21

Wilson's election was about a generation before scientific polling, so we don't and probably can't ever really know that. However, it was a fact that he ran hard on that issue. Its also a fact that, knowing that he was running on that platform, the electorate voted for Wilson in 30 of 48 states. So it seems reasonable under the circumstances to consider that ...


9

Here are a couple of descriptions from academic sources. To put it very simply, it all boils down to a classic case of corruption and patronage. It's not necessarily the case that the system gave "citizens the impression of fair elections", but it gave enough people enough of what they wanted. From Michael G. Burros (1982) "The Spanish Jury: ...


7

Under the terms of the Enabling Act of 1933 the Reichstag on March 31, 1933, passed the First Gleichschaltung [Synchronization] Law which: [D]issolved the diets of all Länder (except the recently elected Prussian parliament, which the Nazis already controlled); [O]rdered the state diets reconstituted on the basis of the votes in the last Reichstag election ...


5

Wikipedia has a list of annulled elections and the 1993 election in Nigeria seems to fit your question reasonably well. Another example seems to be Myanmar in 1990. Afghanistan actually has a repeating pattern of Pashtu und Farsi-speaking politicians forming a government of national unity,then accusing each other of fraud after the next election, then ...


5

All Soviet constitutions, starting from Soviet Russia Constitution of 1918 (link to article) had provisions to recall deputies. However, it is mostly in 1920s and 1930s that these provision was actively used, according to this research, in 1931 10.1% of the deputies were recalled from the village councils, in 1932 - 17.0%. In some territories and regions, ...


4

This was the period of The Solid South, and considering that, Al Smith actually did remarkably badly there in the election of 1928. Here's a map color-coded by how often "solid south" states voted for the Democratic nominee for President: Now let's compare 1928 to the elections before and after it: 1924: 1928: 1932: So the way to look it this ...


3

K-HB has a nice answer, but I will answer here with some historical data for Germany anyway, because of the relatively good accessibility of sources. I will mainly quote from the paper "Vossische Zeitung", which is available in scanned form from the Staatsbibliothek Berlin here. In the June 15th, 1893 election, results of all but one constituency ...


2

In Germany probably on 4 May 1924. The final official results of a election for the Bundestag will even today take weeks (the last election was on 24 September 2017, the final official results were published on 12 October 2017). Before that each unit (constituency, state, federal level) will check the protocols of the lower level and decide about problems. ...


2

The most recent sitting VP not nominated while running for President was Alben Barkley, Truman's VP. He was passed over for a younger man (Adlai Stevenson) in 1952. Also Thomas R. Marshall, Wilson's VP (1920). In the 19th century, the Vice Presidency was considered as spot for "has-beens and never-wases".


1

Depends on the power of presidency During the time of John Quincy Adams Federal government was mostly tasked with foreign relations and interstate commerce. Quincy was not even elected in electoral college, there was contingent election in House of Representatives. As we look at his presidency, we could see that he could not obtain Congressional support for ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible