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44
votes
6answers
6k views

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

Inspired by an answer to When translating the law, who ensures that the wording does not change the meaning of the law? When 2 different entities that speak different languages have a treaty, there ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the history of the university asylum law?

I fear this question may be rather broad and I would like help to narrow it down. Currently a debate is ongoing in Greece regarding the law preventing police from stepping into university campuses. ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Where were Hindus and Sattagydia in the late Achaemenid Empire?

I found two maps that show territorial composition of Achaemenid Empire around 500 BC: While there are other significant differences between them (because of historical sources scarcity), the most ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Were there violence before July 3 and July 4 during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests?

Were there violence before July 3 and July 4 during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests? I heard the protests were peaceful, but I learned recently that there were a lot of soldiers who got injured, so ...
27
votes
7answers
8k views

Why in most German places is the church the tallest building?

A coworker from another country asked me today if it is true that we have a law prohibiting any building in a place from being taller than their church. I told him I don't know if we still have any ...
4
votes
3answers
282 views

Where are (records of) historic wildfires?

Wikipedia's articles on wildfires cover geologic evidence of wildfires through the late Tertiary era, and a large number of articles on individual fires starting around 1900. Other than a half-dozen ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

Are there any medieval records of girls with large clitorises misidentified (and subsequently raised) as boys?

Several years ago, I read a piece of trivia in a popular science magazine1, which said pretty much exactly: In the Middle Ages there were many cases where a newborn girl was born with a clitoris ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Why did Charles the Bold have long fingernails?

After his death in battle at Nancy, Charles the Bold was found in a stream. He had been stripped of his armor, cloths, and jewels, and partially eaten by animals. His face was horribly mutilated and ...
6
votes
3answers
492 views

Why was “Caesar” borrowed for the imperial title in German rather than “Augustus”?

After Caesar (which simply happened to be his family name) Octavius took the title Augustus which means better, more, augmented. And most Roman emperors and strong men took the title Augustus ...
7
votes
4answers
425 views

When did inadequate or inaccurate maps produce important historical consequences?

For example, Christopher Columbus' sense of place in the New World was perhaps shaped by a c. 1491 map made by Henricus Martellus: (From: Did This Map Guide Columbus?) I'm interested in more ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

What defenses did Lee leave behind when the Army of Northern Virginia left for Gettysburg?

When Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia marched northwest to the Shenandoah Valley in June 1863, how strong (how many men, cannons, etc.) was the force they left opposing the Army of the Potomac ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

What kind of coin is this? (From Jordan?)

15 years ago I bought an old looking coin in Jordan in the vicinity of old Roman temples. The diameter is aboout 14 mm.
47
votes
17answers
19k views

Was Switzerland really impossible to invade during WW2?

My question is not about an alternative scenario, nor about the reasons that caused Switzerland to not get invaded (as could be seen here: Why was Switzerland not attacked during the two World Wars?). ...
-1
votes
1answer
197 views

Did vikings really travel as far as the Middle-east? [closed]

I've heard some rumors that Vikings have travelled as far as the Middle-east, and that would be where they've gotten the secret of making their steel so efficient, so early in history. Is that a ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

Why did Hitler meet with Subash Chandra Bose in 1942? [closed]

I have read that Subash Chandra Bosa met Hitler in 1942, why did he help Bosa by liberating indian prisoners of war, what motive did Hitler have to help Bose and who suggest him to do this for ,the ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Can anybody identify the cap-badge and/or uniform in this image?

Can anybody identify the cap-badge and/or uniform in this image? I'm hoping the period is c. 1899/1900 and should be UK based??? My searches to date have turned up a blank; but then I have no ...
-1
votes
1answer
178 views

Is still Spain legally the Spanish State (apart from the Kingdom of Spain)? [closed]

To the extent of my knowledge, the Spanish transition to democracy was not at all revolutionary, but a sequence of actions overseen (at least partially) by/from the State. After the Spanish Bourbon ...
-1
votes
1answer
147 views

Was the Horo Cavalry “Balloon cloak” effective?

Was the Horo Cavalry Balloon cloak effective? and if so is there a European/Non Japanese Variant? My understanding is to defend against arrowfire positioning armor away from the body is ...
1
vote
7answers
518 views

Have there been any great female military commanders?

From Alexander the Great to Saladin, from Muqali to Horatio Nelson, from Napoleon I to Winfield Scott, history is loaded with great male generals. Have there been any great female generals? Warfare ...
2
votes
2answers
476 views

When did the spherical shape of the Earth become common knowledge?

It's well-known that intellectuals in the West have accepted a spherical Earth since antiquity, but I'm not sure how long it took for this to become common knowledge, worldwide. So a more concrete ...
-2
votes
3answers
302 views

Why did Native Americans never unify into a single country? [closed]

At a time when Europe and Asia had already united into several powerful military nations, the American Indian still lived in a tribal society which numbered over 2000 tribes. Why, in over 10,000 years ...
3
votes
0answers
481 views

When did Easter Island start to become such a frequent participant in Japanese Comics?

I recently came across a lot of questions on Anime and Manga Stack Exchange by this user who is the curator of an exhibition on Easter Island in popular culture (http://www.moaiculture.com) I ...
-2
votes
2answers
144 views

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage? [closed]

From some of local Pashtuns people, I have heard that they belong to Greek Origin. There explanation was, When Alexander conquered Persia (Achaemenid Empire). he left some of the soldiers here. But I ...
2
votes
3answers
226 views

How were British tea taxes collected in Boston in the early 1770s?

I assume the taxes were ultimately passed on to tea consumers, but that’s not my question. Who in Boston was responsible for the initial outlay of payment, and when in the lifecycle of a tea ...
3
votes
3answers
584 views

Is it true that Nazi Germany replaced prices ending in .99 by round prices and called this “Aryan pricing”?

On a questionable website full of revisionist pro-nazi propaganda, which is not worth linking to (*), I found the following statement: Along the same lines, I remember a National Socialist ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Which juridical reasons lead the Netherlands to lose control of the seas?

It has always been my understanding that the Netherlands lost control of the seas because of land wars against France, especially Louis XIV, and because of the difficulties involved in holding ...
41
votes
3answers
8k views

Earliest evidence of objects intended for future archaeologists?

In modern times, it is not unusual for people to wonder what, if anything, will archeologists of the future (human or otherwise) will learn about our civilization from various artifacts we leave ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

Has there ever been a truly bilingual country prior to the contemporary period?

What I mean by this is: has there ever been a country where the bulk of the population spoke two different languages as a matter of course? This question is somewhat inspired by this video in which ...
3
votes
0answers
161 views

Can anyone help identify this World War One uniform?

I have this photograph of my grandfather in uniform - taken in Seaford, Sussex, England, some time after 1914. Can anyone tell me anything about this uniform? He eventually joined 525 coy. 62nd ...
9
votes
2answers
878 views

When was the last time a country acquired territory by buying land from another country?

Reportedly, U.S. President Donald Trump has proposed for the U.S. to buy Greenland from Denmark, an idea that has been rejected by Greenland and Denmark, with one politician quoting it as this is not ...
3
votes
2answers
505 views

Does anyone know of any examples of the Magnus effect in a real battle?

I've read a lot about the Magnus effect altering the trajectories of cannonballs and musketballs. Robins noticed it with Musket balls and Magnus with canonballs, but presumably they weren't the first ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Why were Law Lords created peers of different ranks?

I cross-referenced the men below with List of law life peerages to check that these Law Lords were created life peers, and didn't inherit peerage. Most Law Lords are created as Barons, but note the ...
10
votes
1answer
227 views

When in September 1939 did the British diplomatic mission leave Warsaw?

On September first 1939, at 4:45 in the morning, the Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on Danzig/Gdansk. September twenty-second is when German troops completed their encirclement of Warsaw. Somewhere in ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Where can I find English letters written to someone's superior to commend that someone, between 1700-1900?

I'm trying to find missives written in Modern English between 1700-1900, where after Person 1 helps Person 2 with something, P2 writes P1's superior (call her P3) to commend P1. I'm hoping to read ...
8
votes
1answer
235 views

How serious was the initiative to create “One World Airline”?

I came across this in the provenance of a map of airmail routes in 1940: Lloyd Welch Pogue (October 21, 1899 – May 10, 2003) American aviation lawyer and chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board. ...
8
votes
1answer
287 views

What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Why were the Amarna letters written on clay tablets?

Papyrus had been known for 1500 years when the Amarna letters were written on clay tablets. Why were they written on clay and not papyrus?
0
votes
2answers
264 views

How rigorously do combat engineers follow command hierarchy?

This is related to chain of command I am interested if certain branches are looser than others when it comes to chain of command. The reason being that engineering, especially combat engineering, ...
53
votes
2answers
11k views

Why does Japan use the same type of AC power outlet as the US?

Does it have something to do with the US taking part in aiding reconstruction of the country after WWII? I've tried googling around for an answer, but every site I find simply states the outlet style, ...
32
votes
6answers
6k views

Did Pope Urban II issue the papal bull “terra nullius” in 1095?

Countless sources claim that the origin of the term terra nullius is from a papal bull issued by Pope Urban II in 1095 called "Terra nullius". Here are a two: Pramod K. Nayar, The Postcolonial ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How many British prisoners of war were taken by the Wehrmacht and how many died?

I've read here that 3.5% of British POW's held in Germany died. But haven't been able to find an estimate with sources of how many were taken and how many died. Here it says 170,000 were captured and ...
0
votes
2answers
283 views

How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...
29
votes
6answers
8k views

Why command hierarchy, if the chain of command is standing next to each other?

Screenshot's from 1:08:19. I transcribe: 2: Order the 58th to withdraw. 1 to 3: Fraser, order the 58th to withdraw. 3: Yes sir. I don't understand this command hierachy: Similarly, an ...
0
votes
2answers
317 views

What rectangular object would is this Boer War era officer carrying on his left hand side?

The screenshots are from 32:34. This scene portrays Lt Col Philip Robert Anstruther at the Battle of Bronkhorstspruit, played by Kerry Jordan. I know this is a movie, but what rectangular object are ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

Let's set the scene, WW1 is over and part of the negotiations, and the only thing we're really focusing on here, is that Deutsch-Südwestafrika becomes administered by the Union of South Africa, the ...
0
votes
4answers
808 views

Was WW2 necessary for Germany economically?

Many point to improvements in Germany's economy that took place under Hitler prior to WW2. To a certain extent, some of this must have been attributable to theft of Jewish property and the jobs in ...
17
votes
3answers
6k views

What should I call bands of armed men in the Middle Ages?

I am writing a fiction short story roughly based off medieval times in Europe. In it I have a group of men who live in a castle and fight for the castle's lord. (They mainly protect the surrounding ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

What does this quote from the Roman imperial poet Rutilius mean?

Reading about the little Italian isle of Capraia, I've seen a quote attributed to Claudio Rutilio Namaziano, from his De Reditu, that in Latin goes: "Processu pelagi iam se Capraria tollit; squalet ...
0
votes
2answers
328 views

Why were Hoplite shields circular?

why were Hoplite shields circular? Given that humans are much taller than they are wide even taking into account that the shield has to protect the person to their left the horizontal to vertical ...

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