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82

But why didn't they ask some snipers to resign from the armed forces and then hire them in the police force and deploy them? In a Hollywood movie the police would call up the local army base who would have a crack team of snipers just sitting around. Some weaselly lawyer would point out it's illegal until some clever grunt suggests "why don't we just resign?...


23

A bit on the counterfactual side as this is, here are some small points to consider, most shall not contradict sempaiscuba's or Schwern's answers: The whole affair started in the early morning hours of September 5th, 1972 and was essentially over the next day. In a situation of extremely high tension, with wholly unexpecting and generally unprepared ...


22

Khomeini was in France because he had been expelled from Iran and then Iraq, and his aides had advised him to go to Europe, and because France granted him political asylum. He was at the time an aged and relatively obscure religious figure, a target of political persecution who had not been to his home country in well over a decade. They probably saw him as ...


20

There's a good chance he thought he did. There's actually an 18.5 minute gap in the tapes, about 3 days after the Watergate break-in. Of course that could have contained anything, including unrelated material. However, even sympathetic administration officials of the time now admit it was probably material that implicated him in the coverup of that break-...


15

The break-in on 17 June 1972 was intended to replace a defective microphone that had been planted the previous month. The article about the scandal on the history.com website says: "In May 1972, as evidence would later show, members of Nixon’s Committee to Re-Elect the President (known derisively as CREEP) broke into the Democratic National Committee’s ...


13

You firstly have to know that the major reasons her predecessors didn't win their battle against the trade unions was that they never actually had a battle. Her immediate predecessors were Labour, and hence did not battle the unions as both the Labour party and the unions were a part of the same workers movement and to some extent was made up of the same ...


12

Firstly, I doubt very much whether the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) would have been fooled by the ruse for an instant! The legality of such a move would almost certainly have been challenged. As Pieter Geerkens has pointed out in the comments, ... the whole point of a constitution is to make work-arounds difficult, ...


10

According to William Strauss and Neil Howe's book, Generations, the generations born immediately after a major war are "Idealist" generations that reject their parents' values and lifestyles, and form a "counterculture" that (temporarily) rejects convention and social order. A reason this happened was that the society of the 1950s and 1960s was run by the ...


10

According to the autobiography of Lord Denis Healey, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979, Britain only drew half of the IMF loan. Furthermore, he states that drawn amount were repaid in full by 4 May 1979, when the Labour government including himself left office. Moreover, I drew only half of the loan offered in return by the IMF, and ...


10

That is the D-Mac Cartographic Digitiser, seen here in the 1968 Design journal (Issue 234): It seems the D-Mac Cartographic Digitiser was developed from an earlier device called the D-Mac Pencil Follower, shown here in the 1968 Design journal: Both devices appear to be early types of graphics tablet.


8

The reduction was a deliberate policy. It is discussed at some length in section 2 of this paper by Hellmut Wollmann of Humboldt University. Firstly, there had been huge changes in the settlement structure in post-war Germany, especially after the partition into East and West Germany. The old regional government model was becoming overwhelmed in many areas. ...


8

Conrad Black describes the circumstances in Richard M. Nixon: A Life in Full as follows: The inevitable swarms of conspiracy theorists claim that [Alexander] Haig brokered a pardon for Nixon from Ford. Both Haig and Ford deny this and have done so in identical and strenuous terms for over thirty years at the time of writing ... Further, Nixon ...


7

On the About GNU page of the GNU project, Richard Stallman himself states that the operating sysytem in use when he joined the MIT Artificial Intelligence (AI) Lab in 1971 was the Incompatible Timesharing System (ITS): When I started working at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab in 1971, I became part of a software-sharing community that had existed for ...


6

I don't disagree with @T.E.D's answer, but I think there is an alternative explanation that is a bit more succinct. The short answer that my econ profs gave is that although in theory wages can be treated as a good (the price rises when in short supply, and falls when in surplus), wages are "sticky downward" - there are legal and practical reasons why the ...


6

I'll try to say something about the question of why the counterculture declined. The nature of the question is such that probably nobody can give a definitive answer, just guesses and impressions. My answer is about the US, which was a leader in the movement. Other things were going on in other places, e.g., May 1968 in Paris. Two big things that the ...


6

In 1968, the Fire Research and Safety Act was passed, forming the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control. President Lyndon B. Johnson advocated for this legislation in his special message to congress "To Protect the American Consumer" in 1967. I now call upon the 90th Congress, in Theodore Roosevelt's words, to carry forward unflinchingly in ...


6

This is a fair bit before my time, but the first two photographs at least seem quite reasonable. They're both technically from the 1970s anyway, and so doesn't contradict your impression. That said, while systematic security screening at airports were only implemented in the 1970s, limited checks had already been introduced in certain airports during the ...


6

Your situation describes not only a single mother, but a very young single mother. So we should first note that teenage pregnancy was much more common in 1970, and even though the abortion act of '67 had reduced the number of mothers who carried the baby to term, the number of teenage mothers was over 3 times higher than it is now. (source 1) [This is ...


5

That is a singer from the Red Army Choir. No longer called Red Army Song Ensemble of the M. V. Frunze Red Army Central House (Russian: Анса́мбль красноарме́йской пе́сни Центра́льного до́ма Кра́сной А́рмии и́мени М. В. Фру́нзе, tr. Ansámbl′ krasnoarméyskoy pésni Tsentrál′nogo dóma Krásnoy Ármii ímeni M. V. Frúnzeas the Red Army Choir in the West) but today ...


5

I'll start by divvying Hippy culture up into two baskets: Fashion and Cultural Attitudes. The Fashion changed, because that's what fashions do. The attitudes, well some changed because the world around them changed, but some stay with us today. Fashion is thing like clothing, art, music styles, hair styles. These are things that have a natural churn to them....


5

I was a design engineer with Dobbie McInnes ending up as Chief Engineer for Digitising Systems at Ferranti Infographics, so I can comment on these pictures. The centre picture is of a mid 1960s CF digitiser, using the Pencil Follower table developed by Dr Boyle under contract to the Canadian Geographical Information System project. The control cabinet on the ...


4

Based purely on my experience as a human-being, I don't think the 'hippie' movement has actually declined, it's instead just taken on other incarnations and names. 'Hippie Movement' is nothing but a label of a phenomena that happened during a current period of time, but there is nothing to say that the same phenomena is not still happening in other forms in ...


4

It's always going to be difficult to get exact attendances for very large open-air gatherings as these are rarely all-ticket and often spread over a large area. So you're always going to have guestimates. At very large events, the crowds often move about and people come and go at different times, which makes counting more difficult. If counts are made at ...


4

Question: Do we know what the Watergate burglars were after? Short Answer After decades of silence on the Watergate break-ins the main characters have begun speaking; however, the explanations conflict. Beyond this their answer to the motivation behind the break-ins are self serving or vague. The two most creditable conspirators are John Dean and ...


3

Magnetometer technology certainly existed back then and could easily have been packaged in two poles like that. I'd guess that they were a fairly low-frequency resonant circuit where the field sort of just sits there between the two antennae humming quietly and happily as long as there's no metal in the middle. If metal comes through, the resonance is ...


3

It may not have even been the biggest of Queen Elisabeth II's lifetime. I've seen estimates for the crowd at her Diamond Jubliee in 2012 ranging from 250,000 up to 500,000. Its at least fair to say it was in the same ballpark. I can't find any estimate for the overall crowd size in London on VE day (just some specific areas), but it seems nearly the entire ...


3

Background The main thrust of the Indian Army during the 1971 war was directed towards the eastern theatre, with the western sector envisaged as a holding operation to prevent the Pakistan Army from achieving any success that would allow the President of Pakistan, Yahya Khan, any bargaining tool to trade against the captured territories in the east. By the ...


3

Technically, the gap in the tapes was caused by Nixon's secretary, Rosemary Woods. But most people consider it unlikely that she would erase part of the tapes without the direction, or at least the consent of her boss. But here, the issue is one of the "slip between cup and lip." While Nixon is generally held responsible for the erasing of the tapes, he ...


3

What was the hippie movement? Every generation finds a way to define themselves. As young people grow, many seek ways to do two things conform with their peers; find a group to fit into / identify with. be "different"; to rebel in some way. Not everyone fits the extreme case that gets publicized, but they like to think they do. Not to completely ...


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