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148 votes
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Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

Lyon's theory is rather flawed. First of all, the Etymologiae was written in the 7th century. Just because one paragraph from one chapter in the book might possibly be construed as implying a flat ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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75 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

Thomas Aquinas wrote a number of works in the 13th century, some of which were introductory (at least to medieval students - less so to today's students, who are not familiar with scholastic ...
Stephan Kolassa's user avatar
55 votes
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How did people put down a drinking horn?

In short, either when it was empty or it had a stand. Drinking horns were used by many different cultures on different continents (Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe e.t.c.) and in different time ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
47 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

Well, it isn't exactly true that medieval scholars understood the world to be round. They were much, much more subtle in their thinking that that. You see, it was quite clear that the world couldn't ...
pokep's user avatar
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29 votes

Why didn't pre-Norman English kings build stone town walls?

They did. The Anglo-Saxons still used fortified areas and cities or towns, re-used old ones and build them anew. It just takes a bit of time, effort and money to develop those walls and fortifications,...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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27 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

You can see De sphaera mundi by the astronomer Johannes de Sacrobosco (c. 1195 – c. 1256) : "it was one of the most influential works of pre-Copernican astronomy in Europe. Though principally ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
26 votes

Are there any medieval manuals relating to castle building?

You might be interested in Guedelon Castle, which is a project to rebuild a 13th Century castle from scratch using original methods. It's not exactly a manual, but it's probably as close as you are ...
DJClayworth's user avatar
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23 votes
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Why did Latin disappear so completely in Britain after the Romans left?

The short answer is, of course, that Latin didn't completely disappear from Britain at the end of the Romano-British period. However, the use of Latin did decline much more than in Britain than it did ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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23 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

Medieval Scholars were much more sophisticated than they are usually given credit for. Knowledge of the shape of the Earth were never really "lost". Apart from their own observations, there were ...
andejons's user avatar
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21 votes
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Why was there an Anglo-Saxon law banning sheepskin covered shields?

Because King Athelstan was concerned about the quality of soldiers' shields. Sheepskin was a cheap but poor quality option for covering shields. A key theme of Athelstan's Grately Codes is dealing ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
18 votes
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Why didn't pre-Norman English kings build stone town walls?

Pre-Norman English (or Anglo-Saxons) didn't build primarily in stone for their town defenses because a) it would have been prohibitively expensive; b) it would have required much more time than they ...
gktscrk's user avatar
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13 votes

Size of Viking armies and raiding parties in 9th-10th centuries?

The numbers involved in Viking raids on 9th and 10th century England are not easy to gauge, but it is possible to come up with some estimates. First though, it is useful to get a clearer overall ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
13 votes
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Why are Vikings singled out for raids in Britain and Ireland when records may indicate most raids were by local rulers?

The situation in early medieval Ireland was rather unique, as I explained in an answer to another question. The situation there was largely a legacy of the fact that the early monasteries had been ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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13 votes

Did Anglo-Saxons make use of large-scale, non-military Roman ruins?

There are several cases of Roman era ruins being repurposed by Anglo-Saxons, though I'm not certain if you'll call them "large scale". As the other answers noted, the Anglo-Saxons generally ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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13 votes

How often would monks leave their monasteries in the Middle Ages?

Typically, a significant minority of the monks were priests. But each order would have its own rules about the movement of its members. The more strict orders would not accept that one of his ...
Luiz's user avatar
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13 votes

What are the precursors of the Bayeux Tapestry?

The issue with finding other similar works is that barely any of it survived to this day except as references in documents: Little physical evidence survives to reconstruct the early development of ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
12 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

I have a tiny bit of evidence of another type to add about medieval belief in a spherical Earth. A globus cruciger is a globe or orb topped by a cross, and part of the regalia of Christian monarchs. ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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12 votes

Why is there no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before the 18th century?

The Blue Mosque may have had stained glass windows since 1617. Nonetheless, consider the tradition of ventilated buildings in Islamic architecture. Buildings for hot, dry climates often have thick ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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11 votes
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What crops were part of the medieval spring harvest?

Well, I found a fairly good description of the Medieval Farming Year, and it does not support a 'spring harvest' as you suspected. From the above source, Concerning winter crops specifically in ...
justCal's user avatar
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11 votes

Did the early Christian community on Iceland require the import of wine for liturgy?

Short answer Wine was imported but was often scarce and always expensive. It was a liturgical requirement, but it was not one that was always (or even often) met without bending the rules a little. ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
10 votes

What would a 9th-century German count do if he wanted to spend some time with his wife?

A count in the 9th century? Well, then we are speaking not just about a very rich person, we are speaking about a head of his own state. He is not subject to any other state authority except loose ...
Anixx's user avatar
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9 votes

Was the date skip of the Gregorian calender reform understood to skip weekdays accordingly?

The change over to the Gregorian Calendar happened over a period of over 300 years across the western world. Consequently the number of skipped days varied by country depending on when they changed ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
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9 votes

Why did Latin disappear so completely in Britain after the Romans left?

(This answer is intended as a complement to Sempaiscuba's.) The British experience is not as unique as you may think, as there were many other places where Vulgar Latin died out after the collapse of ...
J. Siebeneichler's user avatar
9 votes
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Why did Danish people not "connect" with neighbor nations until Viking Age?

Note: I'm taking "Danish people" to mean people that lived in Denmark. they could have attacked what is now Germany, Poland, Belgium, Holland and even Lithuania and France, traveling near the coast,...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k
8 votes

What did Vikings wear in cold wet conditions at sea?

Jesse Byock in "Viking Age Iceland" reports "a type of rough woolen cloak (vararfeldr) that provided protection from the rain". A higher grade of the same wool was impregnated with animal fat and used ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.6k
8 votes

What was housing like in early Medieval Scotland?

If we take the Early Medieval period to be from about 500 to 1000 CE, there were various types of housing in Scotland. There was an abundance of loose stone in Scotland resulting from glacier action ...
Alice Milne's user avatar
7 votes

How tight were shield walls in Saxon England?

according to bayeaux, pretty tight: The shield wall tactics are not entitled only to roman origins, almost any culture that develops heavy shields will develop a close formation to take advantage of ...
CptEric's user avatar
  • 1,469
7 votes

Did medieval scholars believe the Earth was round?

In God's Philosophers: How the Medieval World Laid the Foundations of Modern Science, James Hannam states that: The myth that a flat earth was part of Christian doctrine in the Middle Ages ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
7 votes

When did the round house fall out of vernacular use throughout Britain and Ireland?

The names and dates of these archaeological periods can be contested, but as a preliminary, we are concerned here with the: Nordic Bronze Age (c. 1700 BCE - c. 500 BCE) Pre-Roman Iron Age (c. 500 BCE ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.6k
7 votes
Accepted

When was the festival of the See of Peter in the 6th Century?

In his History of the Councils of the Church, Volume 3, Charles Hefele records that: ... the Latin Emperor Valentinian III came with his wife Eudoxia (a daughter of Theodosius II.), and his mother ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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