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See Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus / auctore Olao Magno ... Magnus, Olaus, 1490-1558 (click here for full Hathi Trust catalog entry for the 1562 edition) or here for Wikipedia's description. Your explanation is in Book 3, Chap 2, folio 30 verso, near the bottom of the page of the 1562 edition, and on page 98 of the nicer-looking fuller 1555 edition....


6

The map explicitly says: rubrum pannum pertica suspensum adorant (they adore a red cloth hanging from a pole) And this guy states that these vignettes come from Marco Polo (a good guess when seeing cute figures on late medieval maps...). He also gives full translations of all of them. https://www.helmink.com/detail/?Stock=18761&Label=ort-russia Here ...


5

No. And, well, yes. It was an examplary piece of world literature. Not to be ignored. Indeed: Much well liked by the governmental censors. But the very word "censors" brings up the problem. It was a bit shortened — for anti-authoritarian tendencies — and sometimes a bit strangely translated. One thing was that Huck was seen as a potentially problematic ...


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