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39 views

How modern is the current paradigm of parenting?

Currently there is a parenting paradigm of emotionally involved, caring, loving parent-child relationships (being "good, caring parents"). How modern is this paradigm of parenting? Has ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Did Wernher von Braun ever have a position of authority over astronaut program or Moon landings?

I'm aware that Wernher von Braun was director of the Marshall Space Flight Center and as such focused on the development of launch vehicles, but the recent alternate history of the space race, For All ...
-2
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0answers
39 views

'the assassination of archduke franz ferdinand was the main cause of the outbreak of WW1' , how far do you agree with this statement [closed]

include reasons as to why you agree to the extent you agree, and include other main factors of WW1.
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1answer
102 views

How is history taught in China?

How do the Chinese teach history? How does Chinese primary school historiography differ from Western primary school historiography?
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0answers
74 views

Why did Napoleon divide his army during the retreat from Smolensk?

In the Wikipedia article on the Battle of Krasnoi: Having lost contact with Kutuzov during the previous two weeks, Napoleon incorrectly believed that the Russian army must have been as devastated by ...
0
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1answer
113 views

How did conditions in Nazi labor camps and the Gulag compare?

I've recently read first-person accounts of men who were held at Auschwitz and the Gulag, respectively. The foci of the narratives are very different (Primo Levi, Walter Ciszek), although at least in ...
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0answers
31 views

When did the terms, 1-point, 2,-point, 3-point, etc… perspective come into use?

It is generally agreed upon that the architect Brunelleschi was the one that discovered the rules for perspective in the early 15th century. I have perused books like "On Painting" by Leon ...
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0answers
29 views

Traditionally, have land owners been debtors while traders have been creditors?

I am reading Bertrand Russell's The History of of Western Philosophy and, in a chapter entitled Aristotle's Politics, Russell gives a brief history of the philosophical opinion of loaning money at ...
-1
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1answer
90 views

Which kings kill their sons? [closed]

According to a well known story and the famous painting by Repin Ivan the Terrible killed his son Ivan. Were there other kings (tzars, emperors...) who killed their sons?
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0answers
72 views

What is the source of this image of Miles Morgan's “mark”?

Miles Morgan, one of the founders of Springfield, MA made a 'mark' which resembled an anchor (more than anything), though I read it was also compared to a pickaxe. Sometime in the past few months I ...
2
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1answer
195 views

How did Alexander the Great die?

Plutarch described the last days of Alexander the Great in his book "Life of Alexander" based on records kept by Eumenes, Alexander's general secretary. Alexander had a high temperature for ...
28
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1answer
4k views

What was the reason for a sharp decline in life expectancy in 16th century England?

I was checking historical life expectancy and this was one of the charts I found. What was the reason for such a dramatic decline in life expectancy in England in the middle of the 16th century? Is ...
4
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1answer
228 views

What was the fastest coal-powered ship in a country's navy?

The transition from coal to oil fuel as the primary energy source for navy ships took place leading up to and during WWI. The last British battleship to primarily use coal power was the Iron Duke ...
26
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4answers
5k views

Why did the Soviet Union out-pace the US during the space-race?

At the end of World War II, the US Government's Operation Paperclip plucked rocket scientists from Germany and brought them to the U.S. to work on military weapons. Most famous among these scientists ...
8
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1answer
608 views

Did drawbacks of egalitarianism or mismanagement cause the rural famine in the Great Leap Forward?

In China "大锅饭" (communal dining in English) implies egalitarianism and slack of people, which is the premise of the statement that the famine is partly due to the laziness of the people. As ...
-5
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2answers
129 views

Could the reference of the “Perfect Year” from Plato indicate that people where tracking celestial objects and stars for at least 30.000 years? [closed]

Provided this wikipedia information regarding the Great Year and Axial precession: Plato (c. 360 BC) used the term "perfect year" to describe the return of the celestial bodies (planets) ...
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0answers
92 views

What was the racial composition of historical American slave labor? [closed]

Were African and African Americans the only race that were used as slave labor in America and if not, what other races were used and how did the demographic change over time? I found some articles ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Why wasn't the Treaty of Waitangi framed in terms of a feudal exchange, rather than a surrender of sovereignty?

So, I've been doing a bit of reading on Wikipedia about the Treaty of Waitangi and the ensuing New Zealand Wars that resulted when members of both sides broke the terms of the treaties, and I saw that ...
-1
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0answers
67 views

What is the meaning of 'successive dynasties '? [closed]

I know it means one after another, but dynasty means a series of rulers or leaders who are all from the same family. how could one family have two dynasty? I mean, it is same then why successive???
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1answer
170 views

Why didn't the ancient Indians build a wall like China? [closed]

My understanding of invasions of the Indian subcontinent is that they mostly came from central Asia or the Mediterranean. My understanding of the Great Wall(s) of China is that they were constructed ...
5
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0answers
146 views

What did people used to exchange for goods during the 1920s German hyperinflation while the official currency was not trusted

When the 1920s hyperinflation happened, it seemed that the rapid currency devolution is not too hard to see. This must result in the people who own and sell goods distrust the future of the currency; ...
4
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1answer
329 views

What does this sentence from the Romance of the Three Kingdoms mean?

The third paragraph of the first chapter in Romance of the Three Kingdoms (translation by R. Moss), states: On the fifteenth day of the fourth month of the second year of the reign Established Calm [...
-3
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1answer
282 views

After the Cold War, how did Berlin develop so much more rapidly than Moscow?

How did Berlin redevelop so rapidly that today its economy is way better than Moscow's following the Cold War?
2
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1answer
109 views

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea mention Julian calendar in his Chronicle?

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea even mention the Julian calendar in his Chronicle? Chronicle by Eusebius of Caesarea covers period till A.D. 325. Armenian translation of Chronicle ends with the ...
21
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1answer
3k views

Was there an increased interest in 'the spirit world' in the aftermath of the First World War?

In this excellent answer on Literature Stack Exchange, a quote from Alexander Leggatt's 'William Shakespeare's Macbeth' states: The sense that evil forces are at work in Macbeth may be a product of ...
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1answer
129 views

What is the main difference between an Emperor, a King, a Char, a Sultan, a Dictator, a Dynast and a Tyrant? [closed]

They all look the same to me. Monarchies with a different name according to time and place.
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0answers
47 views

Who ruled the Khazars between Tong Yabgu to Irbis, if not Irbis himself?

Tong Yangu khagan finished his reign on 628. Who ruled the Khazars between Tong Yabgu to Irbis, if not Irbis himself?
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1answer
103 views

What are some inventions from the Chinese Han Dynasty? [closed]

I am researching about the Chinese Han Dynasty, and I was looking at some inventions they made. I have a list of them right now that include the kite, endless chain for irrigation, the iron plow, ...
2
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1answer
322 views

What media did Irenaeus used to write his letters?

Eusebius of Caesarea (AD 260/265 – 339/340) in his work Church History (Book V, Chapter 20 "The Writings of Irenaeus against the Schismatics at Rome") said: Irenaeus wrote several letters ...
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0answers
95 views

Why does Russia have the most nukes in the world? [closed]

In the Cold War, Soviets/Russia produced 55,000 nukes and it made 30,000 warheads in 1991. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.2968/066004008#:~:text=Russia%20has%20released%20very%20little,end%...
8
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2answers
2k views

What are the flags in this Yellow Peril Cartoon from Italy?

Can somebody help me to identify the different flags in this Italian Cartoon from 1900?
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0answers
67 views

How did scholarly education work in Song dynasty China?

In Song dynasty China, the Imperial Examinations were held to determine who would become the new government leaders to replace the older hereditary system of power. According to several sources, any ...
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0answers
88 views

Was there a steam locomotive valve gear linked to pistons both in front of and behind the driving wheels, connected to the same set of linking rods?

Has there existed any steam locomotive with a valve gear such that there are pistons both in front of and behind the driving wheels, connected to the same set of linking rods? This would result in ...
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0answers
59 views

Reading Request: Overview of European History [closed]

Are there any good books that give an overview of European history from antiquity (c. 300BC or so) to present (or the turn of the 20th century)? I am new to learning about history and would like ...
2
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0answers
99 views

How often were slaves raised by their parents in 19th century USA?

American slave owners wanted their slaves to have children, but they didn't always allow their slaves to marry, and often sold families piecemeal. About what percentage of slaves were raised by both ...
3
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1answer
787 views

What WW2 German badge is this?

My uncle fought in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany. After he past I found this badge, but don’t know what its for or where it’s from. Can anyone help me figure it out?
2
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2answers
443 views

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement?

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement with Nazi Germany when they knew the nature of Nazi regime? What did they want to obtain by signing this agreement? In 1938/1939, two pacts/...
3
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1answer
255 views

What mining feature is this?

In a former lead mining region of Derbyshire (Just North of Wirksworth) there's this bank of earth running across the side of a hill, with a small "valley" alongside it: It's about 15-20m ...
0
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0answers
70 views

Did Persian Qanat water system influence Turpan Karez water system?

Based on Wikipedia, the Persian Qanat water system was started in cr. 1000 BC. The Turpan water system, located in modern north-west China, has a similar idea and later it was used on the Silk path ...
2
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1answer
223 views

Who is this Asian figure?

I’m looking for help in identifying this figure. I bought this box at a thrift store a few years back because it was silver and because it looked nice. Every once in a while, curiosity hits me as I ...
2
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1answer
181 views

What organization/agency/unit wore this uniform?

The woman in the attached photo worked as a teletype operator for the Army Air Corps on Geiger Field, near Spokane, Washington 1941-44. I don’t believe that she was enlisted, but worked in a civilian ...
1
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1answer
182 views

Did the Celts come to England from France and Belgium?

I apologize for this ridiculous question. I have little knowledge of European history. The following is a passage from Charles Dickens' A Child's History of England: "But the Phoenicians, sailing ...
0
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1answer
226 views

How was the Cuban military capable of performing African interventions?

Cuba has led many interventions in Africa during the Cold War: Instructors sent in Angola Up to 400 000 soldiers, including instructors, tank brigades, air wings in Angola to help the fight against ...
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1answer
194 views

Why did some 18-19C. educated Caucasian American males have weird first names? [closed]

I'm cherry picking white male military officers, politicians, judges because their professions required them to be literate, and their first names probably weren't typos by their parents. Some of ...
5
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1answer
162 views

Was Walden Pond ever the primary source for rail transported ice?

In his survey of global railway history, Blood, Iron, and Gold, Christian Wolmar, lists ice among the many surprising commodities transformed by rail transport: Another somewhat bizarre example, ...
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0answers
89 views

What would the Hero's Engine have been made of?

If it was made of copper, could they make copper pipes. If it was made of Terracotta, would it have been strong enough?
2
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1answer
172 views

What uniform is this chap wearing?

I'm trying to identify the uniform the chap in this photo is wearing. The photo was taken I believe about WW1 period. The reverse has the inscription 'The Count' Letta's fiance. I know who Letta is ...
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0answers
93 views

How did the civil calendar evolve?

Questions When did the lunar-inspired subdivisions of months - the kalends, nones, and ides - and the system of counting down to them, fall into disuse, to be replaced with the modern system of ...
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0answers
75 views

How could England's sporting links with South Africa help reduce apartheid?

All boldenings are mine – what were supporting evidence? I'm befuddled because boycotting South Africa under apartheid was the default and more intuitive standpoint. In Wheeler v. Leicester City ...
17
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1answer
462 views

Why are some later Mayan scripts unintelligible?

Many of the [Maya's] greatest cities emptied, as did much of the countryside around them. Incredibly, some of the last inscriptions are gibberish, as if scribes had lost the knowledge of writing and ...

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