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90

Prohibition was enacted largely at the behest of pressure groups. This was a very new political tactic in the US where a group uses an emotional issue to create themselves a sizable cadre of single-issue voters, who they can deploy surgically to unseat any politician who isn't in a completely safe district who opposes them. Arguably this tactic had been ...


19

At times, it was, but not in the period that movie is depicting. One should note that there were three organizations under that name in different historical periods. While similar in their goals, they were still quite different. In the period the movie is depicting, the KKK of 1920s was primarily a political organization uniting white Protestants against ...


13

The context for this specific photo was that a number of Japanese-Americans had been looking for housing in Hollywood, where they worked in menial positions. In response, white residents formed something called the "Hollywood Protective Association" in 1923 and campaigned to "keep Hollywood white".1 This is a photo of a member of that organisation, pointing ...


10

Actually, it was the formal occupation of Manchuria by Japan that began in 1931. But prior to this, the Japanese victory in the Russo-Japanese war led 1) to the Japanese occupation of Korea, 2) the withdrawal of Russia from Manchuria, and 3) the "infiltration" of Japanese into the resulting power vacuum in Manchuria. In 1914, Japan joined the allies in ...


9

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression? No. The stock market crash was most likely a serious contributory factor in the onset of the Great Depression. However, it did not "effectively cause" the economy to implode - there were serious pre-existing weaknesses in the late 1920s economy. In fact a recession was already ...


9

The thought processes was that each employed woman was taking that job away from an unemployed man. With unemployment rampant, this was the time leading into the depression in the US, and economic collapse in Germany(not sure where your question is referencing in particular), it seemed more important to lower the overall unemployment rate. You can find ...


8

This question suffers from a minimal misconception. The person that Roberts refers to is not a surname but a first name. The person was an architect and his full name was Robert Lederer. He published for example in the journal "Moderne Bauformen 4/1931" about "Robert Lederer u. J. R. Davidson: Zwei Schnellrestaurants in Berlin und Los Angeles" and built ...


6

I asked Dr. Moser, who provided the following, and permitted me to post it here. There were some in 1928-29 who suggested that an Anglo-American war was a distinct possibility. The quote itself comes from an issue of Literary Digest (vol. 100, February 9, 1929, pp. 5-7). See also Christopher Hall, Britain, America and Arms Control, 1921-37 (1987), William ...


6

The word "aspirin" for long was used as an euphemism for "condoms". To speak about condoms was considered indecent. They were sold at the same place - drugstore, and in small paper packages, as aspirin. So, the word "aspirin" started to be used as an euphemism. There was even an old anecdote about it: An interview in the television study for a position ...


5

That map would appear to be misleading. A much more detailed website about the flight, charleslindbergh.com, reckons that he flew over England. He said he'd flown a compass course from Cape Valencia and Dingle Bay, where he'd fixed an accurate position, to Paris.


5

This is probably far too late to be of use to you, but may help others in the future. To expand on another answer, many US telephone directories did indeed have lists of long-distance charges from their local network. For example, this extract is from the May 1920 edition of the New York City (including all boroughs) Telephone Directory: with the ...


5

During the early 20th century in the US, a strong nativist movement developed in response to increased immigration from Eastern Europe and Asia. The Immigration Act of 1921 and the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act of 1924 limited European immigration to 3% and then 2% of the total US population of the immigrants nation of origin. In the West, laws prevented ...


5

This was a 1920s era diatribe against "all" Asian people, not a World War II slogan against Japanese. It came during the era of the American eugenics movement, which sought to "purify" the white race. It went further than the 1890s "separate but equal" movements in the American South to separate blacks and whites. "Purity," in this context, meant trying to ...


5

The aircraft is a Howard DGA-18, and the pilot might be Earl Shaw of Dade County, FL based on the FAA registration number history. The FAA stopped issuing "NC" (the C stands for "civil") numbers in 1948, although the earliest registration record in the FAA database is from 1955. The airframe (serial number 602) was manufactured in 1941, so best guess on ...


5

I found a translation of this book online. It's a 1920s Soviet sci-fi novel about a special light that makes things grow fast. It doesn't appear to be particularly rooted in science. Here's the two references in the text I found. They only had one electric revolver, but it was good protection. A 1927 model, the pride of French technology for shooting at ...


5

In the United States, we have specialists who treat lung conditions called respiratory therapists. My mother was one in the 1990's and she said it was very difficult to convince many elderly patients with asthma to quit smoking since they had been told by their doctors in their youth it improved their asthma. She dealt with hundreds of patients with lung ...


5

Asthma cigarettes were an actual treatment at the time - I don't know if the scriptwriters, or history, knew whether the prescription was for tobacco or stramonium cigarettes. It's unlikely anyone believed tobacco had any medical purpose at that time, though its dangers were still largely unknown. Stramonium, on the other hand, was a well known cure for ...


5

The expression shown above is meant to convey sweetness and naivety. It represents the ingénue, a role that was popular in early film, which depicts an unsophisticated yet charming young woman. The ingenue served as a contrast to femme fatale characters, or the ‘vamp’ archetype. By the late 20’s these two roles evolved with changing tastes, resulting in ...


4

As many smokers might know, this herb will sooth the need to cough. A need that it itself contributes to. Short time effects in a habituated individual are the opposite of its long term effects. Believing in a effect you can experience yourself is not difficult. When this herb was "discovered" by the Europeans they quickly inquired into all of its ...


4

If the immigration scare that led to the 1924 act was that the majority of migrants no longer came from "desirable" previous patterns from northern and western Europe but instead had changed to "undesirable" sources in southern and eastern Europe, then basing quotas on migrant populations on earlier desirable patterns was an obvious attempt to change back to ...


4

The use of the 1890 census was a temporary and transitional measure. It was expected to last three years until a new, more complex formula could be implemented on the basis of 1920 data. So the purpose was to begin reducing overall immigration immediately (starting July 1, 1924) while the data was being analyzed according to the new formula. The old ...


4

The 1920s were after the (First World) war. Soldiers were coming home from the front. The majority were "bachelors" but quite a few of them had wives. "Society" needed jobs for these returning soldiers. In some cases, a wife worked because her husband had been killed or incapacited in the war. But if her husband were "able" and working, it was considered "...


4

If your character is going to the British Library, I can tell you how they store newspapers which they never bothered to film. I went there to read the news magazine Cavalcade, and the magazines are all bundled up together in hardbound books, one per year. The binding looks old, like it was done back in the 30s when they came out.


4

This goes back much further than the 1920s. White America was quite racist up until the civil rights battles of the 1960s (and this racism continues to this day). The sole dissenting voice against the Civil Rights Cases and Plessy v. Ferguson, John Marshall Harlan, wrote in his dissent of Plessy v. Ferguson that In view of the constitution, in the eye of ...


4

Depending on the date of this offer, an explanation could be made to why Reza Khan, future Palavi, did not take into account the offer of Ataturk as an agression. The putsch made by Reza Khan in 1921 did not immediately led to the destitution of the Shah, this one being officially made in 1925. Another point is that the former shah of Iran, in the end of ...


4

The reason appears to be the devastation, particularly agricultural, that took place as a result of World War I. By the end the war, Germany and the former Austrian Empire were on the verge of starvation, and the Allies were also short of food. Under such circumstances, food would be particularly valuable, and command higher prices than usual. Denmark was ...


4

Foreign countries didn't think the Beer Hall Putsch was significant at the time. It is only significant in retrospect: we know it's important because we know that Hitler would become leader of Germany 10 years later. They didn't know that. Their assessment was not wrong, because it was not (yet) inevitable or even likely that Hitler would gain power. His ...


3

Most Japanese migration to Manchuria occurred after its occupation and the establishment of Manchukuo in 1931, when it was state-sponsored, and mostly poor rural colonists. But there were smaller-scale migrations before that, numbering in the tens of thousands. During the 1920s, Japan's major commercial venture in Manchuria would be the South Manchurian ...


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