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10

Short answer Wine was imported but was often scarce and always expensive. It was a liturgical requirement, but it was not one that was always (or even often) met without bending the rules a little. When supplies ran out or low, substitutes were used, though by the first half of the 13th century the popes were clamping down on this practice. Given the ...


6

Antisemitism, as defined by radically different treatment compared to their Christain counterparts Was the antisemitism based on the specific opinions of thought leaders The greatest doctor of the Catholic Church, St. Thomas Aquinas (✝1274), when discussing the sin of unbelief, asks "Whether the children of Jews and other unbelievers ought to be baptized ...


3

Were the islands/countries discovered by Hispanic explorers named after Mozarabic feast days? The short answer is no. But that no has to be clarified. It could be yes or no, according to which Rite the person who named the said lands belonged to. Both Rites were in use in Spain at the time of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The name "Mozarabic ...


6

Question: Which Catholic priests were given diplomatic missions? Are there prior cases, (before 1822) of Catholic priests tasked to travel on secular diplomatic or administrative missions? The Catholic Church has been active in international diplomacy for a very long time. Instances of Catholic Priests performing diplomatic missions (secular and ...


7

If it was common to have priests at high positions the court, then it was also common to have priests traveling in behalf of the King. Cardinal Wolsey He travelled to Scotland. I also think he traveled some times to deal with organizing the Field of the Cloth of Gold (or at least he traveled there and worked during the encounter). He may also have traveled ...


4

A nice case might be Talleyrand. He was a Catholic bishop while working first for the Directory and later on for Napoleon as Minister of Foreign Affairs. While beign in office he was laicized (because he wanted to get married) and kept working for the crown of France in other diplomatic missions. Talleyrand worked in several missions, including Treaty of ...


3

First, the Mozarabic Rite was also Catholic, the correct terms would be Mozarabic versus Roman Rites. I have heard a Mozarabic Mass (and I keep the printed missal), and (personal opinion) I did not consider it sufficiently different (it was developed with strong influences from Roman traditions anyway) to justify keeping it alive with a separated calendar ...


2

You don't specify which discoveries are of interest, but the specific days on which islands were encountered is definitely recorded in ships' log books. For example, a log survives of Magellan and Elcano's voyage and was published on Cambridge University Press as "A Log-Book of Magellan's Voyage, 1519–1522". Cross-referencing it with feast calendars would ...


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