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2 votes
2 answers
53 views

Is a WW2 German bank note with a LITZMANNSTAND symbol possibly fake?

Was German currency used in the Lodz ghetto? I recently bought a 50 reichsmark bank note which has got a LITZMANNSTAND symbol stamped on it in red ink, are these fake? Here's what the seller replied ...
  • 21
6 votes
0 answers
72 views

What became of the daughter of Cixi‘s photographer?

„Princess“ DerLing has written several books on Empress Dowager Cixi. Her brother Xunling took the only photographs of Cixi known to me. But on some of the pictures from 1903 (example below) a little ...
  • 2,642
-3 votes
0 answers
55 views

Canada East and West deadlock [closed]

Did John A Mcdonald do anything about the deadlock between Canada East and West? If so, what did he do? Also what are some important actions that he made?
  • 1
3 votes
0 answers
129 views

What is the origin of this medallion?

I want to get information on what looks like a medallion that my father found at a construction site (at his home) in 1968 in Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada. It was found about 10 feet underground. It ...
-2 votes
0 answers
54 views

Legit intro materials on popular controversial topics [closed]

Certain topics in history are more prone to wide-spread speculations than others. The best example is probably ancient Egypt — I've heard tons of theories related to the age of pyramids. Of course, ...
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Did the Qing dynasty royal family practice Buddhism? [closed]

Did the Qing practice Buddhism? If yes, how? And did they practice other religions too?
2 votes
3 answers
212 views

Was writing material for to-do list accessible in medieval Europe?

My workflow is rather dependent on having a notebook or just scraps of paper around at all times, so I can quickly jot down things that I need to remember. Today, paper for such purposes is almost ...
  • 605
-2 votes
0 answers
86 views

What do we know about homo neanderthalensis free time? [closed]

What we know about the archaic humans who lived in Eurasia until about 40,000 years ago is that they lived in caves and were hunters and gatherers. What is known about how they passed their time when ...
-4 votes
0 answers
106 views

Why use 'piled-up earth supporting a banner for indicating official rank'? [closed]

1. Please show me drawings, illustrations of this usage? 2. I have difficulty imagining or picturing why Chinese officials used "piled-up earth supporting a banner for indicating official rank&...
0 votes
0 answers
90 views

What factors influence whether an invention is not patented? [closed]

Various inventions that have become well-known were never patented, including the karaoke machine, emoticons, matches, and the magnetic strip. Other noteworthy examples include the polio vaccine (...
-7 votes
0 answers
68 views

'Allies of evil' - US, England, Japan - and Australia? What about the rest of the UK? [closed]

From 1:28 - 2:00 in Fischer comments on arrival; comments on the United States, the (Icelandic-)American chess world champion and chess960 creator Bobby Fischer says: axis of evil, blah blah blah. ...
  • 171
-3 votes
0 answers
70 views

Did the Romans believe that a planet was a dead god? [closed]

The ancient Romans believed that the planet Saturn was the god Saturn. They also believed that Jupiter killed his father Saturn. How could they simultaneously believe that Saturn was dead and that he ...
  • 183
-5 votes
0 answers
66 views

How did pagan Europe justify its democracies? [closed]

I plan to read Marc Bloch’s Feudal Societies, which was referenced in educational YouTube videos by the users Kraut and WhatIfAltHist. From what I understand, we trace the the Western idea of personal ...
4 votes
1 answer
327 views

What is this Tiger tank wingman UGV?

Schneider, Tiger Battalion 507: "For some time it was expected that in action every Tiger commander would ‘pull the strings’ of two midget panzers loaded with explosives. The idea was eventually ...
  • 2,627
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

How did ships in Britain's Grand Fleet avoid each other during maneuvers?

I'm asking about specific procedures in place on a specific ship, and fleet-wide as well if they exist. If the captain of a ship in the Grand Fleet ordered his ship to move in a particular direction ...
2 votes
2 answers
277 views

Did humans live more densely in the past, and if so, how much denser?

I know family sizes were larger in the past, "average U.S. household – from 5.79 people per household in 1790 to 2.58 in 2010." but how closely did those family members live in their houses? ...
  • 1,227
-2 votes
3 answers
240 views

Had anyone envisioned a "wipeout" scenario for Japan in the Pacific for World War II? [closed]

By "anyone," I mean experts such as military or political leaders contemporaneously, or professional historians in retrospect. By "wipeout," I mean a scenario in which Japan sinks ...
  • 103k
1 vote
0 answers
139 views

How did the East Slavic pagans perceive the process of Christianization of Rus'? [closed]

I read that the Christianization of Rus' was of great civilizational, political and cultural significance for the Eastern Slavs. One of the notable aspects of this theme is the view, supported by some ...
  • 143
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is "chaud melee"?

I believe this question could be asked in either the English Language, Legal, or History stack, but I believe the historical aspect of this question is, by far, the most interesting, and I think will ...
  • 1,599
-3 votes
0 answers
61 views

What was the significance of the Reichstag fire [closed]

I just wanted to know the significance and the after effects the Reichstag fire had.
  • 1
15 votes
1 answer
5k views

Why did this anti-communist pamphlet, from the USA in the 1950s, include UNESCO among its targets?

The English language Wikipedia article on McCarthyism includes an image of an "anti-communist" pamphlet, apparently from the 1950s: I was intrigued by point 4: RIGHT NOW films are being ...
  • 3,533
0 votes
0 answers
47 views

Margaretha Bruckner grave location [closed]

Where is buried mother of Leonhard Euler, a famous swiss mathematician? Her name should be: Margaretha Euler (née Brucker) (January 2nd, 1678 - March 18th, 1761). Her name is not certain, nor is ...
  • 47
10 votes
6 answers
4k views

Has there ever been an election where the two biggest parties form a coalition to govern?

For example, suppose there are 100 seats available. Party A wins 45 seats, party B wins 45 seats, and party C wins 10 seats. "Usually" party A and party B will court party C, and whoever C ...
  • 5,757
0 votes
0 answers
60 views

What are the original sources available for the "First Thanksgiving" [closed]

I have a copy of the book "Of Plymouth Plantation" by William Bradford, which is the story of the the pilgrims coming to new England, but i'd like to find a list of original sources that ...
  • 101
-1 votes
0 answers
86 views

Did the U.S. founders intend for the U.S. President and VP to represent the people, the electoral college, or the States?

It seems somewhat ambiguous who the two positions of President and Vice President of the U.S. were supposed to represent, though I haven’t fully finished reading the Federalist papers. Going by the ...
  • 516
1 vote
1 answer
220 views

How did commoner children address commoner adults in the middle ages?

Imagine a peasant wanting to ask a young lass's parents (also peasants) for their daughter's hand in marriage. How would one go about addressing the woman's father and mother in order to show respect? ...
1 vote
0 answers
117 views

What legal instruments in the Russian Empire criminalised teaching peasants to read?

When he was 17 - and he was born in 1867 so this was after the 1861 abolition of serfdom - Boris Sidis was jailed in the Ukraine, then in the Russian Empire, for the crime of teaching peasants to read ...
  • 121
0 votes
0 answers
67 views

What's was the symbol of the mind in the Middle Ages?

The Middle Ages was the epoch of symbolism especially in the art. Were there any symbols that represents the mind (as an option, logic, wisdom, complexity)? Plants? Animals? Abstract symbols?
3 votes
0 answers
95 views

What is "trek-leertje" and what it was used for in the 17th century Dutch Republic?

Encountered this expression in the writing of the Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In this passage from his Arcana naturae detecta (another version little different) , he describes a tool that ...
  • 277
1 vote
0 answers
169 views

Was there anything similar to the World War 1 Christmas truce in World War 2?

I know that there was an unofficial Christmas truce during World War 1, now my question is this: was there anything similar during World War 2? It’s close to the holidays as of writing this question ...
1 vote
2 answers
215 views

Where is Dorothea Benze's grave? [closed]

Where is buried Dorothea Benze, the mother of Carl Friedrich Gauss, a famous German mathematician? Input data: some sources include her last name as Benze, some say Bentze. She could have adopted her ...
  • 47
2 votes
0 answers
116 views

Why did the Byzantine military strength decline? [closed]

At the start and peak of the glory of the Byzantine Empire, it had more than 350,000 well-trained soldiers at the time of Justinian I. But the size of the army declined heavily over the period from ...
7 votes
1 answer
508 views

How did people 'park' their horse and buggy in early 20th century cities? How was theft prevented?

I am writing a story that is set in Philadelphia 1904. The protagonist of the story travels to a part of town near a church, parks his horse and buggy, and walks a couple of blocks to visit a brothel. ...
  • 325
0 votes
0 answers
122 views

Why is it necessary to list conflicting causes for the emergence Buddhism and Jainism?

The emergence of Buddhism and Jainism in 6th Century BC is seen as the result of the following causes (as given in R.S. Sharma's Ancient India): Reaction by Kshatriyas The development of new ...
23 votes
4 answers
14k views

How did knights who required glasses to see survive on the battlefield?

Googling this has been less than helpful on the history factor, and a quick look at HEMA rules and regulations says it's easier to use fencing masks instead, which isn't what I'm asking. (This was ...
1 vote
0 answers
111 views

What do the collar symbols / insignia on this WW I Austrian soldiers uniform mean?

I am trying to determine what the rank or group of a soldier in a vintage photo is. I've been searching the internet for collar insignia but coming up short. I'd appreciate any help given. ...
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
109 views

How difficult would it have been for a European to obtain access to US scientific journals in 1945?

On May 1, 1945, volume 158 of the Journal of Biologic Chemistry was published. I'd like to establish to what degree –and how soon thereafter– its content may have been accessible in continental Europe ...
  • 111
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

What paintings might these be (2 sketches made in the Tate Britain Gallery)?

My daughter drew these two sketches in the Tate Britain Gallery. She needs to complete the sketches but cannot remember which paintings they are based upon. She has looked through the Tate Britain ...
  • 171
15 votes
0 answers
173 views

How long, historically speaking, did it take to tally and report the vote?

I am trying to get an idea of how long it may have taken American states to tally and report election results in days of yore---e.g., late 1700s till the civil war. I know the telegraph was used to ...
0 votes
1 answer
99 views

How do we reconcile hierarchical and violent aspects of Ancient Egypt with its nonviolent principle of Maat, as exemplified in negative confessions?

Maat represents and refers to the ancient Egyptian concepts of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice. Ma'at was also the goddess who personified these concepts, and regulated the ...
2 votes
0 answers
180 views

What would have been the process of arresting someone in the Middle Ages?

In the High Middle Ages (France, specifically), if someone was suspected of having committed a crime, would that person have been arrested? Would that person have been jailed somewhere until their ...
  • 129
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

What does "APT" mean in box 34 of the WD AGO 53-55?

Reviewed my father's WD AGO Form 53-55 discharge papers from the army (Nov 1945). Does anyone know what the acronym "APT" in block 34 mean. Block 34 is titled "Wounds Received in ...
3 votes
1 answer
190 views

Are there historical examples of civilization reaction to learning about impending doom? [closed]

By impending doom, I mean events that are deadly, imminent, inexorable and unfightable (i.e. a volcano eruption, a deadly disease, an environmental/astronomical disaster...). They should leave humans ...
  • 149
0 votes
2 answers
106 views

Why did Associate justice Black speak of a Pyrrhic victory?

At the end of the case Beauharnais vs Illinois, the Associate Justice Black said: In his dissenting opinion, Associate Justice Black quoted Pyrrhus of Epirus by alluding to the term Pyrrhic victory: &...
  • 5,486
-1 votes
0 answers
40 views

18th century living history character info?

I've been working on a character for my French and Indian war militia re-enactments. And I was going for a Scottish immigrant. And I have a few questions before I can complete the character. What ...
-1 votes
0 answers
58 views

Were Ivan the Great's (Russian Tsar) soldiers baptised with one hand/arm holding a sword left out of the water?

Heard this used as an illustration and wondered if there are any historical sources to back this claim. Might it have been another ruler/army commander that did this?
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

Was Ottawa, Canada the origin of the "Free Tibet" movement that became world famous in the 80's and 90's?

Free Tibet as a slogan became world-famous starting from 1986-1987 And the only reference I can find as to the sparks that ignited the movement are a demonstration in Ottawa in 1986, where Tibetans ...
2 votes
0 answers
65 views

Did Washington ever impose any sort of investment ban on Nazi germany?

There is archived coverage about multinational companies, headquartered in the US, that have had operations in Nazi Germany, like here. While these multinationals appear to have received some public ...
-1 votes
0 answers
86 views

Did Israel Cite Biblical Justification for the Six-Day War?

I heard someone claim that after the Six-Day War (apparently during the UN meetings which immediately followed in order to hash out a peace agreement), Israel cited the Bible as partial justification ...
-4 votes
0 answers
109 views

Is this statement about the Marranos and Jews who intermarried during Babylonian Exile true?

A few weeks ago I had a question about how R Gottlieb defines breakaways from Judaism, and I ended up receiving an answer from R Gottlieb himself; By a breakaway from Judaism, I mean (A) a group that ...
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