successfully launched by the Soviet Union 1957-10-04, and Vanguard 1 wasn't ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Do historians of the United States believe that the Democratic and Republican Party switched their views on racism? [closed]

I often come into argument that because the Democratic party had many racists and Southern slave owners aligned with it during and after The Civil War, that therefore the "core" of the Democratic ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do all my history books divide Chinese history after the Han dynasty?

I will be teaching middle school World History this year. I surveyed seven different textbooks from different publishers and notice, unlike all other histories of other regions in the world, Chinese ...
21
votes
1answer
4k views

Why didn't Britain or any other European power colonize Abyssinia/Ethiopia before 1936?

It is well mentioned while reading books on Africa or, the colonization or “scramble” for Africa, that two countries, Liberia and Ethiopia/Abyssinia, had retained their sovereignty as independent ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

What is/was the correct pronunciation of Byzantine? [closed]

When I first came across the Byzantine Empire in books I assumed that it was pronounced as it was spelled (i.e. bih-zan-tin or baɪ zən tɪn in IPA). However I have since heard many people, including ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

What where historic influences on US unemployment rate from 1949 to 2014?

I just found this graph. The red line is the employment-to-population ratio of the USA. I've added some numbers - green for upwards trends, red for downwards trends: One thing I'm very confused about ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

What could explain the myth (or truth) of drunken defenders during the battle of the plains of Abraham?

I have come across popular references towards the sodden or sozzled state of the French and Canadien defenders of Quebec City during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Mostly, these references are ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Which Roman general was killed by his own soldiers for not letting them to loot a newly conquered city?

I read about a Roman king/general who was killed by his own soldiers for not letting them to plunder/loot a newly conquered city. I think, he allowed them to plunder a city in his previous conquest, ...
-4
votes
1answer
187 views

Why didn't Delhi became part of Pakistan?

I have read about Pakistan Movement (PM), about the Partition of India between the two and I want to know why Delhi didn't became part of Pakistan (in contrast to Edirne of the Ottoman Empire which ...
44
votes
10answers
7k views

Are there any examples of technologies have been lost over time? [closed]

I've read before about various technologies being lost over time, either due to war or famine or just time. I'm interested in knowing more about what sorts of things have been lost, and how. I've ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

How did the educational curriculum (books) flow from grade to grade in the 1800s?

I'd like to understand how educational curriculum (book choice/material) progression worked during the 19th century within the United States and perhaps even abroad. We frequently hear of people only ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

Where did the families of constables live in the middle ages?

I know this might be a question that is considered "too broad" since the Middle Ages spans almost a thousand years across all of Europe. But I'm looking for information in regards to the whole of this ...
7
votes
1answer
313 views

Did the Portuguese get anything in return when they handed back Macau?

In 1999, Portugal fully returned Macau to China. However, did they get something for giving Macau back to China, or was it just a sign of good faith and decolonization in general?
1
vote
3answers
331 views

What factors explain Indian territorial restraint towards Pakistani occupied Kashmir despite military success against Pakistan?

It would seem that the Indian army managed on three separate occasions to beat its Pakistani opposite, but did not press these advantages by occupying the Pakistani portion of Kashmir. The three ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

What effects did World War II have on Japanese animation industry?

I was recently looking up the effects of the world war on Japanese Animation Industry after I made the following observations It is quite common to see German names in Japanese Anime which could be ...
9
votes
2answers
356 views

How difficult would be to watch a porn movie in US/UK before the WW II?

The first movie, longer than a few seconds, the famous "Arrival of the train" was made in 1885. The first erotic movie, "Le Coucher de la Mariée" was made barely a year later (you can watch it here - ...
8
votes
1answer
286 views

Was Operation Kugelblitz really a success for the partisans?

Every source that I have looked at says that the Germans practically accomplished nothing during this offensive. Yet at the same time it is claimed that the Partisans suffered a staggering 9,000-11,...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

Where can I find maps and other historical resources / references of Calcutta / Kolkata in the Victorian era?

I am doing some historical research on a project and need some maps, references on Calcutta in the Victorian Era, somewhere between the 1850's and 60's. Does anyone know some good sites / books where ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

What is the most common calendar for pre-Julian dates?

When I read some date of event that happened before introduction of Julian calendar by Caesar, what calendar that date is more likely to refer? Proleptic Julian calendar or proleptic Gregorian ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

What is a “staved” town, like in “Staverton”?

I'm researching Staverton, Northampton(shire), England. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it is called Stavertone. According to wikipedia, the meaning of the town name is 'staved" town. I've looked up ...
3
votes
1answer
429 views

How strongly defended was Baku in 1942?

Baku was the single largest source of oil in the Soviet Union in World War II. The Germans captured Maikop and seemed on the verge of capturing Grozny. But Baku was much larger than either of the ...
6
votes
1answer
283 views

How much damage did Farragut do to Confederate supplies in spring/summer 1863?

In March 1863 Farragut ran the batteries at Port Hudson and began disrupting Confederate operations between Vicksburg and Port Hudson. Shelby Foote seems to suggest that it was this operation that ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

What was China's claim line in the Aksai Chin before the 1962 war?

The original mutually agreeable boundary seems to have been the McCartney-MacDonald line since the late 1890s. In the 1910s and 1920s China seems to have accepted even the Johnson line, by publishing ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

Who is Swedens rightful king considering the coup d'etat of 1809 deposed the then rightful king?

Considering that Gustav IV Adolf was forced to resign and driven to exile during a coup d'etat in 1809 and that the later Bernadotte family got into power after the death of Charles XIII, the brother ...
-1
votes
2answers
592 views

Why did conquered countries after WWII recover, but countries conquered later continue suffering? [closed]

Nations damaged severely in WWII (suffered major economic collapse and civilian casualties) such as Japan, Germany and Poland have not only recovered but are doing better than ever before. Most of ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Who invented Sunday? [closed]

I'm wondering when and by whom the idea of a work-free weekday was invented. This is actually two parts, and I wonder about both of them and a (superficial, I'll admit) research turned up very little,...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

Why was a civilian chosen over two military officers to be mission commander of Apollo 11?

Neil Armstrong was a civilian when he joined NASA's astronaut corps. He became the first civilian in space. Buzz Aldrin was on active duty in the US Air Force during his astronaut training for NASA. ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Why did Henry L. Stimson, US Secretary of War, believe that “race mixture by marriage” is impossible? [closed]

Henry L. Stilton, US Secretary of War, recalling his attempt to persuade Archibald MacLeish not to speak out against the Army's discrimination against blacks, wrote the following in his diary on ...

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