27 votes
Accepted

Could the Soviet Union have supported Czechoslovakia primarily by air in 1938?

As I see it, the value of the Soviets telegraphing they indented to honor their treaty with the Czechs would be to call the German's bluff. The Czechs were no push over and the German army was not ...
  • 53.1k
21 votes
Accepted

Why does the CIA report on the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich refer to it as "Operation Salmon" rather than "Operation Anthropoid"?

As the author of the CIA article, R. C. Jaggers, does not cite any sources, it is difficult to establish with certainty why he used the name 'Operation Salmon'. The most likely reason may be that ...
18 votes
Accepted

Why did the wagon forts of the Hussites fade away?

There are several reasons that probably played together First, the Wagenburg was a device of asymmetric warfare, that proved effective when first used against Crusader and Holy Roman forces, that ...
  • 4,364
15 votes
Accepted

Did the Czech Legion bring POWs to Czechoslovakia? And if so, why?

Yes, Czechoslovak Legion did bring POWs during the evacuation. Details are available on the Czech Wikipedia page about the Czechoslovak Legion. Look at the section "Evakuace" and use Google Translate....
  • 2,694
12 votes

Why does the CIA report on the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich refer to it as "Operation Salmon" rather than "Operation Anthropoid"?

Curiously, after a bit of research I found this - a comment on the Amazon Kindle entry for the "book" The Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich Kindle Edition Make of it what you will, but possibly it ...
  • 2,455
12 votes
Accepted

Did Poland help Germany take Czechoslavakia before Germany invaded Poland?

You are conflating a bunch of different things. The creation of Poland and Czechoslovakia Poland was not a result of Germany's defeat in the Great War. When Russia signed the humiliating Treaty of ...
  • 4,619
12 votes
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What was the border regime between Poland and Czechoslovakia like during the 1970s and 1980s?

For the countries of the former Warsaw Pact borders were normally restricted to permitted traffic. Borders themselves were patrolled and places where one could cross it were limited. Mind you that ...
  • 851
10 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

Retrospectively, the only answer to your question is: "because of poor grasp of the local political and cultural context". In the 1920s, dominant countries were organized on the notion of nation ...
10 votes

Did the USSR pledge support to Czechoslovakia before the Munich Agreement?

The Soviets and Czechs concluded a Mutual Assistance Pact in 1935, good for five years, until 1940. The Soviets proposed to honor that pact in 1938 during the Munich crisis. The "sticking point" was ...
  • 103k
9 votes
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Can anyone identify this possibly Czechoslovak uniform?

This summarizes my since-deleted comments into a slightly more coherent form. It is only a partial answer to the originally posed question, and relies on the photographs the OP added after their ...
  • 4,679
9 votes
Accepted

In WW2, did Germany ever mine Uranium from Czechoslovakia?

Apparently, yes. This site states (translation mine): Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs, St. Joachimsthal war damals Teil des ans Deutsche Reich angeschlossenen Sudetenlands, wurde in den Gruben Uran ...
  • 12.2k
8 votes

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems?

During its entire history, Czechoslovakia had two anthems (or one anthem composed from two songs): the Czech song Kde domov můj and the Slovak song Nad Tatrou sa blýská. So, when Czechoslovakia broke ...
  • 262
8 votes

Why didn't the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia use the military to suppress the protests during the Velvet Revolution?

Communism has always been buttressed by force. In Eastern Europe it was either actual Soviet troops (Germany-1953, Hungary-1956, Czechoslovakia-1968) or the imminent credible threat thereof (Poland-...
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7 votes

How did the Czech Legion get home?

The USS Grant was just one of the vessels took 2-3 times the Czech Legion soldiers home. They passed several important ports including Shanghai, Hong Kong and Colombo. Mostly were shipping on the ...
7 votes
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How did the Czech Legion get home?

Indeed, as @TomAu has said, the evacuation of the Czechs (and Slovaks!) was handled by the US government, which also presumably paid for it. I found a Romanian article about Victor Cădere, a ...
7 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

The apparent reason for the creation of these Slavic "multinational" states was to create states that were strong enough to act as "buffer states" against Austria, Hungary, and Bulgaria (Germany's ...
  • 103k
7 votes

Could the Soviet Union have supported Czechoslovakia primarily by air in 1938?

I see very limited options how the Soviets could have helped Czechoslovakia during a potential war with Germany. Diplomatically, crossing into Polish airspace would not be possible - Poland was at ...
6 votes

Where, exactly, was the "Sudetenland?"

These three maps clearly outline, in varying level of detail, the portions of Czechoslovakia that were annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938. As the definition of "Sudetenland" has almost no meaning apart ...
6 votes

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems?

When Bangladesh became a separate country from Pakistan (transforming from East Pakistan into Bangladesh) they adopted a Bengali song written by Rabindranath Tagore in 1905, called "Shonar Bangala" (...
  • 3,314
5 votes

Why does the CIA report on the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich refer to it as "Operation Salmon" rather than "Operation Anthropoid"?

The "CIA's secret report" by R. C. Jaggers reads like a "as told by" version of some primary document originating outside the CIA. The CIA of course did not exist in 1942, and its predecessor, the OSS,...
  • 4,679
5 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

I wonder if it sheds any light on this decision if we compare the examples cited above with the one instance where the opposite happened- Galicia? Poles and Ukrainians were intermixed to a degree ...
5 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

Effective political lobbying and influence by political activists by the Czechs and the Yugoslav committee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Committee Both Yugoslav Committee and the Czech ...
  • 2,096
5 votes

Where, exactly, was the "Sudetenland?"

I live in Plzeň and I am located in Plzeň and I assure you that no sensible force has ever considered Plzeň to be a town in the Sudetenland. The Sudetenland has two approximately but not completely ...
  • 2,694
4 votes

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems?

In the title to your question you asked about what happens to countries that split up, but in the body of the question you ask also about countries that got united (or reunited) and specifically about ...
  • 9,483
4 votes

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems?

Often enough, when a nation wants to separate there is enough animus to stop much yearning for the old anthems. In the American Civil War, the South quickly enough adopted songs like "Dixie" and "The ...
  • 11.9k
3 votes

Did the Czech Legion bring POWs to Czechoslovakia? And if so, why?

Just to build on Lubos excellent answer. First of all, the Czech Legion consisted of Czechs who were fighting on the Allied side, under Russian command, in World War I. That was a bit unusual, because ...
  • 103k
3 votes

How many times was Vaclav Havel under arrest and under what - presumably trumped up charges - was he indicted?

I am not sure a total of arrests could be made short of writing a biography, but two particular cases can be found detailing charges. The first case is discussed on a site here: The regime couldn’...
  • 34.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Which types of tank are on this photo?

The tank on fire is most likely a T54 Soviet tank, prepared for longer range with the horizontal beam attached to the back and one of the two barrels still in place. It looks like the tank on fire ...
  • 522
3 votes

Where, exactly, was the "Sudetenland?"

This question is extremely interesting to me. It's been part of an ancestry research project of mine. My paternal family comes from the Sudetenland, but sadly, with the recent passing of my dad late ...
  • 2,455
3 votes

What was the border regime between Poland and Czechoslovakia like during the 1970s and 1980s?

Just from asking around a little here is a bit about the situation between East Germany and Czechoslovakia in the 1980s (sorry, no online sources): Crossing the border at official checkpoints was easy ...
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