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88 votes

When did the Roman Empire fall according to contemporaries?

Most people at the time did not think the Roman Empire had fallen -- it's only from five hundred or a thousand years later that we can conclude that it did. Both points of view are reasonable. What ...
Mark Olson's user avatar
  • 7,686
51 votes
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Did the Byzantines ever attempt to move their capital to Rome?

No, they did not try to move their capital to Rome, but the Emperor Heraclius at one point--around 620 or so when the war against Persia was going very badly--did consider moving the capital even ...
C Monsour's user avatar
  • 4,215
47 votes

Did the Byzantines ever attempt to move their capital to Rome?

The Early Middle Ages were not kind to Rome, and the long destructive war to recapture it didn't help things. By the time the dust settled, Rome had practically ceased to exist as a major city, with ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
46 votes
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Why did Byzantine champions (consistently) lose duels to Muslim armies' champions?

According to this MA thesis, the Byzantine armies had a number of overall advantages, but it does not follow that their commanders were especially skilled at one-to-one combat. Forcing individual ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 21k
42 votes

Why is the late Russian Empire associated with Byzantium while having little in common with it?

I'd say that historically, the ideology in Russia meant it preferred to compare itself to Byzantium, probably similarly to the way you can hear the US is compared to Rome. This was, and still ...
d.k's user avatar
  • 1,180
32 votes
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Was Hagia Sophia built over a pagan temple?

Going beyond E.B. or Wikipedia: The official website of the Hagia Sophia Museum (at its former domain, link now dead) stated The first church [at the H.S. site] was constructed by Emperor Konstantios ...
Marakai's user avatar
  • 2,476
28 votes
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What size are these mosaics of Justinian and Theodora?

According to The Met Museum website, the mosaic Emperor Justinian and Members of His Court measures 104 in. by 144 in. or 264.2cm by 365.8cm, which is 8ft 8in by 12ft. The same dimensions are given ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
27 votes
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Did Constantine XI will his titles to Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain?

I did not watch the YouTube video, but based on your description, it seems to be presenting a garbled account of history. Constantine XI did not will his titles way, but his brother Thomas ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k
26 votes
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Did the Seljuk consider themselves Roman?

I think the other answer misses some crucial distinctions. Culture The culture of the Seljuks was non-Greco-Roman; the same applies to their language. A good summary of who they were comes from ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
22 votes
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How aware were the latter Greek-speaking Romans (ERE: Byzantines) of the early history of Rome?

They were very familiar with the early history of Rome. For one, Cassius Dio wasn't lost for a long time. Joannes Zonaras used Cassius Dio frequently and John Xiphilinus made an 11th-century epitome ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 1,710
19 votes
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How were Muslim Turks treated in Byzantine Empire?

Muslim trader presence certainly existed in the Byzantine Empire. I'd split my answer into three parts: Documented Facts: Quoting from the main source: Muslim presence in the Eastern Roman Empire ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
19 votes

Why did the term "Byzantine Empire" enter common usage instead of "Eastern Roman Empire" or "Roman Empire"

Warren Treadgold, one of the most eminent scholars on the Byzantine Empire puts it simply as follows: Modern historians have called this empire "Byzantine" because it was ruled not from Rome but ...
Notaras's user avatar
  • 3,945
19 votes
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Are there any writings by blinded and/or exiled Byzantine emperors?

John VI Kantakouzenos John VI Kantakouzenos, who reigned from 31 March 1347 to 10 December 1354, is the emperor who comes closest to meeting your criteria. He was deposed by his co-emperor John V ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
19 votes
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Did the later Byzantine Emperors use regnal numbers?

According to the Wikipedia article on Constantine XI Palaiologos, no. Despite the increase in emperors with the same name during the Middle Ages, such as the several Michaels and Constantines, the ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 21k
16 votes

What disruptions were brought about by Islam that the Arabians saw so many victories?

The critical factor all these answers leave out: The Black Death. The Plague of Justinian swept through the Byzantine and Sassanid Empires a few generations before Islam. On the Byzantine side, the ...
Rob Crawford's user avatar
15 votes

When did Byzantines become more Greek than Roman?

My understanding of the Eastern Empire is that the Greeks never really lost their identity. Even when Rome was ruling the area directly, Greek remained the lingua franca in the East - and indeed the ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
14 votes
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What did Nikolas Mystikos call his countrymen in official correspondence?

Just a hint, according to Greek wikipedia entry (which cites this book), the Patriarch wrote Ῥωμαῖοι - Rhōmaîoi in the letter.: Οι δύο δυνάμεις ολόκληρου του σύμπαντος, η δύναμη των Σαρακηνών και ...
8odoros's user avatar
  • 270
14 votes
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Where was the Battle of Antioch (613 CE) fought?

Questions about the historical accuracy of holy texts can get dicey, so I'll try to treat this like any other question. First, I'm not an Islamic scholar, so I'm not going to try and work out whether ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.1k
13 votes
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What is the large blue object on the right in this picture showing Greek fire?

I'm not sure why @Spencer didn't post this as an answer, but I believe he is correct in his comment from Apr in 2018 (as is the more recent (June 2018) limited response from @Rob Crawford): There ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 40.1k
12 votes

Who were the successors of the Roman Empire?

Case for Italy, the Vatican, or both Italy was the place where the Roman Empire originated and Rome is located. They still speak a language directly descended from Latin. Rome was the most important ...
Anixx's user avatar
  • 32.8k
12 votes
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How were heavily armored Cataphracts killed?

Lighter, Faster Cavalry. The heavier the cavalry, the harder it is to maintain speed and perform sharp maneuvers. At the battle of Turin, Constantine used light cavalry with iron-tipped clubs to ...
Mynott95's user avatar
  • 187
12 votes

What is the large blue object on the right in this picture showing Greek fire?

It's probably a representation of the awning or tent that would have covered the Captain's berth at the stern of the vessel. The Wikipedia article on the Galley shows some other representations. This ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.3k
12 votes
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Why is the late Russian Empire associated with Byzantium while having little in common with it?

The reason is because of some superficial similarities, mainly of the "headline" variety. After the fall of Rome, the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine Empire claimed the mantle of the new Rome. In the ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
11 votes
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What does CONOB mean on ancient Roman coins?

Constantinopoli obryzum According to a poorly cited Wikipedia article CON indicates the mint of Constantinople and OB is an abbreviation of obryzum, and quite literally translates to "1/72 of a ...
John Strachan's user avatar
10 votes
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Did the Eastern Romans also use Roman concrete?

The use of concrete did fade after the fall of the western Roman Empire, though at least some aspects of the use of concrete was held over into the Byzantine Architectural style, on some early ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 40.1k
10 votes

Why is the late Russian Empire associated with Byzantium while having little in common with it?

I checked the book: The word "Byzantine" is mentioned only on 9 pages (out of nearly a thousand). Mostly, it is mentioned in relation to personalities of Nicholas-II and his wife. (In one case, it is ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,275
10 votes
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Who coined the phrase "City of the World's Desire"?

This is from the tenth-century poem On Constantinople and the Church of the Holy Apostles by Constantine of Rhodes: ἡ κοσμοπαμπόθητος αὕτη πως πόλις this city, the envy of the whole world Constantine ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What was the total army strength of the Byzantine empire under Justinian?

Following the citations in Maas, the original number is from Agathias' Histories 5.13.7, where he gives the provides an estimate of 150,000. However, as Maas notes: There is...broad agreement that ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 1,710
9 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

Simpler answer: the Roman Empire centered in Constantinople was always the Roman Empire and the Greek-speaking Roman Christians continued to refer to themselves as Romans even during Ottoman rule (and ...
user20965's user avatar
  • 117

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