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14

SHORT ANSWER Although France (especially) had the means and the motive to support the 1987 coup, there is currently no conclusive evidence of French, US or other Western powers involvement. However, this may change in the coming months as the French President, Emmanuel Macron, recently promised to declassify files relating the death of Thomas Sankara (see ...


8

Very simplified, confidence in the democratic center deteriorated and the extreme edges, the Communists and the Nazis, grew. Many cops and soldiers sided with the Nazis. For much of the 20s and early 30s, it was far from clear that the Nazis and not the Communists would win. Given this choice, many of the more conservative Germans would side with anyone who ...


7

This has happened several times between U.S. companies and Latin American countries. The United Fruit Company was a major player in a 1954 coup in Guatemala. A 1973 coup in Chile was allegedly backed by International Telephone and Telegraph.


6

On this occasion at least, Shirer’s account is probably not far from the truth although the language is perhaps a little subjective. Unfortunately, detailed records of witnesses seem to be thin on the ground, in part because of the way the trial of the putschists was conducted. What witness accounts there broadly agree: the differences are mostly in what ...


6

tl;dr: There are multiple reasons for Chiang to treat them different. They differed in their culpability, their readiness to make amends, and their connections. Connections Chang Hsueh-liang had an extremely valuable connection in the person of Soong May-ling, the wife of Chiang Kai-shek. The two had met in Shanghai in 1925, and kept up a life long ...


4

Depending on the date of this offer, an explanation could be made to why Reza Khan, future Palavi, did not take into account the offer of Ataturk as an agression. The putsch made by Reza Khan in 1921 did not immediately led to the destitution of the Shah, this one being officially made in 1925. Another point is that the former shah of Iran, in the end of ...


4

Based on what was said at the time, and what was done immediately after, the hits against him appear to be: He was a Marxist during the Cold War in a French-dominated area. He ticked off the landowners by taking their land and mineral rights with no compensation. He ticked off the traditional tribal elders by usurping their power, outlawing a lot of their ...


3

3% of the island of Cyprus still belongs to the United Kingdom (it is not a lease, as it was never transferred to Cyprus upon independence), within which the largest British military installation outside the mainland U.K. exists. A rival nation's installation on Cyprus could not be more than 50km away from the U.K.'s. I cannot imagine the Soviet Union ...


3

Nothing, in 1991 he was already 70 years old. He laid in the hospital. From the interview in Komsomolskaya Pravda, 2011 Почему ГКЧП провалился? Потому что они не были связаны с партийными организациями. Партийные организации на местах ждали сигнала. Я в это время в больнице был, но я знаю настроения людей. Rough translation: "Why did the GKCHP fail?...


2

What you're looking for is a self-coup I think? Wikipedia offers a small list of (alleged) examples. Some of the better examples: King Gyanendra of Nepal - 2005 Boris Yeltsin of Russia - 1993 Alberto Fujimori of Peru - 1992 Poland - 1981 (Similarities with whats happening in Turkey) Juan María Bordaberry of Uruguay - 1973 The most know alleged False-Flag ...


2

Your question can be broken down into several parts. Did the NATO-led coalition deliberately try to topple the Gaddafi regime? I think we can all agree on a "yes" to that one. In doing so, did they exceed the mandate of Resolution 1973? I don't think we will get a clear answer on that. The text calls for much more than just a no-fly zone, but it ...


2

Since we need an older source, rather than a current source, I will quote The Seven Sisters (1975) by Anthony Sampson, which contains an entire chapter on the affair. As for Dr. Mossadeq, his role in history is still disputed. Among old Iranians, he is now still an embarrassing phenomenon, who bankrupted his country and looked foolish to the world; and ...


2

William L. Shirer should not be considerd a reliable historical source. A Quote from the wiki pages about his first book Berlin Diary , on which his second book was based: Shirer smuggled his diaries and notes out of Germany and used them for his Berlin Diary, a firsthand, day-by-day account of events in Nazi Germany during five years of peace and one ...


1

Kennedy approved of Diem's overthrow, but naively believed assurances given that Diem would be protected and granted exile. http://consortiumnews.com/2013/11/25/jfks-embrace-of-third-world-nationalists/ It was because of Diem's murder that Kennedy immediately regretted the coup occurring. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEJdtodFcDQ


1

Here's the thing. They made plans to kill Zhang too, if the communists came close to getting him. Yang was only killed after the president at the time, Li, ordered his release. So we can conclude Chiang was willing to keep them under guard, but will not tolerate letting them go alive.


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