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55 votes

Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

"Was" is the wrong tense used here. The basic task of the nation in the years to come is to concentrate its effort on socialist modernization. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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55 votes
Accepted

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

The abdication of King Edward VIII of United Kingdom in 1936 was achieved without any bloodshed and resulted in ascension and coronation of his brother George as King of the United Kingdom. Although ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
51 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Murad V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 30 May to 31 August 1876 was deposed by the Ottoman cabinet on the grounds of insanity. The Grand Mufti (seyhulislam) issued a fetva justifying the act ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
50 votes

States calling themselves a dictatorship

The Despotate of the Morea, which was a province of the Byzantine Empire, looks like one of these at first glance, but it isn't. The words "Despot", "Tyrant" and "Dictator" have all changed their ...
John Dallman's user avatar
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44 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

In 1946, Italy held a referendum to change from being a kingdom to a republic. The last king of Italy, Umberto II, left the country peacefully to live the rest of his life abroad. He also absolved ...
Rad80's user avatar
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43 votes

Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

Since 2019 the El Salvadorian President Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez is in office. The current developments were characterised as "precursor to a dictatorship," and a representative from the ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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38 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Queen Elizabeth II has been deposed many times and I guess holds the record for the most times someone has been deposed (peaceful or not). This has happened many times when a former British colony ...
JLK's user avatar
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35 votes

Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

Alexander Lukashenko has been the president of Belarus since 1994. He called himself "the last and only dictator in Europe" in a 2012 interview. Q: Some Western politicians call you a ...
Michael Seifert's user avatar
30 votes
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Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

Perhaps that my own country (Portugal) is the answer. In 1926 we had a military revolution and in 1928 one the leaders of that revolution, general Óscar Carmona, was elected president of Portugal. The ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
25 votes
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How did Hitler imagine his succession? (for the case nazis would win the war)

The official, factual side As unsatisfactory as that might sound @JMS is rightly focussing on first Göring and then Dönitz/Goebbels, although the later declined to survive so that Schwerin von ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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19 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Augusto Pinochet, after 15 years as the dictator of Chile, stepped out of power because on the 5th October 1988 he lost a referendum with about 44% of votes and he accepted that result. Benito ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
16 votes

States calling themselves a dictatorship

In the original sense of the term, Roman Dictators were magistrates of the Roman Republic, entrusted with the full authority of the state to deal with a military emergency or to undertake a specific ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
16 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

The end of German Democratic Republic , a.k.a. East-Germany, was also quite peaceful. Prior to the German Reunification the GDR government applied some degree of oppression, yet the large-scale, ...
Dohn Joe's user avatar
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14 votes

Why would people join a bloc party?

For practical matters and in East Germany, the benefits from being a member of a bloc party were actually not so different from being a member of the real ruling party. Party membership (either in the ...
Jan's user avatar
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13 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Alfonso XIII of Spain, in 1931 On April 12, 1931, there were municipal elections. One year earlier, on January 28, 1930, the dictator Primo de Rivera resigned1. That dictatorship was a weird one, with ...
fedorqui's user avatar
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13 votes

Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

The Centrocaspian Dictatorship ruled from July to September 1918 in and around the city of Baku in current Azerbaijan. This anti-Soviet country was not recognised by any other and soon overrun/...
gerrit's user avatar
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11 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Bavaria stands out here. Ludwig II, Otto I, Ludwig III all lost power quite peacefully.
user58697's user avatar
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11 votes

States calling themselves a dictatorship

The preamble to the constitution of the People's Republic of China describes the state as being a "people's democratic dictatorship". Article 1 of the constitution repeats the claim.
Adrian McMenamin's user avatar
10 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Pedro II of Brazil, November 1889 There was only an injured person in the event. The only one wounded in the episode of the proclamation of the republic was the Baron of Ladario, minister of navy, ...
deathbait's user avatar
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10 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Norway, 1905 From 1814 to 1905 Norway and Sweden were two kingdoms ruled by the same king. This king ruled from the Swedish capitol and many Norwegians were unhappy about the situation. The two ...
Stig Hemmer's user avatar
9 votes

Who was the last leader of a country to call himself a dictator, or the last regime that called itself a dictatorship?

Marxists have been using the term dictatorship of the proletariat in the positive sense long after the word become an grave insult for Western liberals. In the USSR, it was not until 1934 when XVII ...
jmster's user avatar
  • 564
9 votes

Did Karl Marx openly advocate violence? (or oppose it?)

There's a trivial part and an unanswerable part to the question. The trivial part - did Marx think that a violent revolution was the only way to bring a better society into being? Yep, he did. It's ...
Ne Mo's user avatar
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8 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Without going back that long in time, you have got the Carnation Revolution in Portugal This is also interesting in the fact that the overthrow was led by the military.
Zalomon's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why would people join a bloc party?

In the 1990s, the German Bundestag organised a long-running investigative commission, the Enquete-Kommissionen zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur. In its voluminous report at the end of the 12. ...
ccprog's user avatar
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6 votes
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What was the first recorded non-violent toppling of a dictator?

If you accept a Western Roman Emperor as a dictator, then Vetranio (March to December 350 AD) may qualify. This somewaht obscure emperor was deposed peacefully by Contantius II: Constantius first ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
6 votes

What examples from history are there of a dictator successfully annexing countries by force over the long term?

It seems to me that the annexation of the Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia) by the Soviet Union, from 1944 to 1991, is a good example. In particular, many countries have never accepted ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
5 votes
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How do totalitarian states/empires usually fall?

Totalitarian regimes generally end in two ways: By the sword: either a foreign invader or a domestic revolt or both forced an end to the regime. By the pen: the ruling regime peacefully transitions ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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5 votes

Who wrote the "Mi General Augusto Pinochet" Song?

There are earlier references to this song, however, the most complete version of this song I was able to find was this one. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XD5nL0Toh7w It not only includes much ...
MGAP Researcher's user avatar
4 votes

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

The resignation of (now) Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI, allegedly because of ill health, has primarily been blamed on his self-perceived incapacity to deal with the strong resistance inside the Curia and ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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