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32 votes
Accepted

Was Hagia Sophia built over a pagan temple?

Going beyond E.B. or Wikipedia: The official website of the Hagia Sophia Museum (at its former domain, link now dead) stated The first church [at the H.S. site] was constructed by Emperor Konstantios ...
Marakai's user avatar
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24 votes
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Tombstone-covered floor in Churches

Yes, this was perfectly common. It was seen as a privilege to be buried inside the church (the closer to the altar, the better). These are not cenotaphs, these are actual tombs, with people slowly ...
andejons's user avatar
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14 votes
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What does it mean to grant a church to a priory?

The quick answer (If there is one) is that Simon didn't control those churches(which were essentially the homes/estates of secular canons), he just set aside and funded the construction of the new ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 40.1k
13 votes

Where in a city would a cathedral be built?

To understand where a cathedral might be placed, it is important to understand the function and history of cathedrals. Note that the history is likely to depend on many different factors, and be ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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11 votes
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What is the name of a particular architectural structure from a Gothic Church?

According to "Die Wehrkirchen in Siebenbürgen" by George Oprescu, these are arrow slits ("Schießscharten"). This is a feature that is rare for churches outside of Transsylvania, ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
11 votes

What media did Irenaeus used to write his letters?

First, note that Eusebius doesn't tell us what material Irenæus used, but what material he himself didn't use. Today I could make the same poetic distinction, albeit a somewhat lamer version: He sent ...
Luke Sawczak's user avatar
  • 1,275
8 votes

What clergy went on the second Bering expedition?

Peter Laurisden mentions "seven priests" among the first detachment that left with Bering from St. Petersberg in 1733. On the same page he also describes a "list of names of those engaged", but I am ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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7 votes
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How old is the practice of wearing your "Sunday Best" to church?

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED2) lists Sunday best and Sunday's best under the lemma Sunday, but does not provide literary citations for these terms. The oldest instance I could find dates to the ...
njuffa's user avatar
  • 2,526
7 votes

How did the Church of England view the local legend and festivities surrounding Gog and Magog?

I would've still expected the Church (at least in the 16th century) to view these with contempt, issue an edict against it, or ban it altogether. The Church of England does not seem to have ever ...
John Dallman's user avatar
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7 votes
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Was the interior of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople ever covered with mosaic icons?

It was a very richly decorated building. I would say: it still is. Architectural simulations of the kind depicted in the question are obviously far from complete. But the complete lack of images, ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
7 votes

Do any churches continue to display length measures?

Yes. These ell standards on churches were installed to prevent trade disputes, especially with tailors. The churches whose ells are pictured here are the St. Walpurgis-Kirche in Apfelstädt and ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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7 votes
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How much knowledge of the past was destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries?

It is difficult to say exactly how much was lost. We have some sources that enable us to say what manuscripts were held by some monasteries, for example the library at Peterborough, or that at Syon ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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6 votes
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What clergy went on the second Bering expedition?

Here's a link to an article in Russian that explores the question of which priests were attached to Bering's expedition. According to it, one of the priests was a Lutheran pastor (excuse me if I get ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
5 votes
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What is the origin of how people are arranged in Mass/Worship Service?

The arrangement of modern Christian gatherings is the result of the development of early church architecture. In the early days, up to the fourth century, Christians worshipped along with Jews in ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.3k
5 votes

Tombstone-covered floor in Churches

Not only was this common, it was hard to change. In my country (Portugal) there was even a popular uprising in 1846 caused by, among other things, the prohibition on burials inside churches.
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
5 votes
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Was there a church around 1800 in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?

According to I. V. Viter, in 1767 the town population couldn't support the church, so it was moved to nearby Paratunka. According to Svetlana G. Federova and her coauthor Yakov M. Svet, Captain ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
4 votes

What is or was a Bond Major?

Definitely not "band major", Trelawny was local gentry and politically well-connected at a national level (hence governorship of Jamaica); that would have been far beneath his dignity. I ...
mike1880's user avatar
3 votes

How was Galileo's approach to mathematics different than Descartes's approach?

You have the difference in the last bullet points of your two lists. Galileo was an experimental scientist, engineer first - math for him was the most comfortable tool to describe the nature's ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
3 votes
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Representative early Anglican hymns?

You are out of luck for all but the very end of the period you describe. Congregational hymn singing was strongly frowned upon in the Anglican Church until popularized by Isaac Watts (1674-1748) in ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
2 votes
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What did the administrators of secularized California missions do?

The mission comisionados and mayordomos were appointed by the Monterey junta and by governors, principally Figueroa and Alvarado, or by the mission inspector Hartnell. According to Carlos Salomon in "...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
2 votes

Why did some people need to pay a bond in the 1700s in order to get married?

One point that I don't think is clear from the other answers is that your ancestor did not pay a bond of £200. The £200 was not paid unless the terms of the bond were breached. Practically speaking, ...
Harry Vervet's user avatar
2 votes
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How controversial were "updates" of churches in the past?

The cathedral in Cologne was extensively damages during WW2 and I suspect many churches in Germany, and indeed throughout Europe, had to rebuilt as well. Might be worth a look at the debates that ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
2 votes

Did the Catholic Church have a police force in the medieval period?

No, the Catholic Church did not have a Police force around 500 AD to arrest a British King. Some of the reasons why this was not so: Police, as it is known today, started to form during the 17th ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,724
2 votes
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What's the point of the transept?

I compiled all comments, and answered your comments: Are you wanting too much? There has never been the one optimal obligatory clearly superior solution for church architecture. Each general plan has ...
Luiz's user avatar
  • 4,438
1 vote

What's the point of the transept?

An answer from French Wikipedia (perhaps not very different from what has already mentioned in the comments and the answer by @Luiz): Outre le côté symbolique de la croix latine, le transept tient ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 3,872
1 vote

Who was Krusenstern's scandalous priest?

The church in nearby Paratunka continued to serve the area as the new Petropavlovsk church was under construction for a long time. Fedorova described it as "being built" in 1779; it was consecrated in ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
1 vote

Tombstone-covered floor in Churches

This is not a proper answer but it comments on various aspects (including "the why"), brings some anecdotes, and it is too long for a comment. in English, there is even the word 'churchyard'. it ...
Luiz's user avatar
  • 4,438

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