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9 views

How did Alexander die?

Plutarch described the last days of Alexander the Great in his book "Life of Alexander" based on records coming from Eumenes the general secretary of Alexander. Alexander had high ...
4
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1answer
48 views

What was the reason for a sharp decline in life expectancy in XVI century England?

I was checking historical life expectancy and this was one of the charts I found. What was the reason for such a dramatic decline in life expectancy in England in the middle of the XVI century? Is ...
3
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1answer
69 views

What was the fastest coal-powered ship in a country's navy?

The transition from coal to oil fuel as the primary energy source for navy ships took place leading up to and during WWI. The last British battleship to primarily use coal power was the Iron Duke ...
7
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3answers
983 views

Why did the Soviet Union out-pace the US the space-race?

At the end of World War II, the US Government's Operation Paperclip plucked rocket scientists from Germany and brought them to the U.S. to work on military weapons. Most famous among these scientists ...
6
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1answer
420 views

Did drawbacks of egalitarianism or mismanagement cause the rural famine in the Great Leap Forward?

In China "大锅饭" (communal dining in English) implies egalitarianism and slack of people, which is the premise of the statement that the famine is partly due to the laziness of the people. As ...
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2answers
99 views

Could the reference of the “Perfect Year” from Plato indicate that people where tracking celestial objects and stars for at least 30.000 years? [closed]

Provided this wikipedia information regarding the Great Year and Axial precession: Plato (c. 360 BC) used the term "perfect year" to describe the return of the celestial bodies (planets) ...
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0answers
73 views

What was the racial composition of historical American slave labor? [closed]

Were African and African Americans the only race that were used as slave labor in America and if not, what other races were used and how did the demographic change over time? I found some articles ...
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1answer
85 views

Why wasn't the Treaty of Waitangi framed in terms of a feudal exchange, rather than a surrender of sovereignty?

So, I've been doing a bit of reading on Wikipedia about the Treaty of Waitangi and the ensuing New Zealand Wars that resulted when members of both sides broke the terms of the treaties, and I saw that ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the meaning of 'successive dynasties '? [closed]

I know it means one after another, but dynasty means a series of rulers or leaders who are all from the same family. how could one family have two dynasty? I mean, it is same then why successive???
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1answer
157 views

Why didn't the ancient Indians build a wall like China? [closed]

My understanding of invasions of the Indian subcontinent is that they mostly came from central Asia or the Mediterranean. My understanding of the Great Wall(s) of China is that they were constructed ...
4
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0answers
127 views

What did people used to exchange for goods during the 1920s German hyperinflation while the official currency was not trusted

When the 1920s hyperinflation happened, it seemed that the rapid currency devolution is not too hard to see. This must result in the people who own and sell goods distrust the future of the currency; ...
4
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1answer
317 views

What does this sentence from the Romance of the Three Kingdoms mean?

The third paragraph of the first chapter in Romance of the Three Kingdoms (translation by R. Moss), states: On the fifteenth day of the fourth month of the second year of the reign Established Calm [...
-2
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1answer
242 views

After the Cold War, how did Berlin develop so much more rapidly than Moscow?

How did Berlin redevelop so rapidly that today its economy is way better than Moscow's following the Cold War?
2
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1answer
98 views

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea mention Julian calendar in his Chronicle?

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea even mention the Julian calendar in his Chronicle? Chronicle by Eusebius of Caesarea covers period till A.D. 325. Armenian translation of Chronicle ends with the ...
21
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1answer
3k views

Was there an increased interest in 'the spirit world' in the aftermath of the First World War?

In this excellent answer on Literature Stack Exchange, a quote from Alexander Leggatt's 'William Shakespeare's Macbeth' states: The sense that evil forces are at work in Macbeth may be a product of ...
-1
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1answer
122 views

What is the main difference between an Emperor, a King, a Char, a Sultan, a Dictator, a Dynast and a Tyrant? [closed]

They all look the same to me. Monarchies with a different name according to time and place.
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0answers
44 views

Who ruled the Khazars between Tong Yabgu to Irbis, if not Irbis himself?

Tong Yangu khagan finished his reign on 628. Who ruled the Khazars between Tong Yabgu to Irbis, if not Irbis himself?
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1answer
100 views

What are some inventions from the Chinese Han Dynasty? [closed]

I am researching about the Chinese Han Dynasty, and I was looking at some inventions they made. I have a list of them right now that include the kite, endless chain for irrigation, the iron plow, ...
2
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1answer
318 views

What media did Irenaeus used to write his letters?

Eusebius of Caesarea (AD 260/265 – 339/340) in his work Church History (Book V, Chapter 20 "The Writings of Irenaeus against the Schismatics at Rome") said: Irenaeus wrote several letters ...
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0answers
92 views

Why does Russia have the most nukes in the world? [closed]

In the Cold War, Soviets/Russia produced 55,000 nukes and it made 30,000 warheads in 1991. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.2968/066004008#:~:text=Russia%20has%20released%20very%20little,end%...
8
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2answers
2k views

What are the flags in this Yellow Peril Cartoon from Italy?

Can somebody help me to identify the different flags in this Italian Cartoon from 1900?
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0answers
64 views

How did scholarly education work in Song dynasty China?

In Song dynasty China, the Imperial Examinations were held to determine who would become the new government leaders to replace the older hereditary system of power. According to several sources, any ...
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0answers
85 views

Was there a steam locomotive valve gear linked to pistons both in front of and behind the driving wheels, connected to the same set of linking rods?

Has there existed any steam locomotive with a valve gear such that there are pistons both in front of and behind the driving wheels, connected to the same set of linking rods? This would result in ...
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0answers
59 views

Reading Request: Overview of European History [closed]

Are there any good books that give an overview of European history from antiquity (c. 300BC or so) to present (or the turn of the 20th century)? I am new to learning about history and would like ...
2
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0answers
95 views

How often were slaves raised by their parents in 19th century USA?

American slave owners wanted their slaves to have children, but they didn't always allow their slaves to marry, and often sold families piecemeal. About what percentage of slaves were raised by both ...
3
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1answer
784 views

What WW2 German badge is this?

My uncle fought in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany. After he past I found this badge, but don’t know what its for or where it’s from. Can anyone help me figure it out?
2
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2answers
436 views

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement?

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement with Nazi Germany when they knew the nature of Nazi regime? What did they want to obtain by signing this agreement? In 1938/1939, two pacts/...
3
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1answer
240 views

What mining feature is this?

In a former lead mining region of Derbyshire (Just North of Wirksworth) there's this bank of earth running across the side of a hill, with a small "valley" alongside it: It's about 15-20m ...
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0answers
68 views

Did Persian Qanat water system influence Turpan Karez water system?

Based on Wikipedia, the Persian Qanat water system was started in cr. 1000 BC. The Turpan water system, located in modern north-west China, has a similar idea and later it was used on the Silk path ...
2
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1answer
219 views

Who is this Asian figure?

I’m looking for help in identifying this figure. I bought this box at a thrift store a few years back because it was silver and because it looked nice. Every once in a while, curiosity hits me as I ...
2
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1answer
180 views

What organization/agency/unit wore this uniform?

The woman in the attached photo worked as a teletype operator for the Army Air Corps on Geiger Field, near Spokane, Washington 1941-44. I don’t believe that she was enlisted, but worked in a civilian ...
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1answer
181 views

Did the Celts come to England from France and Belgium?

I apologize for this ridiculous question. I have little knowledge of European history. The following is a passage from Charles Dickens' A Child's History of England: "But the Phoenicians, sailing ...
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1answer
224 views

How was the Cuban military capable of performing African interventions?

Cuba has led many interventions in Africa during the Cold War: Instructors sent in Angola Up to 400 000 soldiers, including instructors, tank brigades, air wings in Angola to help the fight against ...
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1answer
189 views

Why did some 18-19C. educated Caucasian American males have weird first names? [closed]

I'm cherry picking white male military officers, politicians, judges because their professions required them to be literate, and their first names probably weren't typos by their parents. Some of ...
5
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1answer
161 views

Was Walden Pond ever the primary source for rail transported ice?

In his survey of global railway history, Blood, Iron, and Gold, Christian Wolmar, lists ice among the many surprising commodities transformed by rail transport: Another somewhat bizarre example, ...
-2
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0answers
88 views

What would the Hero's Engine have been made of?

If it was made of copper, could they make copper pipes. If it was made of Terracotta, would it have been strong enough?
2
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1answer
170 views

What uniform is this chap wearing?

I'm trying to identify the uniform the chap in this photo is wearing. The photo was taken I believe about WW1 period. The reverse has the inscription 'The Count' Letta's fiance. I know who Letta is ...
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0answers
93 views

How did the civil calendar evolve?

Questions When did the lunar-inspired subdivisions of months - the kalends, nones, and ides - and the system of counting down to them, fall into disuse, to be replaced with the modern system of ...
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0answers
75 views

How could England's sporting links with South Africa help reduce apartheid?

All boldenings are mine – what were supporting evidence? I'm befuddled because boycotting South Africa under apartheid was the default and more intuitive standpoint. In Wheeler v. Leicester City ...
17
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1answer
457 views

Why are some later Mayan scripts unintelligible?

Many of the [Maya's] greatest cities emptied, as did much of the countryside around them. Incredibly, some of the last inscriptions are gibberish, as if scribes had lost the knowledge of writing and ...
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0answers
108 views

Why didn't Louis XVI print money prior to the French revolution?

I'm currently reading "Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution" by Simon Schama. It is an ok book. There is a lot of divergence into the culture leading up to the revolution, which ...
-2
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1answer
191 views

Why didn't the Soviets keep their encircled forces supplied by airlifting supplies? [closed]

I was watching a video on World War 2 and learned that the Nazis kept their encircled troops supplied by air for weeks, till the pocket was liberated. I also know that earlier in the war, Soviet ...
5
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1answer
258 views

What is the historical origin of the Jewish Sabbath?

The Jewish Sabbath is presented in the Old Testament: 8 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord ...
5
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1answer
186 views

Were there any local or regional elections in Nazi Germany?

There were Reichstag elections in 1933 (twice), 1936 and 1938. There was an election for Berlin's city parliament in March 1933 (as seems to have been the case everywhere in Prussia), but apparently ...
5
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0answers
105 views

What is the name of the Egyptian temple which had a secret / fake voice projection chamber?

I've been touring Egypt a few years ago, and visited many temples. In one of them, I was shown a chamber, and a little passage which apparently went behind the chamber and allowed the priest to ...
18
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4answers
9k views

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

I found that the Third International sponsored a worldwide transformation of former “socialist” parties (that was concretely related to the rejection of so-called “reformism”, to be somewhat upgraded ...
0
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0answers
79 views

If Aristotle said “Birds of a feather flock together,” why is it attributed to Plato?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is found: Not a few things about friendship are matters of debate. Some define it as a kind of likeness and say like people are friends, whence come the sayings '...
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1answer
138 views

What date format was used at Pompeii around the Mt Vesuvius eruption

I saw a recent television commercial with a modern person at the Mt Vesuvius eruption asking a Pompeii resident the year. The resident answers with 79 AD. But I thought the zero point for the BC/AD ...
1
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1answer
162 views

Was there regular contact by the general population between the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic during the second half of the 17th Century?

Was there commercial or social interactions between the general populations of the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands after the Eighty Years War? Would a person living in Aardenburg, ...
0
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1answer
189 views

Were Russians less racist than I thought? [closed]

I recently found out that Alexander Pushkin's great grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal, came from Africa and was black. Apparently he was abducted as a slave and given to Peter the great as a gift, ...

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