19

If you look at the details of the oldest buildings on your list, all of them are built from fieldstone or minimally-shaped quarried stone. Further, the building materials were either found on-site or transported a relatively short distance. Most of the Fertile Crescent, and particularly Mesopotamia, does not have access to these building materials. ...


15

Actually, some of the oldest known man-made structures are in the Fertile Crescent (FC). The list in your question purposefully excludes sites like Göbekli Tepe, Tell es-Sultan, and Tell Qaramel, each in the FC, on the basis that they're not "recognizable standing buildings". As such there's inherent bias in the source you cite to exclude sites that have ...


10

It's not just Europe but even narrower. You'll notice the top 3 listed are all in France. Of the rest of the top 10, 4 are in the British Isles. I think Mark has about half of the answer: These structures are over 5 thousand years old. Human-made materials have trouble lasting that long, so the very nature of the question privileges areas with lots of ...


6

Civilisations not only build buildings, but destroy and reuse them. Many ruins were effectively used as quarries by local people and stones, e.g. bricks from Roman buildings ended up in an early medieval church, then in a late medieval fortress, then in a noble home (see here, only in Hungarian). Wikipedia also mentions how roman bricks were reused. I ...


6

It was probably the one in Gode. More properly called a villa than a palace. But the locals referred to it as "palace" as it was still the biggest building for hundreds of kilometers around. Although some even did called that building Selassie's "Winter palace". On 13 July 1977 Carl Gustaf von Rosen died in this 'palace' when the WSLF under Abdullahi ...


3

Proposition 11 of Book I of Euclid's Elements (circa 300 B.C. in Alexandria Egypt) is: To draw a straight line at right angles to a given straight line from a given point on it. Note that Euclid's contribution to geometry is one of compilation, and of constructing a formal axiomatic system for plane geometry. Most if not all the work was well known long ...


2

A couple exceptions do in fact exist where the site is relatively flat and the theatre is not built into the slope of a hill or ravine but entirely built up from level ground. One such exception is Metapontum in Basilicata.


2

I think you may have several mistaken assumptions here. First of all, per capita income in Singapore exceeds that of almost all other countries in the world, including major industrial powers like the United States and Japan. By the 1980s Singapore was at least middle-income if not quite yet a rich country. Second, even quite poor countries can support some ...


2

How can someone create a right angle tool "from scratch"? Mathematics If you can create a straight edge, you can construct a square. You don't need to know any trigonometry beyond the idea that two right-angles make a straight line. 1. Produce a straight edge Generally, to the level of accuracy needed for woodworking (joinery etc) you can tell ...


1

Difficult to answer since the question relies on multiple subjective judgements, but the per Capita GDP of SE Asian countries suggests that these countries may be performing better than "at least I view as "poorer"". Singapore's per capita GDP exceeds both South Korea and Japan in the 2024 estimate. A very rapid google search suggests ...


1

It could be argued the wheel predates the wall but only technically. The dung beetle wheels their fodder for transport. Any caveman watching a rock rolling down a hill could see a working demonstration of a wheel. The complexity of the wheel was not conceiving of the circle or even the construction. The complexity of the wheel which made it so useful for ...


1

According to LeCount & Strong's San Francisco City Directory for the Year 1854, the U.S. Land Commission met in John Parrott's "Iron Building" at 148 California Street. According to Igler's Industrial Cowboys (2001): ... the four floors of his Iron Building conveniently housed the clerks, archives, and officers of the U.S. Board of Land Claims ...


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