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2answers
14 views

What is Revolutionary Monotheism?

Can anyone help explain to me what this concept is? I'm aware of monotheism in the Bible but not Revolutionary Monotheism. Thank you.
0
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1answer
53 views

Why do we study Mughals as part of medieval history of India and European conquest as modern India?

Babur(founder of Mughal dynasty came to power in 1526), Portuguese came to India in 1498 (by 1510 they captured Goa). Aurangzeb (last Mughal ruler, not counting later Mughals) died in 1707. Dutch came ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Was a drop in standards of living a significant factor in the revolutions of 1848?

A lot ink has been expended discussing the revolutions of 1848 and their causes, only a small fraction of which I have read. From my point of view, there seem to be two main schools of thought in ...
0
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2answers
39 views

How did Pontus de la Gardie drown?

Pontus de la Gardie was a French nobleman who ended up fighting in Swedish service against the Russians, being given the Livonian governorate as a reward, who died in 1585 (the most common though ...
1
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0answers
55 views

How many barons did Magna Carta apply to? [closed]

How many barons had their rights improved by Magna Carta when it was signed in 1215? And how did this number evolve later? The supervising council consisted of 25 barons, but I presume more barons ...
1
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0answers
46 views

What is the etymology of the Greek family name Petrochilos

What is the etymology of the Greek family name Petrochilos (Πετρόχειλος). I got so far that Petro could mean Peter. And that Chilos could mean mush. But what is the combined meaning?
0
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1answer
107 views

What does this Swedish sonar image depict? [closed]

I am wondering what conclusions can be drawn from this sonar image. The object is sunk in a river, of unknown age, and not examined. Width 5,5 m Length 15,6 m Depth 9,7-9,2 m The image was taken ...
2
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0answers
52 views

Did China repay Soviet grain aid?

The Sino-Soviet rift/split is a complicated issue. But there can be little doubt that it was complete by mid 1963, when the «Polemics on the General Line» were released by the Chinese Communist Party. ...
0
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0answers
101 views

What is the evidence that Prophet Muhammad lived? [closed]

What is the evidence for the existence of Prophet Muhammad. Robert Spencer claims claims there is a lack of evidence for his existence. I asked on Islam stack exchange and they told me to ask on here....
5
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1answer
82 views

What is the relationship (if any) between Skøyen and Skøyenåsen in Oslo?

In Oslo there are two neighbourhoods called Skøyen and Skøyenåsen "Åsen" means "the hill" or "the ridge", so Skøyenåsen means "The Skøyen Hill". Skøyen and ...
-4
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0answers
41 views

What sources cover oral tradition and pre-Islamic worship in pre-Islamic Arabia? [closed]

I cannot find non-Muslim sources.
4
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3answers
109 views

When did the Portuguese decide to extend their West African exploration to finding a sea passage to India?

In 1421, when the Portuguese began the southwards exploration of the West African coast under Prince Henry the Navigator, their primary aim (there were several) was to find the source of wealthy goods ...
2
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0answers
62 views

How many civilians died in Sabra and Shatila massacre?

Wikipedia gives a wide range of between 460 and 3,500 civilians. Is this range still accepted by modern historians? maybe this is a better phrasing: What parts of the disagreement still remains after ...
18
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2answers
4k views

What would have been the price of a loaf of bread in 1645 Amsterdam?

I want to know how much a loaf of bread would cost in Amsterdam in the year 1645. Preferably I'd like the pricing of a bakery near the harbor but a comparison of the bread prices between the harbor ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Which 'march across the ice' had comparatively the most casualties?

I'm wondering whether a 'march across the ice' has ever ended in a catastrophe. These events are typically described as "risky", "daring", "bold", and "exceptional&...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Were the North Vietnamese close to collapse in 1972?

I have seen snippets (first in Jeremiah Denton's book "When Hell was in Session" ) of information from recent scholarship that the North Vietnamese may have been ready to give up in 1972. I ...
4
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0answers
114 views

Why was Austria given the best chunk in the First Partition of Poland, even while protesting it?

In the First Partition of Poland, Austria was given 2.7 million people, versus 1.3 million for Russia, and almost 1 million for Prussia. Austria got more than twice as much land as Prussia, and only ...
6
votes
1answer
190 views

Which mountain collapsed in France in 1820/21?

In his commentary on Job 28:7, Rabbi Meir Leibush Malbim (1809-1879) writes (my translation): In 5581 (1820/21) a tall mountain in France collapsed, and left behind a deep chasm full of water. This ...
11
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1answer
114 views

What was the importance of the patrician class in the Roman Empire?

This is a question that has puzzled me in my research of the history of the Roman Empire. During the Roman Republic the Patrician class was obviously of paramount importance, & history of the ...
0
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0answers
105 views

Did the US push for post war decolonization aggressively? [closed]

Did the US take an aggressive stance on self determination, and if so why? What were the motives of the US, if they got involved.
-1
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0answers
53 views

How did French, Germans, etc. soldiers perceive the “other side” during WW1? [closed]

How did common soldiers for France, Germany, Austria/Hungary and other European combatant powers typically perceive the people, soldiers, and government on the "other side", in a way which ...
29
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3answers
4k views

When the Portuguese began the exploration of the West African Coast, did they believe the Indian Ocean was an enclosed sea?

The Ptolemy map shows the Indian Ocean as an enclosed sea separated from the Atlantic by land extending from Africa to Malaya. Therefore, it suggests it is impossible to reach the Indian Ocean from ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

How prestigious was the medical profession given the inefficacy of most treatments?

I have read that doctors were until the advent of penicillin not more effective than not seeing one. I am not sure what that meant: surely for some things, it was better to see a physician than not to ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How much protection did Fort Warren afford Boston?

Fort Warren (constructed 1833–1861) was built on Georges Island in Boston Harbor, by my understanding to guard what was then the main channel into Boston, marked "Main Shipping Channel" on ...
-5
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2answers
127 views

Has a democracy ever transitioned (or reverted back) to a monarchy? [closed]

In the 20th century, many monarchies were either abolished or made "strictly ornamental" and their countries were democratized. Has there ever been a case of the public opting to re-instate ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Why was Napoleon so lenient to Austria?

Austria (unlike Prussia) "rebelled" against Napoleon during the War of the Fifth Coalition. After putting down this country (but not Spain, Portugal, and the U.K.), Napoleon allowed the ...
17
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1answer
5k views

What is the oldest recorded cat name?

Since the definition of cat falls under the name Felidae I will specify my question to the domesticated cat (Felis catus). These days almost all domesticated cats have a name given to them by their ...
-4
votes
2answers
66 views

How long have there been huge malls in Thailand, Singapore and other Asian countries?

The last few years, I've watched a number of live video streams from Asia. From Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, Philippines, South Korea, Japan, etc. In the case of South Korea and Japan, I'm not at all ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Has US ever unpegged USD from another country?

I know countries can still buy USD on open forex market. But has US ever officially de-coupled USD with another country? Hong Kong’s dollar peg faces new scrutiny as security law looms | Financial ...
9
votes
1answer
337 views

How are historical nutrition data gathered?

In the book 'Sapiens', Yuval N. Harari mentions that after the Agricultural Revolution child mortality soared because of malnutrition. While I can see how eating only carbohydrate-based products leads ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Why did the USSR support the PRC entry into the UN?

In 1971, the USSR (and satellites) voted in favor of UN Resolution 2758, which recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) as "the only legitimate representative of China to the United ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Is Josephus' account for the length of the Jewish War generally accepted as correct?

In Josephus' famous work on the subject, the First Jewish-Roman War is depicted as lasting a full number of years,1 inasmuch as it is presented as starting in the month of Artemisius (II Wars 14:4), ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Was the name 'Valerie' used during the Regency Era (1811-1836)?

I am working on a novel that takes place in England during the Regency Era (1811-1836, the era right before the Victorian Era). I was wondering if you know if the name 'Valerie' or 'Valeria' existed ...
11
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2answers
274 views

Why was the wording on war in Japan's postwar constitution so much stronger than in Germany's or Italy's?

From Hathway and Shapiro (2017): The Allies supervised the drafting of new constitutions for each of the Axis powers and enshrined the prohibition on war into each state’s own governing documents. ...
6
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1answer
139 views

Were there actually slaves in Georgia while slavery was banned there?

Wikipedia reports that "The Georgia Experiment [from 1735 to 1751] was the colonial-era policy prohibiting the ownership of slaves in the Georgia Colony," and that this was done in order to &...
18
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1answer
2k views

Did a fallen-out red signal lens ever cause a railway accident?

The Straight Dope (Cecil Adams, 1986) writes: When the first primitive railroad signaling devices were developed in the 1830s and 1840s, red meant “stop,” green meant “caution,” and clear (i.e., ...
4
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0answers
79 views

When was the term Multics (operating system) coined and by whom? [migrated]

From the history of Multics, I found that Project MAC was established on July 1, 1963 by MIT for the development of the Multics operating system and later GE (General Electric) and AT&T's Bell ...
-1
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0answers
76 views

How did Russia become such a large country? [closed]

I've seen that Russia is a very large country in area and has two fronts from the Western part to the Asian countries. The only thing bothering me is how this country became so large from the ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Which other primary sources describe rainstorms in 1345–46 Italy?

Bryson's European tour comments on a rainstorm of very long duration in 1345. The best evidence for this I found in Villani's chronicle which described a rainstorm of three months' duration. Which ...
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0answers
38 views

Is there any historical basis for King Suro being illustrated with a branching crown?

King Suro of Gaya is often depicted with a multi branching crown, but I can find no factual, historical reason for this. The crown his Queen Heo is depicted with is historically accurate, but the ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Where from, and in what way, did the first detailed account of the use of self-propelled torpedoes reach the RN and USN?

Three possible candidates seem to exist for the first verified (non-participant) observation of a torpedo boat assault. The options are the Russo-Turkish War, at Caldera Bay, or at Weihaiwei, all of ...
5
votes
1answer
312 views

Did German spies operate in Austrian territory up to 1914?

Germany in the years up to and during World War I, had an extensive intelligence network; in the US in particular, even prior to that country's formal entry into the war, they engaged in not only ...
4
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0answers
102 views

What “silly places” (according to Muggeridge) did Nikita Khrushchev go to during his visit in the United Kingdom?

According to this article, more than half of places visited by Nikita Khrushchev in the UK were "silly": When Nikita Khrushchev visited Britain, Muggeridge made up a list of the silliest ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Are stories passed down from generation to generation considered primary sources? [closed]

I much prepare a lesson differentiating primary/secondary sources, and their functions, and usually this is clear cut, but I ran into a case that challenges me, and also is relevant to the course ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Who was blamed for shell failures on the Western Front?

According to the website for the Imperial War Museum, shell failure at the Somme was a significant issue: To make matters worse, it has been been estimated that as many as 30% of the shells failed to ...
6
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1answer
185 views

How did *encasillado* work?

El Turno Pacifico alternated Conservative and Liberal rule of Spain during the Bourbon restoration. There were elections, but the practice of encasillado ensured "the outcome of elections was ...
0
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1answer
142 views

Are there other examples of naval bases being deliberately situated in shallow-water harbours post-1801?

The generic tendency in naval history has been that deeper ports are better as they allow larger ships to dock at the port. The importance of deeper water ports increased rapidly in the 19th century ...
9
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0answers
186 views

How did militaries dispose of their rubbish in WWII?

Just wondering about this recently - An army must create a lot of rubbish. Disposable food packaging, ammunition packaging and shell cases, etc. How did militaries dispose of rubbish during WWII? ...
6
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1answer
146 views

What group is identified by the term “Egyptians” in the Flushing Remonstrance?

I am reading about the Flushing Remonstrance and its significance in the history of freedom of religion in the United States. An article by the Social Science Research Council indicates it was ...
1
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4answers
278 views

Can we meaningfully compare the poverty levels in the USSR to those in the USA at the same time and to those in the USA today? [closed]

I was told (by people who had lived there) that the USSR had homeless people but I would guess that the levels of homelessness were much lower and in general there were far fewer desperate people due ...

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