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137 views

Were the Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan officially volunteers?

I always thought they were conscripts, who were ordered to go there, but recently saw a mention that they all were volunteers. So, I wonder whether they signed any paper of consent before being sent ...
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2 votes
0 answers
141 views

What was in those documents Victoria snuck away from Wilhelm II to London in 1888?

Victoria, Princess Royal, and German Empress for less than a hundred days in 1888, saw the signs of death for her husband, Emperor Friedrich III, and apparently both did not trust either Bismarck or ...
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1 vote
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What would a simple Carthaginian bronze coin have bought?

I possess a Carthegian Zeugitania bronze coin which was reportedly minted around 220 BC between the First and Second Punic War. It is 16mm wide and features Tanit on the reverse. My query is what ...
-3 votes
1 answer
145 views

Who was the last Emperor of England? [closed]

Queen Victoria assumed I guess in 1865 the title of Empress, do you know if and when that title was dropped?
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2 votes
3 answers
329 views

How long has British women royals' solemn ceremonial dress included a sword?

In this photograph: from the recent funeral service of Queen Elizabeth II in London, England, in the row of attendees nearest to the queen's coffin, three attendees are wearing blue sashes. According ...
0 votes
3 answers
89 views

Why did Sheikh Mujibur Rahman refuse to negotiate on Six Points [after] the 1970 election? [closed]

According to the white papers published by the Government of Pakistan on 5th August 1971, Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman tried hard to convey that his Six Points demands were in line with ...
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13 votes
2 answers
4k views

Were doctors who were drafted in the 1950/1960 years, compelled to take an officer's oath of allegiance?

Anyone who's ever watched M*A*S*H, knows that many of the doctors there, didn't want to be there, and had been drafted. Then I recently ran across this (non-official) article, which says Officers on ...
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0 votes
1 answer
119 views

Which of the following astronomers actually met in person? Copernicus/Brahe/Bruno/Galilei/Kepler

Which of the following astronomers actually met in person? Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) ...
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1 vote
0 answers
168 views

What happened to the British universities during WWII?

For one of my courses at university, I chose to work on the topic of British students during the Second World war. I suppose many of them interrupted their studies to go and fight, but what was the ...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Date of birth and the date of death of Marguerite-Claudine Legendre?

What is the date of birth and the date of death of Marguerite-Claudine Legendre, a wife of Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752-1833)? Adrien-Marie Legendre is a famous French mathematician. According to a ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
109 views

Did Hannibal make coins while campaigning using captured precious metals, Roman coins and perhaps bronze statues?

The process of minting coins at the time would be similar to the Roman method and I assume it would have been normal for any large army to carry the required tools and craftsmen while campaigning to ...
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

What's the reason behind the 17th century tradition of British monarchs being depicted on coins facing in the opposite direction to their predecessor?

I have just been informed that on Britain's new currency King Charles III will be depicted facing the opposite direction from Queen Elizabeth II. There are plenty of articles on google claiming to ...
16 votes
1 answer
4k views

Where can I find all Hitler speeches in original German?

I would like to find all Hitler speeches in original German, but the more I look, the less I find. Sure there are a few here and there, but his complete speeches in German are nowhere to find. I did ...
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1 vote
0 answers
36 views

How would a wealthy merchant have addressed a Byzantine Quaestor?

If we rely on this site in modern Greek, which in turn is based on the 9th century kletorologion of Philotheos, the quaestor at that time was responsible for judging cases involving wills. Thus, a ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
104 views

Where is Heinrich Martin Weber's grave located?

Where is Heinrich Martin Weber buried? His full name is perhaps: 'Heinrich Martin Georg Friedrich Weber', or 'Heinrich Martin Georg Weber' or as this historian amateurs site claims 'Martin Georg ...
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7 votes
1 answer
454 views

Did Bamako exist as a major settlement of trade and culture during the Mali empire?

Someone insisted to me there's no good evidence Bamako was a major city during or before the Mali empire. The best source I could track down on its existence and prominence from that time was this, ...
5 votes
3 answers
141 views

When a wattle-and-daub construction was demolished, how did they recycle or dispose of the materials?

In the medieval age, when a wattle-and-daub building had to be demolished, did they recycle the materials? Especially the logs of the frames, these seem to be prime targets for reuse. This article ...
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1 vote
1 answer
170 views

What benefit was there in executing Anne Boleyn instead of poisoning her and pretending she was ill?

When Henry VIII decided to abandon Anne Boleyn in favor of another woman, due in part to the lack of Anne Boleyn providing a male heir, he had her investigated for treason, adultery, and incest, and ...
2 votes
2 answers
165 views

Are state funerals always held on a Monday?

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II will be laid to rest on Monday. I'm interested to know if state funerals are specifically held on a Monday, or this one just happens to be. Searching around, I can find ...
0 votes
2 answers
244 views

How did the maximum strengths of alcoholic beverages in Western Europe increase from wine which Romans watered to 80 proof to absinthe?

My understanding is that there was a historical process, or more likely a collection of historical processes, from the Greco-Roman world where unwatered wine had an ABV of around 4% and was usually ...
3 votes
2 answers
376 views

When were the most reigning monarchs related to each other?

My brother mentioned a photo he saw of the monarchs from various countries in Europe, where the resemblance was readily apparent between them. This got him to wondering and hence me to asking: When ...
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1 vote
0 answers
128 views

Is the House of Odon considered historical or mythological?

I have just been on wikipedia looking through King Charles III's ancestry from father to father and it brought me to Elimar I, Count of Oldenburg whom had a wife that claimed he was descended from ...
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

How aware were the latter Greek-speaking Romans (ERE: Byzantines) of the early history of Rome?

To what extent were residents of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire aware of the early history of Rome, it's legendary founding, the monarchy, the republic and early empire? Did they have access to ...
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0 answers
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Why was Maharana Kumbha killed by his own son?

As per wiki article on Maharana Kumbha: Kumbha was killed by his son Udaysimha (Udai Singh I), who thereafter became known as Hatyara (Murderer). Udai himself died in 1473, with the cause of death ...
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is this anecdote about use of poison in guerrilla war mentioned by Schopenhauer based on facts?

In Schopenhauer's 1819 "The World as Will and Representation", volume 1, in the (only) footnote of chapter 64, we can read: “That Spanish bishop, who in the last war simultaneously poisoned ...
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6 votes
2 answers
404 views

Which city has had the most name changes?

Today, the Kazakh parliament decided to rename their capital from Nur-Sultan back to Astana (source). According to that article, Few cities in the world can have been renamed as often as Kazakhstan’s ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
129 views

Where is Victor Puiseux's grave located?

Where is Victor-Alexandre Puiseux buried? He was a famous French mathematician. According to available information, he died in Frontenay, a very small village France in 1883. Here are his wiki links ...
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1 vote
0 answers
113 views

What role did Elizabeth II play in actions of the British Empire during her reign? [closed]

Much of the critical commentary on Elizabeth II's legacy following her death has concerned actions of the British state in its colonies during her reign. An historically significant number of these ...
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1 vote
1 answer
119 views

Where is Ernst Kummer's grave located?

Where is Ernst Kummer buried? He was a famous mathematician, he died in 1893. I tried a search on the findagrave website, but there is no entry for his name. I also tried some ancestry and genealogy ...
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4 votes
1 answer
251 views

Is this a case of “cut and paste” of two different weapons?

I recently inherited a sabre and two daggers that we assume belonged to a gg uncle who was born in 1870. I tried searching images to identify to sabre but became confused as it has a ruby-eyed lion ...
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2 votes
1 answer
229 views

Why did Prithvi Raj Chouhan allow Muhammad Ghori to flee? [closed]

Why did Prithvi Raj Chouhan allow Muiz Uddin Muhammad Ghori to flee back to Afghanistan when he was defeated and wounded after the first battle of Tarain? Please note that Wikipedia doesn't say ...
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1 vote
2 answers
422 views

At the time of her death, were there any surviving witnesses to the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II?

Title says it all. My guess is that some of the page boys maybe? or perhaps some members of the choir? Even someone in their early teens at the time would have had to make it through to their mid-...
3 votes
1 answer
248 views

When in 1885 did Stafford Northcote cease to be Commons leader of the Conservatives?

Northcote was leader in the Commons until 1885. Wikipedia says: On Benjamin Disraeli's elevation to the House of Lords as Earl of Beaconsfield in 1876, Northcote became Leader of the Conservatives in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
121 views

Dunkirk little ships collection

I am interested to learn if it known if any owners of the flotilla of little ships who had volunteered their boats after the initial broadcasts, as opposed to having them requisitioned and collected, ...
0 votes
0 answers
63 views

Can someone help me identify this pin?

Recently I’ve got this pin as a present from my friend, but he didn’t know what this abbreviation (v.s.s?) means. I think it’s from German but I’m not sure.
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0 votes
1 answer
159 views

Where did the term "Indies" come from?

According to this Wikipedia article: Exploration of the East Indies by European powers began in the last three years of the 15th century and continued into the 16th century, led by the Portuguese ...
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2 votes
1 answer
178 views

Did the polytheist Greeks or Romans call their priests “father”?

I assume not, but perhaps it has just escaped me, because I am so used to this form of address from the Greek Orthodox Church. There might be texts showing that some of them did, or texts commenting ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Can anyone provide any details on the model, history and value of my grandfather's watch?

After my grandfather passed away in 2010, a lot of his belongings were split between his daughters. My mother recently gave me a watch that belonged to my grandfather, but I cannot find any details ...
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0 answers
145 views

How was the Baalbek Trilithon dated?

In alternative history circles there's a frequent claim that the massive trilithon at the temple to Jupiter in Baalbek is evidence of a lost civilization or alien interference. A less fantastic claim ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Where is Robert Recorde's grave?

Where is buried Robert Recorde? He was a mathematician, he lived in today's England. He died in 1558 in London. I tried a search on the findagrave website, but there is no entry for his name. I have ...
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0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Criticisms of Toynbee's 12 volume *A Study of History*

I remember reading that a mistake made by Toynbee, a "howler" in the opinion of the critic, was of such magnitude that it invalidated Toynbee's contributions to history almost in toto, if ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Are there equivalents of the Seven Archangels of Zoroastrianism in Vedic Religion?

As I explore the possible relationship between archangels in Judaism and Proto-Indo-European religion here, here is a related more specific question. Zoroastrianism and Early Vedic religion are very ...
5 votes
2 answers
346 views

How did the Crusades change medieval Islamic culture?

Background: It's well known that the crusades initiated an east-west contact that led to an exchange between Europe and the Islamic world. Foreign goods, philosophy, sciences, flowed east to west, and ...
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0 votes
0 answers
68 views

Can anyone identify this UK Victorian uniform?

I wondered if anyone could identify this uniform. I know little about it other than it is a friend's ancestor. It looks late 19th century to me.
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0 answers
112 views

Who was the architect of Knutstorp Castle?

Who was the architect of Knutstorp Castle in Sweden, Tycho Brahe's birthplace? As we learned from helpful comments approaching the topic: This estate was existing earlier but re-built under Tycho's ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Term for pitting oppressed people against one another [closed]

What is the term for when an oppressor causes dissension among an oppressed group, with the aim of fomenting intra-group hostilities that will impede an effective rebellion? For example, if a slave ...
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Who was the architect of Uraniborg and Stjerneborg?

Who was the architect of Uraniborg and Stjerneborg? Those were two observatories used by Tycho Brahe on the island Hven in the 16th century. Thank you.
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1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Where is Édouard Lucas' grave?

Where is buried Édouard Lucas? He was a famous French mathematician, he died in 1891 in Paris, France. His full name is: François-Édouard-Anatole Lucas I tried a search on the findagrave website, but ...
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0 votes
0 answers
94 views

Please help me to identify these items?

My toddler, who likes to collect stones, came across these items during a walk around the outskirts of Norwich, England. The item that looks like the head of a spear is definitely man-made. I'm not ...
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13 votes
2 answers
5k views

Was Yahweh one of the Moloch Gods?

In the Complete works of Swami Vivekananda, he says In Babylonian or Greek mythologies we find one god struggling upwards, and he assumes a position and remains there, while the other gods die out. ...

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