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2 votes
0 answers
33 views

What is the original source of the quote "Of all my 50 battles, the most terrible was the one I fought at Moscow"?

And how does the quote look in French? The reason I ask is that I see this quote attributed to Napoleon cited all over the Internet (e.g. this video on the Battle of Borodino), but nobody seems to ...
Daigaku no Baku's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
34 views

What did "Price Fourpence The Three" mean? [closed]

From the cover of a 1842 book published in Manchester and London (The Three Prize Essays on Agriculture and the Corn Law): What did the above mean? (In particular what did "the Three" mean?)...
user103496's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
444 views

Is there any evidence to back up David Starkey's claim that infanticide of mixed-race children was integral to the Ottoman slave trade?

David Starkey made some controversial remarks in an interview a couple of years ago, in which he compared the Atlantic Slave Trade to its Ottoman counterpart. This question is not an appropriate forum ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
  • 2,243
1 vote
2 answers
118 views

Today, do we celebrate anniversaries of events that happened in time of Julian calendar, on Julian date or at corresponding Gregorian date?

Today do we celebrate anniversaries of events that happened in time of Julian calendar, on the Julian date or at the corresponding Gregorian date? Do historians write the dates of scientific works in ...
22flower's user avatar
  • 125
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

What was the relationship between Italy and the other provinces in the republican period?

It is often said that during the republican period the provinces were ruthlessly exploited by their ruling magistrate, that the senate had no consideration for the provinces, and that Augustus changed ...
16π Cent's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
119 views

Are there any instances of ancient kings or chiefs dueling or engaging in other physical contests to assert their authority?

In popular fiction chiefs/kings or heirs to the throne often duel or engage in physical contests for kingship e.g the archery contest in the Odyssey. Did any such duels or physical contests occur?
user122938's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
73 views

What is the genetic composition of "Cemetery H" culture?

I was reading about post-Harappan cultures in India and I came to know about the "Cemetery H" culture in Harappa which was there in Indus Settlement after the Modern Harappan culture died ...
Adrish Chatterjee's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

How did Nelson Mandela stay relevant and a strong leader during his imprisonment? [closed]

While Nelson Mandela was in jail, what was happening in South Africa that made Mandela relevant? Mandela spent 27 years in jail, which was a long time. I'm curious about what was happening in South ...
user273747's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
3k views

What flag had a black cross blue field 1589?

What flag is blue background and black cross flags 1589? Used by Giovanni Batista Boazio
William J Warman Sr.'s user avatar
-5 votes
0 answers
68 views

What was American slavery actually like? [closed]

I feel like I haven’t been exposed to well-researched information giving a balanced and comprehensive depiction of what slavery in the US was like. I’m curious to know about what the social conditions ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
85 views

Looking for a Globe and Mail editorial cartoon about the return of Hong Kong to China

Sometime in 1997, or shortly after, the Globe and Mail ran an editorial cartoon commenting on the return of Hong Kong to China. The setting was a drab boardroom, with several drab functionaries ...
Barnaby's user avatar
  • 101
-3 votes
0 answers
65 views

Why do civilisations collapse? [closed]

What do you think are the general reasons for a civilization to collapse?And do you think our civilization is in danger?
Ariel's user avatar
  • 1
5 votes
1 answer
210 views

Why did nucleated communities never form in medieval Iceland?

The Icelandic language is surprisingly homogeneous compared to other regions settled by Norsemen. It is theorized that villages and isolated communities never form in Iceland, where there are only ...
Simonster's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
301 views

Is this Groß-Deutschland 1938-1948 poster real (and produced/published by Nazi Germany)?

Source I found the anticlockwise swastikas strange. The poster is supposed to be from 1938. Some Reddit comments suggest this (or a very similar poster) is fake. (The above poster appears in the movie ...
user103496's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

What are the key differences in the demographics and support base of DNSAP in Austria compared to Germany before Anschluss?

During the interwar years, the DNSAP in Czechoslovakia comprised a more varied group of members compared to their German counterparts. This was due to the party's nationalistic stance in ...
user1258481's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Did Philo ever mention crucifixion as a punishment in any of his writings? If he didn't, was there ever a reason he didn't?

Philo was a prominent Roman writer and philosopher during the first century AD, it seems that in one of his books 'Against Flaccus' Philo mentions the multiple persecutions and punishments Jews of ...
How why e's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

What are the oldest written sources on the origin of Rome? [closed]

So far I have only managed to come across mentions of Livy and Cicero. Both of these sources are hundreds of years after the fact. Is there anything extant closer to the time?
James Read's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
138 views

Exactly what year did Newton first write about calculus, 1664, 1665 or 1666? [closed]

Exactly what year did Newton first write about calculus? I find from different sources three years; 1664 citation needed , 1665 and 1666, but which year is correct? 1665 source 1666 source 1665 source ...
22flower's user avatar
  • 125
-1 votes
0 answers
88 views

Who provided the arms supply to Burundi in 1972?

Which countries were the main arms suppliers to Burundi during 1972 and did that play a part in enabling the Ikiza? I checked some arms sales reportscitation needed and apparently China was also a ...
Booho Hoho's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
60 views

When and where did Goidelic (Irish etc.) and Brythonic languages (Welsh etc.) become mutually unintelligible? [closed]

I have sought an answer to this from a number of sources but have met with no success. I appreciate that evidence is scant.
Joe's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
1 answer
255 views

Did Nazi Germany have the Highest Per-Capita Rate of Capital Punishment?

I am not talking about extra-judicial murders but actual judicial sentencing to Germany's own citizens. I read in the Wikipedia article that 40K executions occurred during the nazi period which I ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 1,908
-4 votes
0 answers
110 views

When was the six corned symbol for Sun invented and in which civilization it is found? [closed]

Our study shows that mostly Sun symbol with eight corned perhaps defining eight directions or defining eight planets. The six corned sun symbol could refer to one sun circled by eight planets namely ...
Bharat Jhunjhunwala's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
134 views

When, and in what manner, did horizontal writing in East Asian languages switch from right-to-left to left-to-right?

East Asian languages (Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese) imported the Western style of horizontal writing as contact with the West increased, but it was always still written in the traditional ...
LittleWhole's user avatar
27 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the latest scientific consensus on the peopling of the Americas?

I found https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.aat5473 Some recent academic and popular literature implies that the problem of the colonization of the Americas has been largely resolved in favor ...
chx's user avatar
  • 501
3 votes
1 answer
119 views

Were the Novgorodians aware of Romanesque architecture in the 11th century?

The Cathedral of St Sophia in Novgorod was completed in 1050. Many online sources note that the style bears resemblance to the Western European Romanesque style. Is it possible that knowledge of this ...
16π Cent's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
3k views

What would military spies in 17th century Europe be looking for inside a city, before a siege?

In the article Een officier en een gentleman: Willem Norwood en het beleg van Maastricht, (An Officer and a Gentleman: William Norwood and the siege of Maastricht), on page 7 it mentions concern about ...
Bob516's user avatar
  • 402
1 vote
2 answers
175 views

What weapon is being used in this video from the Kosovo War?

In this Internet archive video , what is weapon used for blasting window pane at 02:49-02:51 Also please tell a bit of history about where it was developed and how?
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
122 views

Is there ancient Egyptian literature surviving today? [closed]

In short: is there anything like the Gilgamesh epic surviving from Ancient Egypt? Similarly old and similarly secular? The Wikipedia article talks at length about who would write and what they were ...
Mikhail T.'s user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

Seeking confirmation and detailed contextualization of that the founding fathers of the US opposed direct democracy

I recently read a number of quotes from people like James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson which all espoused the view that direct democracy was basically historically proven to be a ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
-4 votes
3 answers
153 views

Do revolutions invariably lead to more chaos and suffering? [closed]

It is a common perception that revolutions lead to increased chaos and suffering. However, are there instances where a revolution has resulted in immediate benefits for the people of a nation (many ...
Mathematics enjoyer's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
217 views

Was there a visit of Danish King to England in time of Shakespeare writing Hamlet

about 10 years ago or so I read an essay online that said that the reason why Hamlet talks so badly about the Danish drinking habits is that the Danish king and entourage had recently visited the ...
user254694's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
121 views

Is there any modern research/publication in English about Qianlong Emperor's brutal regime?

Qianlong era used to be called a golden age of China. But now we Chinese people have a more objective view of this period, we know it was NOT a golden age of China, as one of a famous scholars 张宏杰 ...
Qiulang 邱朗's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
188 views

Is the true difference between the Julian Calendar and a Gregorian calendar working back from any point after AD 1901 actually 15 days instead of 13?

When the Gregorian Calendar was implemented, it was decided that the date should be advanced by 10 days to account for the extra time accumulated by the Julian Calendar. However, A.D. 325 was used as ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
-2 votes
0 answers
75 views

What reasons have US Diplomats provided in the past in order to support Pakistani Military?

We all know that USA has been supporting in Pakistani Military. What reasons have the US diplomats given in order to justify their relations with the Pakistani Military? What reasons did US diplomats ...
CODE_FOR_PURSUIT's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
57 views

Where to find Austrian statutes from 1778 and 1787 related to obligatory road services?

In a newspaper from mid-XIX c. (printed in Lemberg/Lviv) I've found an article describing the road network of Galicia under Austrian rule. It said that Austria issued (at least) two acts related to ...
Paweł Kłeczek's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
198 views

When did people start to care about right grammar and spelling?

Languages developed over the years to make it easy to communicate and exchange complex ideas. For example the whole point of the phonetic writing system is to be able to write down complex ideas ...
daniel's user avatar
  • 29
2 votes
1 answer
168 views

What determined which defensive structures were built and where they were located for 17th European century cities?

Using this 1675 map of Maaseik, Belgium, for example, there are hornworks, bastions, and ravelins at specific locations around the outer wall of the city. What determines why certain structures are ...
Bob516's user avatar
  • 402
2 votes
1 answer
156 views

When, where, and how did Laszlo Toth die?

Laszlo Toth was famous for trying to destroy the Pieta in 1972. I'm curious what is actually known about the circumstances of his death. His Wikipedia page suspiciously doesn't provide the usual ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
6 votes
2 answers
210 views

How important were Soviet raw material supplies for Nazi Germany in the first two years of WW2?

During the first nearly two years of WW2 (from September 1939 to June 1941), the Soviet Union was among the largest suppliers of raw materials (oil, rubber, grain, iron ore, etc.) for Nazi Germany. ...
the.real.gruycho's user avatar
-1 votes
0 answers
83 views

What did people who were part of the Canaanite religion think of the focus on Yahweh?

People who took part in the Canaanite religion were around when some of the practitioners became monolatrists and then monotheists with Yahweh alone, which later spread more with worshipers converting ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
114 views

Is reconstructing a historically accurate Julian Calendar possible?

I understand that after the Julian Calendar took effect in 45 B.C., leap years were mistakenly added every three years rather than every four years. To correct for this, Augustus suspended leap years ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
187 views

Who were these Nazi bishops?

Who were the Nazi bishops shown at 00:23 and 00:32 in this video?
Geremia's user avatar
  • 2,289
0 votes
0 answers
45 views

What's the best way to research personal military records of a soldier that served in the 101st Airborne Division during WWII?

I'm trying to conduct research on an soldier that served in Company B, 327th Glider Infantry Regiment, 101ST Airborne Division in WWII. I have his name and birthday but no additional identifying ...
MSF's user avatar
  • 141
-1 votes
1 answer
117 views

Did Poland plant forests near the post-war German border for military protection?

Are the following statements correct, and are there any quality sources to confirm? East of rivers Oder and Neisse, there are huge forests. Covering ground that was agricultural land before WW II. ...
Kowalski's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

What were the main components in the Rise of Sunni Islam in the Middle East during the 20th century? [closed]

I am struggling to find articles regarding the rise of Sunni Islam in the Middle East during the 20th century. Frankly, it is most likely because that is a very broad subject. That is why I would like ...
Jonathan L's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

Who was the youngest archbishop ever? [duplicate]

Here is a link to a question asking about the youngest bishop ever. Has there ever been an archbishop or bishop younger than the 16-year-old James of Nicosia? There are many answers to the question, ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
4 votes
1 answer
245 views

Did Caesar comment on the intellectual curiosity of the Gauls?

On p.147 of Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations, he writes: The trait of intellectual curiosity which Julius Caesar detected in the Gauls has remained throughout the ages a distinctive character of ...
HAL's user avatar
  • 141
5 votes
1 answer
666 views

How did the Austro-Hungarian Compromise (1867) solve Austria's insolvency and economic issues?

After the Austro-Prussian War, Austria faced debt/financial issues, and they resorted to unification with Hungary. I do not understand how unification with another kingdom (Hungary) could solve the ...
GMoss's user avatar
  • 273
1 vote
0 answers
76 views

Did anyone in the US consider the early rapprochement with China as an opportunity to escalate the Vietnam War?

This answer explains why the USA didn't initially invade North Vietnam with ground forces: it was China's unambiguous red line for getting involved like they did in Korea. However, that was 1965. ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 11.2k
2 votes
0 answers
94 views

During Edo period Japan, was there any circumstance where a Western person was able to go outside of Dejima?

I know that during the Edo period Westerners (specifically the Dutch) were confined in Dejima due to Japan's isolationist policy. But as I was looking into the time period, it seems to me that there ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar

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