Hot answers tagged

37 votes
Accepted

Why does a Star of David appear at a rally with Francisco Franco?

Q Why does a Star of David appear at a rally with Francisco Franco? Because the symbol was much more ambiguous at the time, and not a one-to-one signifier of "Jewishness". Because Franco ...
user avatar
  • 77.3k
34 votes
Accepted

Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

There is a confusion of terminology at work, here. First of all, you have to understand what the terms involved were not: They weren't the "loaded" terms we recognize them as from today's point of ...
user avatar
  • 12.1k
22 votes

Why does a Star of David appear at a rally with Francisco Franco?

Although we can't tell the colours from the OP's photo, and although the dimensions are different, circumstantial evidence suggests this may be the flag of the Khalif of Morocco, the puppet ruler who ...
user avatar
19 votes
Accepted

What's Mussolini's first known statement about Hitler?

SHORT ANSWER Mussolini's earliest known statements referred to Hitler's 'confused' NSDAP program (in 1922). Shortly after, he said Hitler was an 'extreme rightist'. Mussolini's first known statement ...
user avatar
19 votes

What did Hitler mean with the following statement about Franco?

I am not sure what Hitler did know about the political details of Spain and I certainly cannot be sure of what he was thinking, so I will just laid out some data and thoughts: While Franco's side is ...
user avatar
  • 12.1k
14 votes

Did Lenin approve of Mussolini’s march on Rome?

I checked Lenin's "Collected Works," Volume 33, 1921-1923. There is nothing even close to such a telegram. (For comparison, the volume contains such "masterpieces" as a letter to a ...
user avatar
  • 6,030
12 votes

Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

How did they view themselves? Let's ask them. Take the diaries of Joseph Goebbels. He writes in the extant works about national-socialism and fascism, mostly as a differentiation. But ...
user avatar
  • 77.3k
12 votes
Accepted

Did Franco ever refer to his regime as Fascist?

No. Franco was a Falangist, and called himself that. (In real life more of a military opportunist, who grabbed his chance.) Fascists were the followers of Mussolini. Hitler was a National-Socialist. ...
user avatar
  • 17.9k
11 votes

Did Franco ever refer to his regime as Fascist?

The evidence from Franco's own statements strongly suggests that he did not, at least in public. In fact, from 1937, he specifically rejected the term for the Falangists, though he did concede that ...
user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What did the word "fascist" mean in an early 1930's novel set in Italy?

The term would be used for people who were identifiable as members of the National Fascist Party or its subsidiary organisations. They tended to wear uniforms (to an extent that has no parallel in US ...
user avatar
  • 28.1k
10 votes

What did Hitler mean with the following statement about Franco?

Hitler is saying that he thinks he can make use of the Spanish communists, some day, so some sort of contact with them ought to be maintained (that's the metaphor "keep them on the back burner.") He's ...
user avatar
  • 28.1k
10 votes

Did Hitler get called a fascist by his opponents within Germany? Did he or other Nazis have a problem with that?

The answer to your question is: Yes. The Communist Party of Germany (KPD) referred to the Nazis as "Faschisten" long before the Nazis came to power. Their struggle against the regime (once the latter ...
user avatar
  • 9,473
7 votes

Why was the Republican government of Spain so slow to react to the Nationalist revolt?

Points to be taken into account: In the months leading to the coup, there had been lots of political violence and terrorism. the workers that would be receiving weapons would not be under the ...
user avatar
  • 12.1k
7 votes

What did it mean that Italy was an Empire?

According to that obscure source, Wikipedia, on 9 May 1936 King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy was proclaimed Emperor of Ethiopia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Emmanuel_III_of_Italy1 Thus I ...
user avatar
  • 17.5k
6 votes

What did the word "fascist" mean in an early 1930's novel set in Italy?

Simply, a member of a fascist youth organization. They possibly had some uniform or a badge that would identify them. This is like a boy-scout in the USA.
user avatar
  • 31.9k
6 votes
Accepted

Who did Mussolini meet after Hitler, on arrival to Germany after rescue?

The video description seems indeed misleading. The description for the Youtube video "Mussolini arrives in Germany after being liberated and being greeted by Hitler and other Nazi leaders." ...
user avatar
  • 77.3k
6 votes

Was Swastika a universally-recognized symbol of fascism as early as 1925?

As pointed out by user LangLangC, both the question and the answers should really be from the point of view of educated and/or politically interested parts of Soviet society. Unfortunately I do not ...
user avatar
  • 6,131
6 votes
Accepted

Did the Sturmabteilung uniform look ridiculous in terms of German fashion in the 1920s?

It is currently still unclear to which extent and from what angle "any ridicule" might have come. Of course there was some ridicule towards those uniformed men, and of course that ridicule ...
user avatar
  • 77.3k
5 votes
Accepted

Was Fascism capitalist or communist or as many say, was it a "third type" of ideology?

At a very high level economic systems can be classified into 4 groups by two criteria: public or private ownership, and central or decentralized control. Capitalism as commonly practiced in English-...
user avatar
5 votes

How Successful Were the International Brigades?

In general you're right that their role was greatly overblown by foreign and Republican media, in order to create the impression of a worldwide popular mobilization standing shoulder to shoulder with ...
user avatar
  • 161
5 votes

Did the Socialist and the Fascist party share the electoral programme in Italy?

I answered the original question in Politics, https://politics.stackexchange.com/questions/362/did-the-socialist-and-the-fascist-party-share-the-electoral-programme-in-italy , albeit not having found ...
user avatar
5 votes

Which historians argue that WWII was caused by Fascism as a reaction to Communism?

Theoretical conceptions of history as "grand events" with "meanings" are highly controversial amongst historians. Historians generally prefer to talk about processes causing further processes. In ...
user avatar
5 votes

What did Hitler mean with the following statement about Franco?

In addition to other answers, it should be noted that the Germans were taking Spanish "Red" exiles to forced labour and extermination camps - notably Mauthausen - since 1940 and kept doing so until ...
user avatar
  • 3,316
5 votes
Accepted

Was the town Jadovno near Gospić named after the concentration camp during World War 2, or was it the other way around?

The usual pattern is that a concentration camp was built a bit 'into the woods' and then named after the nearest town, village or geographical feature. (One exception may be "Arbeitsdorf", ...
user avatar
  • 77.3k
4 votes

The allure of totalitarianism/ communism/ fascism

Short answer: the destruction and deprivation of World War I. In these circumstances, a decisive, confident leader with a quick and radical solution has much more chances for popular support.
user avatar
  • 219
4 votes
Accepted

Was Fascism tied to any Specific Ideology Before Nazism and Italy's Fascist Party?

Whilst there's an implication of strength through unity, it's not exactly what the Roman symbol means., which is a symbol of the office. Whilst it's suggested by the symbol, to make the leap from ...
user avatar
  • 3,165
4 votes

What were the main causal forces leading to rise of fascist movement and fascist government in Germany?

Definitely not. Consider for instance, Austrian fascism. Austria is a country with totally similar culture and they got their fascist regime as well. Ironically it was hostile towards Nazi regime in ...
user avatar
  • 31.9k
4 votes
Accepted

What level of public support did Adolf Hitler have in his final year of power?

A historian named David Bankier wrote a classic book in the 1960s called The Germans and the Final Solution: Public Opinion under Nazism. Bankier argues (as quoted in a student book review) that “...
user avatar
  • 17.5k
4 votes
Accepted

Why is the Ku Klux Clan an Christian terrorism organisation?

The Ku Klux Klan is a Christian terrorist group because they engaged in acts of terror. They burned down churches and executed people they considered harmful to their vision of Christian and American ...
user avatar
  • 1,212
3 votes

What did it mean that Italy was an Empire?

What does it mean, in practice, that North Korea calls itself the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea"? Nothing. It's a title, a meaningless proclamation, but little else. Of course, the fascist ...
user avatar
  • 1,485

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible