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0answers
46 views

Were the Ottomans imperialists? [duplicate]

I read that the Japanese were considered imperialists, mainly for their occupation of Manchuria and Korea. Would it be correct to say then that the Ottomans were also imperialists? They did occupy ...
8
votes
0answers
103 views

Who or what was the Nassadista?

I have encountered several references to Nassadista in a 16th century Latin manuscript. As far as I can tell the noun is masculine, first declension (nominative plural Nassadistæ). Context implies ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

What jobs exempted one from being conscripted in the UK during World War 2? [closed]

During the Second World War, what jobs in the United Kingdom meant that their holders were exempt from being called up for military service?
12
votes
2answers
455 views

What is the origin of the lake tank image that has become a meme?

This image, the template for the "Panzer of the Lake" meme, depicts a soldier from an unknown nation looking at what appears to me to definitely be a Panzer. However, no-one seems to know the origins ...
7
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5answers
643 views

Why was there so little information about sex in Eastern Block countries?

By "Taboo" I meant the lack of widespread access to the information (very few sources, sparse information in biology books etc). I've edited the title for clarification. As you all probably know, "...
-3
votes
1answer
207 views

Why would “loose women” give you bad health?

Many times over the years, I have heard in various contexts, in many different variations, basically the phrase/sentiment: My secret to staying healthy is simply to never smoke, drink or use ...
8
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2answers
2k views

What was the significance of the BEF moving into the gap between German forces in First Battle of the Marne?

The German troops fighting in the Battle of the Marne were exhausted and their commanders seemed to communicate very little. After the Marne they retreated to the river Aisne and more or less began ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

Is there an example of 19th century non-believer who fluently alludes to Scripture?

I am curious whether there is an example of a 19th century historical figure who 1) did not consider himself/herself a Christian, but 2) alluded to or quoted Bible passages fluently in his/her speech ...
-2
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1answer
114 views

Does the Great Revival and the Great Awakening refer to the same thing?

Does the Great Revival and the Great Awakening refer to the same thing. I am really confused. I have encountered a sentence which says the Great Awakening (Revival) in the West promoted the ...
4
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0answers
176 views

How to build historical maps? [closed]

Is there an online tool that can allow creating a historical map given time period and region/country of interest? I have found this question, What are good online sources for historical maps?, but it ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Are there thirteenth century sources linking the Fifth Crusade to the Book Of Daniel?

Are there any thirteenth century sources (Christian, Islamic, or Jewish) linking (the timing of) the fifth crusade to a possibly self-fulfilling prophecy1 from (the eighth chapter2 of) the Book of ...
5
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1answer
222 views

Were women in 17th century France as cloistered as suggested here?

I am reading some books by/about Sr Helen Prejean, and in one, came across the following assertion regarding the founding of her religious community, The Sisters of St Joseph, in France, circa 1650: ...
5
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1answer
241 views

What happened to Wilhelm Hoffman?

Wilhelm Hoffman was a Wehrmacht soldier trapped in Stalingrad, whose diary survived the war and provides a rare look at what it was like to be an average German soldier on the Eastern Front. My ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Could somebody help me find (or recommend me) some primary sources regarding Christian missionaries and India during the 19th and 18th century?

Specifically during BEIC rule, primary source examples of Christianity in India and how it affected the different populations of low and high caste Hindus. Additionally, how it affected Muslims. If ...
4
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0answers
121 views

Was Byzantine land incredibly cheap compared to bread?

I am reading the fascinating THE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF BYZANTIUM, available here. I gather that 1 modios of land was something less than 3000 square metres and for the best land was worth about 1 ...
27
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3answers
8k views

Were Soviets invited to the Marshall Islands to observe the first hydrogen bomb detonations?

In 1952, did the US invite, or consider inviting, Russian scientist to observe the detonation of the first hydrogen bomb? These were above-ground tests far away from Russian in the Marshall Islands, ...
5
votes
3answers
342 views

How obvious was lend-lease equipment to the average Soviet soldier?

As the question says, was the average USSR soldier aware that the equipment isssued to them had come from the United States? Jeeps and aircraft are well known to have been sent to the USSR - would the ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

What was the real name of the painter who made the Christ Pantocrator of Sant Climent de Taüll Church?

In Wikipedia he's named as the "Master of Tahull", and also on other sites that I've consulted. Is there a record of his real name?
0
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0answers
63 views

Did Muslim women in colonial India before 1939 have to become Christian to divorce?

Muslim Law in India in 1939 did not accept a women's right to divorce. Before the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939 was enacted, Prior to the enactment of this Act, 1939 (DMMA), conversion ...
0
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0answers
114 views

Is there any truth to this story about Coolidge?

I read years ago the following story: A couple were driving through Vermont and saw, on a day that threatened rain, a farmer moving hay into a barn. It was apparently normal in those days to help ...
5
votes
2answers
269 views

Was the 1939 Red Army more disciplined / better behaved than the 1943-1945 Red Army?

The Soviet Union Red Army had two westbound offensives into Central Europe (approximately the territory that is currently Belarus, Kaliningrad, Poland) as part of World War II: The Soviet invasion of ...
1
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1answer
140 views

How to translate runic text not knowing the origin? [closed]

I found a runic text (See chapter two of Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth) and I want to translate it, but can't find the symbols in any charts of any bigger runic language. What is ...
1
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2answers
161 views

Were there any important spies in modern history who had to conceal their true nationality (or culture)?

This often comes up in movies, but I can hardly find any real cases, except for the "Illegals Projects" - but that doesn't seem like high-stake espionage, let alone successful. I'm thinking ...
26
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1answer
7k views

Why did Roman women have no praenomen?

In a recent question it was noted, as is well known, that Roman girls were not given praenomen, but took the feminine form of their father's gens - eg Valeria, Cornelia. I have even read the assertion ...
-1
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3answers
314 views

Why is Jesus' crucifixion dated to AD 30–33? [closed]

I've read pretty much everywhere that the consensus is that Jesus died between AD 30–33, but I can't seem to find where this conclusion comes from. Are there some historical sources or pieces of ...
-5
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1answer
121 views

Are the English Celts? [closed]

I was reading that a "native" English person (the average person tracing their ancestors in England say 200 years at least) has about 30% Anglo-Saxon DNA and 3% Viking DNA. Presumably the other 67% ...
1
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1answer
140 views

What did the term “Parage” mean in middle ages Langued'oc?

In the book "Massacre at Montsegur" Zoé Oldenbourg mentioned the term "Parage" that was used in that time in the area: It was the honour of the Occitan nobilty, so humiliated by these Northern ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

What evidence is there of tank-vs-tank combat in Asia during the second world war?

It has been known that the Japanese army during the Second World War did not value tanks highly and as such they were not always used effectively and had significantly worse characteristics than ...
8
votes
3answers
410 views

Did the Allies ever seriously contemplate a “Northern Intervention” in Russia during World War II?

Late in World War I, Britain and America conducted a Northern Intervention around the Russian ports of Murmansk and Archangel to try to prevent the occupation of northern Russia by either the Germans ...
5
votes
1answer
295 views

Did Hitler and Nazi officials give interviews and cooperate with the Weimar republic general press?

Politicians often purposely avoid being interviewed by journalists based on numerous arguments and if they do get interviewed they might ensure to film the interview with their own crew to expose ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

How did British aircraft fare against Japanese aircraft during the Second World War? [closed]

It goes without saying that both the Supermarine Spitfire used by the UK and the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero are iconic fighter aircraft of the Second World War. But how did these aircraft fare when they ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What was the age of majority in France and Belgium in 1945?

What was the age at which a child became an adult, for purposes of executing a legal document, in France and Belgium at the end of the Second World War? I cannot find a site that gives a history of ...
0
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1answer
92 views

What was Artaxerxes I ascension year? [closed]

I'm sorry I cannot add references as 99% of the knowledge I have on the subject is picked off online. Going through my search engine it appears that the ascension year for Artaxerxes I is commonly ...
0
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0answers
89 views

Did Jesse James ever take part in a duel?

We all know that Jesse James was an American outlaw and bank, train and stagecoach robber. He lived in the mid to late 1800s, and things were different back then than they are today. One way of ...
0
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0answers
74 views

What authority did the US Army have in Egypt between 1945 and 1950?

I am trying to research a brief period of time in Egypt immediately after Britain's withdrawal in 1945, specifically the presence and authority of the US military there (if any) before 1950. Was ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Did anyone in England in the 1680's wear a beard?

I'm trying to find any examples of beards in England during the 1680s. I know they weren't popular but that doesn't mean they didn't exist at all. A picture would be ideal, although I appreciate this ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the difference between galli and metragyrtai?

I have occasionally heard of the galli, castrated priests of Kybele in Rome. Now, I noticed that Greek Lexika also refer to another type of said Godess’s priest, namely a metragyrtes (ΜΗΤΡΑΓΥΡΤΗΣ). ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

Did Austrian chief of staff Franz Riml say that the only way to correct the Russophile Ukrainians is to exterminate them?

Several Russian pages claim that Austrian general Franz Riml von Altrosenburg said the following: Galician Russians can be divided in two groups: a) Russophiles and b) Ukrainophiles. If ...
9
votes
1answer
217 views

Why were the Hecatomnid rulers of Caria permitted to marry their siblings?

Hecatomnus of Caria had three sons and two daughters. The elder two sons married a daughter each, and all five children would rule, successively, the state which their father founded. Why was this ...
-4
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1answer
195 views

Was leap day ever officially observed on February 24? [closed]

Julian and Gregorian calendars add an extra day in certain years, in an attempt to synchronize the calendar with the seasons. We call the inserted day leap day. In the modern calendar, February 29 ...
0
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2answers
267 views

Have there been any known cases of governments/military powers PRETENDING to be incompetent, as a sneaky form of security?

This intrigues me, especially after reading a lot about WW2 ciphers and sneaky techniques by the British, etc. Are there any known/famous cases of governments/military powers consistently and ...
2
votes
4answers
368 views

Why was America much better prepared earlier in World War II in the air than in other respects?

According to sources such as Paul Kennedy's "The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, America's total armaments spending in 1941 was about half that of the Axis (Germany, Italy and Japan). It was also ...
4
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0answers
79 views

Did any Western consulates remain open or re-open after WWII in the same buildings in which they had resided in Wuhan, Hebei, China?

The recent CNN article From one-time Chinese capital to coronavirus epicenter, Wuhan has a long history that the West had forgotten Two generations ago, this city of 11 million people, on the ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

What is my ancestor wearing, and what is the purpose?

This is a photo of my ancestor from Donegal, Ireland, sometime in the 1800's. What is she wearing, and what is the significance, especially of the headpiece?
2
votes
1answer
276 views

Why does the name “England” hold no reference to the Saxons?

Something that has always surprised me was that originally Saxon kings were referred to as kings of the Angles or kings of the English when they conquered or reconquered the Germanic parts of the ...
1
vote
2answers
220 views

How was the first carpenter's square made?

A "square" is a tool, typically L or triangle shaped, that gives a craftsperson a quick and accurate 90° angle to use as a baseline in many important trades. It's easy to find a right angle if you ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

How was the Pandidakterion organised?

How was the Pandidakterion organised? Wikipedia:Pandidakterion states that the Pandidakterion lacked 'corporative structure'. I do not understant exactly what the corporative structure is and how was ...
34
votes
4answers
10k views

Why were the drawings of Colossus burnt after WW2 and why was its very existence “of course” kept secret?

After VJ Day, suddenly it was all over. Eight of the ten Colossi were dismantled in Bletchley Park. Two went to Eastcote in North London and then to GCHQ at Cheltenham. These last two were dismantled ...
32
votes
6answers
8k views

What was the point of horse armour?

From my knowledge (and please correct me if I'm wrong), horse armour wasn't very thick (0.4mm-1.9mm) according to the paper in the link: How thick was late medieval horse armor? Even without ...
0
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0answers
40 views

What are some sources about nursing in Devon in WW2?

I am working with a South Devon village group putting a display etc together for the celebration of VE Day. I am a nurse and keen to do something about district nursing/midwifery for those left at ...

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