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1answer
27 views

In Tolstoy's War and Peace, one character is captured after the Battle of Austerlitz and is taken as a POW. Was his experience historically accurate?

Prince Andrei Bolkonsky is captured after sustaining a wound in battle and is taken as a POW. He, along with other officers of the Russian Army, were treated with care and respect by the French, and ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Were there any top Nazi generals who opposed the idea to invade the USSR?

Did any one of the top Wehrmacht generals, who was a war-monger and agreed with Hitler's doctrine of expansion by force in principle, ever attempt to dissuade him from the idea to invade the USSR? If ...
9
votes
3answers
368 views

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

Inspired by an answer to When translating the law, who ensures that the wording does not change the meaning of the law? When 2 different entities that speak different languages have a treaty, there ...
10
votes
1answer
703 views

What is the history of the university asylum law?

I fear this question may be rather broad and I would like help to narrow it down. Currently a debate is ongoing in Greece regarding the law preventing police from stepping into university campuses. ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Where were Hindus and Sattagydia in the late Achaemenid Empire?

I found two maps that show territorial composition of Achaemenid Empire around 500 BC: While there are other significant differences between them (because of historical sources scarcity), the most ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Were there violence before July 3 and July 4 during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests?

Were there violence before July 3 and July 4 during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests? I heard the protests were peaceful, but I learned recently that there were a lot of soldiers who got injured, so ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

Did India win any wars? [on hold]

I read that India was defeated in Battle of Plassey The British losses were estimated at 22 killed and 50 wounded. Of the killed, three were of the Madras Artillery, one of the Madras Regiment ...
10
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5answers
4k views

Why in most German places is the church the tallest building?

A coworker from another country asked me today if it is true that we have a law prohibiting any building in a place being taller than their church. I told him I don't know if we still have any such ...
3
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2answers
194 views

Where are (records of) historic wildfires?

Wikipedia's articles on wildfires cover geologic evidence of wildfires through the late Tertiary era, and a large number of articles on individual fires starting around 1900. Other than a half-dozen ...
1
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0answers
116 views

Are there any medieval records of girls with large clitorises misidentified (and subsequently raised) as boys?

Several years ago, I read a piece of trivia in a popular science magazine1, which said pretty much exactly: In the Middle Ages there were many cases where a newborn girl was born with a clitoris ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Why did Charles the Bold have long fingernails?

After his death in battle at Nancy, Charles the Bold was found in a stream. He had been stripped of his armor, cloths, and jewels, and partially eaten by animals. His face was horribly mutilated and ...
6
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3answers
339 views

Why was “Caesar” borrowed for the imperial title in German rather than “Augustus”?

After Caesar (which simply happened to be his family name) Octavius took the title Augustus which means better, more, augmented. And most Roman emperors and strong men took the title Augustus ...
-1
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0answers
152 views

How do we know that Genghis Khan had so much sex?

This article states: A study in 2003 found that up to 16 million men, half a percent of the world’s male population, were genetic descendants of Genghis Khan. And this article states: A study ...
-1
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0answers
76 views

Could Phillip IV of Spain have prevented Spain's decline? [on hold]

Phillip IV, like most of the Habsburgs before him was debatably a pretty damaging ruler during the waning years of Habsburg reign in Spain. Causing various break-aways from provinces, principalities, ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

When did inadequate or inaccurate maps produce important historical consequences?

For example, Christopher Columbus' sense of place in the New World was perhaps shaped by a c. 1491 map made by Henricus Martellus: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/did-this-map-guide-columbus-...
6
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0answers
102 views

What defenses did Lee leave behind when the Army of Northern Virginia left for Gettysburg?

When Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia marched northwest to the Shenandoah Valley in June 1863, how strong (how many men, cannons, etc.) was the force they left opposing the Army of the Potomac ...
0
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0answers
76 views

What kind of coin is this? (From Jordan?)

15 years ago I bought an old looking coin in Jordan in the vicinity of old Roman temples. The diameter is aboout 14 mm.
45
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17answers
18k views

Was Switzerland really impossible to invade during WW2?

My question is not about an alternative scenario, nor about the reasons that caused Switzerland to not get invaded (as could be seen here: Why was Switzerland not attacked during the two World Wars?). ...
-1
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1answer
161 views

Did vikings really travel as far as the Middle-east? [on hold]

I've heard some rumors that Vikings have travelled as far as the Middle-east, and that would be where they've gotten the secret of making their steel so efficient, so early in history. Is that a ...
0
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2answers
132 views

Why did Hitler meet with Subash Chandra Bose in 1942? [on hold]

I have read that Subash Chandra Bosa met Hitler in 1942, why did he help Bosa by liberating indian prisoners of war, what motive did Hitler have to help Bose and who suggest him to do this for ,the ...
2
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0answers
119 views

Can anybody identify the cap-badge and/or uniform in this image?

Can anybody identify the cap-badge and/or uniform in this image? I'm hoping the period is c. 1899/1900 and should be UK based??? My searches to date have turned up a blank; but then I have no ...
-1
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1answer
143 views

Is still Spain legally the Spanish State (apart from the Kingdom of Spain)? [on hold]

To the extent of my knowledge, the Spanish transition to democracy was not at all revolutionary, but a sequence of actions overseen (at least partially) by/from the State. After the Spanish Bourbon ...
-1
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1answer
130 views

Was the Horo Cavalry “Balloon cloak” effective?

Was the Horo Cavalry Balloon cloak effective? and if so is there a European/Non Japanese Variant? My understanding is to defend against arrowfire positioning armor away from the body is ...
0
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7answers
395 views

Have there been any great female military commanders?

From Alexander the Great to Saladin, from Muqali to Horatio Nelson, from Napoleon I to Winfield Scott, history is loaded with great male generals. Have there been any great female generals? Warfare ...
1
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2answers
270 views

When did the spherical shape of the Earth become common knowledge?

It's well-known that intellectuals in the West have accepted a spherical Earth since antiquity, but I'm not sure how long it took for this to become common knowledge, worldwide. So a more concrete ...
-3
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3answers
208 views

Why did Native Americans never unify into a single country? [on hold]

At a time when Europe and Asia had already united into several powerful military nations, the American Indian still lived in a tribal society which numbered over 2000 tribes. Why, in over 10,000 years ...
1
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0answers
115 views

Why don't young Native American women go on vision quests?

According to many websites (such as ancientpages), Native American girls/young women don't go on vision quests. Ancient pages describes the reasoning behind it as: When a boy is young, he must try ...
2
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0answers
102 views

Why is the Easter Island such a frequent participant in Japanese Comics? [on hold]

I recently came across a lot of questions on Anime and Manga Stack Exchange by this user who is the curator of an exhibition on Easter Island in popular culture (http://www.moaiculture.com) I ...
-2
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2answers
131 views

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage? [on hold]

From some of local Pashtuns people, I have heard that they belong to Greek Origin. There explanation was, When Alexander conquered Persia (Achaemenid Empire). he left some of the soldiers here. But I ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Why do numbered months in the ancient Roman calendar have different suffixes? [migrated]

Wikipedia and other sites detail the (possibly legendary) ancient Roman "Calendar of Romulus": I'm curious about the suffixes to the "numbered" months, the fifth through tenth. The names of the ...
2
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3answers
206 views

How were British tea taxes collected in Boston in the early 1770s?

I assume the taxes were ultimately passed on to tea consumers, but that’s not my question. Who in Boston was responsible for the initial outlay of payment, and when in the lifecycle of a tea ...
3
votes
3answers
502 views

Is it true that Nazi Germany replaced prices ending in .99 by round prices and called this “Aryan pricing”?

On a questionable website full of revisionist pro-nazi propaganda, which is not worth linking to (*), I found the following statement: Along the same lines, I remember a National Socialist ...
0
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0answers
88 views

Which juridical reasons lead the Netherlands to lose control of the seas?

It has always been my understanding that the Netherlands lost control of the seas because of land wars against France, especially Louis XIV, and because of the difficulties involved in holding ...
41
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3answers
7k views

Earliest evidence of objects intended for future archaeologists?

In modern times, it is not unusual for people to wonder what, if anything, will archeologists of the future (human or otherwise) will learn about our civilization from various artifacts we leave ...
24
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7answers
4k views

Has there ever been a truly bilingual country prior to the contemporary period?

What I mean by this is: has there ever been a country where the bulk of the population spoke two different languages as a matter of course? This question is somewhat inspired by this video in which ...
3
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0answers
149 views

Can anyone help identify this World War One uniform?

I have this photograph of my grandfather in uniform - taken in Seaford, Sussex, England, some time after 1914. Can anyone tell me anything about this uniform? He eventually joined 525 coy. 62nd ...
9
votes
2answers
514 views

When was the last time a country acquired territory by buying land from another country?

Reportedly, U.S. President Donald Trump has proposed for the U.S. to buy Greenland from Denmark, an idea that has been rejected by Greenland and Denmark, with one politician quoting it as this is not ...
1
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2answers
329 views

Does anyone know of any examples of the Magnus effect in a real battle?

I've read a lot about the Magnus effect altering the trajectories of cannonballs and musketballs. Robins noticed it with Musket balls and Magnus with canonballs, but presumably they weren't the first ...
1
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0answers
87 views

Why were Law Lords created peers of different ranks?

I cross-referenced the men below with List of law life peerages to check that these Law Lords were created life peers, and didn't inherit peerage. Most Law Lords are created as Barons, but note the ...
9
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1answer
192 views

When in September 1939 did the British diplomatic mission leave Warsaw?

On September first 1939, at 4:45 in the morning, the Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on Danzig/Gdansk. September twenty-second is when German troops completed their encirclement of Warsaw. Somewhere in ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Where can I find English letters written to someone's superior to commend that someone, between 1700-1900?

I'm trying to find missives written in Modern English between 1700-1900, where after Person 1 helps Person 2 with something, P2 writes P1's superior (call her P3) to commend P1. I'm hoping to read ...
8
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1answer
216 views

How serious was the initiative to create “One World Airline”?

I came across this in the provenance of a map of airmail routes in 1940: Lloyd Welch Pogue (October 21, 1899 – May 10, 2003) American aviation lawyer and chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board. ...
5
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0answers
133 views

What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
0
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0answers
106 views

Why were the Amarna letters written on clay tablets?

Papyrus had been known for 1500 years when the Amarna letters were written on clay tablets. Why were they written on clay and not papyrus?
0
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2answers
239 views

How rigorously do combat engineers follow command hierarchy?

This is related to chain of command I am interested if certain branches are looser than others when it comes to chain of command. The reason being that engineering, especially combat engineering, ...
52
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2answers
11k views

Why does Japan use the same type of AC power outlet as the US?

Does it have something to do with the US taking part in aiding reconstruction of the country after WWII? I've tried googling around for an answer, but every site I find simply states the outlet style, ...
29
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5answers
6k views

Did Pope Urban II issue the papal bull “terra nullius” in 1095?

Countless sources claim that the origin of the term terra nullius is from a papal bull issued by Pope Urban II in 1095 called "Terra nullius". Here are a two: Pramod K. Nayar, The Postcolonial ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How many British prisoners of war were taken by the Wehrmacht and how many died?

I've read here that 3.5% of British POW's held in Germany died. But haven't been able to find an estimate with sources of how many were taken and how many died. Here it says 170,000 were captured and ...
0
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2answers
218 views

How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
3
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0answers
122 views

How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...

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