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35

Complimentary to Tom's answer, you have to ask yourself which side they'd come in on. There's nothing really useful in terms of territory they could get out of Germany or Austria-Hungary, since both were way on the other side of Europe. If they'd gone in on the other side, they could perhaps have gotten useful territory from France. However, French forces ...


17

There were two power blocs, the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy), and the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia). Spain was part of neither and had no reason to support one or the other.(Italy later switched sides). Spain was fortunate to be outside of the main battle areas: France, Belgium, Poland, the Balkans, western Russia. It had no ...


17

The Cuban intervention in Angola was entirely in keeping with the regime's outlook since the revolution. C. Sobers, in Investigating Cuban Internationalism: the First Angolan Intervention, 1975, observes that The Angolan intervention culminated a decade of interest in African affairs, and was a prime example of Cuban internationalism. Cuban ...


16

The economic effects of the Cuban Revolution were somewhat of a mixed bag, and depending on the timeline you are interested in the immediate impact was negative, whereas on a longer timeline it was more positive. The following paraphrases, and quotes relevant parts from Jose Pérez's work Cuba: Between Reform & Revolution Initially the revolution ...


16

Apparently, Arthur Schlesinger wrote a memo against the "upcoming" Bay of Pigs idea. But he didn't push it very hard.


15

SHORT ANSWER In the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs, John F. Kennedy himself didn't think anyone could be absolved of blame except J. William Fulbright. However, there were other advisors and / or decision makers who expressed doubts about the operation, especially Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Also opposed (at least in part) were Dean Rusk, Chester Bowles, John ...


12

The wikipedia page on Havana clarifies Less than a year after Havana was seized, the Peace of Paris was signed by the three warring powers thus ending the Seven Years' War. The treaty gave Britain Florida in exchange for the city of Havana on the recommendation of the French, who advised that declining the offer could result in Spain losing Mexico and ...


12

Who is the person whose face is painted in the top-right corner? Why does this person is so important that has deserved to be showed on that cover? José Martí, a Cuban national hero. Castro quoted Martí's works both as an inspiration and as justification for the revolution in his 1953 trial and called Martí the "apostle of the revolution". Conversely, ...


12

First of all, seeing as to how more than one SE user has questioned the seriousness of the Cuban missile crisis, let me try to outline how tense things were at the time. The Cuban missile crisis is the only time ever that any section of the US military has mobilised to DEFCON 2. The erstwhile SAC was at DEFCON 2 while the rest of the armed forces were at ...


11

The Cuban revolution succeeded because it was a broad-based revolutionary movement, not a "Communist" revolution (initially, that is). For instance, in the July 26th (1953) uprising against the government's military barracks (the equivalent of John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry before the U.S. civil war), the Castroites were only one of several ...


10

Naming conventions can seem a bit weird. For example, here in the States we know the Seven Years' War (well, to the extent that we know it at all) as the French and Indian War because... it was fought between the French and... the English, with various Native American tribes joining in on the French side. Southern sympathizers liked to call the American ...


8

Nobody knew that Castro was communist until after he came to power. I was in Cuba in 1958 (or'57 - I am not sure) and everyone was rooting for Castro. He was largely financed by the Cuban middle class; businesses and shop owners. Nobody had a clue at that time.


7

Other than coffee and tobacco, the main "cash crop" for Cuba (and most other Caribbean islands) was sugar, in the 18th century. This was originally used to make rum for the so-called "triangle trade." (Sugar from the Caribbean became rum in New England or Europe, traded to Africans for slaves, taken back to the Caribbean). The industrial revolution helped ...


7

An invasion by US armed forces would have worked, but would also have been deeply illegal, since it would have been a war of aggression. It would also likely have precipitated a war with the Soviet Union, and Cuba wasn't worth that risk. The plan seems to have started as one for a counter-revolution within Cuba with outside support, and been expanded into ...


7

For Cuba and Soviet Union fighting imperialism was not a goal in itself but a mean to establish Communist regimes in other countries. The declared final goal of communists is the victory of worldwide communist revolution. The disagreements between Soviet Union and Cuba were of purely tactical character (when and where and whom to fight). But the general ...


7

Because Cuba wasn't communist at the time. The flag was designed in 1849 and adopted in 1902. The original design purposely copied French and United States elements. The Cuban Revolution that brought the Castros to power didn't happen until 1958. This would have been the time to change the flag, if it were going to get changed. However, they actually got a ...


6

The effects of the Cuban revolution has been wholly negative. Not only was it immediately highly negative for the economy, as any civil war is, the planned economy instigated by the communist government in Cuba has, as all planned economy, stifled the Cuban economy and doomed the country to poverty. During the early 20th century Cuba was a prosperous ...


6

I'm Cuban (1984- leave cuba in 2009), and I'll try to be the most unbiased possible. In Cuba exist two currencies the CUP AND CUC Local citizens are paid in CUP. 24 CUP = 1 CUC 1 CUC = 1.10 USD The avg salary is 500 CUP ~ 20 USD by month The health system and all kind of Education include elemental, Bachelor, Master, etc are free. 1/2 Kg (1 lb.) ...


6

Castro make the cuban medical system the showcase of socialist success. He prepared the educational system to make more medical. See chart at the end source. In fact the export of cuban medical is a one of the big business Castro made. For example in the case of Angola and Venezuela where you can find a big amount of cuban medical the gov of these country ...


6

The basic "settlement" of the Seven Years' War (called the French and Indian War in North America) was that Britain would get all of North America east of the Mississippi River. France gave up "East Louisiana" (the territory between the Mississippi and the Thirteen Colonies), while Spain gave up Florida. In return, France got to "park" the main "Louisiana ...


6

There was a period in Cuba "the sugar revolution" as it is called in Franklin W. Knight's review. Sugar industry includes large set of products, and between 1750-1850 there was a big explosion of demand for sugar. In the beginning of that period aristocracy used up most of the sugar, later in mid 19th century and especially somewhat later even the common ...


6

The Guanahatabey by all accounts were hunter-gatherers. AKA: Mesolithic. They also appear to have spoken a language completely unrelated to the various forms of Arwakian spoken in the rest of the Antilles when the Spanish arrived. I found a reference online that credits "José Jiménez Santander and Lisandra Jimenez Ortega from Department of Anthropology, ...


5

Seeing as all parties involved live in Cuba, it is in fact quite possible that some editing was done for political reasons. Seeing as his widow and daughter were involved, it is also quite possible that some details were altered (or even removed) to avoid bringing any embarrassment to the family, or that might tarnish his memory in some way. Some editing ...


5

I'm not sure about your chronology. Wayne Smith, an American diplomat posted in Cuba, wrote in his book The Closest of Enemies: Blow followed blow. On June 7, 1960, Esso, Texaco, and the British oil company Shell, refused to refine Soviet crude oil imported by the Cuban government. Cuba responded on June 28 by nationalizing all three foreign refineries. ...


4

Spain was not prepared for the war in the Great War. It was on the process of modernizing the country, as the first industrial revolution reached Spain in this time. Spain dit not have the capacity to build tanks or even airplanes, we have the Spanish-American war as a clear example. Spain has always had good soldiers but, at the moment of the Great War, it ...


4

It's called the Spanish-American War because it was a war between the USA and Spain. While Cuba was part of it, a center of much of the action, the goal was to "liberate" the "oppressed" "natives" of the tattered remains of Spain's global empire from their "despotic" "masters". The proof in the pudding was Spain's behavior in Cuba. The United States had ...


4

Batista had already started losing control of the military months prior to Granma's landing. In early April 1956, recently promoted General Ramón Barquín lead a coup to remove Batista from power. The coup failed, and Batista purged the military of Barquín's supporters, and hundreds of officers were hastily replaced by less experienced ones. This would prove ...


3

It is extremely hard to put an estimate on this. Firstly it's impossible to know how many civilians he killed (probably unwillingly) during battle, so I will just ignore that. Then your wording implies that you consider all civilians in-guilty or undeserving of the death penalty; Some states of the US have a different opinion. It is generally agreed upon ...


3

Although the article on the Cuban missile crisis at Wikipedia cites John T. Correll's article from the August 2005 issue of Air Force Magazine as saying that the Soviets had possibly only 4 operational ICBMs in October 1962, the record has changed as more and more documents come to be declassified. According to Robert S. Norris' presentation at the Wilson ...


3

We don't usually do people's homework assignments. However, I think you are on the wrong track when you ask about tanks and planes. Some things to read about: Turkey was (and is) a NATO member. Turkey has an intense rivalry with fellow NATO member Greece. There were US missiles in Turkey. The US had used air bases in Turkey for recon flights over Communist ...


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