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83 votes

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar speak with Cleopatra?

Most likely Greek. This is the only language which we know they definitely had in common, and both were highly proficient in it. High-born Romans learnt Greek and Julius Caesar was no exception: ...
41 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

The history is a bit sketchy about this period. The most well-known early source, Ibn Abd al-Hakam Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain, was written in 870. Being written about two centuries ...
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19 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

This Jewish source characterizes Muslim rule in Spain during the Middle Ages as being "kind" by contemporary standards, but not by modern standards. Jews and Christians in Spain lived in a "second ...
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17 votes

When did the Egyptians stop wrapping their dead in bandages?

TL;DR: Roughly around the 3rd century AD, because Christianity. Here is an article that briefly describes the historical development of ancient Egyptian mummification practices, including their ...
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14 votes
Accepted

Since when is the Nile Delta known as "Delta"?

Francis Celora in Delta as a Geographical Concept in Greek literature (login required, 100 free articles / month) notes: That a stranger who arrives at the mouth of the Nile in times when maps were ...
12 votes

How much Ancient Egyptian survived into modern Coptic & Egyptian Arabic?

Being an Egyptian myself, I have some information about this subject. But my information is also supported by an Egyptian Egyptologist called "Ossama Al-Sa'dawy" who has a PHD in the Ancient Egyptian ...
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12 votes
Accepted

Why didn't the ancient Egyptians conquer an empire?

The premise of the question is somewhat invalid, as the rulers of Egypt did periodically venture outside of the country's natural boundaries and conquer other parts of the Levant. Thutmose III held ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Are the Egyptians homogeneous?

As you pointed out, your basic premise is wrong. There is nothing "homogenous" about the Egyptians. Just for starters, centuries of Arab conquest changed that. Even in ancient times the ...
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10 votes
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Who was Nimet Eloui Bey's father?

A work by Rainer Maria Rilke, Nimet Eloui and Edmond Jaloux in 1952, 'His Last Friendship' or 'Derniere Amite Engl.', has the following paragraph (from snippet view on search page, emphasis mine): ....
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9 votes

What was the estimated population living in Egypt around 1446 BC?

Population estimates A number of estimates have been made for the population of ancient Egypt but, as the article The people of ancient Egypt says, Egyptologists tend to dodge the issue of ...
9 votes

Is there an example of Egypt recording defeat?

There are a number of Egyptian defeats known to history - some of them come to us from contemporaneous accounts from neighboring civilizations, others from archaeological evidence, but many of them ...
9 votes
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How did Napoleon evade the British fleet and return to France?

In addition to Drux's fine answer, Napoleon's ability to evade the British was down to a number of factors but miscommunication by the British played a very large part. When Sir Sidney Smith was ...
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9 votes
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Why did Anwar Sadat establish diplomatic relationship with Israel and did that decision pay off?

The answer is a combination of military and political reasons. Israel had survived several wars up to this point, from enemies who outnumbered and wanted to completely destroy them. Their success ...
7 votes
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Do Egyptian mummies contain DNA? If so, was it viable enough to analyzed it?

Well, Wikipedia does have a page for it, so yes it has been done. For example, Ramses III had the E-V38 Y Chromosome Haplogroup. Interestingly, most of the modern people who have a large ...
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7 votes
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When did Sultan Saif ad-Din Qutuz escape from Mongol swords?

It looks like there are several versions of the 'threatening letter' sent to Qutuz. The version from the wiki about Qutuz has the following phrasing: Let al-Malik al-Muzaffar Qutuz, who is of the ...
  • 34.4k
7 votes

Who was Nimet Eloui Bey's father?

I've literally just got hold of a hard copy of Rainer Maria Rilke's His Last Friendship, and so I thought I would take the opportunity to expand upon justCal's excellent answer. (It seems as if he ...
7 votes

Are modern day Egyptians the genetic descendants of Ancient Egyptians?

This analysis in Nature from May 2017 [#1] states: Here we present 90 mitochondrial genomes as well as genome-wide data sets from three individuals obtained from Egyptian mummies. The samples ...
7 votes
Accepted

When did blackouts occur in Cairo during WW2?

We can indeed nail down a date for this: CAIRO LIGHTS GO UP FIRST CAPITAL TO END BLACK-OUT By an order of the Military Governor, published last night, the black-out in Cairo ends to-day, and full ...
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6 votes

How did Egypt become a protectorate of the British empire?

Egypt falling into England's grasp began earlier, with Napoleon. By the end of the 18th century, the Ottomans, focused on fighting the Russians had focused their resources on protecting their ...
6 votes
Accepted

What would've been the outcome of the Yom Kippur War had the UN not intervened?

In Military terms, the surrounded Third Army would have had to surrender soon. Egypt had no reserves on that side of the Canal, so a drive north to the coast would have cut off the other Armies as ...
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6 votes

Was Cleopatra technically a princess?

She was known as "s3t-niswt" which literally translates to Daughter of the King. "s3t-niswt" and "Princess" are similar but don't have the same meaning. "Princess" can be female close to the king ...
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6 votes

Why were there "Tributary States" to the Ottoman Empire?

This is (at least in part) caused by Britain and their balance of power strategy. The Ottoman empire was viewed somewhere between 'not a threat' yet 'integral to the balance of Europe'. A Russia ...
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6 votes
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What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

I did a quick google search on the title of your question and found a few relevant resources. Perhaps the results below will help with some context and additional search terms? March 1979 marked ...
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5 votes

Why and when were ancient Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms used?

Just to clarify definitions, phonograms are symbols that are used to represent sounds. Ideograms are symbols used to represents objects or concepts. The ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet seems ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

Following the Battle of the Nile (Aboukir Bay), the bulk of the British fleet, including Nelson's flagship Vanguard, returned to the western Mediterranean (either to Gibraltar or to Naples) in order ...
  • 18.1k
5 votes

Were any Egyptian pyramids designed to be half an octahedron?

For a pyramid to be "half an octahedron", its height must be the width divided by sqrt(2). Examination of the List of Egyptian pyramids shows that this is not the case. E.g., Sneferu: 220/(105*sqrt(...
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5 votes
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Where can I find a reliable method of translating English to Ancient Egyptian?

Unfortunately this problem is not specific to ancient Egyptian and automatic translation will generally not really be anywhere near understandable. Ancient Egyptian also has the problem of being a ...
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5 votes
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What responsibility did Golda Meir have for the Yom Kippur war?

I think you are referring to a proposal by Moshe Dayan to Meir in December 1970 that Israel withdraw 20 miles from the Suez Canal in order to aid the Egyptians in reopening the canal and possibly ...
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5 votes

Where was the Temple of Onias located?

The Talmud says that Onias fled "to Alexandria in Egypt", and "there he built an altar": הלך לאלכסנדריא של מצרים ובנה שם מזבח We may take שם "there" as reference to &...
  • 3,316
5 votes
Accepted

Could Egyptian hieroglyphs accurately record conversational day-to-day discussion?

The reason why many Ancient hieroglyphic texts appear “stilted and unnatural” may be because most texts that survived are found in or related to tombs and these get most of the attention because of ...
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