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96

The Hindenburg was originally built with 25 double-berthed cabins which accommodated up to 50 passengers. While the ship was laid up in Frankfurt during the winter of 1936-1937, 9 more cabins were added, accommodating an additional 20 passengers. The capacity was then 70 fare-paying passengers. The arrangement of cabins on the Hindenburg in 1936 is shown ...


31

At the time, Henry Suzzallo's National Encyclopedia claimed that: The Swedish Academy decided not to award the Nobel Prize in Literature this year, declaring that no single person in the field of literature merited the award in 1935. Whether this was accurate, it would not have been terribly unusual. The Peace Prize was likewise not awarded in 1935; it ...


29

Never look at history with your own 'modern' perceptions! In those days there were only 2 ways to cross the Atlantic: by ship or by zeppelin. A ship took longer than a zeppelin. Everybody crossed by ship. The zeppelin was as new as space travel now is, so the rich and famous preferred it. If only to show off they could afford it. Boring? Today 4 days seems a ...


25

It is Tannu Tuva. When Mongolia broke out from China in 1911, this little territory was separated from China (which was in a state of internal turmoil during the first years of the Republic of China) but was not claimed by Mongolia. In practice, Tannu Tuva was a Soviet satellite country, only the Soviet Union and Mongolia recognized it. Stalin annexed it ...


19

At times, it was, but not in the period that movie is depicting. One should note that there were three organizations under that name in different historical periods. While similar in their goals, they were still quite different. In the period the movie is depicting, the KKK of 1920s was primarily a political organization uniting white Protestants against ...


18

FDR was not the first president to come to power during a financial "panic" (aka: Recession or Depression). However, he was the first one after the advent of modern economics, and he was listening to the new economists. Economically, banning private holding of gold had the effect of propping up the US currency. Normally in hard times (and I think 1933 ...


16

Airships.net has a page which documents the flights of the Hindenburg. It includes dates, departures, and arrivals and has maps showing the eastbound and westbound flight-paths taken: (click to enlarge) I assume the numbers on the charts represent the 10 flights to/from Lakehurst in 1936. The fourth flight of 1936 (June 30 - July 2) was actually the ...


15

Of course. It wasn't much of a secret. Some 85% of the Soviet military's top positions were removed; the scale alone makes it rather impossible to hide. In fact, knowledge that Stalin had decapitated his own army's backbone was one of the factors motivating Nazi Germany to invade. But not only did [the Great Purges] do incalculable damage to the future ...


13

It's accurate to say it wasn't much of a battle. The bridge was only lightly defended by two sections of the Sichuan clique's 24th Army, an extremely poor quality regional unit. There is no claim in Chinese sources that the defenders possessed machine guns, which would have been quite out of the ordinary for such subpar units. Their main defense preparation ...


12

This question has had me curious for the longest time. It seems I have finally dug something up. I site this document which is a UCLA 1935-1936 Student Catalog From Page 59 The College of Letters and Science , with a curriculum leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts It seems the curriculum for a BA was divided into three parts (quoted from page 59)...


11

As always, the uniform would differ from one school to another school. But in the Showa period (1920s-1985) school uniforms is highly characterized by a strong influence from the military - especially the navy. Japan had been in rigorous military transformation since the start of Meiji period (1868), and it is reflected in the education system it produced - ...


10

It is a politically charged issue and it really depends on the economic and political side of the fence you're on (T.E.D gave the Keynesian view). As someone who's libertarian on most financial/economic policies, I see it as detrimental and that we're still feeling the negative effects of it today. As Alan Greenspan put it in Gold and Economic Freedom... ...


10

Update Here is a 1931 overview map of Bavaria (click on the link Zur historischen Karte im DigiTool-Viewer) appearing to show the municipal (ie gemeinden) divisions, labelled as Bezirksamtsgr(enze). Your required time-frame is uncertain, so I am not sure if that is early enough for your need. Translations: Landesgrenze => national borders Kreisgrenze => ...


9

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression? No. The stock market crash was most likely a serious contributory factor in the onset of the Great Depression. However, it did not "effectively cause" the economy to implode - there were serious pre-existing weaknesses in the late 1920s economy. In fact a recession was already ...


9

The short answer is that there was little in the way of pre-defined tools, but the government could rely on its governing and legislative powers to intervene on an ad-hoc basis. There was no coherent banking system in 1933 China. The concept of "reserve requirements" as we know it today did not exist - banks maintained a specie reserve to back their private ...


9

Yes, by 1936 Stalin was firmly in control. In fact, any non-underground opposition was officially finished by the XVII Congress of the CPSU in 1934 - there, all the leaders of the former opposition (like Bukharin, Zinoviev, Kamenev) basically submitted to Stalin, all their speeches can be briefly summed up as "We were wrong, Great Leader, please don't kill ...


8

Traditionally most municipalities in the USA select their jury pool based on their state's voter rolls. That is in fact how Alabama does it today. This is probably chiefly for convenience sake. A state's voter registrations is about the only convenient database of "of age" residents and where they live that the state (and everyone in it) has access to. ...


8

As it is so often the case, an official reason given might not be the real reason for why something happened. In the case of the Nobel committee of that era, it is indeed the quasi official word that not a single suitable candidate was considered fit to receive the prize. Another inquiring mind has asked this question before and claims to have had this ...


6

I am not a Marxist Political Economist. I am a Marxist labour historian. When I relate to economic history, I can only really talk about the way in which capitalism actually functions (with reference to the truth systems of academia) from a "firm level" or "proletarian" perspective. This question would require a Marxist political economist to answer it in ...


6

The Western authorities on this are Robert Conquest (Harvest of Sorrow) and Timothy Snyder, already mentioned. Robert Conquest gives an estimate of 4 millions. Snyder is somewhat more conservative. But we will never know the exact number: the earliest census after this was forged, and those who did it exterminated. EDIT. In one comment a method of "asking ...


6

Yes there were. Take for example the book burnings in April 1938 in Salzburg (shortly after Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany) where about 1200 books (mostly from jewish authors) were burned. To my knowledge, this was the last big book burning on the soil of the Third Reich before the war started. Source: Book Burning in 1938. Furthermore, the Nazis ...


6

The collar badge specifically appears to be that of the Italian 17th Infantry "Acqui" Motorized Brigade. An infantry unit named Acqui operated from 1831 to 1871, again from 1881 to 1926, from 1939 until its massacre by the Germans in 1943, and from 1948 until the present. Most recently, since a reorganization as of October 1, 1976, it has been a motorized ...


5

There was certainly a second round of "purifications" (Säuberungen) in Nazi Germany in 1935. Die Bücherei (the official Nazi journal for lending libraries) published these collection evaluation guidelines in 1935. However, I've never been able to confirm what happened to the books that failed the new test. The obvious solution would have been to burn them, ...


5

I have data for 1939 at hand: bread 30 groszy/kilogram (kilogram = one standard loaf) milk 26 groszy/liter pork 1,50 zł/kilogram The monthly wage for skilled industry worker was 95 złotych (1 złoty = 100 groszy). The wage varied considerably through 1930s due to some deflation. The purchasing power steadily rose, if 1928 is taken as 100, in 1938 it ...


5

The S.A. was "downsized" in several ways. 1) Many of their leaders were killed by other Nazis in the night of the Long Knives. 2) After this "purge," of their leaders, many S.A. members simply "retired" or found new jobs. This was because the S.A. was largely composed of older men recruited in the 1920s, who were no longer "military age" by 1934. (It was ...


5

According to the official internal Soviet statistics, the number of excessive mortality in Ukraine in 1932-1933 was 1,532,700 people, of which 1 million 385 thousand in 1933. A paradoxical fact of this is that in 1933 the total harvest for the USSR was 69 million tonnes (some think this number is overestimation due to the counting method used in the USSR ...


5

Yes, it was a common practice to sell daughters [and sometimes, wives]. It was widely practiced at least until the mid of Showa period (1950s) so I think it is safe to make it as a major plot line in 1930s-1940s Japan. In the Edo period (1603-1868) the practice was extremely rampant both in urban and rural areas, and it was considered normal as it was the ...


5

Compared to Germany, were great Britain and France better prepared for war in 1939 than in 1938? The Battle Of France says "Non!" Simply defining an objective measure of "war preparation" which can work between two countries using different equipment and tactics is quite difficult and would be its own question. Using quantitative means, like supply levels, ...


4

Art competitions at the Olympics were always controversial, largely because of the professional standing of many of the participants, when the Olympics was supposed to be all amateur. Music was not the only discipline in which only some - or no - medals were awarded see:- http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_competitions_at_the_Olympic_Games


4

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor#Death_toll A 2002 study by Vallin et al. utilizing some similar primary sources to Kulchytsky, and performing an analysis with more sophisticated demographic tools with forward projection of expected growth from the 1926 census and backward projection from the 1939 census estimate the amount of direct ...


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