48 votes

When did Canada become truly independent?

There have been several stages in the history of Canadian independence. Canada became a self-governing dominion within the British empire on 1 July 1867 when the British North America Act was passed ...
  • 76.5k
18 votes

When did Canada become truly independent?

The subject isn't nearly as simple as it is for the USA. The event in the 1980s was Patriation of the Canadian constitution, which removed the power of the UK parliament to amend the Canadian ...
  • 28.4k
15 votes
Accepted

Why did Guinea vote so differently in the 1958 French constitutional referendum?

Short answer: The Guinea 'No' vote: Sekou Toure, who was by far the most influential figure in Guinea, campaigned for a 'no' vote. Others voting 'Yes': Almost all local political leaders who could ...
14 votes
Accepted

What stopped the British from granting independence to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands?

On 30 June 1947 (one and a half months before the independence of India), there was a discussion in the UK House of Commons about Anglo-Indians and Europeans (alternative link): Mr. Gammons asked ...
  • 1,321
13 votes

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

The short answer is yes, the British monarch was technically the Head of State for South West Africa (formerly Deutsch-Südwestafrika) from the grant of the Mandate by the League of Nations until South ...
  • 76.5k
11 votes

Why did Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia remain loyal to France during and after World War II?

This is more a comment than an answer, but I need the space: Significance of the "300.000 soldiers" data. Note that such a number does not mean that most of the population loved the colonization. ...
  • 12.3k
10 votes

Why are the Lesser Antilles so politically fragmented?

The Lesser Antilles are so fragmented because they were (collectively) colonized or captured by no less than eight different countries. Even today, some of them are colonies belonging to France, ...
  • 103k
9 votes

How did Manuel Quezon convince the US to release the Philippines?

Manuel Quezon had previously served as one of the Philippines' two resident (nonvoting) commissioners to the U.S. House of Representatives from 1909 to 1916. The provision for the nonvoting ...
  • 76.5k
9 votes

Did the Portuguese get anything in return when they handed back Macau?

On the contrary. Portugal started building the (very expensive) Macau International Airport after the handover of Macau decision was already settled between Portugal and China (1987). Even more, ...
9 votes

Did the Portuguese get anything in return when they handed back Macau?

By giving up Macau quietly, Portugal avoided an embarrassment similar to the one they experienced when India took Goa. More seriously, this was done as part of a treaty at a point in time where ...
8 votes

Who decided on the name "Mexico"?

Your question appears to be based upon a false assumption: As far back as 1590, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum showed that the northern part of the New World was known as "America Mexicana" (...
  • 976
7 votes

Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

No, one of the most difficult decisions Churchill had to make during the war was to stop economic preferential treatment of the colonies to get American Land Lease support. That preferential treatment ...
  • 17.9k
5 votes

Who decided on the name "Mexico"?

Mexica is the Nahuatl or "Aztec" name for the original group of "Aztecs." Over the course of several centuries, these "Mexicans" conquered the whole Central Valley of what we now call "Mexico," ...
  • 103k
4 votes
Accepted

Who decided on the name "Mexico"?

I finally found this question addressed in Timothy Anna's Forging Mexico (Nebraska, 1998), pp. 36-40. Tenochtitlán dominated the center of Mesoamerica for a century before the arrival of Spaniards, ...
  • 27.3k
4 votes

Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

The watershed event after which European Colonialism was doomed was WW1, not WW2. Maintaining colonies requires that the subject people recognize that the combined costs of fighting the overwhelming ...
  • 26.3k
4 votes

How did "de-Nazification" efforts by Austria's occupiers proceed after WW2?

Austrian here. My grandparents told me some stories about that time. And I read a lot about the Nazi period and denazification in Germany and Austria. Overall, the denazification process in Austria ...
  • 179
4 votes

Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

No. After WW2, British empire was not financially capable of ruling its colonies such as India. As per the below article in BBC, The catastrophic British defeats in Europe and Asia between 1940 ...
4 votes

How did Manuel Quezon convince the US to release the Philippines?

Quezon's best argument for Philippine independence was his highly successful record, first as U.S. Commissioner, 1909-1916, then Philippine Senator (including Senate President), 1916-34, and finally ...
  • 103k
3 votes

Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

No. World War II drained Britain of what little financial strength it had, after World War I, the 1920s, and 1930s. Britain began World II with enough gold reserves to pay for about $10 billion in ...
  • 103k
2 votes

Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

To be fair.. Adolf Hitler is more responsible for Indian independence than Mahatma Gandhi in one point of view. Britain was bankrupt and had no resources to rule India as the 2,500,000 Indian Soldiers ...
2 votes

How common is nostalgia for the colonial perod in countries which gained independence in the 20th century?

It is difficult to give a definitive answer to such question. I can only tell you my experience. The university where I teach (in the US) has a lot of Indian students, and I discussed these questions ...
  • 37.5k
2 votes

How much of colonialism profit was continued post-colonialism by neo-imperialism/neo-colonialism?

I found a paper(.doc) from the University of Liepzig that studied colonial revenues in the British Empire in some detail. Looking over their data, it seems that nearly all parts of the empire were ...
  • 111k
2 votes

How did the European and international left react to the Cafe War?

This question could probably warrant an article-length treatment and I have no relevant expertise, but here are a couple of leads. The Wikipedia article on the Algerian War has a heading about how ...
  • 17.5k
1 vote

What was the 'indemnity' paid out by Haiti actually for?

This question is dealt with in some detail by Ana Lucia Araujo in her book Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History, Bloomsbury, 2017, pp 84-88. Much of ...
  • 76.5k
1 vote
Accepted

Why weren't colonies accepted as part of their colonizing countries?

The first law of institutions is that the survival of the institution dominates the mission of the institution. The second law of institutions is that change threatens the institution and must be ...
  • 31.1k
1 vote

Why weren't colonies accepted as part of their colonizing countries?

First, let's take your example of the UK. Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England are close to each other. Egypt, while not "that" far, is still quite far from the rest of the UK. Canada is even worse. ...
  • 1,129
1 vote
Accepted

Class-conscious, non-Marxist historiographies

You'd want Marxist historiography. There is no teleology to Marxist historiography, as in that within the discipline of history. One of the issues with approaches to history which are historically ...

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