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33 votes

How did muzzle-loaded rifled artillery solve the problems of the hand-held rifle?

The answer lies in the age-old conundrum: how to muzzle-load a firearm whose bullet is supposed to tightly engage with the barrel. I'll rewind back to the 1700s and work up how rifles worked to get ...
Smith's user avatar
  • 2,091
13 votes

Does anyone know the history on this artillery shell I found in my grandfather’s shed?

This museum catalogue entry describing item number P19960033050 has the following description 6LB ROUND: CYLINDRICAL PIECE OF STEEL WITH POINTED TOP AND LEATHER PAD ON BOTTOM. HAS FLUTED COPPER ...
kimchi lover's user avatar
  • 5,922
12 votes

What is this artillery shell?

WW2 Pacific Theater means US, British, or Japanese; let's start with the US. Long, solid, and pointy means anti-tank round, and it's capped. US anti-tank guns of 3" diameter means 75mm, 76mm, or ...
Schwern's user avatar
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12 votes

Were American mortars better than Soviet ones during WWII?

There is no objective criteria for comparing which piece of military hardware is "better". Less so when comparing military equipment between armies with vastly different doctrines and circumstances ...
Schwern's user avatar
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12 votes
Accepted

How effective was Civil War-era artillery in the rain?

The book The Artillerist's Manual By John Gibbon, from 1860 gives us some insight into what was in use at the time. A clip from the appendix page 13 shows the components of an ammo box distributed ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 39.8k
9 votes
Accepted

What's this 1917 shell casing, more exactly?

What you have is a casing from a 77mm German field artillery piece, possibly like this: Some of the stamps: St: Strengthened case HL: Haniel Luege Düsseldorf (brass factory) 25: Inspection Mark not ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 39.8k
9 votes
Accepted

How much did cannon cost in 1410?

I don't want to recite all the disclaimers and caveats from comments all over again. This is a little like asking what a car costs in the United States in the twentieth century, where the range is so ...
alexg's user avatar
  • 933
7 votes

Can you identify this artillery shell?

This question is probably not completely answerable, but let's see how far we can get with some reasonable assumptions. The object seems to have been made out of a brass cartridge case for an ...
John Dallman's user avatar
  • 31.5k
6 votes
Accepted

Power of Prussian artillery pieces during the Napoleonic Wars

I have the following figures to hand for weight of shot and charge, for a range of weapons that may have been used by the Prussian Artillery during the Napoleonic Wars. Shot (kg) ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.8k
6 votes
Accepted

How accurate was rocket artillery in the 18th and 19th centuries?

This does depend a lot on what you consider to be accurate given the times and the circumstances. For example, the smoothbore artillery of the period were not particularly accurate themselves when ...
KillingTime's user avatar
  • 4,781
6 votes
Accepted

Identify tank or artillery shell

It matches the description of a US M70 57mm AP-T (Armor Piercing with Tracer) shot which has lost its rifling band. The M70 AP Projectile is a solid shot of hardened steel with a cavity machined into ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.1k
6 votes

What are the parameters of these 16th-17th century artillery weapons?

I think the key problem here has been identified in the question "weapons were not really standardised". This was a period when artillery was almost entirely bespoke. You went to a cannon ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.8k
5 votes

What are the markings on this shell casing? (Dubrovnik)

According to the DeepL English translation of this Hungarian site, which has a similar picture, the shell was manufactured by GR - Georg Roth AG. gun case factory, Vienna, III, Erdbergerlande 30 (...
bookmanu's user avatar
  • 286
5 votes

Why did Italian artillery perform so badly during WWII?

Relative obsolescence and lack of mobility 75/32 Mod. 1937 was apparently never used in North Africa. This was relatively modern gun, with dual purpose (indirect artillery and anti-tank role, similar ...
rs.29's user avatar
  • 11.3k
5 votes

How accurate was rocket artillery in the 18th and 19th centuries?

Rockets were developed not long after the invention of gunpowder. The Mysore Kingdom in Tamil Nadu (India) was the first to invent a formidable rocket, around the 1760's. Their use of iron tubes ...
John Dee's user avatar
  • 3,368
5 votes

Technical Pictures of Prussian Cannons

Here are some French artillery of Napoleonic armies technical drawings and photos. The site is in Russian but the drawings are copied from some French originals. Inscriptions on drawings are in French....
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.8k
5 votes

What are the parameters of these 16th-17th century artillery weapons?

Roll-up community-wiki answer. Partial answers with details on one or more individual pieces are encouraged, but novel information in them should also be rolled into this answer (as consistent with ...
4 votes

In comparison to today's tanks, how powerful were various WW1 artillery pieces?

The largest WW1 artillery pieces (especially the siege mortars) were very large indeed and even a dud shell from one would do serious damage if it landed on the engine deck of a modern (or indeed ...
jwenting's user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes
Accepted

Which cannon could fired this Austrian brass shell case (Berndorf 1910 R)?

The shell was manufactured in 1910 at the Wöllersdorf Works factory at Berndorf in Lower Austria (and nicknamed 'Krupp-Stadt' or 'Krupp city', which should give you some idea of what they're famous ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.3k
4 votes
Accepted

What was the range of medieval bombards?

First, let's discuss some basic properties of guns: muzzle-loading launchers of solid shot, usually round, at sub-sonic muzzle speeds, with no internal mechanism for absorbing recoil. The absence of ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
4 votes

How unusual was an unanswered naval salute of 150 guns?

To answer your title question, a 150 gun salute would have been very unusual, not just because of the great number but because salutes were generally done with an odd number of guns. The firing ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.8k
4 votes

Who was blamed for shell failures on the Western Front?

It was overall a strategic general decision, a decision of quality vs quantity, and what was needed was quantity. The preliminary bombardment at Somme used over 1.5 million shells. The Shell Crisis of ...
Overmind's user avatar
  • 307
3 votes

Does anyone know the history on this artillery shell I found in my grandfather’s shed?

According to the 57-mm caliber and the "6 PND" letters you mentioned, this is certainly a 6-pounder antitank gun shell that has been found there. Sources like Wikipedia does not mention 170 ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,791
3 votes

What's this 1917 shell casing, more exactly?

Just adding a little detail, it is MÄRZ 1917 (A with umlaut), the two dots over the A are a part of the text and not an accident.
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 17k
2 votes
Accepted

Whereabouts of the ancient Korean cannon in Kamchatka

Wildes seems mistaken about the cannon's destination: it never went to Kamchatka. Stephan in The Kuril Islands cites Lensen in reporting that after their raids, Khvostov and Davydov headed to Okhotsk. ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
2 votes

Why were rockets not popular as part of artillery until 20th century?

I am going to suggest the following simple point which is certainly mentioned above: A rocket cannot, without a guidance system, be as accurate as a cannon which can be aimed iteratively. If you fire ...
Jeff's user avatar
  • 3,783
2 votes
Accepted

Origin of the Petropavlovsk artillery company

The artillery company seems to have been formed between 1773 and 1780. According to Город над Авачинской бухтой by Витер, Magnus Carl von Böhm, chief of Kamchatka from 1773 to 1779, sent 32 soldiers ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
2 votes
Accepted

In comparison to today's tanks, how powerful were various WW1 artillery pieces?

You are ignoring the very real differences between gun types and their ordnance. Gun Types: Direct fire: These weapons fire along line of sight at high speed and at very low elevations. They include ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
1 vote

What are the markings on this shell casing? (Dubrovnik)

Most of the markings are already explained by @bookmanu, but "Wdf" seems to be an abbreviation for Wöllersdorf which is close to/in Vienna and was the location of a large ammunition factory.
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187

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