21

As @BigDataLouis mentions in an answer he has deleted, Elvis Presley had an identical twin brother, delivered stillborn. You can find many more in the List of twins and Twins in mythology. Presley case sheds some light on why this is rare: twins (and, in general, multiple fetuses) compete for mother's resources in the womb and, on average, have lower birth ...


15

Short Answer Perhaps the best known ancient or medieval twin is the Roman emperor Commodus, and there were also some notable parents of twins: the Roman dictator Sulla, the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (father of Commodus), and William Shakespeare, among others. As to why there are so few, complications at birth in times of limited medical technology is the ...


15

I'll lead with Sacagawea (May 1788 - December 1812), the guide/interpreter for Lewis and Clark who clearly is both objectively famous, and lacks both an entry in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica and even a mention in the article for Meriwether Lewis. Update: - from Sacagewea Dollar - Initial Design Selection on Wikipedia (my emphasis) the Commission ...


13

It seems that all those sources may preserve elements of how Jean Parisot de La Valette died. In his 1864 history, The Knights of Malta, Whitworth Porter described La Valette's death as follows: La Valette was struck down by a sunstroke whilst engaged in a hunting expedition. A violent fever followed, and after an illness of a month, he died on the 21st ...


13

SHORT ANSWER 'Stay in the kitchen', yes (more or less), but this relates to a prophecy made by Catherine de La Rochelle, and had nothing to do with the battlefield. Joan of Arc said very little about the role of women that we know of. According to accounts from her trial, she spoke mostly about herself, distancing herself not from the battlefield but from ...


11

It's apparently a mystery. Cursory googling using the date tools suggests that the quote attributed to her began to appear out of nowhere in Facebook's early days, and it has been a mystery ever since. See e.g.: https://adamnathan.com/2012/11/18/alexandra-k-trenfor-john-galt/ (which you've noted too) http://rogerneill.blogspot.com/2012/12/#...


10

Einstein had no PhD students, although he did famously collaborate with junior colleagues on the EPR paradox. He had three children: Lieserl Her fate is unclear. She may well have died young, although this has not been confirmed. Hans Albert He became a successful engineer. For instance, there is a prize named after him. Eduard He started studying ...


10

As you noted, he used Eric Blair in his family life even though he once wrote It took me nearly thirty years to work off the effects of being called Eric cited in Jeffrey Meyers, Orwell: Life and Art (2010) and this private use is most graphically illustrated by his gravestone: Attrib: Brian Robert Marshall [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/...


7

Well, this appears to predate most of the 80's thoughts. The 60's versions of this quote give us a location at least, that she gave this quote while watching a demonstration of either an 'electronic computer', or an 'electronic data processing machine'. The oldest report I find is 1958: Personally, I share the opinion of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands ...


6

According to a 2002 article by Joel Jacobsen, Potter Stewart's undergraduate degree was a Bachelor of Arts in English. A pdf file of this article can be found here.


6

Thasunke Itko or Crazy Horse (c. 1840-1877) has no known image from his lifetime. There is a photograph allegedly but not certainly of him, and a drawing based on his sister's description made in 1934. And a giant statue being carved in a mountain since 1948. But there is no certainly authentic photograph or drawing made during his lifetime. And the ...


5

I am intentionally scorning your arbitrary definition of "famous". There is a very famous contemporary British artist called Banksy, of whom there is no image, photographic or otherwise.


5

Jean Parisot de La Valette developed a severe fever the day after he had been out hunting in extremely hot weather and never fully recovered. Valette, who was 73 at the time of his death, was also under considerable stress due to the responsibilities of being the Grand Master (he had been the subject of much recent criticism) and he had suffered a personal ...


4

The perceived discrepancies in question are not necessarily all too contradictory. Most accounts repeated elsewhere of this are very short and just leave out specifics. Further, earlier understandings of the medical reason side were probably hampered by basing a diagnosis on outdated medical knowledge. If he went hunting and got a sun stroke, he didn't have ...


4

Death anniversaries are as old as the hills. It is a prominent practice in traditional East Asian cultures, owing to ancestor worship. It is called 忌辰, 忌日 or 命日, all meaning "day of mourning". In China, such practices predate recorded history. Conversely, these cultures didn't traditionally celebrate individual birthdays; births and ages are counted as the ...


4

One of the earliest owners of a private jet was Harold Vanderbilt whose wife can be seen pictured here on December 1, 1961 leaving a Lockheed Jetstar "to be delivered soon". Other early (maybe earlier) owners of private jets include Armand Hammer and (inevitably) Howard Hughes, but I've been unable to find specific dates. As the owner of the charter company ...


3

Hatshepsut, 18th dynasty female pharaoh who ruled circa 1478–1458 BC, had bone cancer. Her identity and the diagnosis has been confirmed by scientific research. Ferdinand I of Naples, reigned 1458-94. According to Wikipedia, The cause of his death was determined in 2006 to have been colorectal cancer (mucinous adenocarcinoma type with mutation in the ...


3

You might find this site interesting: https://www.firstsounds.org First Sounds seeks out the world's oldest sound recordings—wherever they are. We rewrote history in 2008 when we discovered and resurrected humanity’s first recordings of its own voice, created in 1860 in Paris by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. Since then, we have identified and ...


3

The best I could find with a fair bit of searching was your same Schmitt reference from 1988. It was introduced there as "was heard to exclaim". The implication there is that this wasn't a prepared remark, but rather a conversational one. If the part about it being something she said in a conversation is accurate, there can never really be a definitive ...


3

As a complement to other answers, Louis le Pieux, king of Franks and Western Emperor, who ruled half of Europe from 814 to his death in 840 (but for 18 months in 833-835), was born in 778 with a twin, Lothaire, who died in his second year. Their parents were Charlemagne and Hildegard of Vintzgau.


2

According to this wiki entry on Colonel Sanders, he was notoriously hard to get along with. Prior to Prudential Insurance, he had gotten fired from two jobs as a lawyer, one for getting into a fight with a colleague, the other for getting into a fight with a client. In selling, there are two things likely to get a salesman fired: 1) Not selling enough and ...


2

I can't be 100% sure, but it doesn't look like Unitas (who buzzed the hair on the sides of his head through much of his football career. My best guess given that these appear to have come from the San Diego area would be Glenard P. Lipscomb, who served as Congressman for the California 56th district from 1953 to 1970. His U.S. Congress file photo from ...


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