27

Abyssinia / Ethiopia (the borders of which expanded and contracted frequently over the centuries) maintained its independence until 1936 by a combination of diplomatic skill in playing would-be colonizers off against each other, and military strength. These factors were, in turn, facilitated by centuries of diplomatic contacts with (as commented on by Denis ...


26

The short answer is no. Although the origins of hieroglyphic writing are disputed to some extent, modern scholarship leans towards the idea that it developed independently in Egypt, but "no definitive determination has been made as to the origin of hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt". In Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of ...


18

From the Oxford English Dictionary (1928): Ethiop ... The Ethiopians are mentioned by Homer as a people dwelling in the far east and far west; in later Gr[eek] the name was applied chiefly to the inhabitants of Africa south of Egypt, but also to people of swarthy complexion from other parts of the world. Under the heading for Ethiopian it further mentions ...


15

There wasn't anything for it to spread south to. OK, there is one exception that Mr. de Bernardy pointed out in the comments. Somalia is south of Ethiopia (when it wasn't part of its empire), and there were conversions there. Many people living there were Jewish and Christian, and some of the Jewish converts may have reached as far south as modern Tanzania. ...


15

tl; dr Are the Sabean people of Ethiopian origin? No. The evidence suggests that they originated in the region now known as South Arabia. Did the Sabean people truly exist? We have the remains of their cities, including at Ma'rib in modern Yemen, so we can be pretty sure that the Sabean people really did exist. Where are their descendants today? After ...


13

The "Aethiopia" of Herodotus was not the same thing as modern Ethiopia. Rather, the term described anyone from non-Mediterranean Africa. At the time of the Battle of Thermopylae, the Persian Empire included part of Aethiopia, so it's not surprising that an army composed of soldiers from all over the empire would include some Aethiopeans.


10

Haile Selassie Gugsa (second from right), a military commander and governor of Eastern Tigray, turned coat just a week into the invasion. After the war he was sentenced to death (commuted to life imprisonment and later house arrest.)


10

Ascertaining details in legends might be a good thing. But it is a legend and curiously lacks detail, leaving open a huge space for projections and arbitrary symbols, to be filled by listeners. And perhaps to the detriment of flower sellers who have a more complicated time instead of always stocking for example coffee flowers, or others. It might be more ...


10

The short answer is that we really don't know with any certainty, and there is - as yet - no scholarly consensus on the subject. The names given to ancient peoples (in this case from the early fourth century CE) often have little meaning in modern contexts. However, it does seem reasonable to associate the names 'Kasu' with Kushites and 'Nuba' with ...


8

A few things that I think need to be cleared up here. First: When the ancients said "Ethiopia", they generally meant the territory directly south of Egypt, what we today call Sudan. They were not talking about the territory we call "Ethiopia" today. That usage didn't start until the 4th century AD, well after the entire Bible was written. This is ...


8

One example of a clear and decisive European defeat is the Battle of Isandlwana in 1879, during the Anglo-Zulu War. The British started taking the Zulus a lot more seriously after that, and won the war.


7

The Kingdom of Aksum is dated from 100–940 CE. The sailing technology of this time frame is way beyond Egyptian papyrus rafts. This begins almost 200 years after the battle of Actium ,one of the great naval battles of the time, and in fact one of the trade partners mentioned is the Roman, and later Byzantine empire. From wiki page on Indo-Roman trade ...


6

The earliest evidence for Egyptian writing as writing (used to record language) goes back to circa 3250 BC, in the city of Abydos. Traces of earlier symbol use in an accounting context (e.g., cylinder seals) have also been found going back to about 3800 BC, indicating a gradual transformation of symbolic markings into an actual writing system. See here for a ...


6

It was probably the one in Gode. More properly called a villa than a palace. But the locals referred to it as "palace" as it was still the biggest building for hundreds of kilometers around. Although some even did called that building Selassie's "Winter palace". On 13 July 1977 Carl Gustaf von Rosen died in this 'palace' when the WSLF under Abdullahi ...


5

Just registered for the site, but I do know a bit about this! Following World War 2, Ethiopia wanted Eritrea, and the UN in 1950 came up with an agreement in which they would be a Federation together. By the end of the decade it was clear Ethiopian interest reigned supreme, and Eritrean separatists - predominately Muslim and known as the Eritrean Liberation ...


4

Presumably the ships of Axum were similar to the earlier ships of Egypt on the Red Sea. The ships were made of wood, and the ropes woven of papyrus. You can find more here; the ships were dismantled and stored in the caves. These ships were constructed of red cedar which had been imported from Lebanon. It is possible to use papyrus boats at sea: Thor ...


4

Though mostly recent works,several published books claim it was the bloom of the Mimosa Tree, also known as the Persian Silk Tree. (image from The Mimosa Tree Complete Guide) From the book Ethiopia By Steven Gish, Winnie Thay, Zawiah Abdul Latif (2007) Menelik's Queen Taytu marveled at the flowering mimosa trees in the area, and thus the town was ...


3

With the caveat that one arguably can't prove a negative, this doesn't seem to have gotten captured in historical records - or at least not those indexed by Google and Google Scholar. Seeing how there are more than a few beautiful flowers that are native to the area, perhaps no one will ever know.


3

As summarized in the Wikipedia article on the Second Persian Invasion of Greece, Herodotus lists 47 diverse ethnic groups which together constituted 1.7 million infantry troops, a large share of Xerces' 2.6 million forces. Whatever the accuracy of these numbers, Xerces clearly recruited soldiers from far and wide, and there may not be anything particularly ...


3

An example in which the native forces were numerically inferior1 the colonizing forces was the Battle of Annual in Morocco in 1924. Not in Africa, but still part of the colonial efforts, in 1857 the Indian Rebellion managed to expel the British East India Company for two years. 1OTOH, the technological differences between the two forces were not as ...


2

I suspect that after the king of kings of Aksum converted to Christianity the government gradually converted all the people to Christianity. And whenever Aksum conquered a new region efforts would have been made to convert the population. One area where Aksum expanded was into South Arabia. But if Aksum converted a lot of Arabs to Christianity the effort ...


2

Eritrea had been a separate state for a long time and has a distant proud history. Ethiopia could not have forced federation upon Eritrea without the intervention of the UN (principally USA and GB). Eritrea was not consulted. "In 1962 Ethiopia formally annexed Eritrea, dissolved the Eritrean Assembly and placed the country under what was effectively ...


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