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Incompetency and deliberate malice First of all, we should note that in years immediately after the end of civil war in 1949, China was still largely backward agricultural society. Apparently, only 3% of the population lived in urban settlements . Agriculture was based on small households with relatively primitive and obsolete farming techniques. Couple ...


9

I see three flags: Left center appears to have 3 vertically oriented stripes, with a dark stripe closest to the staff; based on @Justcal 's comment, this is probably France. Center right which is more properly a pennant or ensign than a flag and dark with a yellow rosette. Quite possibly the Japanese Imperial Banner. (Hat tip to @ezekiel and @justcal ) ...


6

To quote Felix Wemheuer - Famine Politics in Maoist China nad the Soviet Union: One question that remains unanswered is why the Chinese Communists learned so little from the Soviet experience of famine. The three famines after the October Revolution ought to have given rise to a clear awareness that a radical transformation of society could lead to famine. ...


6

False god of communism When we look at communism, we must first notice that this is a revolutionary movement that wants complete change of society. Or in other words, not just change people in power (Peter instead of Paul), not just change form of government (president instead of monarch), but also do away with existing production, social and religious norms....


4

The Chiang Kai-Shek quote is basic 中学为体,西学为用 stuff (Chinese culture as the basis of society, Western science for technological applications) that can be traced back to the Chinese self-strengthening movement of the second half of the 19th century. As to why Chiang did not mention that China might be on the same footing as or maybe even more advanced than the ...


4

In the early 20th century, China was more to be pitied, than feared. The anti-Chinese sentiments in California were directed against individual people, not the whole country. It arose against the Japanese as well, with the important difference that the hostility was also against Japan as a country. Japan also posed a challenge to the United States where it ...


2

There was nothing strange about either the Soviet or the Chinese leadership pushing through collectivization of agriculture though it was obvious that this would cause output decline, food availability deficit, and high mortality among large sections of the peasantry as well as some shortages in the Cities. Nevertheless, if the proletarian revolution was to ...


1

Wheelbarrow According to "Needham, Volume 4, Part 2, 263-267", the wheelbarrow was an invention of the Hans chinese. Wikipedia, History, China The earliest wheelbarrows with archaeological evidence in the form of a one-wheel cart come from second century Han Dynasty Emperor Hui's tomb murals and brick tomb reliefs.1 Link for photograph by Dadarot ...


1

I learned from China Under Mao: A Revolution Derailed that there are three solutions to the drawbacks of a socialist economy: rely on the experts and scientific management; import market as a supplement to the planned economy; use political mobilization and promote party leadership and hard work Mao chose the third one because he had tried that in ...


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