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41

If any cohorts gave way in battle, he (Augustus) decimated them, and fed the rest on barley. (Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 24.2) More confirmation for the practice, not necessarily always in connection with decimatio: Polybios: 6.37, Frontinus: Stratagems, 4.25/37, Plutarch: Antony 39, Plutarch: Marcellus 25.6, as well as Livius 27.13.9; Cassius Dio 49.27.1,...


6

For a detailed account, see Syndney Mintz's classic book Sweetness and Power, especially the chapter "Consumption". On p. 149 he mentions that by 1900, sugar "was contributing on average nearly one-sixth of per-capita caloric intake" for England as a whole, and that the portion would have been significantly higher for working-class women and children. You ...


6

why didn't the teenager be cared for or left alone Probably because almost everyone else was already dead and because the living were starving and facing death. She probably was cared for. However as most of the adults and children died off, either she died despite the care or she was perhaps orphaned and other starving and dying adults were unable to ...


5

Ships became associated with biscuits during the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries, when there was enough long-distance travel by ship for its ideas to become part of many cultures, but food preservation methods were quite limited, in the absence of refrigeration and modern packaging methods. A "Ship's Biscuit" is a piece of hardtack, the ...


5

There are, at present, two questions here: One is the title subject which can be answered with a 'maybe'; The other is the specific question on statistics, the answer for which is a 'no, there has been no general country-wide statistics computation' based on Google Scholar searches for some various keywords (though there were promising looking articles on ...


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