Skip to main content
16 votes
Accepted

Why did Athenian philosophers praise Spartan culture and laws, which would preclude philosophers like themselves?

This question probably can't produce anything but opinion-based answers, but I'll take my shot. I would say two factors are at play here: First, the lauding of extravagant praise on an "alien" ...
tbrookside's user avatar
  • 1,168
16 votes

What (primary) sources are there on the life of female slaves in Classical Greece, more specifically Athens?

Information on how slaves were treated in the 1,000 or so city states other than Athens is thin on the ground; for most of these city states we know next to nothing about them so comparisons between ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

Was (Mahanian) "control of the seas" an Athenian goal in the age of the trireme?

Given the lack of a clearer definition by the author, I would imagine that your interpretation of "Control of the seas in the modern sense" being "Mahanian" is probably a good ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.8k
11 votes
Accepted

Did the Persian Empire really finance both sides of the Peloponnesian war?

Edit: I think I have to revise quite a bit. One thing is that the Peloponnesian Wars went through various stages which themselves got different titles (Ionian, Corinthian, etc). As a result the ...
Marakai's user avatar
  • 2,476
10 votes
Accepted

In Classical Athens, what did the portico of the archon basileus look like?

There's a model of the Stoa Basileios (or Royal Stoa), seat of the archon basileus, at the end of 5th century BC on the site of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA). This is ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
9 votes

Who came up with the name "Peloponnesian War"?

According to http://www.historyofinformation.com/, the first Latin translation was commissioned by Pope Nicholas V and completed in 1452 by Lorenzo Valla. The image below is from the first page of the ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

How did people in Athens 500 BCE refer to Homer's era?

Your question could mean a couple of different things. The ancient Greeks didn't date historical events by use of a calendar. They had local calendars to regulate events during the year, but: By ...
Spencer's user avatar
  • 5,295
7 votes

Why did Cleon say this in the Mytilenian Debate?

It should be noted that Cleon wanted to destroy Mytilene; the males killed and the females enslaved. The others are not the people of Mytiline left(because if his policies were to be implemented there ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
6 votes
Accepted

Which were the four villages in Attica affected by Cleisthenes' reforms? What happened to them?

According to The Formation of the Greek People, by A. Jarde: The new system took no account of the old politico-religious associations, but created new cults for the new groups; of the four ...
Brasidas's user avatar
  • 3,179
6 votes

What are canonical sources about fifth century BCE Athens?

There is a vast amount of literature covering the period you are interested in. What follows is but a small sample, but it should set you on your way. The following ancient sources cover 5th century ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
6 votes

Was there a temple dedicated to Old Age ("Geras") in ancient Athens?

From "Brill's New Pauly": (Γῆρας; Gêras, Lat. Senectus). Personification of hated old age, often depicted as a small, naked, wrinkly old man with a long, drooping penis who is defeated by ...
fdb's user avatar
  • 9,780
4 votes
Accepted

Was Pericles the only famous loss from the plague in Athens?

I think the answer is that, failing the discovery of a new primary source, we will never know. Considering the sheer human cost of the Plague of Athens, its footprint in ancient literature does seem ...
dwolfeu's user avatar
  • 725
4 votes

Why did Athenian philosophers praise Spartan culture and laws, which would preclude philosophers like themselves?

There was a story of an event that took place in Athens. A group of men were watching an athletic contest. An old man wandered into the auditorium, where all the seats were taken. Finally, one young ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
3 votes

Why did Cleon say this in the Mytilenian Debate?

Allow me to state a few preliminary points before proceeding to answer. The entire paragraph is available here (MIT Classics Archive). I am using the entire paragraph for better context (reproduced ...
J Asia's user avatar
  • 6,323
3 votes

Was (Mahanian) "control of the seas" an Athenian goal in the age of the trireme?

I interpret that claim as alluding to galley tactics. Galleys of Antiquity and the Medieval period had severe limitations; cruising relied on wind power which was slow, and in combat they relied on ...
congusbongus's user avatar
  • 14.5k
3 votes
Accepted

Where did Cimon spend his time while in exile?

I think I've found it: the Chersonese. Googling for "Cimon exile Attica" landed me in the Perseus site. Andocides, in On the Peace says this: Now take the days when we were fighting Euboea and ...
Brasidas's user avatar
  • 3,179
3 votes

Why did Athenian philosophers praise Spartan culture and laws, which would preclude philosophers like themselves?

The portrayal of Sparta and Athens as complete opposites masks the fact that neither city was one-dimensional. In Athens there had always been a faction leaning towards oligarchy, the prime example ...
Demetrios's user avatar
  • 198
1 vote
Accepted

When did Athenian archers pepper Spartan hoplites with arrows for days on an island?

You are certainly remembering of the history of the garrison of Sphacteria island. Some things to adjust from the description you made: Athenians did not only use archers, but javeliniers as well ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,800
1 vote

What are canonical sources about fifth century BCE Athens?

You should check out some of the well known playwrights of the era. Aristophanes and Euripides are two good and different examples. Euripides wrote tragedies and Aristophanes wrote comedy, often ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 687
1 vote

Why did Cleon say this in the Mytilenian Debate?

In my understanding, Cleon is arguing to kill all the men, even those who didn't instigate the rebellion. Cleon is arguing to kill all the men because they all willingly took part in the rebellion ...
Demetrios's user avatar
  • 198
1 vote

Did the Persian Empire really finance both sides of the Peloponnesian war?

I'll add a few extra details which may be of use to you since the scope of the question now seems to include events outside the Peloponnesian war of 431–404 BC Persian gold was said to have made its ...
Notaras's user avatar
  • 3,945

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible