79 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

Africa Slavery is an ancient universal institution, which appeared independently in all cultures and societies which reached a certain level of productivity per capita. Early hunter-gatherers did not ...
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33 votes

Why was sugar cultivation more profitable in the Caribbean/Brazil than West Africa?

In short, Brazil and Caribbean Isles were easy to colonize and suited to the culture of the sugar cane. This related question will provide most of the explanation why Africa was harder to colonize, ...
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  • 1,171
21 votes

Why was sugar cultivation more profitable in the Caribbean/Brazil than West Africa?

Many Native Americans had died of Old World disease, Africans did not When the Europeans showed up in the New World, they brought disease that killed a large portion of the local people (60%? 80%? 90%?...
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  • 7,204
21 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

Islam dominated slave trade between the 7th and the 15th century, while the Christians entered the market of human flesh much later - 1519 to 1815 is the period of Christian slave trading. It is ...
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15 votes

Was mortality higher on French slave ships and if so, why?

French slave trading practices were more abusive than comparable American practices for several reasons. The French sent out more and larger ships than the Anglo Americans. Conditions were much worse ...
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  • 103k
14 votes

Why do Afro-Caribbeans have English names whereas Indo-Caribbeans still have Indian(ish) names?

Afro Carribeans: Afro-Caribbeans are Caribbean people who trace their heritage to Sub-Saharan Africa [...] Between the 16th and 19th centuries, European-led triangular trade brought African people ...
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  • 5,582
14 votes
Accepted

Did the people who initiated the trans-Atlantic slave trade think they were doing something new?

Slavery in Americas didn't appear in United States in the 18th century; it originates much earlier in Spanish and Portuguese colonies. So we should look whether slavery existed in Christian Iberian ...
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  • 964
14 votes

Was mortality higher on French slave ships and if so, why?

SHORT ANSWER Basically, NO. The two main databases on the trans-Atlantic slave trade do not support the idea that French slave ships had, on average, higher mortality rates than American carriers. In ...
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12 votes

Why was sugar cultivation more profitable in the Caribbean/Brazil than West Africa?

The cultivation of sugar was more profitable on islands. The plantations in the "Caribbean" were on islands. Until the mid-16th century at least, production from "Brazil," largely came from Santa ...
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  • 103k
12 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

I am going to do something apparently silly, and answer my own question. That's because the question is not originally mine, but by a user named Maria BI. She asked this in Skeptics stackexchange, ...
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10 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

Slavery was common to most ancient societies. On a more specific question about Muslim slave trade in Africa, it lasted from the 7th to the 19th centuries, and some estimates claim 18.5 million ...
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10 votes
Accepted

Relation between Afroamerican religions and colonial metropoles?

It makes sense that colonies belonging to different European nations would preferentially buy from traders of the same nation, since under the prevailing mercantilist legal regimes the latter would ...
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  • 2,177
9 votes
Accepted

How were false US flags identified on slave ships in the transatlantic slave trade?

You have asked two questions here. Part of the answer would appear to be contained in the pdf copy of documents relating to the seizure of American vessels from the New York Public Library site on ...
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8 votes

Why did American Abolitionists believe slavery to be immoral?

NOTE This was an attempt to answer the question as originally written: Someone already asked when and how people began to consider slavery immoral on stack exchange, but no one has asked why. So ...
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  • 76.2k
8 votes

Which was the official position of the Catholic Church on the Atlantic Slave Trade?

Which was the official position of the Catholic Church on the Atlantic Slave Trade? This is going to be a very complicated answer to say the least, especially when we see that the Apostle St. Paul ...
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  • 1,894
7 votes
Accepted

Advanced sub-saharan civilizations prior to cross-atlantic slave trade?

Yes, that is true. During the Middle Ages the Berbers living in the Sahara developed trade routes through the desert down to the Niger, giving the Islamic world trade access to sub-Saharan gold, ...
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5 votes
Accepted

How did former slaves typically acquire a surname?

When you say "slaves freed in the UK", I assume you are referring to slaves in Britain's Caribbean colonies. For Britain's Caribbean colonies, it used to be believed that most freed slaves adopted or ...
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  • 76.2k
5 votes

Did the people who initiated the trans-Atlantic slave trade think they were doing something new?

Slavery certainly did not "grow out of feudalism". Slavery is a much older and much more global institution than feudalism. Those who started transporting slaves from Africa to North America ...
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  • 37.3k
4 votes

Why was sugar cultivation more profitable in the Caribbean/Brazil than West Africa?

Each of the current answers is excellent, but is only a partial answer. Another piece of the answer that I'm surprised hasn't already been mentioned is the Atlantic triangle slave trade: "...
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  • 141
4 votes

Travel time for African Slave trade

There are few "references" on the interior traffic on this subject and the few that exist, like that of Fowell Buxton, I consider highly unreliable for various reasons where he writes of matters of ...
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  • 37.2k
3 votes

Travel time for African Slave trade

Generally, there are a large number of useful references to the Eastern and Central African slave trade in the contemporary traveler and missionary texts and the Geographical Journal. Many may be ...
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3 votes

How did sailing technology improve during the Age of Sail?

It is an exaggeration that in 16th century the crossing took months. Columbus's first voyage took 6 weeks (I subtracted the stop on Canary islands). This was not the shortest route, and this was his ...
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  • 37.3k
3 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

True slavery was still common in Western Europe until early medieval times. Most peasants were serfs and were not at the time considered slaves. However whilst serfdom and slavery have some ...
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  • 2,359
3 votes

Is it true that slavery was endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa previous to the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

I am writing this answer mainly to provide some sources. As for the claim "1519 to 1815 is the period of Christian slave trading", the first date is glaringly wrong. The Siete Partidas, a Spanish ...
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  • 89
3 votes

How could a black woman be transported directly from Africa to Britain in 1760s?

There is an easy solution to this. Assume you aim for a certain degree of historical accuracy or at least believability. You let your character get captured in Africa, sold to a British slave trader ...
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  • 73.7k
3 votes

What is the number of slaves imported from Africa to the Americas by non-British countries?

I discovered this answer in the course of asking the question, because I did make a lot of attempts to seek answers as I wrote and reworded each paragraph. I finally remembered to try Wikipedia in ...
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2 votes

What was the historical prevalance of inherited chattel slavery?

how common was chattel slavery worldwide before the trans-Atlantic slave trade? Trans-Atlantic slave trade never amounted to more than a third of African slave trade. Most of the African slaves were ...
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  • 25.5k
1 vote

How could a black woman be transported directly from Africa to Britain in 1760s?

If it is the early 1760s, you have a good reason. That is, the Seven Years' War between Britain and France, which lasted until 1763. Your slave was captured by a French slave trader bound for the ...
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