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131 views

Do any of the commercially produced Hinton cubes still exist?

In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, British mathematician Charles Howard Hinton developed a system for visualizing the fourth dimension in his books “A New Era of Thought” and “The Fourth Dimension”. ...
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240 views

Why are stamps put in the top-right corner of post?

I've recently been sending a few letters and one of them has not been delivered yet, and I don't think I stuck the stamp in the top-right corner of the letter. So does it matter if a stamp is not ...
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362 views

What was Pope Innocent VIII's reaction to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews in 1492?

What was the reaction of the Pope of the Catholic Church to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews of Spain on March 31, 1492? Did Pope Innocent VIII (d. July 25, 1492) condemn publicly Spain's decree? ...
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105 views

Who would have used this c1890s canvas bag?

I have an OLD canvas bag measuring 14 x 11", opens to two pouches. It has a leather strap on the back that makes it look like it was possibly used as a backpack. Printed on the front is "2 SEP.CO. ...
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245 views

Why did the UK use hewn stone cubes for homes far more often than France?

Why did the UK use hewn stone cubes (ashlar masonry) for homes far more often than France in the previous centuries? It would be rare to find this kind of rustic stone (rubble masonry ) in the UK, ...
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143 views

Where did the SOE agents sit in the 161 squadron Short Stirlings?

If this question is better suited for a more aviation-oriented forum, please let me know. During World War II SOE agents were dropped into occupied Europe by No. 161 squadron of the RAF. This ...
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202 views

Did purging occur during the American revolution?

Every nation that has revolutionized in the last 150 years has undergone major turmoil including the jailing and execution of dissidents. France and Russian revolutions were both famously violent ...
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134 views

Confusion on the Tabulation of Casualties on the Eastern Front of WW2, Particularly at the Battle of Kursk

I've been reading a good bit on the Soviet-Axis war of World War 2 as of late. Something that continually strikes me is the large variation in casualties for any given operation or battle that ...
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73 views

Were priests in politics in New Spain?

In the the Spanish Empire generally, the royal state and the state church were tightly coupled. One hierarchy supposedly answered to the Viceroy and then the King; the other to the Archbishop and the ...
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122 views

What could explain the myth (or truth) of drunken defenders during the battle of the plains of Abraham?

I have come across popular references towards the sodden or sozzled state of the French and Canadien defenders of Quebec City during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Mostly, these references are ...
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162 views

Were princes and other large landowners motivated to support the Reformation by the frequency of Church holidays?

Church holidays or holy days were very frequent in the middle ages. Here is one link Medieval Holidays that testifies this: "The rural population of the Middle Ages had their days of rest and ...
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192 views

Did Popes publicly call for any assassinations other than that of Elizabeth I?

According to encyclopedia.com, following on the Protestant Reformation, In 1580, outraged at the deaths of Catholic missionaries, Pope Gregory XIII made a pronouncement that encouraged Elizabeth's ...
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269 views

How many female monarchs used masculine titles?

Historically there are examples of females using the same titles as males without gender modification, going back thousands of years. But I am not certain how many of these examples actually used the ...
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179 views

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland?

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland? (Not just Northern Ireland) I'm specifically interested in datasets that, for each point/area in the UK/...
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188 views

Are “pots of memory” an historical custom?

I found a term "pots of memory" in a novel. I searched on the web but I could not find any clues. The novel, "Kokushikan Satsujinjiken" by Mushitaro Oguri was published 1934 in Japan and people ...
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231 views

What did “Dr.” after a person's or a business's name mean around the turn of the 20th Century?

I am putting together a historical presentation about a late-19th / early 20th-century U. S. ruralite who was involved in many things including operating a general store. I have seen the abbreviation "...
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107 views

In 1940s/50s how did refugees earn US citizenship?

I'm writing a piece about a polish refugee at the start of WW2 and I am trying to figure out the process for an unaccompanied minor, whose parents are supposed to be dead if that makes a difference, ...
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255 views

In epic migrations, why keep going?

Over time human cultures tend to naturally migrate, influenced by various push and pull factors. According to the gravity model of migration and specifically the concept of distance decay, very few of ...
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106 views

History of the Ruins near Chagyl in Turkmenistan

In the Balkan Region of Turkmenistan, there is a small (possibly abandoned) modern village built on top of what looks to be some sort of ancient ruins near the remote town of Chagyl. (Some of the ...
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238 views

How did samurai keep their blade effective when away from any sharpening tools?

I was wondering, regardless of the type of blade, how did samurais keep their blade effective when they are away from any sharpening tools / professionals. Coming from daily using a Japanese chef ...
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149 views

How many instances of the Writs of Assistance were there? Are there any documented instances?

I have been in general frustrated by the lack of easily available documentation surrounding the 1760 Writs of Assistance, and the Writs of Assistance as they appear today in UK legislation, as pointed ...
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101 views

Economic aftermath in Europe and the Middle East of the Black Death

The following excerpt is from Blinkist's summary of The Silk Roads by Peter Frankopan: Europe after the plague was an altogether different place. The population had fallen dramatically, but this ...
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153 views

Who is second from the left in the photo of the Salonika Trial Indictees (1917)?

In the wikipedia entry for the Salonika Trial, which proceeded from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there's this photo: Indictees at the Salonika trial, after the verdict. Does ...
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76 views

Who was the Halach Uinik of Can Pech?

Who was the ruler (Halach Uinik) of the pre-conquest Mayan state (Kuchkabal) of Can Pech around the beginning of the 16th century? If not the individual, the dynasty?
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321 views

Identify Olympic Coin with USA and Japan flags

A friend has found a coin which has been a hassle to identify. It is a silver coin, which on one side has a Japanese flag and an USA flag crossed. On the reverse side is the Olympic Rings and some ...
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1k views

How is Phi Beta Kappa and Skull and Bones historically connected to Sigma Pi Phi fraternity also known as the Boulé?

According to the history of Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity also known as the Boulé the organization was founded in 1904 by Henry McKee Minton and five other men Sigma Pi Phi fraternity was formed in ...
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174 views

How did native Australians arrive at the continent 65000 years ago?

How did native Australians arrive at the continent 65000 years ago? If by crossing the seas either from Africa or from South Asia, how did they navigate? How advanced might have been their knowledge ...
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355 views

French Revolutionary figure who thought apes could oversee black slaves?

I'm operating off of fuzzy memory for this question but I know I have encountered this bizarre (and offensive: fair warning) historical figure who I am inquiring about here before in my previous ...
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546 views

When did the British gentry stop wearing wigs?

I'm researching dress in 18th century Britain. This article claims the following: "Brits stopped wearing wigs after William Pitt levied a tax on hair powder in 1795." The date seems odd to me, ...
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104 views

Did nomadic Bedouins outnumber sedentary Arabs in 7th century Arabian peninsula?

In the present states like UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, were there more nomadic people than sedentary or settled Arab peoples during the 7th century?
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157 views

When did office chairs get their fifth wheel?

Modern swiveling office chairs almost universally have five wheels on five legs, while vintage chairs often have only four. The fifth wheel adds a lot of stability against tipping over; the physics ...
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578 views

How common were duels in the Tokugawa Japan?

It is my understanding that during Tokugawa era Japan, Samurai could and would occasionally engage in duels to the death. But how often? Do we know from any record keeping how common deadly duels were?...
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392 views

Are there pictures expressing anti-occupation sentiment directed at British Forces in Germany before 1990?

Researching the history of the British Army of the Rhine it seems difficult to locate pictures of certain aspects regarding the German view of these times and troops. The Rhine Army or Rhine Garrison ...
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120 views

How did life for commoners in Okinawa change with the Satsuma invasion?

In 1609, the kingdom of Ryukyu which covers what is today known as Okinawa, was invaded by the Japanese Satsuma clan. How did this affect the everyday life of commoners (Everybody not noble or a ...
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113 views

What is this griffin-like creature labelling a lunar mansion in the Zubdat al-Tawarikh?

While looking for astronomy-related things I found out about this Turkish history manuscript from 1583 called the Zubdat al-Tawarikh or "History of the World". One of the first things in it is an ...
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178 views

To what extent does the popular memory of Bismarck today differ from the historical reality?

I'm interested in what discrepancies there may be, between the reality of Bismarck versus the image created in the Collective Memory of Germans. In what ways does the popular impression of Bismark ...
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330 views

Why did ZANU (instead of ZAPU) come to power after the Rhodesian Bush War?

Given recent events in Zimbabwe I am curious about the country's origins, and have been reading various articles on Wikipedia. Principally this on the Rhodesian Bush War. I would like to know why ...
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120 views

Was Voltaire actually present at the British Raid on Lorient in 1746, which was attended by David Hume?

Voltaire wrote a satirical account of the raid at which Hume himself was personally in attendance with General St Clair. However, it is difficult to find out if Voltaire was actually an eyewitness ...
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797 views

Navaratnas(9 Gems) of legendary emperor of ancient India Vikramaditya

Were there any criteria on which a person could become one of the Navratnas of Chandragupta Vikramaditya or Chandragupta-ll I have found another source about the Navaratnas. You can refer here
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414 views

How did the Prussians work out what fraction of the population to recruit to the military?

Here's a quote from a teacher and author John Taylor Gatto, which I found intriguing: The military which is quite an expensive institution to maintain even in times of peace is always constituted ...
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321 views

Is the letter attributed to have been sent by Muhammad to the Byzantine Emperor authentic?

Wikipedia article shows a letter that is claimed be sent from Muhammad to the Emperor of Byzantine Empire. But it doesn't have any information about authenticity of the letter as in if it is ...
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345 views

What were the rules for guards in Schindler's factories?

Oscar Schindler was able to leverage money for influence to protect the prisoners in his factories. In addition to barring guards from his factory floor, he was able to influence when a guard could ...
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241 views

Why didn't the Chinese or Indians recapture Malacca in 1511?

Portugal took Malacca in 1511 and took control of the spice trade between China and India. They seem to have met little effective resistance and no other state seems to have done anything about it. ...
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126 views

Quote on other cultures from Greek scholar

I can remember from my Greek / Latin classes that a scholar from antiquity once wrote that to write about another culture shows more about the writer himself than about the other culture However, ...
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122 views

What's the story behind the making of the Complutensian Polyglot Bible?

The Complutensian Polyglot Bible was the first printed polyglot of the entire Bible and was, from what I can gather, a pretty complex scholarly effort in which many different scholars had to come ...
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95 views

What type and size of paper, and corresponding to which modern font, would have been used for typewriters in 1896?

I am going to be doing a first-person performance of an 1896 lecture; the subject being "impersonated" (Mark Twain) sometimes carried sheaves of paper onto the platform; some of these sheets contained ...
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84 views

Is there evidence to suggest movement of a pre-modern people group from South America to New Caledonia?

Recently we toured the New Calendonia culture centre. Our guide pointed to this marking on a rock, and said: My wife did a Masters in History in Canberra, and other experts have found rocks with ...
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367 views

When was the name of the Mexican war changed to Mexican-American war?

I learned recently (by having an answer marked wrong in Pub Quiz) that the conflict which was called the Mexican War when I was in school is now called the Mexican-American War. My question: When, ...
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154 views

Why was the seventh day of the week in Quichua named after the sun?

In Tawantinsuyu, Incan society had a seven day week. The days could be enumerated as following: Monday: AWAKI puncha Tuesday: AWKARIK puncha Wednesday: CHILLAY puncha Thursday: KULLKA puncha ...
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170 views

Housing Materials, Structure and Style in the late Middle Ages in Germany

So my friend and I are coming to develop an Age of Empires-esque game set in the late Middle Ages. Like any good developers we're doing our research first and we've come up with some issues. When ...

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