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5 views

Who sloppily brought plans to a glider later found by the Germans?

In 1:03:26/2:56:12 of A Bridge Too Far (1977), a German soldier chances on a copy of operation plans. Who irresponsibly brought them on the glider? Captured Market Garden battleplan - Axis History ...
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0answers
5 views

In Operation Market Garden, why didn't airplanes scout for Germans along the road, rather than rely on purple smoke?

In 59:05/2:56:12 of A Bridge Too Far (1977), German artillery raze at least 5 UK tanks, but I'm surmising from (erstwhile) Lt Col J.O.E. Vandeleur (portrayed by Michael Caine)'s order to fire purple ...
0
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1answer
8 views

Who were the highest-ranking officers of each belligerent nation, who parachuted with troops in Operation Market Garden?

Was erstwhile (MG) James M. Gavin the highest-ranking US general officer? Please see the question's title. I know that U.K. soldiers parachuted, but don't know if any Canadians, Polish did. Gavin ...
0
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0answers
4 views

Did the Germans “mix up” Army Groups A and B during Fall Blau?

Fall Blau was the 1942 campaign conducted by Germany's Army Group South. This was subdivided during the campaign into Army Groups A and B. I was surprise to read that Army Group A was sent to the ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Were there trains to anonymous concentration camps?

At the start of this year, my family visited Terezin Ghetto and camp - the middle daughter was writing a school report about children in WWII. There were many dreadful and surprising pieces of ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
4
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1answer
99 views

Were medieval and renaissance era jesters commonly disabled?

In Hilary Mantel's famous historical fiction Wolf Hall, she implies more than once that the court fools of figures in the era of Henry VIII often had some form of learning difficulty. Indeed in one ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Why did Bayer lose aspirin and heroin trademarks under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles?

As read in the article Heroin by Wikipedia: Bayer lost some of its trademark rights to heroin (as well as aspirin) under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles following the German defeat in World War I. 83 ...
9
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2answers
5k views

Why didn't the British consider the USS President's attempted flight as a fake surrender?

In the War of 1812, the USS President was captured by the Royal Navy. Wikipedia gives the final actions of the day: President ceased fire at 7:58 pm and hoisted a light in her rigging, indicating ...
0
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1answer
192 views

How did Red Army achieve to manipulate German Army in 1942 and 1943?

I had read during past days some books and internet texts about the East front campaign, during WW2. I took some information out of that, and it is very surprising to me. First, I read that Russian ...
4
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1answer
214 views

Why did the US use so much ordnance during the Vietnam War?

Never 100% on these numbers but the US evidently dropped c. 4000000 tons of bombs, including c. 400,000 of napalm, on South Vietnam, around 2000000 on Laos, over 2500000 on Cambodia, and 1000000 on ...
12
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5answers
5k views

How did the Druids learn the Greek language by the time of Caesar's campaign in Gaul?

In Latin class, we are translating parts of Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War. One thing that struck me as odd is how Caesar describes the customs of the Gauls, especially in Book 6, where he ...
-4
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0answers
49 views

Why Cleopatra is considered to be both a Hellenistic monarch and a monarch in the Egyptian pharaonic tradition [closed]

Why Cleopatra is considered to be both a Hellenistic monarch and a monarch in the Egyptian pharaonic tradition. It will help if you review what we have covered about the origins and family structure ...
3
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0answers
69 views

Nazi one month training course for teachers - What did participants experience?

Hitler set up one month training camps for teachers that emphasised Nazi ideology and the importance of promoting those idea in their classrooms. I am interested in how the training was organised, ...
3
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1answer
163 views

Was the Second Industrial Revolution directly related to the first?

Was the Second Industrial Revolution merely a continuation of the first, or did it happen based on separate and unrelated means? First Industrial Revolution: 1760 - 1830 Started in England, spread ...
1
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0answers
70 views

During the Korean War, what B-29 crew roles did the abbreviations IVO, CFC, and VC mean?

I was researching a B-29 crash that my grandfather was in during the Korean War, and he was listed as the IVO on the flight. I couldn't find what that abbreviation meant, nor could I find some of the ...
23
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1answer
3k views

How did William the Conqueror consolidate his military victory?

Seems to me once you have won the war, your troubles are just beginning. You've got a small number of men few that can speak the local language. How do you go about putting your men in charge, ...
3
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1answer
206 views

Help identify this camouflage military style jacket?

I have a camo military jacket I can't seem to find anywhere what it is. It has a paratrooper flap at the back. It has no labels.
1
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0answers
55 views

Did other British colonies at the time have seats in parliament [duplicate]

I know the American colonies didn’t have a seat, but what about the other British colonies. Did some have it. Like Australia, and the places in Africa.
-1
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1answer
146 views

Where can I buy a tank trap? [closed]

Where could one procure a full size tank trap? I am looking for a reproduction of a full size hedgehog style tank trap meeting whatever specs exist for that sort of thing.
-2
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0answers
78 views

Why were the soviets so determined to keep communism? [closed]

One thing that really confused me about the cold war was the desperation of the soviet union to keep communism alive, and to put down capitalism despite the clear evidence that the latter was being ...
3
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1answer
198 views

How often would monks leave their monasteries in the Middle Ages?

I have been reading about medieval monasteries, and I recently read that monks could sometimes act as village priests. This confused me as I had read that monks couldn't leave their monasteries. Was ...
-4
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0answers
110 views

Is there a subtle reference to historical antisemitism in the flag of Bonaire? [closed]

This is the flag of Bonaire, a Dutch island in the Caribbean Sea: The flag was adopted in 1981. I cannot be the first person to think, upon seeing the flag, “It's a star of David in a crosshairs!” ...
-3
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0answers
78 views

Were Marilyn Monroe and JFK ever together? [closed]

What are the facts? Were they ever together? Did JFK rejecting her have anything to do with her suicide as in the movie? Theres alot of data out there and it's hard to find the right data. Was her ...
1
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0answers
90 views

What would one call a skilled metal worker in Jerusalem, circa 600 BC?

I'm doing research for a book of fiction in which the main character is a skilled metalworker in ancient Jerusalem, circa 600 BC. I want to be authentic and historically accurate. This person is ...
12
votes
1answer
994 views

Where did prejudice against left-handed people originate from?

I came across this Tweet recently which lists many different words used in traditional dialects to refer to left-handed people[.] It looks like a majority of the English terms listed there are all ...
32
votes
2answers
6k views

Is this medieval picture of hanging 5 royals showing an historical event?

I was reading up on medieval hanging and came across this picture. It shows five royals (kings? princes?) being hanged from trees, but the articles I read don't mention any royal hangings. I had a ...
41
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the logic for the map maker classifying the map this way, specifically in Canada?

I recently came across the map displayed above. It is a map showing the spread of totalitarian and authoritarian governments right before WWII. The countries that are black are totalitarian ...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

Why did Oliver Cromwell ban Christmas in 1644? [closed]

I am aware of the religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants during and after the reign of King Henry VIII, but can't imagine why Cromwell would ban Christmas. I read this in an article ...
5
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0answers
84 views

Who would have used this c1890s canvas bag?

I have an OLD canvas bag measuring 14 x 11", opens to two pouches. It has a leather strap on the back that makes it look like it was possibly used as a backpack. Printed on the front is "2 SEP.CO. ...
4
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0answers
141 views

Help identify details from a Soviet military uniform?

My family on my great-grandfather's side came from Romania and I have a picture of one of his brothers in a soviet military uniform. I know nothing of his involvement in the military and was hoping ...
2
votes
2answers
485 views

What would a 9th-century German count do if he wanted to spend some time with his wife?

Are there any records of leisure activities by married noble couples in approximately 821? What sort of things can they both do? Did women go on hunts with men? Could there have been a theater, or a ...
6
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1answer
168 views

Were surname upgrades a well known practice in the Spanish Empire?

People everywhere have names, and some seek to change their name. Spanish speaking people in particular generally have two surnames, paternal and maternal, in that order. Whether the maternal one ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Would an Illegitimate child of a monarch have been recognized at the Russian court?

For purposes of a novel I am writing I would like to know if an illegitimate son or daughter of a 19th century Russian tsar would have been recognized by the court. Would it matter if the birth was ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

Despite strict 'hujum' (assault in English) policies against veiling as part of liberation of women in Muslim populated less-developed areas of the Soviet Union during early years of the revolution, ...
-2
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0answers
47 views

How did the allied powers and central powers differ [closed]

In both the triple entente and triple alliance. How did the allied powers and central powers differ from the two pre-war alliances?
3
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4answers
1k views

How does history as a scholarly discipline or disciplinary practice justify its existence as a social practice?

The discipline of history as emergent in the 19th century in its scholarly practice or intellectual discipline exists as a social phenomena in many contemporary societies. Contemporary societies ...
-5
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2answers
113 views

How to you reply to Henry Ford and Otto von Bismarck? [closed]

All history is bunk -- Ford All history is fairy tales rewritten by the winner of the last war -- Bismarck There is a LOT of truth to what they say. And with PhD thesis like the courtmartial of ...
0
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0answers
75 views

Who was the Scottish philosopher that came up with the idea of a Scottish militia?

I read a book on the Scottish Enlightenment a couple of weeks ago and am trying to remember the name of the Scottish Philosopher that feared the ideas of a polite society would weaken the British ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

What did Moshe Dayan say about fighting Arabs?

I am looking for the details of a quote that goes something along the lines of "It is easy to look like a great general when you fight Arabs" by Moshe Dayan (or maybe Golda Meier). I believe the ...
0
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1answer
133 views

Identify the cover model from an issue of Life Magazine

Could someone identify the cover model for the Life Magazine issue dated August 22, 1969: https://twitter.com/historylvrsclub/status/1050574006632570880/photo/1 The issue itself is silent on this ...
1
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0answers
103 views

Why didn't the Chinese attack Hungnam during the evacuation?

The Hungnam evacuation was a notable event during the early years of the Korean War. Retreating to the port of Hungnam from the recent defeat at Chosin Reservoir, UN forces managed to evacuate about ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Did Empress Cixi divert funds for the Beiyang Fleet to build the Summer Palace?

There is a popular story that Empress Dowager Cixi diverted funds originally intended for the Beiyang Fleet in order to upgrade the Summer Palace. This is significant because the amount - approx. 22 ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

How widely accepted are Tolstoy's views on history within the academic community?

Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace is a historic fiction and part essay in which Tolstoy regularly expresses his views on how events happen. More specifically, Tolstoy says that the actions of great men such ...
0
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0answers
44 views

“Gang signs” in the Dutch Republic [duplicate]

While reading about William III of England I came across paintings of two of his tutors, Grand Pensionaries Johan de Witt and Gaspar Fagel, and noticed that both are holding their left hand in a ...
0
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2answers
229 views

Independent development of ocean navigation

I am wondering about who can reasonably claim to independently have developed navigating oceans. It is quite clear that the Iberians had the technology around 1500; and that the proto-Polynesians had ...
6
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1answer
171 views

At what point after the war did Confederate money begin to attain value again?

At the start of the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate States of America began to print their own money. Almost immediately it began to lose value due to inflation (except in 1864). By the end of the ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Did Robert Devereux's monopoly on sweet wine encroach upon Sir Christopher Hatton's monopoly on wine?

I know that Robert Devereux was given a monopoly on sweet wine following the death of Robert Dudley, his step-father and the previous holder of this monopoly, but I recently read that Sir Christopher ...
1
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1answer
59 views

How long to travel from Ireland or England in 1680 to Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

I'm writing a historical fiction romance novel and I'm trying to gain a perspective of the travel times. The story is set in 1692, but the hero and his family arrived around 1680 from Ireland.
1
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1answer
132 views

Are there factors which caused the printing revolution to begin in Europe in 1450 and not some other place some other time?

The printing press was a big deal. It brought a communication revolution and led to the development of larger collective consciousnesses. What I am refering to the printing revolution is the ...

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