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How a culture construes masculinity, femininity, and the roles and relationships that exist between men and women.

Gender refers to how a culture construes the concepts of masculinity and femininity. The categories of men and women are freighted with different traits, expectations, privileges, obligations, and modes of interaction from one society and era to the next. Gender is distinct from the biological concept of sex, in that the latter is fixed at the genetic level. By contrast, gender, gender roles, and gender identities are potentially fluid, as they are cultural constructs.