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43 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

The Persian suffix stān is much older than any of the “stans” in modern Central Asia. It goes back to proto-Indo-Iranian as represented by Sanskrit sthāna- “standing place” (already in the Rigveda) ...
fdb's user avatar
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24 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

No, the terms are not all contemporary. Afghanistan is recorded in the 13th century; some of the others appear to date to the 20th century. Pakistan is 1933, the others probably date from either the ...
MCW's user avatar
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15 votes
Accepted

Why didn't Afghanistan accede to Pakistan in 1947?

Because Afghanistan had already been a fully independent country for 30 years, the population of which was no more interested in the being subject to the hegemony of Choudhary Rahmat Ali's Punjabi ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
15 votes
Accepted

Was Kandhar/Gandhar renamed Afghanistan?

No. The word which appears in Sanskrit ancient tomes is "Gāndhāra". That refers to ancient Kingdom of Gandhara which is now part of North-West Pakistan. It's boundaries included Peshawar Region, ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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12 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

One additional thing to add to the excellent answers already given is that -stan is actually used productively in Persian for other words as well, such as bimarestan (بیمارستان) for “hospital” — ...
adam.baker's user avatar
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10 votes

Is the Afghan hat related to the Macedonian hat?

The short answer to this question is that there is indeed a plausible connection. B.M. Kingsley (PhD) in 1981 already pointed to this connection as seen in the following abstract: The so-called ...
The Sardaukar Knight's user avatar
7 votes
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What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

I did a quick google search on the title of your question and found a few relevant resources. Perhaps the results below will help with some context and additional search terms? March 1979 marked ...
MCW's user avatar
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6 votes

How did the Soviet press talk about the opposing forces (mujahideens) during the Soviet-Afghan war?

Based on the 1990 Conflict Quarterly piece (found/suggested by Dan M in comments), there were significant difference between Brezhnev and Gorbachev times, although change during the latter was rather ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
6 votes

Why are the Mamluk Sultans of Delhi termed as being of Turkish origin?

But even Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori acknowledged the slaves origin as Turkish. Mu'izz had no offspring, but he treated his Turkic slaves as his sons, who were trained both as soldiers and ...
justCal's user avatar
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5 votes

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage?

At least two wiki pages cover your question: Theories of Pashtun origin Pashtuns, section History and origins The first of these mentions the Greco-Bactrian origin among other legends, and concludes:...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
4 votes

What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

In addition to the answer above, I have information from an old Washington Post article mentioning how certain Afghan rebels who engaged in guerilla warfare against the Soviet Union were trained by ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
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4 votes

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage?

The historical origin of the Pashtun is a complex and answered question. Thiis idea of a link to Alexander looks like a made-up theory to me, although a distant Greek link is not impossible as one ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why did Pakistan get involved in Soviet-Afghan war from 1979 to 1989?

It's important to remember that the Afghan-Pakistan relations were tense and complicated before the Soviet invasion. The nationalist regime of Daoud initially supported the Baloch insurgency in ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes

How did MILAN ATGMs make their way to Afghanistan during the Soviet invasion?

The SIPRI Yearbook for 1989 (page 244) lists 140 MILANs as delivered in 1988; they are in the table as from France but it explicitly notes "supplier country uncertain". (It is unclear if it ...
Andrew is gone's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Are there any details available on 1954 Afghan proposal for a merger with Pakistan?

I have found the details in Soviet-Pakistan Relations and Post-Soviet Dynamics, 1947–92 by Hafeez Malik. The following is all from the above cited book. It started in ‘56 when a meeting was called ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
3 votes

Did Afghanistan make war with Alexander the Great?

In Alexander the Great's time the region of Afghanistan was known as Bactria. Alexander overran this region but had trouble managing it. Nominal ownership remained that of the successors of ...
Smith's user avatar
  • 2,091
2 votes

Why did the Soviets refuse to help Nur Mohammed Taraki?

why the Soviet Leader refused to help Afghan Allies in the war against the Mujahideens? Well, they didn't refuse to provide any help except "foot on the ground". And the reasons they had are obvious ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 4,308
2 votes
Accepted

Did Arab nations send prisoners to fight in the Soviet-Afghan war?

If the question is specifically about whether they "emptied the prisons and sent prisoners to fight", then no, probably not. It is uncontroversial that Saudi Arabia, UAE and Egypt did ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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1 vote

Could British India have realistically allied with both Afghanistan and the Punjab?

The apparent boldness of the diplomatic solution was in fact the only chance at getting the first foothold in the Great game( with the Russian empire). At the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's zenith ...
NormTrotsky's user avatar
1 vote

Border crossings between USSR and Afghanistan in the 1960s

I've been to that border region in 2011. It's a largely barren, semi-desert area, hilly and mountainous. As such I'd not be at all surprised if the border was pretty much impossible to patrol for ...
jwenting's user avatar
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1 vote

Stand of Yemen in the Soviet-Afghan War of 1979?

As a direct result of the so-called ‘Brezhnev doctrine’, the USSR asserted its “right and duty” to go to war in foreign countries “if and when an existing socialist regime was threatened.”[5] This ...
MCW's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Inter-ethnic conflicts in Switzerland in the 16th century

I think he's off base about Switzerland, unless he is mischaracterizing the nature of the Swiss confederacy. I'm also not sure what he means about ethnic strife. He's probably talking about the Duchy ...
John Dee's user avatar
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1 vote

Was Kandhar/Gandhar renamed Afghanistan?

The older Kandhar/Gandhar was not a country. It was a kingdom and what was the original territory of Kandhar kingdom now covers parts of Pakistan and Afghanistan. You can refer to the Wikipedia ...
Explorer's user avatar
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1 vote

Did Iran host anti Soviet Afghan factions during the 1980's?

The short answer is yes. To quote from on an article you may want to look at: The essence of Iran's policy toward Afghanistan was to create an "ideological sphere of influence" by mobilizing and ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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1 vote

Did Iran host anti Soviet Afghan factions during the 1980's?

Iran called for a Soviet withdrawal and aided Afghan Shiites. In the second phase, after the Soviet Army withdrew, Iran helped the non-Pushtun ethnic groups form a united front.
SleepingGod's user avatar

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