25

The ranged weaponry niche occupied by bows and slings in most other parts of the world was in Australia occupied by boomerangs and woomera (spear-thrower). These wouldn't have had the long range of a sling or bow. However, that longer range has to be achieved through 45-degree ballistic shots, which is really most relevant for massed warfare. As hunter-...


6

There are actually a number of placental mammals which can be found across the Wallace Line in Australia and New Guinea. The one which probably is most relevant to the question about deliberate human involvement in the process would be the dog (or dingo), which was most likely introduced and dispersed into New Guinea and Australia from South-East Asia by ...


5

Because it wouldn't have done either of them much good. Australia didn't house a settled agricultural society, with major population centers to trade with. Where it was closest to Indonesia, it was instead until quite recently very sparsely populated with roving bands of hunter-gatherers. According to McEvedy and Jones, there were in the neighborhood of 250,...


2

By 1850, transportation of convicts had either ended or was about to end in most parts of Australia. The major exception was Western Australia, to where nearly 10,000 convicts were sent on 43 voyages between 1850 and 1868. They were delivered to the Convict Establishment, which would later be known as Freemantle Prison. Some convicts were imprisoned there ...


1

Kerr did not need to remove the Prime Minister to be advised to conduct an election. Gough Whitlam was going to see Kerr to advise him to call an election, after lunch and a few beers. Before the tinnies were sunk, Malcolm Fraser has sought to speak to Kerr, told Kerr that he commanded the majority of the House of Representatives and should be appointed ...


1

Denis' answer is helpful as an overview of European weaponry in the period, but a more complete answer would need to look more directly to historical records of the early Dutch expeditions to Australia. I'm not finding much but here are a few hints. Quoting from a web page about Janszoon's voyage: In 1603, Willem Janszoon was given command of his first ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible