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47

This depends a bit on the definition of "match": modern rules 90 minutes kicking, level playfield, three referees, 11 players on each side, two nicely timbered goals, etc. Most popular accounts now seem to imply this. If it's that, then it's a resounding no. But bringing a ball to the trenches (in itself quite an astonishing thing to do?) and playing with ...


30

If the following seems too long, you can directly jump at the end for the conclusion ins the TL;DR section. I'm not an historian and (almost) everything I tell below comes from internet research. More precisely, the whole stuff I tell below finds its source in various articles by the assyriologist Jens Høyrup. The king and the chess board in Indian and ...


16

The earliest record (I have) found (searching the Internet) is the Persian Book Shahnameh, of which I know nothing more than the Wikipedia entry: The Shahnameh or Shah-nama (Persian: شاهنامه‎ Šāhnāmeh, "The Book of Kings") is a long epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between c. 977 and 1010 AD and is the national epic of Iran and related ...


9

The answer can be pieced together quite well from the Wikipedia page, in my opinion, so I did that. It changes somewhat from place to place, here is the British development. Essentially, when Chess arrives in Europe at around AD 1000, it has the following differences from now: Pawn moves one square forwards only, and can be promoted to queen only. The ...


9

That honour probably goes to the Ancient Egyptian game, Mehen which dates back to pre-dynastic times. The rules of the game are not known, but surviving examples have been found with up to six playing pieces, and it is believed that these were counters for up to 6 players. An instance of the game being played by a group of four players is portrayed in a ...


7

I have attempted to do research on the history of Kubb, and although there are claims of people having played games called Kubb before 1990, sometimes as far back as the early 20th century, none of these can be verified, and certainly no description of such a game and it's rules survive. The first commercial Kubb games appeared on Gotland in the late 1980's ...


5

The use elongated or long dice has been noted for a number of cultures and they seem to have been associated with particular games over many centuries. Archer St. Clair in Carving as Craft notes that these had largely been replaced by cubical dice in the Roman world by the second century AD. St. Clair adds that they are usually made from the shafts ...


5

It seems hard to find good information on the web. There is an old report by John P. Young, A Survey of Historical Developments in Wargames, ORO-SP-98 (1959), and there is a German report available in English translation from the US National Archives: Rudolf Hofmann, War Games, MS P-094 (1952). Both contain a fair amount of the information you seem to want, ...


4

There are many aspects of a computer game - gameplay, graphics, storyline, mechanics, etc. and it is always necessary for a game to simplify or distort the history a little bit, otherwise it becomes unplayable, or very expensive/difficult to develop. For example, I quickly scanned the Wikipedia article you cited and found Each unit that is produced ...


4

It appears the game involved trying to hit a target with wine lees (fermentation residue). So presumably the bowl in the other hand would hold more wine, with which to refill the drinking cup. These days the lees is typically filtered out of the wine before the consumer ever sees it, denying us the excitement (not to mention sanitation issues) of this ...


4

You are correct. According to this site (unfortunately in German) about the Roman Empire there were many different types of dice in use by the Romans. Apart from the 6-sided cubes we know today there were also rod-shaped dice with four or six sides. The website reports: "For many games of dice of the ancient times one required only four possible ...


3

Folk songs and anecdotal evidence - not good enough to prove anything, but they have the ring of truth. When researching the Christmas Truce for the 100th anniversary, I ran across a scholarly article (sorry, don't have the reference) that claimed soccer games (not matches) and other friendly exchanges didn't occur just at Christmas, but continued well into ...


3

You might have better luck checking terms like "staff college exercise" since that was the context of most "war games". There was one such game completed 'inter-college' with the specific idea of turning it into a book; (Sea Lion, ed. Richard Cox, Futura, 1974). The game appears to have taken place in the late 1960s, but since most of the participants and ...


3

This casino site says: Think your number or color has to hit soon? The longest recorded streak of one color in roulette in American casino history happened in 1943 when the color red won 32 consecutive times. In a row. The people convinced black had to hit next were absolutely right. Eventually. Interestingly, I wrote a quick simulation of this, ...


2

I can get up to 1957. It is the first for the first broadcast of the Spanish Lotería de Navidad (Christmas lottery), as stated here(warning: link in Spanish) and other sources. It is worth commenting: The Christmas lottery was the main lottery event of the year, so I would guess that regular (weekly) lottery events would not be broadcast until later. ...


1

Just to add to your info - there was a Military Channel/AHC program where the question of US Fleet getting enough warning to put to sea during the Pearl Harbor attack. They had a bunch of military "experts" who took sides but they didn't discuss the details of how they came to their conclusions - at least not that I recall. Some thought the Japanese would ...


1

The design commonly used in American cards today is derived ultimately from French decks going back to the Renaissance. The earliest common American interpretation was by an artist named John Cazenave about 1800 about whom little is known. His designs were improved and much more widely printed by Charles Bartlett circa 1830. Then, around 1850, Samuel Hart of ...


1

The preferred tactic of the so-called Assassins (or, as they called themselves, the Fida’iyyun) was to come up close to a public figure and kill him with a sword. It is difficult to see how they could have could have got so near to their victims, unchallenged, if they were wearing a distinctive uniform. The whole point was that they blended in to the crowd.


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