24

Massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire goes back to at least 1894, but they increased during WWI. What is referred to as the Armenian Genocide is however sometimes limited to the events that happened during the mass deportation of Armenians in 1915-1916. The deportations ended in March 1916, and this ended the main part of the Armenian genocide, but ...


21

Germany isn't alone in having committed a genocide. Sadly, this is normal human behavior. However, the Shoah is probably is the best documented case, having occurred smack dab in the middle of the most literate society on earth. So what you are asking isn't really a Germany question, but a human behavior question (with Germany as the best of sadly too many ...


15

This question raises interesting questions. However, there are some confusions in the question. And I respectfully disagree with some of the factual and opinion content of the answers previously posted. Nearly all factual aspects of the conflict between the Tutsi and Hutu during the post-independence period are contested. This is regrettable since much of ...


14

My parents, uncles and aunts grew up in Nazi Germany. The following is purely anecdotal based on their personal accounts. It's not researched and I can't vouch for all statements being factually true (although I believe them to mostly accurate). The Nazis were extremely good at controlling information. Joseph Goebbels, the minister of "propaganda" was one ...


14

The main problem was that they refused to participate in warfare. At one point, Himmler even suggested that they should promote this religion among the Slavs so that they wouldn't resist. But among Germans it was seen detrimental.


13

This depends on how you define "responsible" The immediate reason was that the Croats and Slovenes (and later all the other non-Serbian nationals) overwhelmingly wanted independence. Under those circumstances an eventual breakup was unavoidable. Of course, you can look deeper and ask why did they want independence? Was is because of the Serbian dominance ...


9

My sister was a Witness for a while, and one of my good friends in high school was. I got to know her family & of course they hoped to convert me, so I learned a lot about them. Witnesses do not pledge allegiance to the flag in US classrooms. They do not believe in nationalist ties. They don't even serve the armed services in CO jobs like medic: my ...


8

No, they did not. Imperial Japan never subscribed to the racial ideology of the Nazis. Instead, like many in East Asia at the time, they adopted a somewhat self-deprecating racial attitude; as they enthusiastically adopted modern Western practices during the Meiji Restoration, there appeared a strain of thought that the Western races were superior to the ...


7

Concerning your first question - the extent of Einsatzkommando Tunis' actions and evidence for it: The rules governing their actions were effectively identical to the rules for the Einsatzgruppen in the Soviet Union p. 138, Mallman and Cüppers. There was a meeting between Rauff and the Wehrmacht where they agreed to use Jewish forced laborers to fortify ...


7

After a decade of preparing the population for it, I seriously doubt enough Germans were going to protest the wholesale slaughter of Jews. And even then, the official line always was "relocation" and putting them to work for the greater benefit of Germany. And most Jews indeed were relocated to forced labour camps. Camps in which the conditions were such of ...


7

I think you are indeed thinking of the Huguenots. They were mostly in the south and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (Edict of Fontainebleu 1685) specifically exiled Protestant (i.e., Huguenot) pastors and forbade other Protestants from leaving the country. However, over the next quarter-century or so, 200,000-1,000,000 Protestants left (roughly ...


6

A Modern example of public apology: Official Apology by Government of Canada to Aboriginal Peoples of Canada for Cultural Genocide: The Canadian Encyclopedia Government of Canada website


6

Many of the settlers in California during the Gold Rush were extremely hostile to Indians and the California government adopted anti Indian policies. In fact some people write about the "California Genocide" in that era. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Genocide1 A number of California tribal groups suffered large population decreases from ...


5

Research on history and prehistory shows that there was no such period, contrary to some common myths about "golden age", and "peaceful primitive people". Moreover, they argue that the chances of violent death in 20s century were lower than they were in the primitive societies. That is the fraction of total population killed in all wars in 20s century is ...


5

If you just mean wars, according to this graph from a University of Warwick study (by way of History Today), there was in fact a brief time in 1890 when there was only one war going on. If you are talking person-to-person conflict, ie: murder, then no. Violence is a standard part of human behavior, shared with our chimpanzee relatives. Just like with chimps,...


5

The overarching reason why the Nazis targeted Jehovah's Witnesses was because the Nazi's were trying to mobilize the German nation under a totalitarian one-party state, but the Witnesses refused to be a part of this movement. Witnesses then as now refused to participate in anything which they saw as political. They do not vote, run for office, or go to war. ...


5

Even the Mongols, who killed over thirty million people in their conquests and were some of the most bloodthirsty invaders on record found it more worthwhile to set themselves up as leaders. Why would they make China a desert when they could make the Chinese build them a pleasure dome? Invasions occur in search of resources. Land is only one particular ...


5

Yes, in the Awa'uq Massacre, or Massacre of Refuge Rock. In this episode Russians under fur magnate Grigorii Shelikhov fired on Koniag Alutiiq people (per Wikipedia, those of the Qik’rtarmiut Sugpiat tribe) massed atop the large rock. One source, Briutikov, is reported to have said that 500 were killed in their fall from the rock. Owen Matthews in his book "...


5

It looked like a relatively small shrine: (src: The Monument in Musa Dagh) According to one "Musa Dagh" site. Caveat: The picture is uncredited and lacks almost any context. How reliable the site itself is remains uncertain. A visual match to bricks seen left in the ruins is a bit sketchy, but also looks not 'impossible' to me. Usually, that's a bit ...


5

The usual pattern is that a concentration camp was built a bit 'into the woods' and then named after the nearest town, village or geographical feature. (One exception may be "Arbeitsdorf", ie: 'labour village'.) For Jadovno it is the exact same thing. Jadovno is situated in the former županija Lika-Krbava (County). Which is and was quite thinly ...


4

Disclaimer: As I was made aware of this by Drux' comments: my answer may lead some people to believe that I am in some way justifying people not intervening, or even actively participating in the Holocaust. If read the comments below, I hope it is self-evident that this is not the case. Just to be clear: I absolutely and unequivocally condemn any action that ...


4

I don't think such a study has ever been conducted; in general, "what if" studies are not done for "low impact" scenarios, and "Khmer Rouge in power" is certainly a low impact event for those with spare resources to undertake abstract research (i.e., the "rich countries"). However, I agree with the commenters that a typical failed state (starvation, ...


4

Q: What was the contemporary German public opinion on the Herero Genocide? However, the source cited in wikipedia does not provide any details of the public outrage. I would like to know what form did it take? Did people write editorials? Did deputies protest in the Reichstag? Rallies? Lectures? Petitions? Demonstrations? It was a very controversial 'event'....


4

In "Armenia: the case for a forgotten genocide", 1972, Dickran H. Boyajian quotes the deputy director of the settlement of refugees, who in 1916 said that 10% of refugees arrived at their destination. US Counsel Jesse B. Jackson reported that 85% of the deportees died in one of his official reports. Johannes Lepsius wrote two reports where he stated that ...


4

German authorities are moving toward officially recognizing as a "genocide" the colonial-era crackdown in Namibia by German troops more than a century ago in which more than 65,000 ethnic Hereros were killed. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/10/germany-moves-toward-recognizing-as-genocide-colonial-era-crackdown-against/ The Auswärtige Amt ...


4

Although my sources seem to have disappeared: First, the Khalkhas were not a coherent group. There was a lot of internal strife. Allying yourself with one Khalkha khan equaled a declaration of war to another. Both Tushiyetu Khan and Khan Shira were Khalkhas. Both reigned over a subset of the Khalkha population. Originally Khalkha & Dzungars were allied....


4

Apparently 'yes', albeit a very tiny fringe position. The main thrust within this movement was indeed 'anti-' and directed within Japanese society on itself from a leftist perspective, but not as thoroughly 'self-exterminating' as in ' direct extended mass suicide' as the quote may seem. Although the original formulator of the very idea may have it intended ...


3

Update - February 21, 2017: A new study ... Genetic data suggest that modern European ancestry represents a mosaic of ancestral contributions from multiple waves of prehistoric migration events. Recent studies of genomic variation in prehistoric human remains have demonstrated that two mass migration events are particularly important to understanding ...


3

According to Arnold Toynbee at least 50 percent [500,000 - 700,000] would be casualty of the deportations.[7] Wikipedia, which references Arnold Toynbee, "A Summary of Armenian History up to and Including the Year 1915," in Viscount Bryce, preface, The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-16: Documents presented to Viscount Grey of Fallodon, ...


3

TLDR: Prior to economic troubles provided by economic mismanagement courtesy of the IMF, most Yugoslavians were not nationalistic separatists; they wanted a unified Yugoslavia. After economic troubles, IMF/Nato in its cold war methodology fanned the flames of nationalism to put nationalist into power. In this view, Milosevic was a tool of the greater powers ...


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