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86 votes
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Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

The Wikipedia article on this is quite detailed. In short, Germany was never conquered by the Roman Empire, so several tribes maintained their identity as well as the Germanic language. On top of ...
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34 votes
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When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

There is a text written by Luther called "an den christlichen Adel deutscher Nation" (exact spelling!). So the word "deutsch" is very old. However, even from the 1848 revolution on (short-living ...
26 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

The Byzantine empire was a continuation of the older Roman empire in the East but it was gradually transformed into a different political entity. Meaning: The original Roman empire used Latin as an ...
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25 votes
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When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

You are right, the name Hellenes means “pagans” in the New Testament, and was consequently abandoned by Greek Christians, who preferred to call themselves “Romans”. The term Hellene was revived by the ...
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14 votes
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What did Nikolas Mystikos call his countrymen in official correspondence?

Just a hint, according to Greek wikipedia entry (which cites this book), the Patriarch wrote Ῥωμαῖοι - Rhōmaîoi in the letter.: Οι δύο δυνάμεις ολόκληρου του σύμπαντος, η δύναμη των Σαρακηνών και ...
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13 votes

Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

Why Germany is known in world in a diverse way? I believe this has to do with different nature of encountering Germans when it came to other nations. Germany has a more important strategic location ...
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9 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

Simpler answer: the Roman Empire centered in Constantinople was always the Roman Empire and the Greek-speaking Roman Christians continued to refer to themselves as Romans even during Ottoman rule (and ...
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8 votes

When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

The word Deutsch itself has deep roots. The name Dutch is a cognate. If you're willing to reach way back, the word's ancestry can be traces to the proto-Indo-European word tewtéh [1] meaning people, ...
  • 181
7 votes

When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

The term has evolved gradually, with the root phrase being listed in Wikipedia: Theodiscus is a Medieval Latin term literally meaning "popular" or "of the people". Later in the same entry it ...
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6 votes
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Demonym for someone from the kingdom of D'mt

I am not a historian, but here's what I've found from a cursory look at the literature. There's Pre-Aksumite, but that demonym isn't exclusive to D'MT. From "Punt and Aksum: Egypt and the Horn of ...
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5 votes

When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

The term must definitely have been in common use by 1863, at the very latest, as it is used in the inscription on the floor of the Hall of Liberation. There, it was still spelled Teutsche, however.
  • 151
5 votes

Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

German.Stackexchange: Is there a reason why Germany (Deutschland) is called so many different things in other European languages? English.Stackexchange: Why does Germany's English name differ from ...
  • 1,334
4 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

The Greek state aggressively promoted a Hellenic identity for Greeks since independence, but the Romaic identity, looking to Byzantium rather than Antiquity, and to Orthodox Christianity and folk ...
3 votes

When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

I am a german student and the theme in history last semester was the founding of Germany. In the war against France, before 1871 students and poets started saying that we the Germans have to fight ...
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2 votes

What did Nikolas Mystikos call his countrymen in official correspondence?

The answer by @8odoros cites Nikolaos Mystikos in Modern Greek. This is the original text, which likewise uses "Romans" as the term rendered in English as "Byzantines": Ὅτι δύο κυριότητες πάσης τῆς ...
2 votes

Why do some countries call Germany "Alman" too?

I am from Iran. In Persian language, many words related to Europe are obtained from French language. In Iran we call Germany Alman just because this is the way it is pronounced in French. The first ...
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