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72 views

Where can I find English letters written to someone's superior to commend that someone, between 1700-1900?

I'm trying to find missives written in Modern English between 1700-1900, where after Person 1 helps Person 2 with something, P2 writes P1's superior (call her P3) to commend P1. I'm hoping to read ...
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111 views

Why were the Amarna letters written on clay tablets?

Papyrus had been known for 1500 years when the Amarna letters were written on clay tablets. Why were they written on clay and not papyrus?
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46 views

What were the demographics of New Orleans in the 1890s?

What were the demographics of New Orleans in the 1890s? Population, race, born overseas vs born in the US, that sort of thing. And what would be the best source to do more research about New Orleans ...
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44 views

What are some important female names who participated in the first human genome sequencing project?

Specifically, females involved in the human sequencing project, from between 1990 and early 2000s (I'm especially interested in medical doctors, but tech experts or of other branches of science are ...
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147 views

What is the current scholastic view of The Black Hole of Calcutta?

This is a well known event so Black Hole of Calcutta should suffice. I did a unit of Indian history a long time ago. My textbook was similar to the wikipedia entry. But at the time I read somewhere ...
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77 views

Were there any Europeans in Algeria before 1830 and did they become a majority in Algiers after the conquest by the French?

Europeans in Algeria constituted a very considerable portion of the population from the conquest in 1830. Indeed, there were in fact more people from Spain and Portugal than from France it seems. ...
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33 views

Did you have any information about the Muslim past of Kannauj (Qannauj), India?

Kannauj (also sometimes spelled as Qannauj/ Qanooj) is one of India's most ancient cities. It was a centre of Dharmic civilisation ( Hindu and Buddhist) and was also one of the first cities in India ...
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72 views

Iron or steel melting in ancient time

How did people from the ancient world, like Warring States period China, melt a high temperature metal like iron when the high temp crucible was not even invented nor having a fire source hot enough ...
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60 views

When were differing hemispheric seasons first understood?

When did people - scientists or philosophers - first realise/discover/understand that the seasons in the southern hemisphere were the opposite to those in the northern hemisphere? Additionally, when ...
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84 views

How much would it cost to bribe a prison warden in New England in the year 1800?

The value of money from one decade to another is a very confusing topic - in my opinion, anyway. For instance, something called the CPI Inflation Calculator states that $1 in 1800 was the equivalent ...
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99 views

How many of the secret agents betrayed by Aldrich Ames were executed during Gorbachev's tenure?

Basically, I've always been a big fan of Gorbachev and, knowing that the CIA spies spying on the USSR were betrayed right before his arrival on the Soviet political scene, I was wondering if he had ...
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78 views

Which countries/empires other than European/US saw an active movement to abolish slavery?

Note: There is a similar question about ancient times, prior to 500 AD. So I'll fix the timeline for this question from 500 AD to the time of abolition of slavery in USA. I've learned (despite best ...
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65 views

Percentages of wealthy and educated European immigrants to the US through out history?

I'm interested in knowing the percentages of wealthy and educated European immigrants to the US through out the country's history, but I can't find that online. I'll leave the definition of being ...
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100 views

For the French Army under Jean Martinet (d1672) how and why were cavalry used instead of infantry?

For France's army of the period of Jean Martinet (d1672) in the Early modern, how and why were cavalry used instead of infantry? In European warfare the default company is the infantry company. This ...
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1answer
90 views

What was the role of Midnapore town in present day West Bengal of India in the armed struggle for freedom in Bengal province of British India?

The famous extremist freedom fighter Khudiram Bose from Midnapore who was the first extremist freedom fighter in British India to be hung is quite famous. Who were all the famous extremist freedom ...
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104 views

Had Andrade read the work of Vasconcelos?

José Vasconcelos published The Cosmic Race in 1925. In his view Mexico could construct a new, better race from the diverse origins of its people. Oswald de Andrade published his Anthropophagic ...
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220 views

Has a small group ever made or attempted a false flag against a government?

I think it's common for governments to make false flags against small groups, but has it ever happened the other way? Has some small militia or some other civilian group made some attack and ...
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118 views

When was William Manchester institutionalized?

William Manchester is most famous for writing the Death of a President (1967). I showed my neighbor a book of his because he is a history buff. He said that he knew of him because his mother cared for ...
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122 views

What was this major foreign policy reversal by the Vatican in the Middle Ages?

I made a note about something, but now I can't find it. It was a major shift in the political situation of Europe in the late Middle Ages. Initially one country was the hegemon and the pope organized ...
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76 views

Which Roman towns (outside of Italy) have been very well preserved?

Are there Roman towns within Europe, North Africa and/or the Middle East that have been very well preserved? I am not referring to a specific temple, theater or stadium, but actual towns/(or small ...
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49 views

Who was the Englishman working in 1818 at Mission San Carlos?

Vasili Golovnin wrote in "Around the World on the Kamchatka": In the morning many of our officers and I went to the San Carlos Mission which is about five miles from Monterey on a small river and ...
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292 views

Did the rebels in the American War of Independence acknowledge English Civil War rebel groups as an influence on their thinking?

I asked before about Cromwell, who it seems was viewed negatively. What about the ideas of people like the Levellers, or more general republican ideas that existed in England at that time?
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2answers
362 views

Earliest Traces of Slavery

The earliest example I know is from Sumer. That would be the earliest example of institutionalized slavery, because that's (one of) the earliest forms of urbanized civilization. However, what's the ...
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98 views

What happened to the Muslim community of Lucera?

According to Wikipedia, In Lucera (Lucaera Saracenorum or Lugêrah as it was known in Arabic), the de facto political and cultural capital of these Islamic communities and also an important ...
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61 views

Lucius Lucullus etc among Etruscans and Romans- evidence for Trojan/ Lycian origin?

Isn’t the extreme popularity of names like Lucius and Lucullus indicative of at least where some ancestors were from, maybe Lycia-I have long wondered if classical Romans had as common knowledge much ...
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1answer
145 views

Were there any Muslims left in the Indian side of the Punjab after the 1947 riots?

As is well-known to those acquainted with the history of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, there were large-scale riots in Punjab in 1947 when the province of the British Indian colony was partitioned along ...
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1answer
101 views

What was the military equipment of a soldier of the Cholan Empire at its peak?

Well from what I've read, there is no specific mention to the sorts of equipment used by a Cholan soldier. There's really only info about how the army was structured. From descriptions of armies of ...
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1answer
210 views

Can anyone identify this sword?

It's been around for years in the attic and I would love to find out where it's from. Thank you.
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71 views

Is it possible to look at Churchill's speeches and get to know the British culture?

Basically, is it possible to look at Churchill's speeches and get to know the British culture just by looking at his speeches?
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1answer
121 views

How was the manorial system a consequence of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire?

last week I had this question in my test and I had trouble with it, I searched on the internet about this but not any website has a useful explanation. My question was: How was the manorial system ...
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1answer
205 views

Could someone become Empress in China more than once?

I read a fictional story before where an empress was wrongly accused of black magic. The emperor loved her so much but the investigation didn't go deeper because the ministers were trying convince the ...
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1answer
120 views

In Renaissance Italy, was there any legal recourse against plagiarism?

In earlier days unlike today mathematicians didn't reveal their findings or formulas they came up with as they would use them in things like sort of maths competitions. An example is- In the 16th ...

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