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68 views

Were there farms in the early 19th century in England, which only focused on agriculture?

I think back in the day most farms consisted of both agriculture and livestock, but I think, there must have been exceptions. I'm also especially interested in small-scale family-based farms. The ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Is this photo of Gavrilo Princip or Nedeljko Čabrinović?

It seems most websites say this is Gavrilo Princip who shot Franz Ferdinand, but some say it is Nedeljko Čabrinović who threw the bomb at him. I was wondering if anyone knew for sure?
77
votes
3answers
14k views

Why exactly did telegraphs have to use “STOP” instead of a period and “QUOTE” instead of a quotation mark? (Or special codes.)

I've seen/read numerous old telegraph messages. They contain a lot of spelled-out punctuation. Why didn't they simply have the most basic few characters as part of the code, or at least turn a "STOP" ...
2
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1answer
330 views

How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? [closed]

I’m studying the history of emigration and immigration in the 19th century. My question is: How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? Thank you!
2
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0answers
96 views

Is this “Westinghouse All Electric House” video, called a “promo from the mid 1950s”, a hoax?

This video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyrTgtPTz3M It barely has any description, the comments are turned off, and the Wikipedia article on "Westinghouse Electric Company" does not help to clear ...
1
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1answer
295 views

What language did Nazi German occupying forces speak in France?

I am watching the TV series "Das Boot", playing in La Rochelle in occupied France during the second world war. Partially, the German occupying forces are speaking English when working together with ...
1
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0answers
80 views

What is the rank and date of this Italian Army uniform?

This a photo of my uncle from Cosenza, Italy. I believe it was taken around 1910. I would like to confirm a more accurate date range, as well as his rank. Thanks!
1
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0answers
154 views

What is the most severe punishment a priest could have in history for violating his vows of celibacy?

I am doing a research about this topic, because I wanted to know if at some point in the history of Chirstian Church (specially the Catholic Chuch) would have a punishment for priests violating their ...
1
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0answers
74 views

Did the Jesuit missions in New Spain coerce native labor?

Several Catholic orders operated missions in colonial Mexico; Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits (before their expulsion) all had their own strategies. Alejandro Murguía in The Medicine of Memory ...
0
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1answer
185 views

What was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?

My question is simple, "what was the value of a thousand talents in Roman Palestine about AD 33?" It is my impression that a thousand talents would have been a vast amount of wealth for that time. ...
2
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3answers
227 views

Are there any examples of recurring payments in ancient times?

I'm interested in the history of recurring payments. The farthest I could get to is the feudal system, where peasants paid rent to knights once every so often. Obviously the banking system in the late ...
-1
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1answer
266 views

What is this smoke or steam coming from the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero Plane (WW2)? [closed]

What is this smoke/steam think behind the Japanese fighter planes like the Zero?
4
votes
1answer
359 views

In which East European country in the 1990s did people put their TVs in front of windows and turn them facing outside?

Years ago, I read an article about the period during which regime changes happened in Eastern European countries in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It was mentioned in the article that, in one of ...
5
votes
1answer
397 views

What was the relationship between Angles, Saxons, and Jutes; and the Vikings? [closed]

I'm reading Seamus Heaney's translation of Beowulf and I cannot get my head around how Angles, Saxons, and Jutes relate to the Geats, Danes, and/or the Vikings and/or the Scandinavians generally. ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Brass tablet at a museum in Rouen: “A tous les temps, a tous les peuples”

In the book by Sheppard from 1817 "Letters descriptive of a Tour through some parts of France, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany in 1816, with incidental reflections on some topics connected with ...
0
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2answers
262 views

How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

How to find out if this sword is real or just a souvenir?

I received an old looking sword as a gift. The giving party has no information on the piece whatsoever, as it was bought online, on our local version of craigslist. The blade is very blunt. So blunt ...
3
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0answers
96 views

Was there some deliberate significance to the number of divisions in the proposed post-WW2 joint communist-nationalist Chinese army being 108?

https://www.britannica.com/event/Chinese-Civil-War (Search "108".) It's a sacred number in the Dharmic religions, was the number of outlaws in The Water Margin, and (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
1
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1answer
239 views

Was Rudolph Hess a moderating influence on Hitler?

Looking at the War Diary of General Franz Halder, on page 114 of Volume VI., concerning General Halder's activities on 13th May 1941, it states:- Radke: a) Rudolf Hess affair. Political blow of ...
0
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1answer
182 views

How many people were in an average Iron Age Celtic settlement? [closed]

How many people were in an average Celtic settlement (or tribe - not sure if they correspond as one to one) in the Iron Age? My intuitive estimation is "from 100 to 5000". I know the Iron Age is ...
1
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3answers
403 views

Why was gout so prevalent in the past among rich people?

I'd like a general explanation about this fact. I know it's a big error to judge behaviors in history with the current knowledge we have now, but for gout, people could have easily got to know that ...
2
votes
4answers
511 views

Did Google simply beat Microsoft to market?

If I recall correctly Android/droid got an exclusive contract with Verizon carrier. This would have made it near impossible for Windows to enter the US market. I understand Google's search engine ...
23
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2answers
2k views

Who are these red flag worshipers from these early maps?

While doing some research into maps over the last month or so, I came across an interesting item which I found recurring on two different sources. I first encountered this scene on a copy of the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

What was up with “Alicorn” in the 1920's and 30's

My question is about the applications of the term "alicorn." What I know is that it's a medieval term used for supposed compounds of unicorn horn. Later Peers Anthony used the term for a horned ...
1
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2answers
218 views

Did anyone interweave blue and red threads in order to give the illusion of purple cloth before purple dye became cheap?

The wikipedia article on purple contains nothing on this. Also, why did the ancients not simply mix red and blue dye together to make purple?
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Did the Soviet ever attempt “innocent passage” thru American waters?

In 1986 and 1988, the US Navy sent warships into Soviet Crimean Sea territorial waters as exercises of innocent passage (which essentially means that you can sail through an unfriendly nation's waters ...
19
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4answers
8k views

Did Hitler ever tell a joke?

Did Hitler ever tell a joke, and was it funny? Was it recorded on video or audio? 3-4 different people commented on a comic claiming the artist is a Neo-Nazi. I don't see what that has to do with ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Was Mark Twain's book 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' banned in the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany)?

I am currently studying the film Barbara directed by Christian Petzold for my undergraduate dissertation. This film is based in the former German Democratic Republic=GDR (East Germany). The ...
4
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0answers
349 views

Have historians attempted to reconstruct the polytheistic Semitic pantheon, dividing it into sub pantheons?

Historians reconstruct pantheons to better understand their role in society (see below for examples of reconstruction as a historical method). Has there been any attempt to apply this historical ...
3
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0answers
75 views

Was Al-Tusi's observatory (1262) the first specific-purpose-driven international research institution (like CERN)?

In the biography of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1273), among other sources, we learn that: The observatory at Maragheh (Persia) became operational in 1262. The Persians were assisted by Chinese ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Can anybody please identify the military uniforms in this these photos?

It's a large tintype. He was in the 5th Infantry and the 16th Infantry. He joined the Army in 1858 and in 1869 then joined the Navy and was aboard the U.S.S. Lancaster until 1871. (Ignore the 1858 ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Why did Ethiopia not fight with Eritrea over coastal territory when giving them independence?

To me, it is kind of crazy to me that Ethiopia wouldn't just take a slither of Eritrea to connect them to the coast. They were bigger and could easily have done it when giving Eritreans their ...
2
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1answer
142 views

When did UK working class women shift away from home birth?

In urban areas of the UK when did it become more common or usual for working class women to give birth in a hospital or maternity clinic rather than at home?
33
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4answers
12k views

Why, in old movies and TV series, do they always use such extremely exaggerated wheel turns when driving a car?

In old movies and TV episodes from the 1950s (for instance), they would frequently have a car in a studio with a background consisting of a screen showing a pre-recorded sequence of somebody driving a ...
11
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1answer
1k views

A common find of metal detectorists across Britain is the silver “love token”, from around 1700. Do any contemporary sources describe the custom?

A typical example. Anecdotally, a young man would give a love token to his intended who would continue to carry it around, or throw it away if she failed to return his affections. The majority are ...
7
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3answers
326 views

Did the Germans consider an amphibious landing for Fall Blau?

In the operation Fall Blau (Case Blue) the German Wehrmacht advanced towards the Don river, and then sent Army Group A into the Caucasus region to take the oil fields in the region. They managed to ...
3
votes
2answers
312 views

Who were the first leaders of the Yahwistic sect?

From reading the Bible and from studying from various lectures I have tried to synthesize who was or who were the first leader/s of the Yahwistic sect (Yahwism) in ancient Israel (the allegedly ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

What kind of rifle used this shell case?

Please, anyone able to tell me what kind of shell is it and what mean this symbol on the bottom ? Is it from 1917?
7
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3answers
347 views

What sort of maps did the ancient Greeks make and distribute?

Context: I am going to be starting a D&D campaign in a world based on ancient Greece, rather than your classic Western European medieval fantasy land. This will probably not be the only question ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Was Baron Steyn related to Chief Justice Lucas Cornelius Steyn?

Johan Steyn, SA advocate who became a law lord in UK Steyn was born into Afrikaner aristocracy in Stellenbosch on August 14 1932. His father was a founding member of the Stellenbosch University law ...
2
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0answers
132 views

Why was being a school teacher something looked down upon in Ancient Greece?

I'm currently doing research on Epicurus for an article and I came across an passage from Timon (a central student of Pyrrho) where he calls Epicurus "Grammadidascalides", as if an epithet, along with ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

What two direct orders did FDR issue to his commanders in all of WWII?

Operation Torch Anglo-American invasion of north-western Africa President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a direct order that Torch was to have precedence over other operations and was to take place at ...
28
votes
5answers
9k views

Why did the Allies Invade French North Africa?

Question: Why did the allies invade Vichy French North Africa? Operation Torch was the name of the Anglo American Invasion of French North Africa. Both of the American most ...
16
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3answers
3k views

When was the first electrical intra-battlefield communication?

When was the first time a commander used, for example, the telegraph to communicate with and coordinate different parts of the same battlefield? I know that the telegraph was used extensively for ...
0
votes
1answer
307 views

Why was Roman painting so inferior to the sculpture and architecture of the same period?

Compared to sculpture, surviving examples of Roman painting are relatively few. Most of them are in the form of frescoes or mosaics. Still, what gives? While Roman sculptures and reliefs are highly ...
3
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0answers
126 views

What is the source for “The right to murder family members ended in the first century BC”

The right to murder family members ended in the first century BC, although, even then, they kept a few exceptions. Now, the law said, fathers could only murder their sons if they’ve been convicted ...
16
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4answers
5k views

Did average church-goers understand mass in Latin?

Since around the 4th century AD, Latin is the official language of the Catholic Church. As such, most of this period, the official language of the Mass was Latin (there has been exceptions). A key ...
2
votes
0answers
270 views

What is the origin of this joke about matchmaking?

The joke is told with references to Bill Gates and the World Bank, like so: I told my son, “You will marry the girl I choose.” He said, “NO!” I told him, “She is Bill Gates’ daughter.” He said, “...
1
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0answers
94 views

Who was the British liaison officer shunned by French colleagues in 1918 France?

I seem to recall reading that during the German offensive of March 1918, the British retreat led to many Frenchmen suspecting that Britain was about to abandon them. Most particularly, I'm sure I ...
0
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0answers
78 views

Are there any Ancient Greek texts showing concern for the fate of their slaves?

The Roman story about Vedius Pollio's cruelty toward his slave who was punished by Augustus is quite famous. Do we know such stories showing concern for the slave in ancient Greece? (I read, and ...

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