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45

The source for Sanjeev Sanyal's account is most likely Plutarch. In his Life of Anthony, Plutarch wrote: Caesarion, who was said to be Cleopatra's son by Julius Caesar, was sent by his mother, with much treasure, into India, by way of Ethiopia. There Rhodon, another tutor like Theodorus, persuaded him to go back, on the ground that Caesar invited ...


26

SHORT ANSWER Pyramid-building declined (in size and quality) during the 5th and 6th dynasties (c. 2450 to 2175 BC) of the Old Kingdom after reaching a peak during the 4th dynasty (c. 2575 to 2450 BC). We don't know for certain why this decline happened, but the economic cost of such large projects and a lessening of central authority were probably the main ...


18

From the Oxford English Dictionary (1928): Ethiop ... The Ethiopians are mentioned by Homer as a people dwelling in the far east and far west; in later Gr[eek] the name was applied chiefly to the inhabitants of Africa south of Egypt, but also to people of swarthy complexion from other parts of the world. Under the heading for Ethiopian it ...


17

You do need to be careful when studying Ancient Egypt, since there are some very ... questionable and ... selective ... interpretations available. In addition, some work by earlier authors (for example Wallis Budge) has been superseded by more recent research. As Budge's Wikipedia page observes: "... since his day both translation and dating accuracy ...


14

There's various interpretations of Neferti that Historians have argued about over the years. Simpson considered it to be essentially a propaganda pamphlet aiming at legitimizing and drumming up support for the newly established Twelfth Dynasty, the first King of which was Amenemhat I and that "Ameny true of voice" is supposed to refer to him. (Amenemhat was ...


13

The "Aethiopia" of Herodotus was not the same thing as modern Ethiopia. Rather, the term described anyone from non-Mediterranean Africa. At the time of the Battle of Thermopylae, the Persian Empire included part of Aethiopia, so it's not surprising that an army composed of soldiers from all over the empire would include some Aethiopeans.


12

The short answer is: "No, there is no evidence of this in historical records". The word, 'pharaoh' [pr aA] is first attested in the First Dynasty, about 3150 BCE. It means 'great house', or 'palace'. It wasn't used as a title by Egyptian kings until the reign of Thutmose III in the New Kingdom (his reign lasted from about 1479 to 1425 BCE). From this ...


11

According to Brian Fagan's Lord and Pharaoh: Carnarvon and the Search for Tutankhamun, p. 55, he was "sent down for academic reasons after a year." So he did not obtain any kind of degree. The book doesn't indicate what he studied. This seems consistent with his earlier studies at Eton, which were quite unsuccessful; Fagan speculates that he may have had ...


10

By "religious books" I assume you mean basically the Hebrew Scriptures and possibly commentaries on them? While these quite often mention Egypt, it is hard to find much the other way round. The 'Amarna letters' (a collection of diplomatic correspondence received by the Egyptian court in the fourteenth century BC, mainly in the reign of Akhenaten) contain ...


9

Probably sand and limestone and that's about it. The narrator in the video claims that there is a ladder, but it's conspicuously not visible in the shot. It almost seems like a reference to the crackpot theory of a Hall of Records or something along these lines. An article in Smithsonian Magazine describes the extensive archeological work of Mark Lehner: ...


8

First: A warning. What you're going to get on this website is going to be the fruits of the Documentary Hypothesis and similar historical approaches. This often clashes with some folks' "fixed beliefs". I'm a Christian myself, and have no issue reconciling my faith with secular scholarship, but some faith traditions have big problems with it. The first ...


8

The small opening shown in the video you link, which a worker covered with what looks like a temporary hatch cover, is probably related to ground water erosion testing and abatement projects. The same article linked by Brian Z has the following section at the end (emphasis mine): Today, the Sphinx is still eroding. Three years ago, Egyptian authorities ...


8

This website has a section on agriculture and horticulture in Ancient Egypt with reference to the creation and maintenance of irrigation canals ...on either side of the Nile. I would assume that if you have irrigation canals on the west bank you would also have fields and such to utilize the water. There seems to be a number of references on the site but I'...


8

The sash you refer to is discussed at the Western Australian Museum website: When he is shown as a seated jackal/dog, Anubis often has a ribbon/sash tied around his neck. This looped red sash is a version of the sa sign, a word often translated as amulet, and it symbolised the protection of female deities. Not only Anubis wears this sash, it is ...


7

Why? Because successful ruling elites try to increase their wealth and power. Ancient Egypt was mainly arranged along the Nile with inhospitable desert to both East and West. This leaves only two directions for expansion. Egyptian polities expanded along both of them with the following results: Political unification of Egypt. Expulsion of inhabitants from ...


6

tl; dr The answer to the question in your title is that it depends on what you (and Herodotus) mean by 'dark-skinned'. There is certainly no evidence of any large black African population in Colchis (contrary to the claims of many afro-centrists). The quotes from the Quora answer will be dealt with individually below. Firstly, your question: Pindar, ...


6

Given that The British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, Margaret Bunson's Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt and The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt - not to mention googling (for example, here and here) - all fail to mention any other individuals by the name of Imhotep, we can reasonably assume that there are no other known, notable ancient Egyptians ...


5

No ancient recipe has been found, however Dr. Delwen Samuel has chemically analyzed beer residues on ancient pottery. She suggests ancient Egyptians used malted emmer (emmet which had already been sprouted), which they ground and mixed with cool water; this was added to an equal quantity of emmer wheat which was ground and boiled with water. The mixture was ...


5

Yes there are, but not many it appears. An exhaustive list can be found in Hieroglyphenschlüssel: Entziffern, Lesen, Verstehen by Petra Vomberg and Orell Witthuhn, but this partial list gives one example: F39 𓄪 jmꜣḫ.


4

tl; dr the ancient Egyptians had no such concept. The king was simply the incarnation of Horus, so there would be no Ancient Egyptian phrase or word to describe it. There are a number of Egyptian dictionaries. Two of those available online are: Faulkner's Middle Egyptian dictionary Paul Dickson's Dictionary of Middle Egyptian The standard text for ...


4

Nothing of that sort. While all these religious developments describe a very slow process both are not that compatible with one another. In Egypt we have a short episode of monotheism invented by Amenophis IV (Akhnaten) around 1400 BCE that ended quite definitely after his death and for Hebrews/Israelites we have long development towards monotheism from ...


4

Were there a pharaoh who believed in any of the Abrahamic religions? That would be proto Judaism, as Judaism as we come to know it later on wasn't invented yet. Other Abrahamic religions were far (= many thousands of years) in the future. At that time Judaism wasn't yet monotheistic. Even that comes later. There are many stories in religious books about ...


3

No, there isn't. What you have here is a coincidence. There are only so many sounds that the human voice finds easy to use in language, so similar names come up in different language groups. Language groups also reveal the lack of connection between the two "Kush" groups. The Kingdom of Kush was Nubian, speaking Afro-Asiatic and Nilo-Saharan languages. The ...


3

Adding to @Timothy's answer: I concur that there are no detailed accounts of the destruction of the Hittites. However, there appear to be at least two very, very short and incomplete accounts: Ugarit was probably under Hittite suzerranity, but maybe not. In any case, it was not far from the core areas of the Hittites. A desperate letter written by king ...


3

Will Durant in Our Oriental Heritage, which is volume 1 of The Story Of Civilization, mentions live mummification as punishment for particularly grievous offences. Published in 1935, I think, and so it was definitely before whatever movie you're thinking of.


3

As summarized in the Wikipedia article on the Second Persian Invasion of Greece, Herodotus lists 47 diverse ethnic groups which together constituted 1.7 million infantry troops, a large share of Xerces' 2.6 million forces. Whatever the accuracy of these numbers, Xerces clearly recruited soldiers from far and wide, and there may not be anything particularly ...


3

The Ancient Egyptians didn't really have words that quite matched those concepts. Their world-view was very different from ours. Perhaps the nearest was the "hill country" hieroglyph (usually transliterated as 'xAst') which was often used as a determinative for foreign lands. This could also be spelled out, rather than using the single hieroglyph, for ...


3

There are no non-biased histories. Histories are always written by people, and these people have viewpoints. They list just the facts about kings and battles, ignoring the common people? That's a bias. They focus on the patterns of social development, ignoring the kings and battles? That's a bias. Historians learn to question their primary and secondary ...


2

The whole story is mythical in nature and intention. Even finding similarities to actual events is seen as quite the fruitless endeavour. The biggest problem with this question is that it asks for the historical validity of the Joseph-story in its biblical version. But while the story is set in the second millennium BCE, it was first written down in the ...


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