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21

The inscriptions are (note that the S's are backwards): Obverse (bear) - MONETA BERNENSIS (coinage of Bern) Reverse (cross) - SANCTVS VINCENCIVS (Saint Vincent) (The style of lettering can be compared, with, for example, a 14th-century brooch shown here on page 2, also with reversed S's and closed-up E's; with a 1497 inscription showing A's with the same ...


10

Yes, they might have to crew a carronade. A R Leonard points out, most of the time gun crews are not crewing guns. Crewing a gun is their secondary role. Their primary role can be anything. Guns require so many people to crew them, and there's only so much space on a ship, that everyone must have multiple roles. But those roles would be basically the same: ...


2

Hard to be sure for the first half of the century (see bottom) - but for the second half: absolutely. Two total solar eclipses, just 28 months apart in April 1652 and August 1654, were visible across virtually all of Europe with paths of totality crossing Great Britain. I find it inconceivable that such events were not retold endlessly, until all who had ...


4

“ . . . Would there be anything different a gun crew would be doing aboard a ship . . .” Yes, of course, the gun crews did not sit around to their guns all day on the chance the enemy may come over the horizon. Easily 95% of the time at sea was spent under plain sail going from point A to point B or, perhaps, maintaining one’s position in a blockade ...


2

The tasks to be performed by a gun crew depend on the type of gun, and the mount it's on. If the 17th-century Dutch ship had muzzle-loaders on 4-wheeled carriages, then the tasks its gun crews needed to perform would be the same as for Constitution. However, the distribution of those tasks between the members of a gun crew might well be different. Those ...


3

My main comment is that, particularly in the second clip, there are too many gun servers. HMS Victory had an establishment of 821 crew, broken down roughly as follows for battle stations: 9 commissioned officers, whose station would be on the quarterdeck except as specifically assigned elsewhere. 146 Marines (@135) and officers (@11) who would all be on ...


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