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29 views

why did Germany used to have Jewish Ghettos in the 18th Century [closed]

The story of Mayer Amschel Rothschild starts in the Jewish ghettos of Germany, where they used to chain up the exits after curfew. But why were Jews kept in ghettos back then?
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0answers
62 views

If Hitler was a far right fascist, why did he say he wanted a socialist state? [duplicate]

Everything I read (from seemingly reputable sources) says the Nazis, although having "Socialist" in their name – were really far right fascists. They also, apparently, worked to eradicate ...
2
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0answers
29 views

What is the source of this quote about leadership and trust?

What is the source of this quote about leadership and trust? I paraphrase: "There are three things a military force has: food, weapons, and trust. A good leader should give up the food and ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Was Vespucci born as Amerigo?

In a youtube video, it is stated that Vespucci's original first name was "Alberto". The name by which he is popularly known, "Amerigo", was only assigned to him after reaching the ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Who was Mathilda von Merckens and which was her castle?

I am reading “The Magic Lantern”, the autobiography of Ingmar Bergman. In it, he describes a castle of a musicians' patron: Every summer before the war [World war II], they were invited close to ...
5
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1answer
148 views

Did Hezbollah kidnap Russian diplomats, and Russia subsequently dismember Hezbollah family members?

I heard this story several years ago, I don't recall the exact details, and I don't even know if the story is real or not (if it is real, I'm guessing it may be exaggerated). Can anyone confirm this ...
5
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1answer
215 views

How long did Adolf Hitler serve on the front lines as an infantryman in WWI before becoming a courier?

In Word War I Hitler served in France with the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16 (1st Company) before being promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal) and assigned to be a ...
0
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1answer
173 views

What was the average age of tank crews, in particular commanders, in WW2?

It's somewhat difficult to find reliable figures for this, but it's an interesting question. Michael Wittmann, the German tank ace, was 30 when he was killed on the western front in 1944. Would this ...
6
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1answer
809 views

What's the difference between Country Born and Mulatto people in the 18th century New England?

I have a history assignment and it's asking me to provide context of the table already provided that contains "background characteristics of New England Runaways." To be specific, it states ...
5
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1answer
160 views

What kind of suspension did Roman carrucae have?

The German Wikipedia on post coaches states that the Roman carrucae (there described as a Reisewagen, something like travelling vehicle) already had suspension and a passenger cabin. I tried to find ...
0
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0answers
62 views

What are the RGB color codes of national colors? [closed]

I am looking for a list of national colors of the 196-odd countries along with the RGB (or other) color codes that I can use in a computer program.
6
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1answer
1k views

How did the Boston Tea Party protest affect the British?

"The Boston Tea Party was a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin's Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. American colonists, frustrated and angry at Britain for imposing “...
5
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0answers
56 views

What is the connection between the rise of modern football in the UK and the shortening of the work week?

I remember hearing something on Revisionist History that alluded to the rise of modern football in the UK in connection to the shortening of the industrial work week. From what I can recall the ...
2
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0answers
143 views

How did Hitler view his botched career as a painter? [closed]

It's well known that Hitler wanted to be a painter. But his painting were pretty drab and it is said that he lacked the talent. My question is how did he view his botched career as an artist in the ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

What is a natural born citizen? [closed]

Article II of the U.S. Constitution describes the qualifications to serve in the nation's highest office. Only the natural born citizen is eligible to serve as president. Precisely who is that citizen,...
1
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0answers
80 views

How many times has inclement weather foiled attempts to navally invade the UK? [closed]

Inclusive of situations where inclement or unseasonable weather delayed the ability to set sail long enough that British ships/fleets were able to foil the plan by direct actions, how many times has ...
1
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0answers
76 views

How sophisticated were efforts to track the spread of past pandemics?

I am currently inquiring into the COVID Tracking Project for a first-year university course. I would like to give some historical context, i.e. past attempts at epidemic tracking. Searching the web ...
2
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0answers
118 views

Were there historical efforts to train apes to do the work of enslaved humans?

I remember once reading something that suggested that in the Victorian era, there were failed efforts to raise apes to perform menial field labor and replace enslaved humans. Supposedly the hand grip/...
0
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0answers
79 views

Is there any evidence that people in the late Pleistocene understood that their environment was changing?

Of all the periods of geographic and climactic transformation our planet has undergone, the late Pleistocene is of particular interest to historians, since it was the first to be witnessed by human ...
3
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2answers
283 views

Is there a quote that expresses Mill's opposition to Indian democracy?

I heard in a talk that John Stuart Mill was in favor of democracy in his own country but against democracy in India, I read the following in a paper - Mill’s support of British imperialism may seem ...
0
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0answers
62 views

Were there ancient complaints against wealth being due to closeness to the ruler?

Consider the sentence “The king is the one at whose side wealth walks”. It is taken from the Babylonian Theodicy, a poem which was written somewhere between 1500 B.C. and 1100 B.C. and which is ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What uniform is this (German/WW1?) and could a 15–16 year old be wearing it?

I was told that this would be a German uniform from WW1. Is that correct? I would assume that would be right, however, the picture is from spring 1917 and the young man was only 15–16 years old in ...
1
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0answers
28 views

How large was a Byzantine administrative Bandon?

Wikipedia states that in the Byzantine context a Bandon could denote a cavalry unit of 300, a military unit of 200-400 or an administrative unit. It further claims that originally the military and ...
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0answers
68 views

what does “the tumultuous events of 1990” mean? [closed]

A UN post says All those efforts were possible only because Togo had moved on a path towards democracy, he said. The process of creating a pluralist democracy had been in place since the tumultuous ...
0
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1answer
152 views

In the Middle Ages - 18th century, how long would it take for a blacksmith forge a regular farming scythe to a war scythe?

Whenever I look up how long it took for a blacksmith to certain tools or weapons, I just get information on forging swords. Let's say a peasant is trying to make his scythe efficient for self-defense ...
5
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2answers
139 views

How did Britain and Russia block the railway in Iran?

Karen Armstrong (2000): [...] both Britain and Russia promoted only the technology that furthered their own interests and blocked such inventions as the railway, which might have benefited the ...
0
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0answers
18 views

What information is there on the totality of the War Department General Orders? [closed]

This question stems from another question I recently asked about General Order 207, dated July 3rd, 1863. This question all led me to research GO 205 and 206. I was able to find General Orders 205 and ...
1
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1answer
57 views

What are some well-researched books about ships during the Age of Sail? [closed]

I have tried to find well researched and detailed books, but all I seem to be able to find are books about model ships or fiction books about sailors. As a layman, I’ve entertained the idea that I ...
0
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0answers
20 views

What is “belligerent ground” as referenced in this 1863 General Orders signed by Abraham Lincoln?

I came across several things in General Order 100 signed by President Lincoln titled “Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field”, which can be found here. Article 50 ...
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0answers
34 views

What is the punishment of “cashiering” referenced in this 1863 General Order by Abraham Lincoln? [closed]

I came across several things in General Order 100 signed by President Lincoln titled “Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, which can be found here. Article 46 ...
-1
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0answers
21 views

What is meant by “prize money” in General Order 100 (Civil War era, dealing with war booty)? [closed]

I came across several things in General Order 100 signed by President Lincoln titled “Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, which can be found here. In article ...
3
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0answers
45 views

What is the historical explanation for september-july school year systems vs. april-march systems?

I've heard from colleagues and on-line sources that the Japanese school system starts the school year on 1st of april and I've heard the same used to be true in Germany. In Belgium, where I live, I ...
2
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0answers
32 views

How was “patronage” actually transferred in Medici Florence?

The Medicis commissioned art and patronized artists. By what mechanism was this achieved? Did someone literally just hand a bag of florins to an artist? I'm interested in the whole process, from ...
2
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1answer
99 views

How can I research an old Nazi ring that grandfather brought back from war? [closed]

My grandfather brought back a ring, it has the swastika on it. How can I find out more about it and the value it? I have asked several people and gone to many pawnshops, I have no idea where else to ...
6
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3answers
1k views

When was the last time the US had the highest GDP per capita?

I never associated the United States with the label of the richest country in the world so it greatly surprised me that according to some estimates there was a time when the U.S. had the highest ...
-2
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0answers
45 views

What would be the modern equivalent of Jane Austen family's estate's expenses in terms of purchasing power during her childhood? [closed]

I read that the Austen family was considered to be at the lower end of the gentry of her time. What would their annual expenses look like expressed in 2020 USD, measured by purchasing power, and how ...
22
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3answers
5k views

How did bank transactions (or “data” transactions) work when it took people weeks to travel vast distances?

I am designing a prototype for a distributed database that could work across vast distances of space, like the goals behind IPFS working at planetary, or galactic, scale. I want to solve the problem, ...
2
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1answer
38 views

What “Treaty of 1785” is referred to in the August 1955 report of the Secretary of Defense's Advisory Committee on Prisoners of War?

While chasing around various sources of material, I came across "POW, The Fight Continues After the Battle". In this report, as it goes over the history of treatment of Prisoners of War (...
8
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1answer
468 views

Can anyone find “War Department General Order No. 207, 3 July 1863” in which “prisoner conduct after capture” was mentioned?

I started following rabbit hole after rabbit hole while I was looking in to the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program, and I wound up on the report of the Secretary of Defense’s Advisory Committee ...
-2
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1answer
62 views

Does the expansion of the U.S federal government after 1865 support the argument that U.S civil war itself was about states' rights? [closed]

Some people appeal to the fact that the U.S government expanded its bureaucracy after 1865 to support the argument that states' rights were the leading cause of the U.S Civil War. For example, you ...
1
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1answer
91 views

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
2
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1answer
103 views

What is the meaning of this phrase in chapter 64 of the Book of the Dead?

In the aforementioned chapter, one can find the next sentence: "Come! Look! The leg is adhered to the neck, the buttock is over the head of the Western." (I'm sorry if this is not a ...
1
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2answers
72 views

What is the name for the very first Polish state likely established around 966 by Mieszko I through baptism of Poland?

In the year of likely around 966, Mieszko I united all of the tribes occupying a part of today's western Poland through Christianization of it, therefore making Poland an official sovereign state (at ...
-4
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0answers
66 views

Did really all people in the Mongolian empire never bathed? [closed]

I was interested by the Mongolian empire lately, but I'm kind of upset after I read that the Mongols never bathed. Does this mean that all the people that lived in the Mongolian empire never bathed? I ...
-3
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1answer
134 views

Can you name some nations who became successful after religious conversion? [closed]

For instance, I can say Turks. Turks converted to Islam and built the Ottoman Empire. Can you name some nations who became successful like Turks after religious conversion? N.B. by "religious ...
7
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0answers
106 views

What happened to the Heart of Atlanta motel after the ruling of Heart of Atlanta v. United States?

The Heart of Altanta Motel was a resort motel in Georgia that infamously sued the United States for the right to discriminate against customers against the provisions of the public accommodations ...
5
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3answers
1k views

To what extent is the flora and fauna on Guadalcanal edible?

At the battle of Guadalcanal,, the initial wave of 11,000 Americans were stranded with something like two weeks' worth of food (five days worth of "landed" rations, nine days worth of ...
5
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0answers
129 views

What is the emblem on this ring?

After cleaning up a local cave, among lots of trash this ring was found laying underneath. Can anyone identify this emblem? Location: Center, Israel
5
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1answer
178 views

What are the stages of traversals of the Mediterranean Sea?

Different tribes and nations have existed all around the Mediterranean sea in the bronze age and later. They would know their land-neighbors, and may have communicated and traded with each other ...
-4
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0answers
71 views

What made Karl Marx central in socialist and communist thought? [closed]

Needless to say Karl Marx and his works occupy a central role in thinking about socialism, communism, and in the critique of capitalism. Of course, Marx is not the first to write about socialist ideas ...

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