99 votes
Accepted

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

There is a name in the medical community for those who rely on withdrawal as a contraception method - such people are referred to as "parents". Your average high school health textbook will give you ...
MCW's user avatar
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37 votes
Accepted

What proportion of women died in childbirth before modern times?

Short Answer Due to the limited data (and the limitations of the data which is available), historians have come up with a variety of estimates around the period you are interested in. These estimates ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
26 votes

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

You are right to say that 14 children is larger than most families of the period, particularly if they all had the same mother. Death in childbirth was not uncommon at that time. One of my Victorian ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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24 votes

What is the earliest known example of triplets?

There are mentions of this in ancient sources but their veracity is hard to prove or disprove. In ancient Rome there were the Horatii and Curiatii, two sets of triplets (one set from Rome and the ...
ed.hank's user avatar
  • 6,685
14 votes
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Queen Anne of England died without surviving issue despite 17 pregnancies. Did any other monarch try so hard to produce an heir without success?

Not an exact fit, but Emperor Renzhong of Song came close with 16 children known to history. All three sons and eight of the daughters died young, so he eventually had to adopt the son of a cousin to ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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13 votes

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

One influence on families in "Victorian" times was Queen Victoria herself. She had nine children, despite having been an "only" child. This was despite the fact that she had access to any birth ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
12 votes

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

This is a case of survivorship bias. Your great-...-greatparents had lots of children so some survived and some of those who survived had lots of children, and of those some had children and some ...
Emil Perhinschi's user avatar
9 votes
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What is the earliest known example of triplets?

According to History, Gazetteer and Directory of the West-Riding of Yorkshire, with the City of York and Port of Hull, Etc. (1837): from 1572 to 1691 , there were eleven triple births in Leeds , as ...
DavePhD's user avatar
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9 votes

What proportion of women died in childbirth before modern times?

I don't think we really know this. It looks like in 1990 the worst rates of maternal mortality in the developing world were around 1%-2%. That's maternal deaths per live births. These places were ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
7 votes

Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

Revised the fifth time about 11:17 PM, EST, saturdayy 03-20-2021. Short Answer: The evidence I found indicates that the record age to beat for the youngest monarch to become a father is 12 years, ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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7 votes

How has mother/ child mortality evolved from pre industrial era?

There have been 2 big changes in the Modern era that had major effects on public health during and immediately after childbirth. The first was the increasing population density along with ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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7 votes
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Was there the concept of paternity leave in Spain in 1913?

No, at least not officially. Paternity leave wasn't first legislated for in Spain until 1980, when fathers were given two days' leave (or four days if the child died). In 1989, this was extended to ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
5 votes

Who was the oldest woman that we know of to give birth in the Medieval Europe?

I don't know. Emperor Frederick II (died 1250) was born 26 December 1194. His mother Constance was born 2 November 1154 and thus was 40 years, 1 month, and 24 days older than her son. It is said ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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4 votes

Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

I think the best answer would be the youngest reigning male monarch with a baby Eric II of Norway (reigned 1280 to 1299) was 14 or 15 when his daughter Margaret, Maid of Norway was born in March or ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
3 votes

To prevent sex were men bound in bags or locked in beds?

Bundling was a technique of separating two people of the opposite sex by textile devices to allow intimate contact without the possibility of intercourse during courtship. It is thought to have ...
3 votes

When did western doctors first start predicting prenatal diseases and disabilities?

One perinatal symptom known since antiquity is the death of the mother. Whether preceding or during childbirth, a mother's death will also result in the imminent death of her unborn child, unless the ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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3 votes

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

There is a strong correlation between women's equality, specifically access to education, and the number of children they bear. See for example this article. There is a nice chart further down which ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
3 votes

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

It was not entirely the case that couples in Victorian times had more children than their ancestors a few generations earlier (although better general health and well being perhaps did improve ...
WS2's user avatar
  • 2,222
2 votes

Birth by Caesarean Section in Ancient Times

There are plenty of problems related to childbirth that will kill both mother and child without intervention. This was considerably reduced by the invention of forceps but that did not happen until ...
John Dallman's user avatar
  • 31.6k
2 votes

When did western doctors first start predicting prenatal diseases and disabilities?

This would seem to be the definitive resource, but is behind a paywall However I see no obvious errors or omission in the summary presented here Screening for open neural tube defects (ONTDs) by ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
2 votes
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Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

Here is a little gem that I discovered from the Wikipedia data dump from user:Pere @Pere https://history.stackexchange.com/users/21213/pere King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 30 June 1906) Queen Kanti of ...
uruiamme's user avatar
  • 236
2 votes

Who is the youngest monarch to have issue?

I'm not giving an answer but I'd like to bring in some data. I've run a query on Wikidata and there are a lot of monarchs not very older than their children. The query is at https://w.wiki/37EU ...
Pere's user avatar
  • 3,699
1 vote

Was there the concept of paternity leave in Spain in 1913?

You won't find anything, as the concept of paternity leave is a very modern one. I haven't heard about it before the 1980's. My dad got half a day off to be able to register my birth at the town hall. ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 21.9k
1 vote

Where did poor London women give birth in the latter half of the 19th century?

Echoing the sentiment in my earlier comment, hospitals were chiefly a venue where the poor would go until the mid-century, and births occurred at home with ad hoc midwives otherwise. The story behind ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

When did western doctors first start predicting prenatal diseases and disabilities?

As currently phrased this question is only answerable with the trope of it's older than dirt as these kind of predictions and advice are of absolutely primary concern to all fathers and mothers since ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
1 vote

Who was the oldest woman that we know of to give birth in the Medieval Europe?

This is seventeenth century rather than medieval but I don't know that that would make much difference in terms of medical technology. Samuel Rutherford's second wife Jean Macmath was born before the ...
user558840's user avatar
1 vote

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

Going my own ancestry search I found my 3x great grandmother had 10 kids. Not that unusual for the time. What was more surprising was that only 1 died in childhood. All the vaccines we have now are ...
Melissa Harris's user avatar
1 vote

Why did people have so many children in Victorian times?

Well, I doubt any father of 10 or more kids was a military historian, or genetic biologist who could take a futuristic guess and predict that in the next 100 years there 'will be massive wars', either ...
Grant Palmerton's user avatar
1 vote

Were pregnant women regarded as particularly attractive in 19th century Europe?

Pregnancy was a far bigger deal in the 19th century, when a woman's primary function was to produce children. Going back to Biblical times, the greatest fear for a woman was to be "barren." This was, ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k

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