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15

Kind of, but not as such. The closest to what you're probably thinking of is the nihonjin-machi that began to form in the Pacific around the same time as Europe's Renaissance. These were primarily mercantile communities, but later also housed significant numbers of samurais, Christians and other exiles from Japan. None of them survived after the early modern ...


13

Macau was a Portuguese Colony right next door to Hong Kong. Why didn't Japan invade it during WW2? Because they didn't need to. The Portuguese were steadfastly neutral. They weren't a military threat. Macau had no real military value and the authorities there were cooperating. Why spend the resources to invade and occupy an already compliant port and risk ...


11

First of all, Hong Kong is now China (from 1997), based off your question, I wasn't sure if you knew. India and Hong Kong were very different stories. India was most definitely hurt by Great Britain. For example, Great Britain had a total monopoly on Indian salt. That meant that the Indians produced salt, and then, the British took it and sold it back to ...


10

Scotland was "ruled" by Edward Long Shanks, then under Robert the Bruce became free. In 1707, Scotland opted to join with England. The group chosen to discus the acts of union were chosen by a pro union Duke of Queensberry, and were mostly pro union. Another case I remember reading was about Eadric Streona. He was a traitor for both the English and the ...


10

The Australian experiment was different because it started as a penal colony -- the convicts and their overseers were the initial seed population of new arrivals. There was no settler class already extant to offer the convicts to as indentured labour. The early years of the colony came close to ending in disaster -- amongst other things failed crops led to ...


9

The question, whatever objections are made to its phrasing, boils down to: India won 3 wars easily and hasn't pushed its advantage to take over Pakistani Kashmir. Why? This is highly speculative, but I wonder what India would gain from taking over Pakistani Kashmir. Policing Indian Kashmir has been a money drain, international embarrassment (India ...


8

Some of the UK colonies became independent on very friendly terms, and still maintain close ties to the UK. Canada, Australia, and New Zealand come to mind. However... their indigenous populations were pushed aside by the arriving colonists, so those people might feel otherwise about the experience. Hong Kong didn't move from colony to self rule, it moved ...


8

A textbook example of this occurred in Zimbabwe/Rhodesia in 1979. The country had been effectively independent for 14 years. A whites-only government had unilaterally declared independence from Britain in 1965. But in December 1979, as part of the deal by which transition to majority rule was to take place, the Rhodesian parliament voted itself out of ...


7

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba are Netherlands Antilles islands which have rejoined the Netherlands following the breakup of the Netherlands Antilles as a country. The other 3 Antilles islands have opted for nationhood, although still as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.


6

Here's one example: The dutch colony of New Amsterdam (on Manhattan Island, it's New York now) was captured by four English frigates sailing into its harbour. The British are on the other side of this one, but the point stands. Here's one out of the time scale but the Battle of Nassau deserves a mention as the US marines' first amphibious landing.


6

In Indian political thought there were two basic competing organizing theories, rather simply called The Two Nation Theory and the single Indian nation theory (or Greater India). The basic idea behind the single nation theory is that Muslims and Hindus and many other religous communities as well are all intertwined alongside various languages and religous ...


6

26 JANUARY: From Independence Day to Republic Day First, a clarification: the 26th of January was originally declared Independence Day by the Congress Party in 1930, the day being marked by an independence pledge. However, as Indian independence was actually achieved on the 15th of August 1947, the 26th of January became Republic Day instead to mark the day ...


5

IN THEORY, if you assumed that India had very skilled political leaders, they might have pushed for "one man one vote" within the British Commonwealth, and taken over "Britain" in a "reverse takeover" by the sheer weight of numbers. In practice, it's very hard for two culturally different and widely separated populations to be administered on an equitable ...


5

Baltic states such as Estonia remember Swedish rule as the "good old [Swedish] times." That's because Swedish kings followed a policy of "reduction" that limited the power of nobles at home and abroad, thereby sparing the peasants from oppression more than German or Russian rulers.


4

According to Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" (6th Edition, 1785), there were two meanings of the word. Colony [colonia latin] 1. A body of people drawn from the mother-country to inhabit some distant place. 2. The country planted; a plantation. These seem to correspond to your second defintion of the word.


4

In both wars, the Belgian government left the country, and continued operating from elsewhere. That was Le Havre in WWI, and London in WWII.


4

Note first that the stand of trees in your photograph, as to be expected, did not exist when the fort was in use Then, note that to our left and due east of the fort is first an overgrown ravine, then a sloping hill about 30 feet higher than the fort. Artillery here would have quickly demolished the wooden stockade, and had a clear view of the entire fort ...


4

In general, English speakers in the 18th Century would have used the second of your two meanings; it's the older one, and derives from Latin colonia, which referred to the Roman (and earlier Greek, and also Phoenician) practice of planting settlements in foreign places. Most of what were counted as "colonies" in the 18th Century were colonies in the "...


3

Honestly, even if the Indians had trusted the British, the British themselves would have refused this. Many countries had tried to convert their colonies into integral provinces (such as French Algeria), but could not retain them. Moreover, India's leaders had by 1929 publicly asked for complete independence. The British Indian Army itself was unwilling to ...


3

In 1860 the Dominican Republic, some 15 years after independence and in turmoil, asked to be readmitted to the Spanish Empire. It seems that debts and the threat of invasion prompted the request, which was readily agreed to by the Spanish. The relationship quickly broke down and the territory was soon in revolt. Spain was unable to reassert control and ...


3

Some time after the unification of China by Qin, Ren Xiao and Zhao Tuo were sent to colonise the barbarian region of Nanyue around present day Guangzhou. Zhao Tuo succeeded Ren Xiao around the time when revolts began to occur against Qin, eventually signalling Nanyue's independence by declaring himself King and raiding surrounding provinces. When Liu Bang ...


3

First off, thank you for making me read a law review article on shipwrecks. That was probably one of the few interesting law review articles I've read. Now on to your question. Short Answer: No Long Answer: Still no. The biggest issue is that former colonies trying to assert ownership of a sunken treasure galleon might not have standing in a case, because ...


3

In WW1 Belgium never surrendered. During WW1 Belgian Congo was under threat by German forces in German East Africa, under command of ltn-col Paul von Lettow-Vorbek. It wasn't a big threat, as the German forces were barely strong enough to defend their own colony. Though von Lettow-Vorbek fought a highly successful offensive guerrilla campaign, the colony ...


3

Based on news reporting on India/China of the last decades, India has taken great care in avoiding a conflict with China. There have been many border conficts between them in the last decades on their present border. Taking northern Kashmir would extend that common border. With this in mind, togeather with the reasons given in the first answer, would ...


2

Well, Spain founded many schools, hospitals and universities in their "colonies". The "New Laws" where approved a few years after the conquest of the Americas (1542) forbbiding the slavery and setting fair laws to protect the natives, officialy at least: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Laws There was no official/legal discrimination agains specific races ...


2

The answer to this is, of course, a matter of opinion, rather than fact. However, in my view, the British Empire was largely a benevolent imperial power which generally treated the colonised nations/peoples exceptionally well, and was a tremendous force for good in the world. But many others would disagree. I would add that the French Empire was also a ...


2

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the founder of Pakistan. He started of as a strong Indian Nationalist. However he was disturbed by the comparative backwardness of Muslims in Big Business. Jinnah, like the Turkish economist Timur Kuran, identified the cause of as Islam's Inheritance Law. His own community was exempt from it and had done well. If reforming the ...


2

From WIKI - Basically, the English took the good ones, and kept them from recapturing the ones riven by slave revolt (Haiti). Some recovery of the French colonial empire was made during the French intervention in the American Revolution, with Saint Lucia being returned to France by the Treaty of Paris in 1783, but not nearly as much as had been hoped for ...


2

Early Japan had close relations with early Korea. In eras before the dawn of really good and accurate history, those relations may have involved at least one Korean conquest of at least some parts of Japan and/or at least one Japanese conquest or colonization or overlordship over at least one part of Korea. Naturally, nationalistic Korean and Japanese ...


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