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87 votes

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar speak with Cleopatra?

Most likely Greek. This is the only language which we know they definitely had in common, and both were highly proficient in it. High-born Romans learnt Greek and Julius Caesar was no exception: ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
41 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

The history is a bit sketchy about this period. The most well-known early source, Ibn Abd al-Hakam Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain, was written in 870. Being written about two centuries ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 7,092
18 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

This Jewish source characterizes Muslim rule in Spain during the Middle Ages as being "kind" by contemporary standards, but not by modern standards. Jews and Christians in Spain lived in a "second ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
18 votes

When did the Egyptians stop wrapping their dead in bandages?

TL;DR: Roughly around the 3rd century AD, because Christianity. Here is an article that briefly describes the historical development of ancient Egyptian mummification practices, including their ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 18.9k
14 votes
Accepted

Since when is the Nile Delta known as "Delta"?

Francis Celora in Delta as a Geographical Concept in Greek literature (login required, 100 free articles / month) notes: That a stranger who arrives at the mouth of the Nile in times when maps were ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
12 votes

How much Ancient Egyptian survived into modern Coptic & Egyptian Arabic?

Being an Egyptian myself, I have some information about this subject. But my information is also supported by an Egyptian Egyptologist called "Ossama Al-Sa'dawy" who has a PHD in the Ancient Egyptian ...
Kareem's user avatar
  • 507
11 votes
Accepted

Are the Egyptians homogeneous?

As you pointed out, your basic premise is wrong. There is nothing "homogenous" about the Egyptians. Just for starters, centuries of Arab conquest changed that. Even in ancient times the ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 37.8k
10 votes

What was the estimated population living in Egypt around 1446 BC?

Population estimates A number of estimates have been made for the population of ancient Egypt but, as the article The people of ancient Egypt says, Egyptologists tend to dodge the issue of ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Who was Nimet Eloui Bey's father?

A work by Rainer Maria Rilke, Nimet Eloui and Edmond Jaloux in 1952, 'His Last Friendship' or 'Derniere Amite Engl.', has the following paragraph (from snippet view on search page, emphasis mine): ....
justCal's user avatar
  • 38.7k
9 votes
Accepted

Why did Anwar Sadat establish diplomatic relationship with Israel and did that decision pay off?

The answer is a combination of military and political reasons. Israel had survived several wars up to this point, from enemies who outnumbered and wanted to completely destroy them. Their success ...
user2259716's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

When did Sultan Saif ad-Din Qutuz escape from Mongol swords?

It looks like there are several versions of the 'threatening letter' sent to Qutuz. The version from the wiki about Qutuz has the following phrasing: Let al-Malik al-Muzaffar Qutuz, who is of the ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 38.7k
7 votes

Why were there "Tributary States" to the Ottoman Empire?

This is (at least in part) caused by Britain and their balance of power strategy. The Ottoman empire was viewed somewhere between 'not a threat' yet 'integral to the balance of Europe'. A Russia ...
Twelfth's user avatar
  • 2,722
7 votes

Who was Nimet Eloui Bey's father?

I've literally just got hold of a hard copy of Rainer Maria Rilke's His Last Friendship, and so I thought I would take the opportunity to expand upon justCal's excellent answer. (It seems as if he ...
chancellorofpaphos's user avatar
7 votes

Are modern day Egyptians the genetic descendants of Ancient Egyptians?

This analysis in Nature from May 2017 [#1] states: Here we present 90 mitochondrial genomes as well as genome-wide data sets from three individuals obtained from Egyptian mummies. The samples ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

When did blackouts occur in Cairo during WW2?

We can indeed nail down a date for this: CAIRO LIGHTS GO UP FIRST CAPITAL TO END BLACK-OUT By an order of the Military Governor, published last night, the black-out in Cairo ends to-day, and full ...
Andrew is gone's user avatar
6 votes

Was Cleopatra technically a princess?

She was known as "s3t-niswt" which literally translates to Daughter of the King. "s3t-niswt" and "Princess" are similar but don't have the same meaning. "Princess" can be female close to the king ...
EvanM's user avatar
  • 2,333
6 votes
Accepted

What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

I did a quick google search on the title of your question and found a few relevant resources. Perhaps the results below will help with some context and additional search terms? March 1979 marked ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 32.4k
6 votes
Accepted

Could Egyptian hieroglyphs accurately record conversational day-to-day discussion?

The reason why many Ancient hieroglyphic texts appear “stilted and unnatural” may be because most texts that survived are found in or related to tombs and these get most of the attention because of ...
Ajagar's user avatar
  • 532
5 votes
Accepted

Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

Following the Battle of the Nile (Aboukir Bay), the bulk of the British fleet, including Nelson's flagship Vanguard, returned to the western Mediterranean (either to Gibraltar or to Naples) in order ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.3k
5 votes

Where was the Temple of Onias located?

The Talmud says that Onias fled "to Alexandria in Egypt", and "there he built an altar": הלך לאלכסנדריא של מצרים ובנה שם מזבח We may take שם "there" as reference to &...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
  • 3,346
5 votes

Why and when were ancient Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms used?

Just to clarify definitions, phonograms are symbols that are used to represent sounds. Ideograms are symbols used to represents objects or concepts. The ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet seems ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
5 votes

How do we reconcile hierarchical and violent aspects of Ancient Egypt with its nonviolent principle of Maat, as exemplified in negative confessions?

I think you're overthinking this. Ma'at doesn't mean non-violence. The list of negative confessions can vary, and there's no reason that particular one must be here. From here: There is no standard ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 1,261
4 votes

Primary annalistic sources for ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

I have to admit this will not be an entirely satisfactory answer and I hope someone else can contribute a fuller one. However, I have taken several evening or weekend classes in Egyptology, including ...
Timothy's user avatar
  • 5,621
4 votes

What is so unique about ushabti that makes them valued and popular?

Just to be clear what we're talking about, a shabti figure was a funerary figurine used in Ancient Egypt. Strictly speaking, we should only use the term "shabti" for those figurines which were ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
3 votes

Why did a lot of major cities around the world obtain obelisks?

Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, started the fashion of moving Egyptian obelisks as a symbol of control over Egypt and technological might, first to Rome and later to New Rome or Constantinople. ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.1k
3 votes

What was the area of the Mamluk Sultanate?

The Mamluk Sultanate in 1337 was approx. 1 802 679 sq km. The Mamluk Sultanate in 1444 was approx. 838 316 sq km in directly ruled territories plus 354 751 sq km governed indirectly without Cyprus, ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
3 votes

Mesoamerican and Giza's Pyramids

No. That is impossible. Continental drift is a geological phenomena millions, if not billions of years, in progress. You probably wonder why those constructions look fairly similar. Mesoamericans ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 20.9k
3 votes

What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

In addition to the answer above, I have information from an old Washington Post article mentioning how certain Afghan rebels who engaged in guerilla warfare against the Soviet Union were trained by ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
  • 803

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