21

Germany isn't alone in having committed a genocide. Sadly, this is normal human behavior. However, the Shoah is probably is the best documented case, having occurred smack dab in the middle of the most literate society on earth. So what you are asking isn't really a Germany question, but a human behavior question (with Germany as the best of sadly too many ...


20

Massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire goes back to at least 1894, but they increased during WWI. What is referred to as the Armenian Genocide is however sometimes limited to the events that happened during the mass deportation of Armenians in 1915-1916. The deportations ended in March 1916, and this ended the main part of the Armenian genocide, but ...


20

Please note that Abdülhamid II was long gone when World War I broke out. You might blame him for the 1895-6 massacres or the 1909 Adana massacre, but he wasn't responsible for what happened during the World War. It wasn't even the ruling Sultan, but rather the nationalist Young Turks who orchestrated Ottoman involvement in the war and organised the cleansing ...


16

Genocide far predates history. A typical tribal raid, where all the men are killed, the women are taken, and children are either taken off or killed, would qualify. Chimpanzee troops have been observed to do this to each other as well, so most likely this is a behavior we shared with our human/chimp ancestors at least 4.6 million years ago when we diverged. ...


15

Rommel's men were not accused of war crimes and he regularly ignored orders to execute captured Jewish soldiers and civilians. Wikipedia also states: "Nazi party officials in France reported that Rommel extensively and scornfully criticised Nazi incompetence and crimes." Also, the strongest evidence that Rommel disagreed with the Nazi party was the fact ...


15

This question raises interesting questions. However, there are some confusions in the question. And I respectfully disagree with some of the factual and opinion content of the answers previously posted. Nearly all factual aspects of the conflict between the Tutsi and Hutu during the post-independence period are contested. This is regrettable since much of ...


14

My parents, uncles and aunts grew up in Nazi Germany. The following is purely anecdotal based on their personal accounts. It's not researched and I can't vouch for all statements being factually true (although I believe them to mostly accurate). The Nazis were extremely good at controlling information. Joseph Goebbels, the minister of "propaganda" was one ...


14

Genocide is one of the hypotheses brought forth for the extinction of the Neanderthals, 30.000 years ago. An early example of gendercide from recorded history is the destruction of Melos by the Athenians in 416 BC, during the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides, in Book 5 of his History of the Peloponnesian War gives a detailed account of the negotiations between ...


14

The main problem was that they refused to participate in warfare. At one point, Himmler even suggested that they should promote this religion among the Slavs so that they wouldn't resist. But among Germans it was seen detrimental.


13

Okay, based on some more reading, the answer to the question "was Blaskowitz indicted just for being a senior German general?" seems to be "yes, but that was not necessarily wrong". I'll try to explain what I mean. Blaskowitz was indicted as part of the Generals' Trial, together with 13 other senior commanders. The legal philosophy behind this case was the (...


12

The article in the German Wikipedia (for some perhaps telling reason its title refers to "uprising" vs. "genocide") mentions pressure exerted by protestant missionaries' churches ("Der Druck der Öffentlichkeit, besonderes der evangelischen Missionskirchen, wuchs.") It quotes a German PhD thesis from 2004 that provides further information (e.g. on page p. ...


12

This depends on how you define "responsible" The immediate reason was that the Croats and Slovenes (and later all the other non-Serbian nationals) overwhelmingly wanted independence. Under those circumstances an eventual breakup was unavoidable. Of course, you can look deeper and ask why did they want independence? Was is because of the Serbian dominance ...


10

Blaskowitz was indicted for involvement in preparing and waging an ‘illegal’ aggressive war against Poland, which led to war with the UK and France. His Affidavit [No. 5 in Volume I of the document book Exhibit Number USA-537.] was used as evidence against the High Command for involvement in aggressive war. The defence got him to add another affidavit ‘...


9

My sister was a Witness for a while, and one of my good friends in high school was. I got to know her family & of course they hoped to convert me, so I learned a lot about them. Witnesses do not pledge allegiance to the flag in US classrooms. They do not believe in nationalist ties. They don't even serve the armed services in CO jobs like medic: my ...


8

No, they did not. Imperial Japan never subscribed to the racial ideology of the Nazis. Instead, like many in East Asia at the time, they adopted a somewhat self-deprecating racial attitude; as they enthusiastically adopted modern Western practices during the Meiji Restoration, there appeared a strain of thought that the Western races were superior to the ...


7

After a decade of preparing the population for it, I seriously doubt enough Germans were going to protest the wholesale slaughter of Jews. And even then, the official line always was "relocation" and putting them to work for the greater benefit of Germany. And most Jews indeed were relocated to forced labour camps. Camps in which the conditions were such of ...


7

Concerning your first question - the extent of Einsatzkommando Tunis' actions and evidence for it: The rules governing their actions were effectively identical to the rules for the Einsatzgruppen in the Soviet Union p. 138, Mallman and Cüppers. There was a meeting between Rauff and the Wehrmacht where they agreed to use Jewish forced laborers to fortify ...


6

A Modern example of public apology: Official Apology by Government of Canada to Aboriginal Peoples of Canada for Cultural Genocide: The Canadian Encyclopedia Government of Canada website


6

Many of the settlers in California during the Gold Rush were extremely hostile to Indians and the California government adopted anti Indian policies. In fact some people write about the "California Genocide" in that era. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Genocide1 A number of California tribal groups suffered large population decreases from ...


5

The Rwandan Patriotic Front (tutsi rebels) forces just won a shooting war that was quite distinct to the genocide. They'd fought with the Hutu authorities to a standstill in 1993 and fully possessed the capability (nothing to do with the civilians under hutu rule) to restart the conflict in response to the events of 1994. If anything the genocide helped the ...


5

The overarching reason why the Nazis targeted Jehovah's Witnesses was because the Nazi's were trying to mobilize the German nation under a totalitarian one-party state, but the Witnesses refused to be a part of this movement. Witnesses then as now refused to participate in anything which they saw as political. They do not vote, run for office, or go to war. ...


5

If you just mean wars, according to this graph from a University of Warwick study (by way of History Today), there was in fact a brief time in 1890 when there was only one war going on. If you are talking person-to-person conflict, ie: murder, then no. Violence is a standard part of human behavior, shared with our chimpanzee relatives. Just like with chimps,...


5

Research on history and prehistory shows that there was no such period, contrary to some common myths about "golden age", and "peaceful primitive people". Moreover, they argue that the chances of violent death in 20s century were lower than they were in the primitive societies. That is the fraction of total population killed in all wars in 20s century is ...


5

Even the Mongols, who killed over thirty million people in their conquests and were some of the most bloodthirsty invaders on record found it more worthwhile to set themselves up as leaders. Why would they make China a desert when they could make the Chinese build them a pleasure dome? Invasions occur in search of resources. Land is only one particular ...


5

Yes, in the Awa'uq Massacre, or Massacre of Refuge Rock. In this episode Russians under fur magnate Grigorii Shelikhov fired on Koniag Alutiiq people (per Wikipedia, those of the Qik’rtarmiut Sugpiat tribe) massed atop the large rock. One source, Briutikov, is reported to have said that 500 were killed in their fall from the rock. Owen Matthews in his book "...


5

It looked like a relatively small shrine: (src: The Monument in Musa Dagh) According to one "Musa Dagh" site. Caveat: The picture is uncredited and lacks almost any context. How reliable the site itself is remains uncertain. A visual match to bricks seen left in the ruins is a bit sketchy, but also looks not 'impossible' to me. Usually, that's a bit ...


4

I don't think such a study has ever been conducted; in general, "what if" studies are not done for "low impact" scenarios, and "Khmer Rouge in power" is certainly a low impact event for those with spare resources to undertake abstract research (i.e., the "rich countries"). However, I agree with the commenters that a typical failed state (starvation, ...


4

Disclaimer: As I was made aware of this by Drux' comments: my answer may lead some people to believe that I am in some way justifying people not intervening, or even actively participating in the Holocaust. If read the comments below, I hope it is self-evident that this is not the case. Just to be clear: I absolutely and unequivocally condemn any action that ...


4

In "Armenia: the case for a forgotten genocide", 1972, Dickran H. Boyajian quotes the deputy director of the settlement of refugees, who in 1916 said that 10% of refugees arrived at their destination. US Counsel Jesse B. Jackson reported that 85% of the deportees died in one of his official reports. Johannes Lepsius wrote two reports where he stated that ...


4

German authorities are moving toward officially recognizing as a "genocide" the colonial-era crackdown in Namibia by German troops more than a century ago in which more than 65,000 ethnic Hereros were killed. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/10/germany-moves-toward-recognizing-as-genocide-colonial-era-crackdown-against/ The Auswärtige Amt ...


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